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BACKGROUND
I Along with shells, beads are one of the commonest of ethnographic monies. Like shells, they can be worn as purely decorative objects, so the line between money and jewlery is particularly hard to draw. I have tried to stock mostly older types, mainly made in Venice, and have avoided types which never show up in worn condition. These beads were purchased from Africa Traders from about 1988 to date. Only minimal research has been done, and you may learn more about particular types from Dubin, Liu, Francis, and other works in my references offering. Most bead types have no widely accepted names, so those given below are collector terms, African names, or my own made-up descriptive terms. The older European trade beads generally date to the late 1700's or early 1800s, while the majority of the bead export to Africa was mid 1800s to 1920s. Finding dates of manufacture or use on beads is difficult. All of my beads are "old" unless the description or category heading says otherwise.

ABOUT THE LISTINGS BELOW . . .
Click on the thumbnail to see a full strand. You will get the strand in the scan, unless noted "sample" in the description. These are just flatbed scans, not photos, so the actual beads will look much better! Generally beads are sold in 24" strands. The ↔" column before the price shows strand length in inches. Prices in US$.
QUANTITIES available for most types under $50.     BUYING:   I also buy trade beads; contact me.

PLACING AN ORDER . . .
I charge only the true USPS postal rates, no inflated handling charges. To order (or just inquire), copy and paste the entire line for each item into an email. I will respond with an invoice within a couple of days. Or click the ORDERING INFO link for more details. In a hurry? Glad to take your phone order: 425-369-1725 8:00 AM to 7:00 PM USA Pacific.

SAFARI USERS . . .     If you are getting small or distorted photos, any other browser works better.
NEW ARRIVALS: SEPTEMBER
Just to see if anybody is paying attention, I will list a few things every couple days. Most of the following are single strands from a collector who lived in Los Angeles in the 1980s and bought from the Africa Traders. Some of the bead types are seldom seen today.
673 Skunk: Red Venice a.k.a. Crows eye, Eye bead, variety of Whiteheart. White "eye" spots on round red beads over white core. A high-value bead, traded into Ethiopia. These slightly shorter strands from a 1980s hoard. Beads 11-12m. Mostly EF grade. Mixed varieties: ruby red with irregular spots, and bright red with regular spots, even some rare round Feather beads. Strands available: 673h 22 75.00
652 High Value 80's Mixture Venice, etc. These two strands were bought by a collector in the late 1980s from Africa Traders and include types seldom seen today. Available: 652e) "Tire" and other seldom-seen, 22" $275;    652f) Round millies, crumb, etc., etc. $350 $250-350
1045 Brass Tacks West Africa Consisting of 31pieces of 40mm looped rods with flattened ends, and 62mm spacer coil of squared iron wire. 11 95.00
1047 Brass Ringlets West Africa These ringlets are thin and variable (10-15mm), unlike the more uniform "donuts" found today. Wide holes. Available: 1047a) Short 16" strand $65.00 ;    1047b) 16" of rings & 5" of wider brass beads $95.00 $65 - 95
735 Mali Granite Mali Graduated strands of semi-polished, mainly ellipsoids with larger bead as pendant. Average 6-9mm width. Supplier says 1600s-1700s. Strands available: 735d     735h 24 60.00
735 Mali Granite Mali Strands of semi-polished black & white granite ellipsoids and barrels, variable lengths, widths around 5-8mm with some larger beads. Each different. Available: 735Aa    735Ab     735Ac    735Ad 22+ 47.50
735 Mali Granite Mali Strands of semi-polished black & white granite ellipsoids and barrels, variable lengths, widths around 5-6mm with some larger beads. Each different. Available: 735Ba    735Bb     735B.c 24+ 37.50
962 Rock Crystal, Large Djenné Excavated beads with a variety of shapes and patterns. Available: 962a) Graduated strand, lengths 12-28mm $125 ;    962b) Mostly longer beads, some colors $140 26 $125 - 140
693 Old Carnelian & Mixed Djenné Excavated Agate, Carnelian, rock crystal, etc., variety of shapes, from deep reds to pale pinks, mostly larger sizes. Much variation. Probably brought by Islamic traders pre-1700s. Available: 693d    693f    693k     693m    693n 26-28 75.00
1049 Red Rounds Bohemia Round beads, mostly bright red and 12mm. Available: B 24-26 25.00
1052 Kente Millefiores Venice I believe this type of millefiore is called "Kente" after the colorful cloth made by the Asante of Ghana. Mostly 9-11mm wide by 9-13mm long. 26 125.00
989a Wedding cake, round Venice Yellow trailing and gold aventurine on round black base, 50 beads, 11-12mm. Apparently a common type, Africa Direct asks $8.43/bead for this high quality. I may offer these per singles and small lots if the strand doesn't sell. 21 295.00
1056 Rough Blueberries Unusual eroded-looking surfaces on small 6-7mm dark blue rounds. Available: 1056a 22 40.00
712q Akoso Mixed Ghana Mixed shapes, patterns, and sizes on a graduated strand. 30 85.00
1060C Old Kiffa Ghana Shown 200% Ca 12.1x7.85mm $75;       Cb 12.4x12.7mm $125 $75 - 125
1058 Clear Beads Square and ellipsoid clear beads, with two small crumb beads 22 30.00
482 Amazonite, finished N. Africa Large, finished beads of darker stone. Less expensive than the rougher, lighter green beads which are presumably older. SETS: Matched Pairs for necklaces: Available: Aa, Ab, Ac, Ad, Ae $22.50 / Pair ;    Three Different in size, shape, color: Available: Ba, Bb, Bc, Bd $33 / Set ;    Collector Set Five different including large 48x21mm: 482Ca $67.50 11.00+
482k Amazonite, finished N. Africa Large, finished beads of darker stone. Less expensive than the rougher, lighter green beads which are presumably older. Graduated strand of large pieces. Size of sample beads shown. 33 245.00
881 Uniform Granite Djenné Short, fairly uniform barrels of white-flecked gray granite with smooth surface. 6.25-7.5mm widths. Excavated in Djenne region but the uniformity and low cost suggest from a later period than most "dig" beads found in the trade. Samples shown. 25 30.00
830 "Silver" Beads Ethiopia Descended from silver originals, from melted Maria Teresa Thalers, these may be restrung Musbaha beads (Islamic prayer beads) or of more general use. Available: 830n) Older copper-nickel sheet metal probably from melted coins, seamed and end-crimped creating variety in size and shape, called Ankltnef $18.50 or $15 ea./3+; 830a) more modern and regular silver(?) wash over brass cores 5x5mm, about 90 on short 17" strand $8.50; 830b) Larger 7-8x7-8mm on long 30" strand $15, or $10 ea./3+; 830s) SET of 830a, 830b, two 830n chosen for different size beads, plus five single beads in pure magnetic nickel (much scarcer) $52.50 8.50 - 52.50
210 Millefiore, Mixed, smaller Venice Mosaic or "many flower" design comes in endless colors, patterns, shapes, and sizes and was produced by a variety of techniques in Venice, late 1800's-1920s & later. Well-mixed strands including smaller or shorter beads: 210Ac   210Af   210Ah   210Ak   210AL    210Am   210An   210Ap   210Aq 24 42.50
209 Millefiore Elbows Venice Single Beads Most valuable of Millefiore shapes, long pieces with a bend. Available: 209a) Yellow with brick red eyes & white inclusions, 12-13 x 51-56mm $16;    209d) Yellow with multicolor eyes, 13-14 x 43-50+mm $12;    209e) Red with grooves, 13-14 x 43-50+mm $12. 15% discount for 3 or more, your choice. $12 - $16
209L Millefiore Elbows Venice Lot of 8 beads as shown. Note end chips on greens. 89.00
503 Baby Vaseline Bohemia Tiny 5mm tourquoise. Appaarently rarely on the market, I bought several strands, all virtually the same. Samples shown. 26 50.00
552 Small Perfect Feathers Venice Single Beads Doubly unusual for this popular but fragile bead, these are in excellent condition and are smaller than usual: about 15x7mm. From a 1980s strand. 552A) Perfect (though some are rough or pinched at ends, as made) $3.50 / beead; 552B) Very minor end chips $1.50 / bead. Minimum 3 beads. 1.50 / 3.50
1066b Gorget Necklace Nigeria Yoruba village chief's badge of office, according to supplier, tho another supplier says they come from Nigeria / Cameroun border region so must be Fulani, while an online listing says Nupe. Huge brass gorget about 110mm (4.25") across plus 32 large brass beads, all well-made and showing age. I bought one of these in the early 90s with very plain brass beads and saw another two years ago, asking price $1200. This year I was able to buy two at $500 each, and then saw one offered by my "high priced" competitor at $800, which means it should be selling for $500. 500.00
NEW ARRIVALS: ALL CATEGORIES      JUNE 2013
Listings in this section are ALSO found under the category headings below (categories list above left).
CLICK!
STOCK#
NAME
MADE IN
DESCRIPTION
↔"
US$
969Fulani Pendant BeadsNigeriaLarge hollow bronze beads with cosmos designs. Supplier says necklace of 24 was worn by village chiefs. Obvious age.   969s) Smaller 29-32mm widths $14.50 ea; 969L) Larger 37-41mm widths $19.50;     969a) Full strand: 325.00
480Amazonite RoughsN. AfricaHistorically worn as amulets across northern Africa, before and including classical Egypt, these beads & pendants are today found from Morocco to Nigeria. Holed with stone drills, the flat (edgewise) beads were difficult to make. Finished turquoise greens are the most valued; these are older, unpolished beads. Photo 200%. Price is per each group displayed. Available: Claws: 480Aa, Ab $40; Ac $60; Ad $20;   Flats: 480Ba, Bb, Bc $435;   Colors: 480Ca $75; Cb $45; Shapes: 480Da, Db, Dc, Dd $35; Sizes: 480Ea $40; Eb $35; Ec $30; Ed $25; Ef $35 $20 - 90
480kAmazonite RoughsN. AfricaStrand of 48 beads (& stray), mixed sizes, shapes, colors and hole directions 435.00
650Unfinished Strand BargainsEurope / MaliScarce does not always mean pricey. There are many, nameless old bead types out there, some of them too scarce for the assemblers in Mali to make full strands, or more than one strand of like beads at a time. Check out each of these. You will see familiar types, mixed with unusual types, and full 24" strands of types rarely offered that way, and others with no two beads alike. Available: 650Ag 650An24-2647.50
980Face BeadVeniceAn early type based on Roman models. Shown 4x actual size. Bead 980a (round) has four faces $60; Beads b, c, d, e, f (flat) Each: 40.00
321Chevron: 6-layerVeniceLarge Beads High-quality, large squared-end beads, mostly with enough bevel to show the layers. Sizes given for some beads so you can judge others. PLEASE give second choice of specimens! a) 47x32 $165; b) 47x31 $150; c)46x33mm chips $135; d-f) d 33x24, f 35x23.5; $45 each; g-z) g 29x22, j 29x22, n 28.5x22.5, q 29x23.5, t 29x22, u 29x22.5, z 29x21 $39.50 each; aa-ac) aa 27.5x19, ac 29.5x21.5 $33.50 each $33-$165
213King, classic yellowVeniceLower Quality A few high grade beads included, but mostly long on character, short on quality. Available: 213Va);    213Vb) ;    213Vc) ;    213Vd);    213Ve) 2685.00
668d Black King Venice Classic bicone made 1850s-1930s, but scarcer black vs. usual yellow, most with yellow daub pattern, plus some strays. Strand of 60 beads ranging 15-16m width, most showing roughness from cleaning. 28 125.00
675Ethiopia "King" BeadsVeniceAlso a type of Skunk or Eye, they are egg-yolk yellow like the classic King of west Africa but rounded with incuse red dots and trailed green stripes. Perhaps older than the King type, as always found rough and faded.Available: 675f 100 beads on 40" strand $125 125
251White-Heart, RoundVeniceMedium Available: 251f) 77 beads, 9-14mm widths. Strand has been broken. 30165.00
252White-Heart, BarrelVeniceLarge, low quality    Fairly uniform strands Mostly G-F grade. Available: 252La 47 beads, mostly 8-14mm widths. $95 252a) 40 beads $175;    252b) 44 beads $155;   252c) 35 beads $165;    252d) 36 beads, 30" strand $135 38135.00+
247White-Heart, Short barrelVeniceUnusual Shape. These have been coming out of Africa lately in high grade. I also got some shorter strands of unused beads, probably from a group imported to the US in the 1980s from old stock in Venice. Circulated    247a) 34", 7.5-13mm widths, 118 beads, EF $245; ;    247b) 34", 7.5-13+mm widths, 118 beads, EF $245;    Uncirculated All 24", 9-12mm widths $155: 247f;    247g;    247h;    247j $245 / 155
563Russian Blue, Dark (elongated)Bohemia4.5-7mm widths: Strands include plain or faceted tubes. Darker translucent blues, associated with North American trade. Click to see: 563a) 22" $47.50;    563b) 22" $47.50;    563aa) 28" $58.50;     7-11mm widths: 563ab) Tubes & squares 33" $150.00; ;    11-16mm widths: 563m) 28" $285.00; 22-2847.50 / $285
988Wedding Cake, BarrelVeniceBarrel shape with trailed "W" & other elements. Traded into Nigeria. Most 19-20x9mm, 33-34 per strand. Available: 988b) Green & 3 black;    988c) Black with several interesting strays. Each: 24225.00
674Skunk: ClearVenicea.k.a. Crows-eye, Eye bead. Round, semi-clear beads with simple white or colored "eye" spots; 10-11mm, about 66 per strand Traded into Ethiopia. Available: (674g part string $42;    674b    674c    674d Full strings, each: 2670.00
745Medicine BeadsVeniceMilk white, round or slightly ovoid 10-11mm wound bead with incused dark blue dots and trailed pink lines. Called Medicine bead by Crow Indians, who used them on their medicine bundle (amulet) and as spacers on bear-claw necklaces. These traded into Ethiopia. 61-63 beads on 24" strand unless noted. Available: 745h    745j    745L    745m EACH: 2472.50
565Eye: Yellow (Good Bead)VeniceVenetian imitation of early Ghanian Bodom type, called "Good Bead". Panini p.224. Thick wound disks generally 14-17mm wide with (usually) complex black & white eyes. Available: 565a 28" $145;     565b 28" $145;    565d 26" $130;     565p) 25" inc. cane cuts $130;    565r) 24", smaller, mixed varieties $100 $100 - 145
967Aja / Chevron DiscsVeniceThin disks 6-11mm wide, called Aja or Ajya in Nigeria. Available: 7967c Partial strand, dark red with black, white & yellow stripes 12" $45 22$45 - 95
555eAmerican Flag / ManhattanVenice Red & blue stripes on white layer, over red core. Late 1700s, traded in Great Lakes region and falsely associated with purchase of Manhattan, but often found at Iroquois sites. Extra long strand with several varieties of this bead, and numerous strays. 28195.00
564YbEye: Yellow barrelVeniceElongated barrels, two similar types 11.5 or 14.5m long, 10-11m wide, with complex, multicolor eyes. One of several variants called "good bead" in Ghana. 2680.00
1024aGhana EyeVeniceMulticolor stripes and raised black "eye" nodule on black core, short barrels. Africa Direct calls them Ghana eye beads. Lot of 9 plus one stray. Lot:40.00
579Tic tac toeVeniceBrick-red barrels with white crosshatching enclosing blue-on-white eyes. Available: 579e    579g    579h 32145.00
961Natural Shells Short string of brownish molusc shells. Apparently popular in Africa as beads, since the Bohemians made lovely glass imitations. 2215.00
984Diagonal StripesVeniceYellow barrels with red & white wavy stripes, plus some tac-tac-toe & eye beads 31125.00
955Chevron: Straight-stripeVeniceFive-layer with red, white, blue & green straight stripes. Traded to Ghana & Ivory Coast. 13-15mm wide. Available: 955b 9.5-13mm widths, 28" strand, avg VF $80 $80 / 195
954 Chevron: Bowed-stripeVeniceFive-layer with red, white & blue bowed stripes. Called Banjigija in Ghana. 12-16.5mm wide. Available: 954b 28-3077.50
525Dutch DelftVeniceEllipsoid with fluid flower patterns in blue or red on bone white base. Venetian imitations of a Dutch bead. Called Dabwa in Nigeria. Beads about 8m wide, 13-16m long.    Poor quality: 525N) Samples shown: $30; Low Quality 525Pa),    525Pb) $47.50 each22-24$30 - 47.50
526Dutch Delft VariantsVeniceFluid flower patterns in blue or red on bone white base. Venetian imitations of a Dutch bead. Variants: 526b Mostly round $60;    526L1 Lot of Less usual patterns, etc., 11 beads $20 2460.00
973Ethiopia Donut NecklaceNetherlandsNatural necklaces from Ethiopia, made of Dark blue "Dutch donut" beads and cowries on long, thick multi-strand black cord. Available: 973b    973c 4080.00
914Plastic AmberGermany?Necklace of mixed colors and shapes. Central bead appears a typical German "copal" of the 1920s-30s but at least one trader is suspicious of their age. Available: 914b    914c    914d    914e 3665.00
913Plastic Amber: GreenEurope?Round 14mm beads, possibly intended to mimic amber. They appear dark brown but when held to the light most have a light-green stripe in the center. Not as uniform as they look. Unknown where made or used, but found in Africa. Available: 913a    913b 2636.50
1027aWhite rounds, beltedBohemia?Dull white 12mm rounds with a subtle raised belt at equator, plus some un-seamed whites. Found in Mali. 2630.00
766Early WoundVeniceCrude, smallish matte lamp-wound beads in opaque colors. Found in Mali. They resemble beads found in medieval Saharan sites, and Amerindian "pony" beads but are likely not that old. Mostly 4.5-5.5mm widths. Long strands. Samples shown. Available 766B) Blue $22.50;   766Y) Yellow $20 3220.00
975Coffee BeanBohemiaShort ellipsoids, brown with white side seam and veining, imitating stone. Mostly 12m long x 9mm wide.   Available: 975a) with one long bead, sample shown of several near identical strands ;    975b) Some or all smaller, or 975c) All regular size. Each: 2115.00
977WhitebeltsBohemia?a.k.a. Mock Agate. Shiny black ellipsoids with narrow white waistband. From Nigeria. Sample shown; all strands near identical. 2415.00
512MLong Red FacetedBohemia?Semi-translucent, ruby-red, long 31-39mm, faceted, well-worn, 16 beads per short strand. I've been ignoring the lower-value beads lately, but these were too good a deal. ($9 each per 3+ strands). Sample strands shown. 2112.00
612Colorado / FulaniEuropeEllipsoids, typically 13-14mm wide x 14x16mm long with fairly small holes, 40 per strand. Traded to the Fulani. Inexpensive for such a large, colorful bead.    Available: 612R) Bright Red, and 612B Black (commonest colors). SAMPLE strands shown. Either: 2416.50
612Colorado / FulaniEuropeEllipsoids, typically 13-14mm wide x 14x16mm long with fairly small holes, 40 per strand. Traded to the Fulani. Inexpensive for such a large, colorful bead.    Available: 612Y) Yellow $22.50; 612W White $18.50 SAMPLE strands shown. 24$18-22
733Red TriangleBohemiaTranslucent red, 19mm on a side, about 36 per strand. Traded into Mali. Sample shown. Specify "all red" or I will send picked strands with two or more triangles of other colors. 2222.50
1040Tile BeadsVeniceSmall tubes with burnt-red exterior over darker core. Traded to the Naga and Chin peoples of NW Burma and NE India. Typical sizes are 3x8mm and 4x5mm for two sample strands shown. These are from an importer's stash from the 1990s or earlier; I can't find them offered online. They don't come up in the Africa trade. $3.00/50; $3.75/10; $4.50/3; Set of thick & thin strands $10; Single strand: 346.00
1042Large Yellow SeedsVeniceCrude wound beads of lemon yellow color, traded to the Dani of New Guinea. Mostly 4.5-5.5mm widths. Samples shown. $6.25/3+. Single strand: 24-269.00
583Dig Beads: Jasper, etc.DjennéSmaller (6-9mm widths) reddish excavated beads, mostly burnt-red Jasper but some other stone. Available: 583a    583b    583c 2246.50
940MDig Beads: Small ColorfulDjennéGlass & Stone: Mostly under 5mm widths. This lot more colorful than most. At this price I can't photo each strand, but they are similar; sample strands shown at 200%. ($14.50 each per 3+ strands) 24+17.50
883Dig Beads: Small WhiteDjennéGlass: Excavated beads in shades of white, mostly 3-4mm wide but variable shapes and sizes. Mostly well worn, some chalky. A good buy, as the larger Dig beads have gotten expensive. Sample strands shown. 883S) More (smaller) beads $16;    883L) Fewer (Small & large) beads $18.50. For even mixtures 4+ strands @ $13.50 each. Sample strands shown. 22-2416.50+
996Dig Beads: LargerDjennéStone: Graduated strands of Carnelian, rock crystal, some glass?, etc. Widths range 6-21mm. Available: 996a) Long 40" $165 ;    996d) 32" $145;    996c) 30" $110;    996e) 30" $110 $110 - 165
996Dig Beads: MediumDjennéStone: Graduated strands of Carnelian, rock crystal, some glass?, etc. Widths range 5-15mm. Available: 996n) 23" $95 ;    996q) 29" $115;    996s) 24" $75 $75 - 115
818Dig Beads: Medium BlueDjennéGlass: Graduated strands of rough, 3-12mm width, greens & blues, mixed shapes. Probably India / Islam origin. Available: 818b    818c    818d    818e 2252.50
788"Roman" BeadsMideast?Blue cane-cut beads of obvious age, varying sizes and shapes. This is a trade term for pre-Venetian glass, likely from the middle east. Available: 788a) Dark: barrels $75 ;    7889b) Dark: Mixed shapes $75 30$75
536YHebron (Kano): YellowPalestine / SudanPeter Francis in Beads of the World p.78 notes that, during the disruption of the Crusades, " . . .beadmakers apparently emigrated from Tyre on the Mediterranean coast to Hebron near Jerusalem sometime after the twelfth century. They made beadsthere, using the salts of the Dead Sea as their alkali. Their glass was opaque yellow and green, sometimes blue and black. The beads were furnace-wound and were popular in Egypt and in sub-Saharan Africa." Traded to Sudan, where they are found today.Ugly beads, they look old, with porosity and chips. Single beads 18-20mm: $3.50;   535Y Graduated strand of 49-52 beads, few or none broken $77.50 each;   Specific strands with brokens: $82.50 each: 536Ya    536Yb    536Yc21-2277.50 / 82.50
535c Hebron (Kano): Green Palestine / Sudan Medieval Palestine, traded to the Sudan where they were often filed and shaped. After years off the market, they are showing up again. Beads range 13-24mm wide. 24 150.00
537cHebron (Kano): BluePalestine / SudanMedieval Palestine, traded to the Sudan where they were often filed and shaped. After years off the market, they are showing up again. Beads range 13-23mm wide. 23150.00
535MHebron (Kano): Blue & GreenPalestine / SudanMedieval Palestine, traded to the Sudan where they were often filed and shaped. After years off the market, they are showing up again. Mixture of blues and greens. Beads range 13-24mm wide. Available: 535Ma    535Mb    535Mc    535Md 24150.00
533Hebron (Kano): Eye BeadPalestine / SudanMedieval Palestine, traded to the Sudan where they were often filed and shaped. First time I have seen this variety. Beads range 13-24mm wide. Available: 533a    533b 20300.00
536BHebron: Baby (Kano)Palestine?Small versions of this early bead from Palestine(?). SAMPLES shown with two usual Hebron beads for comparison. I don't know if these are as old as or share a history with true Hebron beads. 25-2629.50
536NHebron: ButtonPalestine?Cut down versions of this early bead from Palestine. These have the color, striations and hole sizes found in Hebrons and appear to be filed down to roughly 9-10mm widths. But when? Are the bead assemblers in Africa cutting down broken beads to create something more uniform? SAMPLES shown with two usual Hebron beads for comparison. 2650.00
534Islamic Glass?Red Sea?Rough, dirty-yellow beads ranging 6-12mm across. I thought they were "baby Hebron" and did not ask the supplier about them, but on examination they are quite different - some look cane-cut while other have an odd pucker around the hole and do not sit flat, suggesting some unusual technique. Though cleaned, they show soil and are clearly excavated - possibly late Medieval Islamic? Graduated strand of 90+ beads. Sample strand shown. 2424.50
714Akoso BarrelsGhana, TogoOriginally status beads of the Kings & nobility of the Ewe (= Krobo?). Made of ground trade beads, such as King beads fused in clay moulds. Widths 8-9mm. Available: 714a    714b    714c    714d     2856.50
986Better "pop" StrandsGhanaThe $10-12 strands of new-looking "pop bottle" beads are drying up. These are older, used-looking, or better-made strands: 986a    986b    986c    986d 15.00
1000False SpacersGambia?Typical matte surfaces of "pop bottle" beads in dark colors with some translucency, possibly inspired by small cane-cut trde beads. As the ends abrade light lines appear, giving a false spacer effect. Top to bottom in photo: Reddish, Purple-blackish, Brownish, and Smaller. SAMPLES Give second choices, please. 2215.00
1002African CrumbGhana?Small wound barrels: white, orange & yellow inclusions in deep blue, black, or white base. Very shiny. Another amazing African bead for the local market, probably very new. Sample shown. 2235.00
1004African FanciesGhanaGround glass in rough rounds, with white & multicolor trailings echoing designs such as eye, chevron stripe and fancy types. Shiny to matte, wide variety of designs. Mostly 9-10mm with large holes. My taste has always been for the majestic old Venetian classics BUT something interesting is happening here. Samples shown. 2418.50
1006African Eye BeadsGhanaShiny milk-white crudely oblates with bold purple-in-brown eyes. Widths 13-16mm. Could we be entering a "new classic" era in the Ghanian beadmaking industry? Will we soon see again beads with the sophistication of Bodom and Kiffa? Sample shown. 2618.50
224 Moulay Beads Nigeria Derived from older Munshi beads of the Tiv, but used farther south. I have found three main varieties or stages in evolution: Large well-made beads, Rougher beads of variable size, and Rough, unworn possibly modern made.     224S) Set of 3 beads each A, D, E, F, J (15 total) $17.50     Singles: 224A Large, round, well-made, moderate wear. From a unique strand purchased years ago $2/bead, minimum 5;     Singles: 224M Mixed D, E, F as shown $10 / 10 beads, $20 / 25 beads 22 $17.50 / 135
792Baule Wire BeadsIvory CoastDelicate cast brass beads with black teracotta centers, made to look like wire. Although they continue to be made today in just one Baule village, they are expensive due to the craftsmanship involved. Each bead is a double "eye" element with large loop, 11-13mm wide. Available: Lot of 3 beads $3;   792b) 32" strand $145;    792c) 30" strand $130 35$3 / 135
645BBrass DonutsNigeriaRough-surfaced cast beads with large central holes. Beads3mm long x 9mm wide, average 160/strand. Probably have some age, but just retoning from cleaning. Price Reduction & quantity pricing: $27.50/10+, $30/3+. Single strand: 2240.00
839 Fulani Cosmos Bells W. Africa Small bells with spiral Cosmos design and large loops, some with stones inside to create rattle. Mixed sizes 6-16mm, , average 125-150 bells per strand. Some worn or patinated, some miscast, some cleaned. Strands available:     839b    839c     839e    839g    839h 24 135.00
840Fulani Bells, TexturedN. AfricaSmall bells with grain or twisted rope design and large loops, with stones inside. Widths 10-12mm, average 280 pieces densely packed on string. Some with slight casting flaws. First I've seen; likely newly made. Available: 840a    840b 29120.00
709Fulani Necklace: BellsWest AfricaAs-made necklace: multiple bead strands ending in cluster of brass bells, dangling bead chains tipped with cowries, coins, etc.    709a) Smooth bells;    709b) Cosmos bells & cowries;    709c) Mixed bell types. 2045.00
863Fulani HairpiecesNigeria, CamerounBraid-gather coils of aluminum and copper, or etched sheet brass. Mostly well worn. Hausa and Fulani peoples of Nigeria. Strung on old cloth, may have been worn as a belt or sash as combination of yellow and white metals was thought to ward off illness. Available: 863a) 31 wire coils, 30x22mm, aluminum & copper3375.00
992Bidda Wire CoilsNigeriaToned brass wire wound in 18-19mm coils, 3.3mm width, bright red bead spacers. Newly made. Samples shown. ($12 each per 3+) 2316.50
644aIron: MediumNigeriaCrudely cast Disk shape with large central holes. Beads run 13-15mm across. Iron in any form was considered money in Africa. Available: 644aa    644ab    644ac 2465.00
2195Ethiopia "Fan" PendantEthiopiaToned brass Pendants, mostly 50-60mm tall, found on natural necklaces from Ethiopia and sold separately by the Traders. Samples shown. (Ask for Scan ZZ2195.5 for unusual and lower-quality pieces priced individually.) Each:14.50
982Aluminum biconeEthiopiaBicones, some faceted, widths 14-17mm. Much larger and scarcer than the small squarish aluminum beads. 28100.00
1030Large Cop/Brass Bead NecklaceTuaregHand-crafted large hollow bicones with alternating rings of copper and brass, simple etched pattern, showing wear; green vaseline spacers. Beads are 29-32mm wide x 37-41mm long. 34125.00
1034Big Bells & Bones NecklaceFulaniLarge, old well-worn brass bells with dyed(?) brown reptile(?) bone spacers. About half have clappers, and bells clang together to produce a lovely sound. Available: 1034a) "Liberty" bell shape, widths & lengths 34-45mm, high tinkling sound ;    1034b) Cosmos design, larger than usual, widths 24-32mm; midrange "cowbell" tone. Each:100.00
582JasperNigeria?Semi-finished surface, dark red color, various shapes, mostly 6-8mm widths, each bead different. Samples shown. 2137.50
626Bauxite: Unusual StrandsNigeriaStrands with unusual sizes or shapes of beads: 626a) Wide Disks $32.50 ;    626b) Wide Disks & strays $32.50 ;    626c) Very wide disks $35 ;    626d) Ellipsoids $30 ;    626e) Disks $20 $20 - $32
1038TanzaniteTanzaniaRough stone beads with tiny holes. Not sure if these are new or old, natural color or dyed some way. Short strands of Red or green available. Each: 14-1825.00
784R Red Agate hearts India / Islam Polished hard reddish stone, agate or carnelian, many in heart shape. Traded into northern Nigeria roughly 1920s-50s (according to supplier) and likely from India or Islamic countries. There are many natural flaws, and some impact chips, or smoothed points. About 48 pieces per strand. Sample shown, all are fairly similar. Reduced price: $22.50 ea/3+, $19 ea/6+ 22 35.00
990Conus "clamshells"MauritaniaSpires of Conus shells, opposing pairs carved & decorated to look like small ornate clams. Associated with Arab weddings, according to supplier. Simak p. 32 "Used since antiquity . . " Scan fails to show amount of shaping and etching on shells. 2485.00
850"White Coral" (Shell)Nigeria (Biafra)Conidae shell beads ca. 1800, which were traditionally strung in necklaces with large red coral beads. Very small center holes. Mostly long barrels, but strands s+ include smaller beads. Simak p. 31. Available: 850b    850c    850q    850r    850s    850t 2648.50
960Amber Misc. LotAfricaTwo beads from Sierra Leone or Mali, 9.44, 8.91gm, one "Copal" with dark area & small chip; plus 14 irregular amber chips, pierced, most very brittle, probably not Africa, 3.65gm total. Dillingham envelopes, items AP27, M16. Shown 200%. 25.00
743dCosmology BeadsBaule, Ivory CoastStrung necklaces, possibly as-worn, with 10 brass charm pendants spaced with beads. Each pendant 65x50mm. Sample shown. 3220.00
743eCosmology PendantsBaule, Ivory CoastStrung necklaces, possibly as-worn, with 18 brass charms spaced with beads. Each charm 37x26mm. 3036.50
2195Ethiopia "Fan" PendantEthiopiaToned brass Pendants, mostly 50-60mm tall, found on natural necklaces from Ethiopia and sold separately by the Traders. Samples shown. (Ask for Scan ZZ2195.5 for unusual and lower-quality pieces priced individually.) Each:14.50
711Fulani Money NecklaceNigeriaAs-worn necklaces featuring brass cosmos bells and money objects such as cowrie shells and British W. Africa coins. Available: 711a    711b    711c    711d    711e    711f    711g    711h    711j    711k3622.50
704Fulani Womens NecklaceWest AfricaMultiple strands of small beads with tubular white hearts, larger beads, copper wire, dyed twine, etc. Fit easily over head. Scans are 50% or smaller; order by 704 + letter next to necklace. Made a volume buy, so price much reduced.    s, t, u, v, w, x Seed beads     aa, ab, ac, ad, ae, af Cane-cut beads 30-3237.50

millef
SINGLE BEADS & SETS
You will find full strands of all of these types in the other categories.
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STOCK#
NAME
MADE IN
DESCRIPTION
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US$
826Ancient StoneGhana, Mali?Rough chunks of granite-like black rock with white inclusions. Beads mostly in 22-28mm range. Supplier says about 2000 years old. Single Beads: $4.50 Each, or $3.50 Each/3+; Full strands of 35 beads: SAMPLE $85$3.50 / 85
845 Stone Tubes Mali Excavated beads in translucent to red-brown stone. Most 20-30mm long x 17mm wide. Center holes bored in from each side, narrowing toward center of bead, about 7-8mm outside, 2-3mm inside. Smaller beads $10 each, largest $15 each, or full strand as shown (32 beads) 34 250.00
263S Togo Stone (Set) Togo / Ghana? White quartz disc with drilled hole, rubbed in reddish earth. Found in hoards, they are likely a very early bead money, though both their original and modern uses are unclear. The Akhan & nearby tribes would find them exposed after heavy rains, and called them "thunderstones," believing they had come from the sky and had healing properties. The smaller size (10-30mm) is found in Mauritania and called "biscuit beads.      263 Large 30-45mm $14.50; Strand of 85: $87.50;     263R Small 18-25mm, rough $5;      263S Set of five stones, different sizes, plus one small rough type: Set: 37.50
720 "Togo Stone" Beads Europe Single beads Glass imitations of the valued "Togo stone" money. First strand seen by my supplier, one of the biggest bead importers. Beads mostly 15-20m wide, 6-10m thick. Lot of 5 beads with some variation in size: $12; Per bead: $3 Ea. 3.00 - 12.00
868 Ancient Fossil beads Africa Cut segments of a long extinct tubular sea-bottom animal form, soapy gray rock having replaced the animal tissues. Beads are over 1000 years old according to supplier, the outside segmentation worn, but showing very sharply on interiors. Range 12-28mm wide x 8-15mm long, very wide (natural) holes, 50-90 beads per strand depending on bead size. Wearable as strung. Single beads, mixed sizes: $2.75 each, $2.00/3, $1.50/10+. Full strand: 27 85.00
906 Ancient Fossil? Mali Chalky white objects with fluted edges and stipple patterns, which I suspect are a fossilized sea creature. Excavated in Mali. Supplier says about 2000 years old. Single Beads: $3.50 Each, or $2.50 Each/3+; Full strand of 50 beads: 32 85.00
480Amazonite RoughsN. AfricaHistorically worn as amulets across northern Africa, before and including classical Egypt, these beads & pendants are today found from Morocco to Nigeria. Holed with stone drills, the flat (edgewise) beads were difficult to make. Finished turquoise greens are the most valued; these are older, unpolished beads. Photo 200%. Price is per each group displayed. Available: Claws: 480Aa, Ab $40; Ac $60; Ad $20;   Flats: 480Ba, Bb, Bc $435;   Colors: 480Ca $75; Cb $45; Shapes: 480Da, Db, Dc, Dd $35; Sizes: 480Ea $40; Eb $35; Ec $30; Ed $25; Ee $20; Ef $35 $20 - 90
480Amazonite RoughsN. AfricaHistorically worn as amulets across northern Africa, before and including classical Egypt, these beads & pendants are today found from Morocco to Nigeria. Holed with stone drills, the flat (edgewise) beads were difficult to make. Finished turquoise greens are the most valued; these are older, unpolished beads. Photo 200%. Price is per each group displayed. Available: Claws: 480Aa, Ab $40; Ac $60; Ad $20;   Flats: 480Ba, Bb, Bc $435;   Colors: 480Ca $75; Cb $45; Shapes: 480Da, Db, Dc, Dd $35; Sizes: 480Ea $40; Eb $35; Ec $30; Ed $25; Ee SOLD; Ef $35 $20 - 90
980Face BeadVeniceAn early type based on Roman models. Shown 4x actual size. Bead 980a (round) has four faces $60; Beads b, c, d, e, f (flat) Each: 40.00
536T Hebron: Colors set Palestine Medieval Palestine, traded to the Sudan. Yellow are commonest, green scarcer, and dark colors much scarcer. 536 Yellow bead 18-20mm: $3.50;   536S) Yellow and Green beads $8.50;   536T) Set of nine beads, including 3 sizes/shapes of Yellow, a Green, a Blue, a small cut-down bead, plus (not shown) three baby and "infant" sized beads: $22.50 3.50 - 22.50
NUEVA CADIZ    The origins of this sophisticated bead are unknown but they date at least to the early 1500s and were primarily traded by the Spanish into South America. The oldest are three-layer drawn beads, rectangular with rounded corners, diameter 4-8mm and often long, up to 50mm, in various shades of blue. A later type, probably Bohemian, associated with 17th Century North American sites, is unlayered and dark blue.
746 Nueva Cadiz Spain? Venice? Long light-blue tubular bead without layers. This unlayered variety (Smith & Good, 1982, #34) is associated with 17th Century North American sites. Unusually high quality specimens almost never seen in the layered variety, about 10 x 10 x 78-82mm    c) Serious chips $16.50; (b Minor chips $27.50; 16.50 - 45.00
245K Proto-bead Venice Early trade bead, possible ancestor of both King beads and Cournalene d'Aleppo. Supplier says they are quite rare. 20m wide x about 18m long, chalky yellow. Per bead: Ea. 15.00
215 King Bead Disks Venice Same porous, chalky yellow glass as classic King bead, but plain disks 12-18m wide. Traded into Ghana. One of the older, plain beads that the reference works ignore.    Full strand $62.50.    Lot of 5 beads, different sizes. Lot: 2.75
CHEVRONS Also called Rosetta beads, they are one of the earliest and most valued of the trade beads and heralded the Renaissance of European beadmaking in Murano (Venice). The 7-layers are oldest, dated to ca. 1480 - 1580. Most 5-layer are roughly contemporary, and scarcer as a class than the sevens. By the early 1600s beads using green or black for the outer layer appeared, and both the 4-layer and 6-layer were first produced. Because the fours and sixes continued to be made, the only way to tell new from old is the condition of the bead, and the tendency for the bevel to be rounded rather than faceted in more modern beads. The Africa traders value faceted sixes nearly as much as sevens. Size (length and diameter) along with condition and symmetry dictate the market value, and like most high-end trade beads, values advance roughly 10% per year.
310 Chevron: 7 Layer Venice size-2: Showing two views of each bead, enlarged X3: Length in mm/Width in mm/Weight in gm: Available: d (32/26/36.3) Each: 185.00
311 Chevron: 7 Layer Venice size-3: Showing two views of each bead, enlarged X3: Length in mm/Width in mm/Weight in gm: Available: a (20/23/19.1), b (30/25/31.2), c (28/22/26.8) Each: 135.00
312 Chevron: 7 Layer Venice size-4: Showing two views of each bead, enlarged X3: Length in mm/Width in mm/Weight in gm: Available: a (13-16/16/7.3), , c (13-15/19/9, black outer), e (13-14/19/9.1, green interior) Others shown are sold. 65.00
315 Chevron: 5 Layer Venice Single Bead The five-layers are thought to be contemporary with the sevens, and are a bit scarcer. Showing two views of each bead, enlarged X3: Length in mm/Width in mm/Weight in gm: Available: b (26/16/13.9), c (25/16/14), Each: 125.00
321Chevron: 6-layerVeniceLarge Beads High-quality, large squared-end beads, mostly with enough bevel to show the layers. Sizes given for some beads so you can judge others. PLEASE give second choice of specimens! a) 47x32 $165; b) 47x31 $150; c)46x33mm chips $135; d-f) d 33x24, f 35x23.5; $45 each; g-z) g 29x22, j 29x22, n 28.5x22.5, q 29x23.5, t 29x22, u 29x22.5, z 29x21 $39.50 each; aa-ac) aa 27.5x19, ac 29.5x21.5 $33.50 each $33-$165
320 Chevron, 6-layer Venice Single Beads Classic 6-layer Chevron, a.k.a. "Rosetta" bead, dating to late 19th & early 20th C. This bead mfr's sample card is early 20th C. 320b,c) Large damaged pieces $12.50 ea.; 320x) Smaller dmaged pieces, width 13-20m, my choice $4.50; 320L) Lot of 5, mostly under 13m $12 Each 4.50 - 65.00
330s Chevron, 4-layer set Venice Set Classic 4-layer "Rosetta" bead. As with the 6-layer, dated to late 19th & early 20th C.      Small beads, widths 5-7m. Lot of 5 pieces, different lengths & cuts. Sample lot shown, yours will differ Lot: 5.00
331 Chevron, 4-layer singles Venice Single Beads 19th & Early 20th C. Range 19-23mm Long x 13-16mm Wide. Good sized beads, still at a reasonable price compared to the 5, 6, and 7 layer beads.   Samples shown: 3 or more at $8.00/bead; Single beads: 10.00
331L1 Chevron, 4-layer Lot Venice Single Beads 19th & Early 20th C. Lot of 3 beads as shown. Largest is 33 x 22mm and has a new chip. Middle size is a BLACK chevron, much scarcer. As a lot: 27.50
694 French Yellow-jacket Chevron France? Single Beads Five layer Chevron with yellow stripes on black/ white/ red/ white core. Although attribution is tentative (Peter Francis, Beads of the World p.65) this would be the highest value trade bead produced in France. Dubin (chart # 82) notes that M. Heide examined several million beads and rated this one "scarce" (seen 6-10 examples). a) Longest pieces, 18+m $40;   b) Under 18m $35;   c) Short $25; ;     694s) Set of four selected pieces, different lengths & thicknesses, best quality. Choose set from SCAN $120 Per set. Ea. 25.00 - 120.00
515S Watermelon / Chevron Set Venice Single Beads Also called Melon, watermelon, or Molonganame (Muly Yaghalama) beads in Africa. Lot of 7 beads showing Chevron and solid-color, pinched and squared, and color varieties. Sample set shown. Set: 5.50
WHITE HEARTS    A layered, wound bead with translucent red over a white or yellowish core first made ca. 1825, though Dubin mentions drawn versions with greenish cores dating to ca. 1600, and modern white-hearts, made in Venice and Asia, are drawn. Their formal name Cornalene d'Aleppo is a corruption of "carnelian of Aleppo (Syrian city)." Traded widely around the world, the early types are called Hudson Bay beads for their use in North America. Rounds in sizes from seed to over 23mm and barrels from under 6mm to over 25mm are commonest, though many other shapes exist, as well as surface decorations of spots, florals, etc.
250S White Heart Set Venice, etc. Historical Set including now-expensive early Cournelene d'Aleppo forms (Hudsons Bay Trade Bead) from ca. 1830s. Includes several examples each of later cane-cut, rounded, and seed versions in traditional red and other colors, and modern regular, and seed versions. Types and quantities of beads as shown in scan. (NOTE: For set with scarce yellowish "core" bead order 250T at $29.50)    (NOTE for completists: Other white hearts are "Proto-bead", White heart flower beads, and Skunk beads). Set: 24.50
262 Flower White hearts Venice Single beads Short barrels, floral pattern in white & blue on red, over white core; basically white hearts with a pattern. Mostly 9-10m wide. Unusually nice condition for this fragile old type. 3 or more chosen for variation in size, color, etc. $4 each; Single bead: Ea. 5.00
678L Green Hearts Venice Single Beads Older green-hearts, probably 1700's, irregular dark red tubes over greenish cores. This lot from Africa. Bead widths 4-11m. 7 pieces, mixed sizes from strand as shown: Each 2.50
209 Millefiore Elbows Venice Single Beads Most valuable of Millefiore shapes, long pieces with a bend. Available: 209a) Yellow with brick red eyes & white inclusions, 12-13 x 51-56mm $16;    209d) Yellow with multicolor eyes, 13-14 x 43-50+mm $12;    209e) Red with grooves, 13-14 x 43-50+mm $12. 15% discount for 3 or more, your choice. $12 - $16
801 Uncirculated Wedding Cake, Gold Venice Also called Queen Victoria beads. Old but unworn beads out of England. Sparkling gold bands and multicolored elements on gold base, round, 14-15mm. Gold is said to be the rarest color of this type. I will sell single beads @ $17.50 if the strand does not sell shortly. Specimens of this quality are rarely found in Africa. Strand: 275.00
802 Uncirculated Wedding Cake, Red Venice Also called Queen Victoria beads. Old but unworn beads out of England. Sparkling gold bands and multicolored elements on red base. I will sell single beads if the strand does not sell shortly: a) Elongated 19x9mm $18.50; b) Round 9mm $9.50. Specimens of this quality are rarely found in Africa. Strand: 275.00
502a Vaseline, amber Bohemia Translucent glass, classic Vaseline but scarce amber color, with unusual shapes.     Single beads: 502aa) Melon shape, 16mm long: $7.50/1, $5 ea./3+, $150/43-bead strand;      502ab) 12-sided, 18mm: $7.00/1, $4.50 ea./3+, $150/58-bead strand.
820 Crumb Venice Barrel shape: yellow core with multicolor crumb elements. 820a) 29x18mm $75; 820b) 27x16mm with two large (shown) chips & some smaller $60 Each 60.00 - 75.00
891 Ndoro Bohemia Conus (a mollusc) shells were introduced to East Africa by Arab slavers and served as both currency (like cowries) and status symbols, worn whole or cut in half, on the forehead by Shona Chiefs. "In the 1870s the British destroyed as many of them as they could find in British East Africa, because of their presumed links to opaganism. When crime greatly increased due to the lack of currency, they had porcelain copies of the shells made in Bohemia [in 1892 - Liu] with serial numbers on them. In time the Bohemians took the design and made glass copies . . . . " (Francis, P., Beads of the World p. 109). See also Liu, R., Collectible Beads p. 29, 42. Today the Masai and related tribes still value and modify by filing the more modern Czech glass copies. My specimens were collected from the Tonga Tribe of Zimbabwe and Zambia.   891b) 47-49mm wide $30; 891d 30-44mm wide $15; 891f) Tiny 12-13mm wide $2.50 Each or $2 Ea./3+ Each 2.50 - 30.00
647S Peking Glass China Single Beads Made for centuries, these are the modern version, still made by the winding process, so cruder looking than older European beads. 10 pieces, mixed colors & sizes: 2.50
212 Talhakimt Pendants (Glass) Bohemia Single beads Large, flat European-made glass beads or pendants (ca. 1930s?) imitating earlier stone and metal currency objects of the Tuaregs of the northern Sahara. Also called tanfouk, Niger glass, and Zinder beads. See Der Primitivgeldsammler 1989/1 p.23 #IV1,3. Opitz p.38, 64, A. Fisher Africa Adorned page 186., and beadazzled site. Range 47-54m tall. Presently only red & green available. Advise if you would like to be notified when rarer colors come into stock.    $10.00 each per 3+ ; Per one: Each: 12.00
218 Talhakimt Pendants (Agate) Europe/India Single beads Large, flat pendant-beads used by the Tuaregs of the northern Sahara. Also called tanfouk, Niger glass, and Zinder beads. Lovely agate specimens, almost certainly older than the glass. The scans can not show the bands and swirls of orange, brown, and off-white visible when held to the light. Best history I've found is at the beadazzled site.    Priced by size: aa-ad) (avg. 110x42mm) $45; ae-ak) (avg. 85x37mm) SOLD; am-as) (avg. 80x35mm) $30; bb-bm) (avg. 67x32mm) $25. Take 15% discount for 2 or more. Each: $25 - $45
219 Talhakimt Pendants (Agate), Damaged Europe/India Single beads Large, flat pendant-beads used by the Tuaregs of the northern Sahara. A lovely agate specimens, almost certainly older than the glass. These specimens are shown enlarged, worst side visible, with descriptions of the cutting irregularities or damage. I could have passed up this group when buying the lot, but wanted to show that these ARE old, used beads.   Priced by size: fa) (92x40mm) $35; fb-fe) (smallest is 62x42mm) $25; ff-fj) (smallest is 65x34mm) $20; fk-fm) (61x33mm) $20. Take 15% discount for 2 or more. Each: $20 - $35
626t Bauxite (Pipestone) Nigeria 626t) Single Beads Rough earth-red beads from clay rich in aluminium ore, a distinctive African bead. Set of 3 lengths of 7-11m wide beads. Each 3.50
1327 Fossil Disk (Pi) China "Heaven was represented by the ancients in the tangible form of a perforated disk of jade. It was believed that such a token embodied the qualities of solar effulgence, and was closely connected with the powers of Heaven by means of its maagical properties, and therefore the Emperor, being the Son of Heaven, was able to commune and consult with Heaven through the medium o the jade disc." (C.A.S. Williams Outlines of Chinese Symbolism and Art Motives p.235. Offered here are MODERN pieces in black agate, 45mm (1.75") wide, crowded with small marine(?) fossils. Called Gemstone Donuts in jewelry trade. No two are alike. ($39 for 10) Each 5.00
641S Natural Amber Gambia Single Beads Natural tree amber from Gambia, roughly shaped into beads of 12-18m and holed with a hot poker. Old amber (and imitation) beads were important trade items in Africa. These are old amber, but new beads. Five mixed sizes: Ea 4.50
638 Ostrich Eggshell East Africa Rough roundish disks of tough eggshell made by the 39,000 year-old "heishi" process of drilling and grinding. One of the oldest bead types and a well-known trade item, asociated in modern times with the Turkana, Samburu, Ovambo tribes. They range from 6-10mm, about 250-500/strand. Degree of uniformity and cleanliness varies also.    Show Variants    . Available: 638s Set of 10 beads mixed sizes, surfaces, etc. $3.00    638a) Strand: Usual semi-polished with variable sizes;    638c) Strand: Recent hoard of excavated pieces, matte surfaces and uniform, small size. Each strand or mix: ($19/3+, inquire for larger quantities). Per single strand: 24 25.00
961Natural Shells Short string of brownish molusc shells. Apparently popular in Africa as beads, since the Bohemians made lovely glass imitations. 2215.00
625s Sherpa Coral Tibet (India) Sets Imitating Coral, these glass beads were made in India and traded into Tibet. Scan shows typical sets. 625s) Set of 9 sizes, shapes, and shades $12.50;    625t) Set of four basic shapes & shades $5.00 Set 5.00 - 12.50
223s Munshi Beads Sahara The Tiv (a.k.a. Munshi) tribe of Shima, northern Nigeria used looped brass beads of average 12mm imitating a seed, valued at 1/4 silver Dirhem of the Mediterranean caliphates. In 1968 Johanssen Nigerian Currencies considered them rare. See Opitz p.41, Quiggin p.60 fig.9, Johansson 50,54, supl14 #65, PS1987/3.     Difficult to find now. 12 pieces $17.50; 3 chosen for diff sizes, etc $6.00; Bead: 2.50
224s Moulay Beads: Set / Singles Nigeria Derived from older Munshi beads of the Tiv, but used farther south. Set: 224S Consists of 3 beads each: 224A Large, round, well-made, moderate wear; 224D Larger, irregular, worn; 224E Smaller, irregular, worn; 224F Heavily worn and filed to triangular shape; 224J Rough, unworn, likely modern made (15 pcs. total) $17.50;    Singles: 224A Large, round, well-made, moderate wear. From a unique strand purchased years ago $2/bead, minimum 5;     Singles: 224M Mixed D, E, F as shown $10 / 10 beads, $20 / 25 beads     Strand 224Ad Over 250 beads as 224M $135 Set (17.50)
787 Yemen Brass Yemen Brass beads with knobs and bars, two basic designs. Supplier says found in Darfur (Sudan) but another says made in Yemen (called "rail bead"?). About 50-60 per strand, about 9-11mm long, 2mm holes.    Single Beads: $2 each/3+; $1.50 each/10+; Strands available: NONE: Inquire 24
789 Baule Brass Daisy Nigeria Old beads of unusual shape, they remind me of a daisy, 300+ on a long strand.   789A) 11-12mm, usually 9 "petals" as shown: Single beads: .90 each/3+, .60 each/10+; Full strand: INQUIRE;    789L) 14mm beads, usually 10 "petals" (not shown) Single beads: 1.00 each/3+, .70 each/10+; Full strand: INQUIRE 30 135.00
792 Baule Wire Beads Ivory Coast Delicate cast brass beads with black terracotta centers, made to look like wire. Although they continue to be made today in just one Baule village, they are expensive due to the craftsmanship involved. Each bead is a double "eye" element with large loop, 11-13mm wide.    792a) Full 35+" strand (over 500 beads) $195:     792b) Strand 30+" $165;    6" strand (about 90 beads) $40.00; 10 beads $6.50; 3 beads: 35 3.00
226 Dorome Ring Nigeria "Cast brass ring used as fare tokens for donkey carts, Dorome Tribe, Nigeria. The drivers turned them in to the Chiefs, who held the concession, and were paid in bracelets (inquire) of similar form. Size 24-25mm, " Available: 226a) Sharp hatched pattern (new?). Bottom row in photo $4.65 each; $3.35 ea./3+; 226b) Worn or plain (older?) $4.65 each; $3.35 ea./3+, $2.75 ea./10+; 226t) Set of 3 different $9.50; "226s) Spaced on a leather strip, the belt served as a badge of office for the cart drivers, about 60-70 pieces per belt. Older, smooth rings. Sample shown. $165" 3.50 - $165
237s Iron: Set Nigeria Single Beads: Three rough 10m wide beads, plus two polished 6m beads. Iron in any form was considered money in Africa. Per set of 5: Set: 3.50
2500 Spindle Whorls Nigeria Strung as beads, these are terracotta weights used to spin fabric strands into thread. They are one of the commonest and most universal of artifacts. Age unknown, but not recent. Size 40-50m across. Single beads of my choice are available, a) plain $9; b)with etched designs $12. Strand of 33: 200.00
2502 Spindle Whorls Nigeria Strung as beads, these are terracotta weights used to spin fabric strands into thread. They are one of the commonest and most universal of artifacts. Lots of 4-6 beads as shown, per lot: 12.50
2504 Spindle Whorls Guinea Strung as beads, these are terracotta weights used to spin fabric strands into thread. They are one of the commonest and most universal of artifacts. Strands of 27 beads, mixed sizes and quality. Single Beads, as they come $5.50 each, or $4 ea./5+; Full strands available: 2504b Each: 79.50
2507 Spindle Whorls Mali Strung as beads, these are terracotta weights used to spin fabric strands into thread. They are one of the commonest and most universal of artifacts. Age unknown, but not recent. Black with white patterns, Bead width 25-30mm;   Single beads: $2.00 each;   Full strands: 2507a    2507b Each: 26 30.00

MIXED STRANDS
The bead operations in Africa buy in loose beads, necklaces, etc., unstring and clean them, then reassemble strands of all-alikes, or graduated sizes. Especially when there is a great deal of variation in quality or variant, they try to balance value among strands to frustrate cherry-picking. However, some assemblers do create deliberately mixed strands, usually of like-value beads. Mixed strands also occur at end-of-day or when there are not enough of a scarcer type to make full strands. Such strands appeal to collectors more than crafters, so I seek them out. When I offer both photo'd and "blind" strands I am not hiding poorer strands, just saving the time / cost of making and handling photos.
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654 High Value Mixture Venice Longer, well-mixed strands of types which usually retail $125-$200/strand. Many are rarer, oddball types which the strand compilers do not have in enough quantity for full strands, but popular types such as Russian blue, millefiore, 6-beads, Tiger Stripe, American Flag, King, Skunk, Ghost, Rattlesnake, Akoso, Crumb, Dutch delft, etc. are included. Available: 654f, and (Nice King and rectangular eye beads, not a broad mixture): 654c 28-32 125.00
650Unfinished Strand BargainsEurope / MaliScarce does not always mean pricey. There are many, nameless old bead types out there, some of them too scarce for the assemblers in Mali to make full strands, or more than one strand of like beads at a time. Check out each of these. You will see familiar types, mixed with unusual types, and full 24" strands of types rarely offered that way, and others with no two beads alike. Available: 650Ag 650An24-2647.50
651 Mid Value Mixture Europe Mixed collection of medium-value beads. A good way to build a collection of types which would be costly in full strings. Look them up in Dubin or other references. Photographed strands for picking are $27.50 each with no quantity discount: 651aa; 651u; 651y; 651z   OR, my choice of similar strands, no better or worse, are $24.50 each, or less 10% for 2 or more. 25-26 24.50 - 27.50
576C Low Value Mixture Bohemia, etc. Grand mixture of smaller trade beads, mostly Czech, lots of smaller, striped types. Good value. Typical strands shown. Bulk: $7.00 each/3+, $5.50 each/10+ strands; NOTE: 576C SOLD OUT; 576D Available. Single strand: 24 8.50
566M Seed & Others Europe, China Mixed Strands Various colors, including the more irregular, larger Chinese type, and small white-hearts 24+ 8.50
707 Mauritania Necklace N. Africa Modern composition using old trade beads, some newer beads, shells, spindle-whorls, etc. Simple bead clasp. Scan shows both sides. 707k 17 oz.; 707L 16 oz. 92.50
445 Indo-Pacific, Mixed Indonesia Mixture of sizes, colors, origins of the "Tradewind bead". Sample strands shown.   445a) 25" strands $60SOLD;   445b) 18" strands, including smaller beads $50 $50-60

ANCIENT & EARLY
Dating beads is difficult to impossible. This section includes: a) Indigenous African stone & shell beads dating from the Paleolithic forward, b) Beads excavated in the Sahara, usually around Djenné or Timbuktu in Mali and called by the traders "dig beads". These are probably of Roman, Indian or Mideastern origin (Hebron, Fustat, Tyre, Damascus, etc.) but may also include native or smaller early European beads. c) Indo-Pacific or other early Asian beads.
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868 Ancient Fossil beads Africa Cut segments of a long extinct tubular sea-bottom animal form, soapy gray rock having replaced the animal tissues. Beads are over 1000 years old according to supplier, the outside segmentation worn, but showing very sharply on interiors. Range 12-28mm wide x 8-15mm long, very wide (natural) holes, 50-90 beads per strand depending on bead size. Wearable as strung. Single beads, mixed sizes: $2.75 each, $2.00/3, $1.50/10+. Full strand: 27 85.00
906 Ancient Fossil? Mali Chalky white objects with fluted edges and stipple patterns, which I suspect are a fossilized sea creature. Excavated in Mali. Supplier says about 2000 years old. Single Beads: $3.50 Each, or $2.50 Each/3+; Full strand of 50 beads: 32 85.00
480Amazonite RoughsN. AfricaHistorically worn as amulets across northern Africa, before and including classical Egypt, these beads & pendants are today found from Morocco to Nigeria. Holed with stone drills, the flat (edgewise) beads were difficult to make. Finished turquoise greens are the most valued; these are older, unpolished beads. Photo 200%. Price is per each group displayed. Available: Claws: 480Aa, Ab $40; Ac $60; Ad $20;   Flats: 480Ba, Bb, Bc $435;   Colors: 480Ca $75; Cb $45; Shapes: 480Da, Db, Dc, Dd $35; Sizes: 480Ea $40; Eb $35; Ec $30; Ed $25; Ee $20; Ef $35 $20 - 90
480kAmazonite RoughsN. AfricaStrand of 48 beads (& stray), mixed sizes, shapes, colors and hole directions 435.00
870 Ancient Granite Burkina Faso Crude gray discs with soil adhesions from burial. Mostly 10-13mm wide. Age unknown, but primitively made. Usually excavated beads are expensive, but I guess "ugly" lowers the asking price! Sample shown. 22 23.50
908 Large Old Granite Nigeria Twelve ancient granite beads excavated near modern city of Maiduguri in Nigeria, strung with spacers. Shortest = 19mm, longest = 60mm 200.00
826Ancient StoneGhana, Mali?Rough chunks of granite-like black rock with white inclusions. Beads mostly in 22-28mm range. Supplier says about 2000 years old. Single Beads: $4.50 Each, or $3.50 Each/3+; Full strands of 35 beads: 826a    826b    826c2885.00
263 Togo Stone (Large) Togo? White quartz disc with drilled hole, rubbed in reddish earth. Found in hoards, they are likely a very early bead money, though both their original and modern uses are unclear. The Akhan & nearby tribes would find them exposed after heavy rains, and called them "thunderstones," believing they had come from the sky and had healing properties. Rivallain pl.32, Opitz p.275, Quiggin p.60 & pl.3 #3. "Stone" size: under 40-45m, 33-80gm (3 for $37.50; 263t) STRING of 40 stone-size pieces on native fiber, as obtained from the Africa Traders. An amazing necklace at a great price. $225).     Single bead: 14.50
263R Togo Stone (Small) Togo? White quartz disc, smaller, rough pieces: 18-25mm (3 for $12.50, inquire for larger quantity) Each: 5.00
263S Togo Stone (Set) Togo / Ghana? White quartz disc with drilled hole, rubbed in reddish earth. Found in hoards, they are likely a very early bead money, though both their original and modern uses are unclear. The Akhan & nearby tribes would find them exposed after heavy rains, and called them "thunderstones," believing they had come from the sky and had healing properties. The smaller size (10-30mm) is found in Mauritania and called "biscuit beads.      263 Large 30-45mm $14.50; Strand of 85: $87.50;     263R Small 18-25mm, rough $5;      263S Set of five stones, different sizes, plus one small rough type: Set: 37.50
788"Roman" BeadsMideast?Blue cane-cut beads of obvious age, varying sizes and shapes. This is a trade term for pre-Venetian glass, likely from the middle east. Available: 788a) Dark: barrels $75 ;    7889b) Dark: Mixed shapes $75 30$75
750 Silk Road Glass Bactria (Afghanistan) About 2005-06 a huge dump of broken glass dating to the 1st C. BC was discovered in Afghanistan (ancient Bactria) along the silk road trade route uniting Rome and China. The glass objects were made using known Roman techniques, and the dump was likely raw material for a bead factory. Local families excavate the fragments and file it into rough bead shapes, preserving the unique sheen of ancient glass.     750e-g) Small SOLD;    750a-d) Medium $42;   750h,j) large h=$65, j=$45;    750k-n) Medium-large, with broken pieces: k=$40, m=$30, n=$20    750d Larger fragments (largest shown 55m) most clearly showing ageing effects of ancient glass $65 16-20 $20-$65
536YHebron (Kano): YellowPalestine / SudanPeter Francis in Beads of the World p.78 notes that, during the disruption of the Crusades, " . . .beadmakers apparently emigrated from Tyre on the Mediterranean coast to Hebron near Jerusalem sometime after the twelfth century. They made beadsthere, using the salts of the Dead Sea as their alkali. Their glass was opaque yellow and green, sometimes blue and black. The beads were furnace-wound and were popular in Egypt and in sub-Saharan Africa." Traded to Sudan, where they are found today.Ugly beads, they look old, with porosity and chips. Single beads 18-20mm: $3.50;   535Y Graduated strand of 49-52 beads, few or none broken $77.50 each;   Specific strands with brokens: $82.50 each: 536Ya    536Yb    536Yc21-2277.50 / 82.50
535c Hebron (Kano): Green Palestine / Sudan Medieval Palestine, traded to the Sudan where they were often filed and shaped. After years off the market, they are showing up again. Beads range 13-24mm wide. 24 150.00
537cHebron (Kano): BluePalestine / SudanMedieval Palestine, traded to the Sudan where they were often filed and shaped. After years off the market, they are showing up again. Beads range 13-23mm wide. 23150.00
535MHebron (Kano): Blue & GreenPalestine / SudanMedieval Palestine, traded to the Sudan where they were often filed and shaped. After years off the market, they are showing up again. Mixture of blues and greens. Beads range 13-24mm wide. Available: 535Ma    535Mb    535Mc    535Md 24150.00
533Hebron (Kano): Eye BeadPalestine / SudanMedieval Palestine, traded to the Sudan where they were often filed and shaped. First time I have seen this variety. Beads range 13-24mm wide. Available: 533a    533b 20300.00
536NHebron: ButtonPalestine?Cut down versions of this early bead from Palestine. These have the color, striations and hole sizes found in Hebrons and appear to be filed down to roughly 9-10mm widths. But when? Are the bead assemblers in Africa cutting down broken beads to create something more uniform? SAMPLES shown with two usual Hebron beads for comparison. 2650.00
536BHebron: Baby (Kano)Palestine?Small versions of this early bead from Palestine(?). SAMPLES shown with two usual Hebron beads for comparison. I don't know if these are as old as or share a history with true Hebron beads. 25-2629.50
534Islamic Glass?Red Sea?Rough, dirty-yellow beads ranging 6-12mm across. I thought they were "baby Hebron" and did not ask the supplier about them, but on examination they are quite different - some look cane-cut while other have an odd pucker around the hole and do not sit flat, suggesting some unusual technique. Though cleaned, they show soil and are clearly excavated - possibly late Medieval Islamic? Graduated strand of 90+ beads. Sample strand shown. 2424.50
200 Excavated Terracotta Djenné From the medieval site of Djenné in Niger on the Tumbuctu trade route, excavated terracotta beads 500-800 years old. In various earth colors, tubes of varying lengths which appear to be individual "seed" sized beads. Cheap because there is little jewelry demand. Generally cleaned, but small soil traces remain. Bundle of 100 strands $250; $50/ 10 strands. # 7.50
201 Excavated Terracotta Djenné From the medieval site in Niger on the Tumbuctu trade route, excavated terracotta beads 500-800 years old. Shades of orange and brown, slightly larger beads than the type which has been on the market for years. $50 / 10 strands. # 9.50
940A Dig Beads: Small Djenné Excavated beads, mostly stone, tiny, mostly 2-3m. Said to be 1000 years old. Mostly rough gray, some show colors when polished. Some strands with larger beads. Samples shown. 26+ 16.50
940MDig Beads: Small ColorfulDjennéGlass & Stone: Mostly under 5mm widths. This lot more colorful than most. At this price I can't photo each strand, but they are similar; sample strands shown at 200%. ($14.50 each per 3+ strands) 24+17.50
884 Dig Beads: Small Blue Djenné Excavated blue glass beads, mostly 3-4mm wide but variable shapes and sizes. Mostly well worn, some chalky. A good buy, as the larger Dig beads have gotten expensive. Sample strands shown. $13.50 ea./3+ strands. Single strand: 22-24 18.50
883Dig Beads: Small WhiteDjennéGlass: Excavated beads in shades of white, mostly 3-4mm wide but variable shapes and sizes. Mostly well worn, some chalky. A good buy, as the larger Dig beads have gotten expensive. Sample strands shown. 883S) More (smaller) beads $16;    883L) Fewer (Small & large) beads $18.50. For even mixtures 4+ strands @ $13.50 each. Sample strands shown. 22-2416.50+
543 Dig Beads: Colors Djenné Larger excavated beads, mostly stone, polished, in graduated strands. Widths 3-7+m. Dubin #1205. Prices in Africa going way up on these. Available: c, f, g, h 22-24 65.00
737 Colorful Dig Beads Mali, Senegal Excavated glass in mixed colors, said to be 1000 yers old as the Djenne-Jeno type. Some stray modern beads in strands. Larger end of each strand shown. Most bead widths 3.5-5mm, some up to 9mm. Strands available: f ONLY # 35.00
996Dig Beads: LargerDjennéStone: Graduated strands of Carnelian, rock crystal, some glass?, etc. Widths range 6-21mm. Available: 996a) Long 40" $165 ;    996d) 32" $145;    996c) 30" $110;    996e) 30" $110 $110 - 165
996Dig Beads: MediumDjennéStone: Graduated strands of Carnelian, rock crystal, some glass?, etc. Widths range 5-15mm. Available: 996n) 23" $95 ;    996q) 29" $115;    996s) 24" $75 $75 - 115
818Dig Beads: Medium BlueDjennéGlass: Graduated strands of rough, 3-12mm width, greens & blues, mixed shapes. Probably India / Islam origin. Available: 818b    818c    818d    818e 2252.50
845 Stone Tubes Mali Excavated beads in translucent to red-brown stone. Most 20-30mm long x 17mm wide. Primitive drill holes: Center holes bored in from each side, narrowing toward center of bead, about 7-8mm outside, 2-3mm inside. Smaller beads $10 each, largest $15 each, or full strand as shown (32 beads) 34 250.00
952 Red Stone Mali Excavated dark red beads in various shapes. Similar color to recent Bauxite (pipestone) beads but purer color and more finished. Jasper?? Age uncertain. Uniform Color: 952b    952c    952d $57.50 Each; Others Included:    952g    952h $65 Each 26 57.50 / 65.00
24$70-90
583Dig Beads: Jasper, etc.DjennéSmaller (6-9mm widths) reddish excavated beads, mostly burnt-red Jasper but some other stone. Available: 583a    583b    583c 2246.50
691d Old Carnelian, Smaller Djenné Excavated at the ancient trade center of Jenne-Jeno on the upper Niger river, bright mostly 6-14m wide. Available: 691e) 24-26 52.50
693 Old Carnelian, Larger Sahara Excavated at the ancient trade center of Jenne-Jeno on the upper Niger river, bicone and other shapes, mostly 10-20mm Long. Available: a, b 30 80.00
735 Mali Granite, ellipsoid Mali, Senegal Graduated strands of semi-polished, mainly ellipsoids with larger bead as pendant. Average 6-9mm width. Supplier says 1600s-1700s. Strands available: 735d 24 52.50
736 Mali Granite, barrel Mali, Senegal Semi-polished barrels (mainly), with some ellipsoid, disk, etc.. Average 8-15mm width. Supplier says 1600s-1700s. Strands available: 736d    736f) 25 125.00
817 Mali Stone Djenné Excavated at Jenne-Jeno, rough quartz chips, average 15mm, flat-drilled holes. Mixed in are a few in more finished disc shape with indented drill holes, which look like miniature versions of the mysterious "Togo stones" or Thunderstones of mysterious origin. Sample strand shown. 26-28 80.00
941 Ancient Greens Indo-Pacific? Found in Nigeria and obviously old. Could be Islamic, Indian, or farther East. Mostly 8-11mm wide. Sample shown. 24 80.00
690 Mummy Bead Necklace Egypt Necklaces with new brass and imitation "mummy beads". Supposedly they contain "old" beads as well, but that may be a tale to sell these to tourists. All wearable. Longest (B) is 13". Necklaces available: A, B, C, D 16.00

VENICE   (strands)
The oldest European, and most prolific, of the trade bead manufacturing sites.
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980Face BeadVeniceAn early type based on Roman models. Shown 4x actual size. Bead 980a (round) has four faces $60; Beads b, c, d, e, f (flat) Each: 40.00
CHEVRONS Also called Rosetta beads, they are one of the earliest and most valued of the trade beads and heralded the Renaissance of European beadmaking in Murano (Venice). The 7-layers are oldest, dated to ca. 1480 - 1580. Most 5-layer are roughly contemporary, and scarcer as a class than the sevens. By the early 1600s beads using green or black for the outer layer appeared, and both the 4-layer and 6-layer were first produced. Because the fours and sixes continued to be made, the only way to tell new from old is the condition of the bead, and the tendency for the bevel to be rounded rather than faceted in more modern beads. The Africa traders value faceted sixes nearly as much as sevens. Size (length and diameter) along with condition and symmetry dictate the market value, and like most high-end trade beads, values advance roughly 10% per year.
310 Chevron: 7 Layer Venice size-2: Showing two views of each bead, enlarged X3: Length in mm/Width in mm/Weight in gm: Available: d (32/26/36.3) Each: 185.00
311 Chevron: 7 Layer Venice size-3: Showing two views of each bead, enlarged X3: Length in mm/Width in mm/Weight in gm: Available: a (20/23/19.1), b (30/25/31.2), c (28/22/26.8) Each: 135.00
312 Chevron: 7 Layer Venice size-4: Showing two views of each bead, enlarged X3: Length in mm/Width in mm/Weight in gm: Available: a (13-16/16/7.3), c (13-15/19/9, black outer), d (16/15/6.8), e (13-14/19/9.1, green interior) 65.00
315 Chevron: 5 Layer Venice Single Bead The five-layers are thought to be contemporary with the sevens, and are a bit scarcer. Showing two views of each bead, enlarged X3: Length in mm/Width in mm/Weight in gm: Available: b (26/16/13.9), c (25/16/14), Each: 125.00
321Chevron: 6-layerVeniceLarge Beads High-quality, large squared-end beads, mostly with enough bevel to show the layers. Sizes given for some beads so you can judge others. PLEASE give second choice of specimens! a) 47x32 $165; b) 47x31 $150; c)46x33mm chips $135; d-f) d 33x24, f 35x23.5; $45 each; g-z) g 29x22, j 29x22, n 28.5x22.5, q 29x23.5, t 29x22, u 29x22.5, z 29x21 $39.50 each; aa-ac) aa 27.5x19, ac 29.5x21.5 $33.50 each $33-$165
320 Chevron, 6-layer Venice Single Beads Classic 6-layer Chevron, a.k.a. "Rosetta" bead, dating to late 19th & early 20th C. This bead mfr's sample card is early 20th C. 320b,c) Large damaged pieces $12.50 ea.; 320x) Smaller dmaged pieces, width 13-20m, my choice $4.50; 320L) Lot of 5, mostly under 13m $12 Each 4.50 - 65.00
330s Chevron, 4-layer Venice Set Classic 4-layer "Rosetta" bead. As with the 6-layer, dated to late 19th & early 20th C.      Small beads, widths 5-7m. Lot of 5 pieces, different lengths & cuts. Sample lot shown, yours will differ Lot: 5.00
331 Chevron, 4-layer Venice Single Beads 19th & Early 20th C. Range 19-23mm Long x 13-16mm Wide. Good sized beads, still at a reasonable price compared to the 5, 6, and 7 layer beads.   Samples shown: 3 or more at $8.00/bead; Single beads: 10.00
340 Black Chevron Venice? Single Beads Four layer black. Dubin (chart #92) quotes Michael Heide who examined millions of African beads and found 6-10 examples of this type. 8m wide x 14-17m long, ends not bevelled. Each: Ea. 12.50
694 French Yellow-jacket Chevron France? Venice? Single Beads Five layer Chevron with yellow stripes on black/ white/ red/ white core. Although attribution is tentative (Peter Francis, Beads of the World p.65) this would be the highest value trade bead produced in France. Dubin (chart #92) notes that M. Heide examined several million beads and rated this one "scarce" (seen 6-10 examples). a) Longest pieces, 18+m $40;   b) Under 18m $35;   c) Short $25; ;     694s) Set of four selected pieces, different lengths & thicknesses, best quality. Choose set fromSCAN $120 Per set. Ea. 25.00 - 120.00
955Chevron: Straight-stripeVeniceFive-layer with red, white, blue & green straight stripes. Traded to Ghana & Ivory Coast. 13-15mm wide. Available: 955b 9.5-13mm widths, 28" strand, avg VF $80 $80 / 195
954 Chevron: Bowed-stripeVeniceFive-layer with red, white & blue bowed stripes. Called Banjigija in Ghana. 12-16.5mm wide. Available: 954b 28-3077.50
516 Striped Chevron Venice Also called Melon, watermelon, or Molonganame (Muly Yaghalama) beads in Africa Pinched-end, 4-layer Chevron A) Red, Blue & Green stripes over white / red / white.    M) Red & Green stripes over white / red / black.    Both types beads about 5-7m wide x 9-14m long. (Short 22" strand of a for $22)    Sample shown. Either type:    See Watermelon Beads in the next category for a similar type 28-30 30.00
515S Watermelon / Chevron Venice Single Beads Also called Melon, watermelon, or Molonganame (Muly Yaghalama) beads in Africa. Lot of 7 beads showing Chevron and solid-color, pinched and squared, and color varieties. Sample set shown. Set: 5.50
515 Watermelon Venice Also called Melon, watermelon, or Molonganame (Muly Yaghalama) beads in Africa. Pinched-end, solid colors with stripes (not Chevrons). Patterns are fairly consistent, but scan shows sample and yours may vary somewhat: a) Brown, black & white stripe; b) Green, red & white stripe; c) White, dark blue stripe; d) Yellow, Blue stripe; e) Egg-yolk Yellow, partial or worn away stripes; f) Yellow, orange & white stripes; m) Other patterns & mixed strands, as they come. Short strands. Mix or match @ $12 ea./3+ strands 20-22 18.50
568Z Awala Chevrons Venice Awally is the Ghanian name for these inexpensive striped trade beads. At this price we can not picture exact strands, but if you want larger (=fewer on a strand) beads, or have general color requests, will try to match. No mixed color strands, despite picture. $5/6+ strands. Single strands: 22 8.00
WHITE HEARTS    A layered, wound bead with translucent red over a white or yellowish core first made ca. 1825, though Dubin mentions drawn versions with greenish cores dating to ca. 1600, and modern white-hearts, made in Venice and Asia, are drawn. Their formal name Cornalene d'Aleppo is a corruption of "carnelian of Aleppo (Syrian city)." Traded widely around the world, the early types are called Hudson Bay beads for their use in North America. Rounds in sizes from seed to over 23mm and barrels from under 6mm to over 25mm are commonest, though many other shapes exist, as well as surface decorations of spots, florals, etc.
250S White Heart Set Venice, etc. Historical Set including now-expensive early Cournelene d'Aleppo forms (Hudsons Bay Trade Bead) from ca. 1830s. Includes several examples each of later cane-cut, rounded, and seed versions in traditional red and other colors, and modern regular, and seed versions. Types and quantities of beads as shown in scan. (NOTE: For set with scarce yellowish "core" bead order 250T at $29.50)    (NOTE for completists: Other white hearts are "Proto-bead", White heart flower beads, and Skunk beads). Set: 24.50
250 BEST White Heart Singles Venice Round, Large    Cournalene d'Aleppo, Hudsons Bay trde beads. Among the oldest of White Heart types. Some cracks but overall quite exceptional condition (mostly EF) for this fragile old bead. Per-bead pricing, by size: 250h) $11; 250k $18; 250m $28
251White-Heart, RoundVeniceMedium Available: 251f) 77 beads, 9-14mm widths. Strand has been broken. 30165.00
252 BEST White Heart Singles Venice Barrel    Cournalene d'Aleppo. Among the oldest of White Heart types. Exceptional condition (mostly VF-EF)for this fragile old bead. 12-14mm widths. Per-bead: $10 10.00
252 White-Heart, Barrel Venice Large, high quality Slightly graduated strands, range 12-16mm wide, 20-26mm long. More beads per strand means smaller average size. Available:     252ca) 34 beads $250;    252cb) 41 beads $250;     252e) Long 40" strand of 50 beads, 10-17mm widths $300;    252cc) Short 23" strand of 23 beads, 12-15mm widths $150 34 150.00 - 300.00
252 White-Heart, Barrel Venice Large, average quality    Fairly uniform strands of 11-16mm widths. Mostly F-VF grade. Available: 252a) 40 beads $175;    252b) 44 beads $155;    252c) 35 beads $165;    252d) 36 beads, 30" strand $135 32 135.00 - 175.00
252White-Heart, BarrelVeniceLarge, low quality    Fairly uniform strands Mostly G-F grade. Available: 252La 47 beads, mostly 8-14mm widths. 252a) 40 beads $175;    252b) 44 beads $155;   252c) 35 beads $165;    252d) 36 beads, 30" strand $135 3875.00
248 White-Heart, Barrel Venice Medium Size, EF/+ Mixed widths 6.5-9mm, varied lengths, but exceptional EF or better grade. More beads per strand means smaller average size. Available:     248a) 75 beads;    248b) 53 beads;     248c) 61 beads. Each: 32 165.00
248 White-Heart, Barrel Venice Medium Size, VF/+ Mixed widths 6.5-9mm, varied lengths, but better than average VF grade. More beads per strand means smaller average size. Available:     248d) 47 beads;    248e) 43 beads, inc. 3 round;.Each: 24 120.00
247White-Heart, Short barrelVeniceUnusual Shape. These have been coming out of Africa lately in high grade. I also got some shorter strands of unused beads, probably from a group imported to the US in the 1980s from old stock in Venice. Circulated    247a) 34", 7.5-13mm widths, 118 beads, EF $245; ;    247b) 34", 7.5-13+mm widths, 118 beads, EF $245;    Uncirculated All 24", 9-12mm widths $155: 247f;    247g;    247h;    247j $245 / 155
260 White Heart Tubes Venice Familiar translucent red over white core, but in thin 2.5mm tubes in variable lengths up to 20mm. Traded into Nigeria. Short strands. Sample shown. 20 17.50
253 White Heart, Cane-cut Venice Cane-cut, medium, 6m wide, mixed red & yellow 24 17.50
255 White Heart, Cane-cut Venice Cane-cut, small: Under 4m wide x 4-5m long. Traded to Hill Tribes in Thailand / Burma. 24 12.50
258 White Heart, NEW Venice Translucent colored glass over a white core, first made in Venice and traded all over the world in a variety of shapes and sizes. Older beads are red, but these (mid?) 20th Century varieties come in additional colors. Newer types traded into Africa: A) Red, 5-6m wide SOLD, N) Orange, 6-7m wide, B) Blue, 4-5m wide, C) Translucent Blue (but dirty!), 7m wide, (3 or more your choice $10 each) Each: 20-23 12.50
258R White Heart, Modern Bohemia Modern version of this classic trade bead, still with a rough "wound" look, variety in shape and thickness, and the brilliant red produced by translucent glass over a white core. Wide holes for easy stringing. About 8.5mm wide, about 85-90 per strand. $6.25/strand/3+ 22 7.75
258AC White Heart, Blue / Orange SPECIAL Venice? Variant on the older red white heart, these later (mid 1900s?) were traded into Ethiopia. Blue over white core, beads 6-7mm, or Orange 5-6mm. 3 or more strands $6.50 each. Each: 20 9.00
257 White Heart, Seed Venice Seed-bead sized, cane-cut & rounded. About 3m wide. Older dark-red beads. 24 12.50
257P White Heart: Tiny Seed Venice Seed-bead sized, cane-cut & rounded. Under 2m wide. Bright-red beads. Over 400 beads per strand. Per strand: $2.50/10+, $3.50/3+; Single Strand: 24 4.50
WHITE HEARTS Venice SEE ALSO Proto-beads (round White heart cores), Flower White hearts, and Skunk beads.
678 Green Hearts Venice Older green-hearts, probably 1700's, irregular dark red tubes over greenish cores. This lot from Africa. Bead widths 4-11m, average 90-140 per strand. You may request larger (fewer) or smaller (more) beads. Typical strand shown, note some cracked. Set of 7 mixed sizes $2.50; $17.50 ea/3+ strands 29-30 25.00
678S Green Heart Seeds Venice Tiny "seed" type dark red over a (very dark) green core. Traded into Southern Africa and Nagaland (India), this lot comes via Thailand. Beads about 2mm. Typical strand shown. 24 20.00
262 Flower White hearts Venice Single beads Short barrels, floral pattern in white & blue on red, over white core; basically white hearts with a pattern. Mostly 9-10m wide. Unusually nice condition for this fragile old type. 3 or more chosen for variation in size, color, etc. $4 each; Single bead: Ea. 5.00
667 Flowers & Skunks Venice Old white hearts with white spots (Skunk, lesser value) or flowers (Flower, high value), mixed on same strand, mostly nice condition.      667c) 49 Skunk and 56 Flower $250, or half strand $135;     667d 25 Skunk and 78 Flower $300, or $175 half strand 40 135.00 - 300.00
551 Feather Venice Caramel colored wound bead with dragged decoration. Type used by Pacific NW. Amerinds. Dubin #81. Most beads 18-25m long. Some partial, chipped, etc. The market price of this type has risen rapidly since 2007. Available: 551h) Partial strand $65;    551p) 36 beads, mixed quality $110;    551q) 37 beads, mixed quality $110;   551r) 29 beads, mixed quality $100 26 $65 - 185
768 Feather Beads, Newer Venice Probably post-1920 according to my supplier, and thus not properly a trade bead. 20mm long. Available r) Red & White, or g) Green & Red. Short strands. 16 25.00
KING BEADS    Wound bicone beads from Venice, c. 1850s-1930s traded extensively into Ghana where they were considered the "king" of beads. Quiggin Survey of Primitive Money plate 8 ("Aggry") shows a likely local imitation. They were widely used in the gold trade. The gold, or actually egg-yolk yellow version, was the favorite, it's classic pattern being a cross-hatch containing 6's or "eyes." Other patterns are common, and they exist in green, black, other base colors, and sizes below the usual 18-19mm width.
912 Old Yellow Wound Venice Wound, but fairly uniform pale yellow "tires", probably among the earliest from Venice, but one of several types the writers ignore due to their plainness. Ends are ground, but still show spiral pattern. 18-19mm Wide X 6-7mm Long, 89 bead strand. Traded into Nigeria. 28 235.00
245K Proto-bead Venice Early trade bead, possible ancestor of both King beads and Cournalene d'Aleppo. Supplier says they are quite rare. 20m wide x about 18m long, chalky yellow. Per bead: Ea. 15.00
215 King Bead Disks Venice Same porous, chalky yellow glass as classic King bead, but plain disks 12-18m wide, about 175 / strand. Traded into Togo & Ghana. One of the older, plain beads that the reference works ignore.    (Single beads: Lot of 5 beads, different sizes. $2.75)   Full strand: 30 62.50
213 King, Classic yellow Venice Better Quality Wound bicone beads from Venice, c. 1850s-1930s and highly valued in Ghana. Available: 213a) 59, Vg-F $115;    213c) 41, F $150;    213d) 48, F-EF $165;    213e) 41, VF-EF $175;     213f) 42, VF-EF $175;    213j) 50, F-VF $175 26+ $115-185
213King, classic yellowVeniceLower Quality A few high grade beads included, but mostly long on character, short on quality. Available: 213Va);    213Vb) ;    213Vc) ;    213Vd);    213Ve) 2685.00
668d Black King Venice Classic bicone made 1850s-1930s, but scarcer black vs. usual yellow, most with yellow daub pattern, plus some strays. Strand of 60 beads ranging 15-16m width, most showing roughness from cleaning. 28 125.00
675Ethiopia "King" BeadsVeniceAlso a type of Skunk or Eye, they are egg-yolk yellow like the classic King of west Africa but rounded with incuse red dots and trailed green stripes. Perhaps older than the King type, as always found rough and faded.Available: 675f 100 beads on 40" strand $125 125
565Eye: Yellow RoundVeniceVenetian imitation of early Ghanian Bodom type, called "Good Bead". Panini p.224. Thick wound disks generally 14-17mm wide with (usually) complex black & white eyes. Available: 565b 28" $145;    565d 26" $130;     565f 27" $140;     565p) 25" inc. cane cuts $130;    565q) 26" $130;     565r) 24", smaller, mixed varieties $100 $130 - 145
564YbEye: Yellow BarrelVeniceElongated barrels, two similar types 11.5 or 14.5m long, 10-11m wide, with complex, multicolor eyes. One of several variants called "good bead" in Ghana. 2680.00
1024aGhana EyeVeniceMulticolor stripes and raised black "eye" nodule on black core, short barrels. Africa Direct calls them Ghana eye beads. Lot of 9 plus one stray. Lot:40.00
674Skunk: ClearVenicea.k.a. Crows-eye, Eye bead. Round, semi-clear beads with simple white or colored "eye" spots; 10-11mm, about 66 per strand Traded into Ethiopia. Available: (674g part string $42;    674b    674c    674d Full strings, each: 2670.00
579Tic tac toeVeniceBrick-red barrels with white crosshatching enclosing blue-on-white eyes. Available: 579e    579g    579h 32145.00
555eAmerican Flag / ManhattanVenice Red & blue stripes on white layer, over red core. Late 1700s, traded in Great Lakes region and falsely associated with purchase of Manhattan, but often found at Iroquois sites. Extra long strand with several varieties of this bead, and numerous strays. 28195.00
967Aja / Chevron DiscsVeniceThin disks 6-11mm wide, called Aja or Ajya in Nigeria. Available: 7967c Partial strand, dark red with black, white & yellow stripes 12" $45 22$45 - 95
900 Lewis & Clarke Venice A valuable "fancy" bead associated with the Northwest Indian trade. Groups of used beads, some fragmentary, available: a, b Lot of 9 65.00
745Medicine BeadsVeniceMilk white, round or slightly ovoid 10-11mm wound bead with incused dark blue dots and trailed pink lines. Called Medicine bead by Crow Indians, who used them on their medicine bundle (amulet) and as spacers on bear-claw necklaces. These traded into Ethiopia. 61-63 beads on 24" strand unless noted. Available: 745h    745j    745k    745L EACH: 2472.50
984Diagonal StripesVeniceYellow barrels with red & white wavy stripes, plus some tac-tac-toe & eye beads 31125.00
698 Abu-Dhabi Venice Tapered cylinders of dark glass with bright trailed stipes, c.1850s. Traded to Ghana; possibly imitating a local bead?. Dubin #71c, Panini p.172, 254.    Available: 698e; $55;   698f; $55 26-28 $45-55
778 Agate, White Venice Large glass beads traded to the Yoruba. Milky white, semi-translucent with veins, they do look like stone. Good value in a large bead. Size of largest bead given for each scan:      a, 77mm; e, 90mm; d, 66mm 36 55.00
902 Dinka Beads Venice Traded to the Dinka of Sudan. Bright colored round beads with a subtle widthwise flattened ridge, most 14-15mm wide x 13mm Long, with large center holes. According to supplier these are restrung, but otherwise are natural necklaces as worn, so lengths vary & some contain smaller spacer beads.   Available: 902b 34+ 52.50
956 Dabua Venice Chalk-white ellipsiods 19-20mm long, with light striations. Possibly imitating shells. 30 57.50
525Dutch DelftVeniceEllipsoid with fluid flower patterns in blue or red on bone white base. Venetian imitations of a Dutch bead. Called Dabwa in Nigeria. Beads about 8m wide, 13-16m long.    Poor quality: 525N) Samples shown: $30; Low Quality 525Pa),    525Pb) $47.50 each22-24$30 - 47.50
526Dutch Delft VariantsVeniceFluid flower patterns in blue or red on bone white base. Venetian imitations of a Dutch bead. Variants: 526b Mostly round $60;    526L1 Lot of Less usual patterns, etc., 11 beads $20 2460.00
813 Ethiopia Whites Venice White beads, popular in Ethiopia: 813A) Large, crude milk-white beads, probably from the early 1800s, 17mm, 28" strand. Crudely made showing flaws and wear: $85.00; 813B Old, pitted beads NOT AVAILABLE; 813N) Smaller, brighter beads, about 13x15mm, 23" strand, age unknown but clearly newer. $37.50 28 37.50, 85.00
519a French Cross, Yellow Venice Called Bodoum in Africa, yellow with cross of red, white & black, similar to a King bead. Supplier says these were "used to buy gold." Beads average 12m long, usually 44-52/strand as length varies. Similar Dubin #80a SAMPLE strand shown. 21-22 27.50
519b French Cross, White Venice Called Bodoum in Africa, white with cross of red, white & black This color was a trade item in the American southwest, which has caused a rapid rise in the price of those found in Africa. Similar Dubin #80a Found several strands of very nice beads: (see scan) 21-22 55.00
209 Millefiore: Elbow Venice Most valuable of Millefiore shapes, long pieces with a bend: 209a) Yellow with red "eyes" 40+mm $9; 50-55m as shown $15;   209b) Green with blue "eyes" 50-55m $17.50 Ea. 9.00 - 17.50
823 Snake-head Millie Venice Single Bead Flat, six-sided Millefiore called Langcantree in Ghana, referencing its resemblance to a snake head. Scarce. Sample. beads shown enlarged 3X. Each: 50.00
670YTomato, YellowVeniceLarge, slightly translucent ovoid beads. Yellow color. Traded into Ethiopia. Called "tomato" as the commonest color is red. Sizes range from 13-24mm widths; average given for each strand: 670Yb) 40-42 beads, 13-14mm;    670Yd) 40-42 beads, 13-14mm 2457.50
681 Agate Glass Venice? Tubular faceted beads. The stone-like striations stop at the lengthwise seam, hardly good for the illusion that they are stone. Late 19th century. Two samples show the range of colors. Bead length 22m 22+ 21.00
844 Black Irridescent Venice Various shapes with facets, predominantly black but with a bright bluish sheen. Perhaps a Venetian attempt to compete with the Russian Blue? Traded into Nigeria. Exact strands shown are available, and I have others very similar. ($16 each per 3+ strands, our choice, but will try to match your variety choices if we can). Single strands, your choice: 23-24 22.50
649 Cassamance (Shipwreck) Senegal Milk white, rough and irregular tubular shaped beads from Venice, one local name being "Goombah". These have begun washing up on the beaches of Senegal's Casamance region along with green hearts (another crude, earlier type), evidence of a shipwreck. Beads range 4-12m length & width. Not pretty, so the Africans sell them cheaply. 649a) Goombah beads, 24" strands 8.50;   649s) Casamance beads (Goombahs from shipwreck) 32" strands ($10 each per 5 strands). Single strand: 30-32 11.50
529 Gumba / Fulani Venice Apparently Gumba is a generic Nigerian name for small purple beads. Also called Fulani beads. Two sizes: P) Barrels 4-5m wide. 28" strands $5     N) Barrels 3-4m wide. Dark to light purple variants as shown in scan. 22-24" strands $3.00 (or 2.50 each per 3 or more) 5.00, 3.00
559c Massai (Pink) Venice? Pink beads favored by the Massai of Kenya, an unusual bead color. Small cane-cut (squared ends) about 200 per short 20" string. These are definitely what are called Massai beads. 20 16.50
687 Imitation Russians Venice Imitating the lighter variety of Russian Blue. Called "Janie" in some parts of Africa, possibly a corruption of Djenne. Slightly translucent blue tubes usually 12-13mm, two examples show range of color or toning. Set of 3 strands chosen for variety: $25.00; Per strand: 22 11.00
577 Sotro Venice Rounded yellow beads with red and blue or black stripes, called Sotro (bullet) in Ghana 24 20.00
1036SunburstVeniceWhite ovoids with four yellow & black sunburst "eye" designs. Long strand. 3580.00
1040Tile BeadsVeniceSmall tubes with burnt-red exterior over darker core. Traded to the Naga and Chin peoples of NW Burma and NE India. Typical sizes are 3x8mm and 4x5mm for two sample strands shown. These are from an importer's stash from the 1990s or earlier; I can't find them offered online. They don't come up in the Africa trade. $3.00/50; $3.75/10; $4.50/3; Set of thick & thin strands $10; Single strand: 346.00
801 Uncirculated Wedding Cake, Gold Venice Also called Queen Victoria beads. Old but unworn beads out of England. Sparkling gold bands and multicolored elements on gold base, round, 14-15mm. Gold is said to be the rarest color of this type. I will sell single beads @ $17.50 if the strand does not sell shortly. Specimens of this quality are rarely found in Africa. Strand: 275.00
802 Uncirculated Wedding Cake, Red Venice Also called Queen Victoria beads. Old but unworn beads out of England. Sparkling gold bands and multicolored elements on red base. I will sell single beads if the strand does not sell shortly: a) Elongated 19x9mm $18.50; b) Round 9mm $9.50. Specimens of this quality are rarely found in Africa. Strand: 275.00
988Wedding Cake, BarrelVeniceBarrel shape with trailed "W" & other elements. Traded into Nigeria. Most 19-20x9mm, 33-34 per strand. Available: 988b) Green & 3 black;    988c) Black with several interesting strays. Each: 24225.00
652 High Value 80's Mixture Venice, etc. These two strands were bought by a collector in the late 1980s from Africa Traders and include types seldom seen today. Available: 652e) "Tire" and other seldom-seen, 22" $275;    652f) Round millies, crumb, etc., etc. $350 $250-350
654 High Value Mixture Venice Longer, well-mixed strands of types which usually retail $125-$200/strand. Many are rarer, oddball types which the strand compilers do not have in enough quantity for full strands, but popular types such as Russian blue, millefiore, 6-beads, Tiger Stripe, American Flag, King, Skunk, Ghost, Rattlesnake, Akoso, Crumb, Dutch delft, etc. are included. Available: 654f, and (Nice King and rectangular eye beads, not a broad mixture): 654c 28-32 125.00
1042Large Yellow SeedsVeniceCrude wound beads of lemon yellow color, traded to the Dani of New Guinea. Mostly 4.5-5.5mm widths. Samples shown. $6.25/3+. Single strand: 24-269.00

BOHEMIA   (strands)
the Czech beadmakers and their molded (seamed) beads gave Venice serious competition in the late 19th & erly 20th Centuries.
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RUSSIAN BLUES    One of the earliest beads made in Bohemia, beginning before 1800, and peaking about 1845. It was cut from faceted canes and then further faceted by grinding. Usual shapes are squares and rectangles with up to 21 facets. The most popular color, then and now, is a dark blue, though others were produced, and a lighter blue was popular in Africa. Their name comes from association with the Russian fur trade in Alaska, though they were apparently stocked by Hudson's Bay as well, and traded elsewhere in the Americas, Africa, and Asia.
563Russian Blue, Dark (elongated)Bohemia4.5-7mm widths: Strands include plain or faceted tubes. Darker translucent blues, associated with North American trade. Click to see: 563a) 22" $47.50;    563b) 22" $47.50;    563aa) 28" $58.50;     7-11mm widths: 563ab) Tubes & squares 33" $150.00; ;    11-16mm widths: 563m) 28" $285.00 22-2847.50 / $285
562 Russian Blue, Dark (squared) Bohemia LARGE beads, 10-16mm widths. Faceted squares, rounds, diamonds. Darker translucent blues, associated with North American trade. Click to see: 562b) 30" $210;    562c) 30" Diamond faeting, some Vaselines $225;    562d) 25" Diamond faceting, 46 beads, 17mm wide $290 30 200+
562M Russian Blue, Dark (squared) Bohemia MEDIUM beads, 7-9mm widths. Faceted squares, 75-90+ per strand. Darker translucent blues, associated with North American trade. All strands fairly similar, photo'd strands chosen randomly: 562Me;    562Mg;    562Mn;    562Mp    562Mj $87.50 Each;    (Or save me the time of making images: 562MZ $85 Each) --> 24 87.50
562A Russian Blue, Dark (squared) Bohemia SMALL beads, 4.5-8mm widths. Faceted squares, 100-130+ per strand. Darker translucent blues, associated with North American trade. Some strands include unusual shapes or colors: 562An;   562Ap 23-26 48.50
562J Russian Blue, Dark (squared) Bohemia MIXED beads, 5-9.5mm widths. Faceted squares, 75-130+ per strand. Beads smaller than the "M" strands, or mixed sizes on one strand: 562Ja)     562Jb;    562Jc;    562Jd; 23-26 75.00
563T Russian Blue, Tubular Bohemia Unfaceted tubes in medium blue color. Used in North America trade, though these from Africa. Most 30-35mm L x 6-7mm W, large center holes. Quite a bargain considering the cost of even small faceted beads today. Sample strands shown. Strands of 21-22 beads of 33-35mm length. $30.00/3+ strands; Single strands: 28 35.00
563F Russian Blue, Faceted Tubular Bohemia Faceted tubes in medium to cobalt blue color. Used in North America trade, though these from Africa. Most 15-22mm L x 4-5mm W. Quite a bargain considering what thicker beads cost today. Sample strands shown. 20-21 35.00
561M Russian Blue (Light) Bohemia Light Blue Classic elongated 12-facets, about 7x17mm. Traded into Africa & hence not as popular as darker type used in North America. Excellent condition & consistent color. Sample shown. 24 65.00
561A Russian Blue (Light) Bohemia Medium Blue Small 4m width. Square or faceted. Traded into Africa & hence not as popular as darker type used in North America. Possibly associated with the Massai? Sample strand shown. 22-23 17.50
687 Imitation Russians Venice Imitating the lighter variety of Russian Blue. Called "Janie" in some parts of Africa, possibly a corruption of Djenne. Slightly translucent blue tubes usually 12-13mm, two examples show range of color or toning. Set of 3 strands chosen for variety: $25.00; Per strand: 22 11.00
502R Vaseline, red Bohemia Translucent deep red in unique short faceted bicone shape. Made. ca. 1830-1900 according to Peter Francis. Beads 14m wide, variable thickness but mostly 10-11mm thick but some thinner. SAMPLE strand shown. 22 27.50
502a Vaseline, amber Bohemia Translucent glass, classic Vaseline but scarce amber color, with unusual shapes.     Single beads: 502aa) Melon shape, 16mm long: $7.50/1, $5 ea./3+, $150/43-bead strand;      502ab) 12-sided, 18mm: $7.00/1, $4.50 ea./3+, $150/58-bead strand.
610 Wedding / Baloon / Teardrop Bohemia In Ghana called Dondounsuele and worn by men at their wedding, often mixed with flat, curved Gopesegie (tiger claw) or flat, triangular beads. These strands chosen for variety of baloon types. Available: 610f and 610g 25 48.50
891 Ndoro Bohemia Conus (a mollusc) shells were introduced to East Africa by Arab slavers and served as both currency (like cowries) and status symbols, worn whole or cut in half, on the forehead by Shona Chiefs. "In the 1870s the British destroyed as many of them as they could find in British East Africa, because of their presumed links to opaganism. When crime greatly increased due to the lack of currency, they had porcelain copies of the shells made in Bohemia [in 1892 - Liu] with serial numbers on them. In time the Bohemians took the design and made glass copies . . . . " (Francis, P., Beads of the World p. 109). See also Liu, R., Collectible Beads p. 29, 42. Today the Masai and related tribes still value and modify by filing the more modern Czech glass copies. My specimens were collected from the Tonga Tribe of Zimbabwe and Zambia.   891b) 47-49mm wide $30; 891d 30-44mm wide $15; 891f) Tiny 12-13mm wide $2.50 Each or $2 Ea./3+ Each 2.50 - 30.00
212 Talhakimt Pendants (Glass) Bohemia Single beads Large, flat European-made glass beads or pendants (ca. 1930s?) imitating earlier stone and metal currency objects of the Tuaregs of the northern Sahara. Also called tanfouk, Niger glass, and Zinder beads. See Der Primitivgeldsammler 1989/1 p.23 #IV1,3. Opitz p.38, 64, A. Fisher Africa Adorned page 186., and beadazzled site. Range 47-54m tall. Presently only red & green available. Advise if you would like to be notified when rarer colors come into stock.    $10.00 each per 3+ ; Per one: Each: 12.00
218 Talhakimt Pendants (Agate) Europe/India Single beads Large, flat pendant-beads used by the Tuaregs of the northern Sahara. Also called tanfouk, Niger glass, and Zinder beads. Lovely agate specimens, almost certainly older than the glass. The scans can not show the bands and swirls of orange, brown, and off-white visible when held to the light. Best history I've found is at the beadazzled site.    Priced by size: aa-ad) (avg. 110x42mm) $45; ae-ak) (avg. 85x37mm) SOLD; am-as) (avg. 80x35mm) $30; bb-bm) (avg. 67x32mm) $25. Take 15% discount for 2 or more. Each: $25 - $45
219 Talhakimt Pendants (Agate), Damaged Bohemia? Single beads Large, flat pendant-beads used by the Tuaregs of the northern Sahara. Lovely agate (or carnelian?) specimens. These specimens are shown enlarged, worst side visible, with descriptions of the cutting irregularities or damage. I could have passed up this group when buying the lot, but wanted to show that these ARE old, used beads.   Priced by size: fa) (92x40mm) $35; fb-fe) (smallest is 62x42mm) $25; ff-fj) (smallest is 65x34mm) $20; fk-fm) (61x33mm) $20. Take 15% discount for 2 or more. Each: $20 - $35
961Natural Shells Short string of brownish molusc shells. Apparently popular in Africa as beads, since the Bohemians made lovely glass imitations. 2215.00
549 Agate Glass Bohemia? Sextagonal, Flat, Red-Brown, plus ruby Red glass. Beads 12 & 17m wide. Broken strands. Your choice a), or b): 25.00
739 Agate Glass: Black Bohemia? Ellipsoid & other shapes in jet black, sometimes with white bands. Traded into Nigeria. Strands available: d, e, 22 22.00
936 Button Bohemia Small yellow disks about 9.25mm wide. Range from bright yellow to yellow-orange 23-24 11.00
975Coffee BeanBohemiaShort ellipsoids, brown with white side seam and veining, imitating stone. Mostly 12m long x 9mm wide.   Available: 975a) with one long bead, sample shown of several near identical strands ;    975b) Some or all smaller, or 975c) All regular size. Each: 2115.00
604 Concona (Padre) + Bell Bohemia Molded dark blue to purple beads imitating the wound Chinese Padres, with a crude brass money bell, from Cameroun. Sample shown. 24 12.00
510J Cranberry (Igbo) Bohemia Dark red-brown, or translucent red. Round or multifaceted squares. Beads mostly 7.5-9.5mm. Traded mainly to the Igbo (Ibo) of Nigeria. Three samples shown, we will try to match your preference. ($12/3+ strands) 23 18.00
507 Czech Cubes Bohemia Translucent red with white frosting. Molded, early 1900s. One of types called Kancamba (Kancamba) in Ghana. Beads 8m square, about 70 per strand. Two sample strands shown. 25 18.50
605D Czech Padre, Small Bohemia Molded beads imitating Chinese Padres. Most 5-6m wide. (Purple, Pink, yellow, or red+yellow, not shown SOLD) Blue: 22-24 8.00
605B Czech Padre, Large Bohemia Molded beads imitating Chinese Padres. Most 8m wide. Red, orange, or (dark Purple SOLD), your choice 25 15.00
528c Dice Beads, Pink Bohemia Bevelled rectangles, Imitating dice. Peter Francis notes the irony of gambling-averse Muslims perferring this type of bead. Mostly 5m wide x 10m long. Commonest color, Pink (multiple strands shown) 22-24 13.00
528a Dice Beads, Colors Bohemia Bevelled rectangles, Imitating dice. Peter Francis notes the irony of gambling-averse Muslims perferring this type of bead. Mostly 5m wide x 10m long. Solid strands of white, yellow, or blue, your preference as available: 22-24 16.00
528b Dice Beads, Mixed Bohemia Bevelled rectangles, Imitating dice. Peter Francis notes the irony of gambling-averse Muslims perferring this type of bead. Mostly 5m wide x 10m long. Mixed strands, may not be an even mix, may NOT be strands or colors shown in scan. As they come: 22-24 16.00
528n Dice, Unused Bohemia Shiny new beads, but from an old trading stock, not newly made. 20 11.00
798 Spotless Dice Bohemia Small square beads, about 5x6mm with interesting shading patterns. Traded into Ghana, while the usual, more crudely made dice beads with spots come from Nigeria. SAMPLE strands shown in photo. 22 11.00
1062 Dogbone (Drum) Bohemia a.k.a. Drum or Dondo (Ghana). Bright red. 49-50 beads, 10m wide x 13m long. Others sell these at $40+. 26 25.00
738 Elbow / Macaroni Bohemia Bright shades of red to orange. Traded into Senegal and Mali. Typical beads 7mm wide x 36mm long. Sample shown. 24 20.00
680 Faith Beads Bohemia When the Arabs were converting Saharan Africa to Islam, it was prudent to wear something showing you were already there. Necklaces of red carnelian stone with flat, coinlike inscribed beads were popular. These are modern red glass equivalents made in Bohemia, probably c. 1800-1850. Called Hajj beads, possibly worn by pilgrims to Mecca. The smaller beads read Mohammed and the larger Allah Hasbi or similar phrases. Each is different, two samples shown. One-pendant necklace: $27; Two-pendant: $29; Three mixed for $69 13 27.00 - 29.00
752 Lemon Beads Bohemia Bright lemon-yellow beads, most 7m long. Shown also a tangerine colored strand. Each: 28 11.00
733Red TriangleBohemiaTranslucent red, 19mm on a side, about 36 per strand. Traded into Mali. Sample shown. Specify "all red" or I will send picked strands with two or more triangles of other colors. 2222.50
520 Kancamba (Kankamba) Bohemia Larger beads (10+m widths) Molded disk beads in a variety of colors & sizes. Early 1900s. Dubin #147. Priced by strand: 520a 26" $20; 520f 22" $14; 520g 22" $14; 520h Green only $14; 520j Green & Grn/white mixed $14 14.00 - 20.00
521g Kancamba Bohemia Green beads (under 10m widhs) Molded disk beads in a variety of colors & sizes. Early 1900s. Dubin #147. Click to see reduced-size scan: Available: gb ONLY 22-24 12.00
946 Larger-than-Seed Bohemia Irregular, wound, off-white 4-5mm widths. Easier to work with than smaller seed beads. Traded into Ghana where they are one of several types called Goombah beads. $2.75 ea./10 strands; $3.50 ea./3 strands; Single strands: 24 4.25
512MLong Red FacetedBohemia?Semi-translucent, ruby-red, long 31-39mm, faceted, well-worn, 16 beads per short strand. I've been ignoring the lower-value beads lately, but these were too good a deal. ($9 each per 3+ strands). Sample strands shown. 2112.00
846 Small Pink Bohemia Molded round 5mm beads. This is the color favored by the Massai. $4.50 each per 3+; Singles: 21 6.00
663 Snake Beads, Large Bohemia Late 1800s, cleverly made to imitate nesting snake vertebrae which are used throughout Africa for divination. Bead width 9mm. Available either pink or purple or mixed (as shown). 22 12.00
664 Snake Beads, Small Bohemia Late 1800s, cleverly made to imitate nesting snake vertebrae which are used throughout Africa for divination. Bead width 6m. Will match your color preference if possible, but strands in scan are samples, not available. Mostly mixed colors on strands. 22 10.00
1027aWhite rounds, beltedBohemia?Dull white 12mm rounds with a subtle raised belt at equator, plus some un-seamed whites. Found in Mali. 2630.00
977WhitebeltsBohemia?a.k.a. Mock Agate. Shiny black ellipsoids with narrow white waistband. From Nigeria. Sample shown; all strands near identical. 2415.00
576C Low Value Mixture Bohemia, etc. Grand mixture of smaller trade beads, mostly Czech, lots of smaller, striped types. Good value. Typical strands shown. Bulk: $7.00 each/3+, $5.50 each/10+ strands; NOTE: 576C SOLD OUT; 576D Available. Single strand: 24 8.50

f
DUTCH - SPAIN - FRANCE - GERMANY   (strands)
The Dutch types are well known and firmly attributed. However, many of the attributions to Spain, France, Germany, etc. are uncertain. Section includes beads of unknown (bur European) origin. "Dutch" delft and "French" Cross beads were made in Venice.
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546 Dutch Dogon: Transparent Netherlands With some blue, graduated sizes up to 19mm widths, mostly round beads. Extra-long strands. 546c) 32" $85; ;   546e) 36" 7-13mm poorer $55 32-36 $55 - 85
547 Dutch Dogon, Large: Blues Netherlands Exceptional quality Seldom found this nice! Available: 547a 24", matched, near-perfect beads $275   High Quality: 547c Graduated 28" strand $165 165.00 / 275.00
548 Dutch Dogon, Colors & Shapes Netherlands Dubin #130-131 Exceptional quality: Available:    548e Ellipsoid white, 22-27mm long $225;   High Quality:548k Many colors $175
544 Dutch Dogon: Small Netherlands Scarcer than the regular size, but not as popular. Available: 544a Dark blue & black, 8-18mm widths, Long 40" strand $125 125
943 Dutch Blues / Missouri Beads Netherlands? Crude wound beads, mostly round 5-10mm, in dark blue, purple, black. Found bundled together with Delft, Dogs Tooth, and Russian Blues in stock bought in Mali. Trader says sometimes called "Missouri beads"; old Fenstermaker booklets show similar beads fo in Alabama & Tennessee sites. See Dubin $101a&b. Available: 943b     943c    943e 24-26 42.50
603 Rat's Dung, Gajakuro Netherlands Small, roughly ellipsoid beads called Gajakuro (Rat's dung) in Ghana, Aramissi in Nigeria. Wound manufacture, likely pre-1900. White & yellow are about 6mm long. OTHER COLORS SOLD 22-24 14.50
553 Baya, Bayon Netherlands? Short barrels, mostly 5-8mm wide. Called Baya in Gambia & Mali, Bayon in Congo, and the blacks "Massai black" in Kenya. Mostly blues, purple, and black - see scan for choices. Sample strands shown. 24-28 13.50
553 Baya, Bayon, Larger Netherlands? Single strands: P = 10-11mm wide, 26" strand $20; Q = 8.8mm wide, uniform size & color, 26" strand $15; R = 6.4mm wide, 22" strand $13.50 24-28
511B Donut, Blue Germany Ca. 1860-97. One of the few trade beads attributable to Germany. Crude wound bead with unusually wide holes, making them easy to string on any cord. Widths mostly 8-12mm. Some rough or chipped. Sample shown. You may mix clear and blue types and take 3+ srands @ $37.50 each 32-34 45.00
511W Donut: Clear Germany Ca. 1860-97. One of the few trade beads attributable to Germany. Crude wound bead with unusually wide holes, making them easy to string on any cord. Widths mostly 8-12mm. Some rough or chipped. Sample shown. You may mix clear and blue types and take 3+ srands @ $37.50 each 32-34 45.00
511R Donut: Round Germany Ca. 1860-97. One of the few trade beads attributable to Germany. Crude round beads of clear glass. Graduated strand, bead widths 8-17mm. Most are rough & chipped. Sample shown. 32-34 46.50
973Ethiopia Donut NecklaceGermanyNatural necklaces from Ethiopia, made of Dark blue "Dutch donut" beads and cowries on long, thick multi-strand black cord. Available: 973b    973c 4080.00
511Z Donut: Modern Faithful reproductions of the 19th Century German beads with usual crude appearance. Colors: Clear, Pink, Brown, Gold, Green. Blue, Dark Blue. $12.50 each if taking 3 or more strands. 21 15.00
914Plastic AmberGermany?Necklace of mixed colors and shapes. Central bead appears a typical German "copal" of the 1920s-30s but at least one trader is suspicious of their age. Available: 914b    914c    914d    914e 3665.00
913Plastic Amber: GreenEurope?Round 14mm beads, possibly intended to mimic amber. They appear dark brown but when held to the light most have a light-green stripe in the center. Not as uniform as they look. Unknown where made or used, but found in Africa. Available: 913a    913b 2636.50
677 Carnelian Glass Germany Visually convincing glass imitations of carnelian agate, from Germany, traded into Mali and Senegal. Most beads 10-15mm. Typical long strand shown. 30 36.50
694 French Yellow-jacket Chevron France? Single Beads Five layer Chevron with yellow stripes on black/ white/ red/ white core. Although attribution is tentative (Peter Francis, Beads of the World p.65) this would be the highest value trade bead produced in France. Dubin (chart #92) notes that M. Heide examined several million beads and rated this one "scarce" (seen 6-10 examples). a) Longest pieces, 18+m $40;   b) Under 18m $35;   c) Short $25; ;     694s) Set of four selected pieces, different lengths & thicknesses, best quality. Choose set fromSCAN $120 Per set. Ea. 25.00 - 120.00
NUEVA CADIZ    The origins of this sophisticated bead are unknown but they date at least to the early 1500s and were primarily traded by the Spanish into South America. The oldest are three-layer drawn beads, rectangular with rounded corners, diameter 4-8mm and often long, up to 50mm, in various shades of blue. A later type, probably Bohemian, associated with 17th Century North American sites, is unlayered and dark blue.
746 Nueva Cadiz Spain? Venice? Long light-blue tubular bead without layers. This unlayered variety (Smith & Good, 1982, #34) is associated with 17th Century North American sites. Unusually high quality specimens almost never seen in the layered variety, about 10 x 10 x 78-82mm    c) Serious chips $16.50; (b Minor chips $27.50; 16.50 - 45.00
500b Nueva Cadiz Spain? Venice? Long light-blue tubular bead without layers. The layered versions are known from 16th Century sites in South America, but this variety (Smith & Good, 1982, #34) is associated with 17th Century North American sites. Necklace of high quality specimens, 12 pieces, some without significant flaw. Several long pieces in 62-77mm range. One of layered variety. First scan shows worst side of each bead; second is other side. This is priced to sell, but I may break it up if not. 225.00
747 Imitation Hebron European-made versions of the ancient Hebron beads made in the middle east and popular in the Sudan. Beads about 20m wide. "B" is SOLD 26 37.50
780 Black striped Europe Black cane-cut beads with alternating red & white lengthwise stripes. Beads 6mm wide x 10-11mm long. 36 20.00
612Colorado / Fulani, RedEuropeEllipsoids, typically 13-14mm wide x 14x16mm long with fairly small holes, 40 per strand. Traded to the Fulani. Inexpensive for such a large, colorful bead.    Available: 612R) Bright Red, and 612B Black (commonest colors). SAMPLE strands shown. Either: 2416.50
612Colorado / FulaniEuropeEllipsoids, typically 13-14mm wide x 14x16mm long with fairly small holes, 40 per strand. Traded to the Fulani. Inexpensive for such a large, colorful bead.    Available: 612Y) Yellow $22.50; 612W White $18.50 SAMPLE strands shown. 24$18-22
790 Ellipsoids Europe Bright colors in ellipsoid shape, usually about 7mm long, but lots of variety in size and even shape in this group. Samples shown. Bulk: $6/3+ strands, $5/6+ strands MY CHOICE of colors.    OR, your choice of color if available, single strands: 22 8.00
588 Sokingkode Europe Tbular translucent Red. Called Sokingkode in Ghana. Bright (24") or Dark (22") Red strands. Beads 4m wide, 7-8m long. 22/24 11.00
599 Translucent Disks Europe Small annular beads with pleasing luminous colors. Mostly 8-9m wide, 4m long. Green, Blue (shown), or Purple, or Red (smaller beads) 24 11.00
566a Seed Europe, etc. Solid Strands 3-3.5m wide. Lowest value & commonest trade beads, made in Europe, China, India, etc. Your choice Red, Yellow, Blue as available. 22-24 7.50
566W Seed, White Europe, etc. White strands. Lowest value & commonest trade beads, made in Europe, China, India, etc. 566W) Beads 2-3mm wide; 566L) Beads 3-4mm wide. Either or mixed: $6 Ea / 3; $5 Ea / 10. Per strand: 24-26 7.50
566M Seed & Others Europe, China Mixed Strands Various colors, including the more irregular, larger Chinese type, and small white-hearts 24+ 8.50
580 Seed / Fulane Tiny seed beads, Widths 1.5m (green) SOLD, 2.5m (blue, red), 3.2m (stripe). One of several types called Fulane beads in Ghana. Your choice, as available (Samples shown) $2 Ea per 5+ 28 2.50

AFRICA: GLASS      Old & New
Africans have made stone and shell beads since Neolithhic times. The earliest glass trade beads probably came from India and the Islamic world, and are now excavated as "dig" beads. But Ghana was also a center of bead-making at the time of early European contact. More recently beads have been made from ground up glass, called "pop beads" after pop (soda) bottles. Fascinating new types, imitative or original, turn up all the time. An important new reference, African Beads, Jewels of a Continent by Evelyn Simak details the history of African bead-making.
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712Akoso BarrelsGhana, TogoOriginally status beads of the Kings & nobility of the Ewe (= Krobo?). Made of ground trade beads, such as King beads fused in clay moulds. Widths 9-11mm. Available: 712b    712g    712h     3064.50
714Akoso BarrelsGhana, TogoOriginally status beads of the Kings & nobility of the Ewe (= Krobo?). Made of ground trade beads, such as King beads fused in clay moulds. Widths 8-9mm. Available: 714a    714b    714c    714d     2856.50
698 Abu-Dhabi Venice Tapered cylinders of dark glass with bright trailed stipes, c.1850s. Traded to Ghana; possibly imitating a local bead?. Dubin #71c, Panini p.172, 254.    Available: 698e; $55;   698f; $55 26-28 $45-55
894 Awally Ghana? Patterned sand-cast beads, probably from Ghana, probably with some age. Wish I'd asked the supplier more questions at the time! Available: 894a    894b 32 85.00
948 Imitation Krobo Venice Yellow-based with patterns typical of the Ghanian beads. When worn as these are, they look much like the matte-surface African originals, but are much less expensive. Most 9.5-12mm Wide x 12-18mm lengths. Available: 948a    948b    948c 26 82.50
885 Bidda Beads Nigeria Probably meaning "Binda", a town with a long history of bead making. From bottle glass. Beads are a dark amber or light green, somewhat tulip shaped with narrow bottoms and a flaring, irregular top, about 6-8mm long, large holes. Attractive and unusual! 26 18.50
920 Old Bidda Nigeria Light to dark green tubular beads from recycled glass, ca. 1850-1950. See Simak p.164 for history of bead-making in this town. 32 55.00
930 Gige Beads Nigeria Matte-surface, semi-tanslucent beads given roundish shape by turning in moulds while cooling. Mostly 19-22mm wide, large holes. Made 1990s to present. See Simak p.136. This Scan shows colors. Please give second choice. 24+ 13.00
931 Gige Beads: Large Nigeria Matte-surface, semi-tanslucent beads given roundish shape by turning in moulds while cooling. Mostly 30-31mm wide, large holes. Made 1990s to present. See Simak p.136. Appear black, but light blue or green when held to light. 28 beads per strand. 28 28.50
878 Old Gige Bead? N. Nigeria Made ca. 1900-1920's in northern Nigeria, according to supplier. More rough and flawed than the modern types shown in Simak. Look like balls of tar, but light brown when held to the light. Avg. 35x20mm, large center holes.      Single beads: $3.00, or $2.50 ea/3; Full strand: Sample shown: 22 60.00
214a King, old Ghana Ghana Older imitations, roundish, mostly 15-17mm wideths, 47, plus other Akoso & strays. 26 175.00
214 King, Modern Venice Modern King beads from Ghana, where the originals were highly valued. I don't usually sell reproductions, but these are a legitimate local craft AND though pretty, they would not fool a collector. Strands of either 214y) Classic yellow, or 214r) Reddish-brown. Each: 27-28 40.00
676 Krobo Coral Ghana Krobo people. Glass beads in many shapes and sizes, some rough, some smoothed, imitating coral. Probably made 1950s-80s. Strands POSSIBLY available : b, cc, ee     f, g, h, j, k. Please give second choices! Where partial strands shown, all beads very similar. 26 25.00
719 Sand Cast: Black Ghana Sand-cast or "pop bottle" beads made of powdered glass, generally imitating European trade beads. Black strands available: a) Long 36" with matte finish imitating "rattlesnake" or granite pattern 25.00
682 Sand Cast: Stripes Ghana Sand-cast or "pop bottle" beads made of powdered glass, said to imitate Venetian "gas" beads. Used beads with some age. A) Large beads, 9-12mm widths, rough but shiny surface, 28" strands SOLD ;   B) Large beads, Matte (tumbled) surface, 22" $10;  C) Medium beads, 7-10mm, Matte surface, 20-22" strands SOLD;   E) Smaller beads, 7-9mm, mostly bright surface, 25-29" strands $11.   F) Smaller beads, matte, 22" $9.50;      Discount for any mixture of #682-685 varieties: 3/20%; 5/30%; 10/40%; 20/50%.    Photo shows SAMPLES only; yours will be similar but not exact. 9.50 - 12.50
683 Sand Cast: Akoso types Ghana Sand-cast or "pop bottle" beads made of powdered glass, apparently imitating the old sand-casts of the Ewe. Used beads with some age. A) "Akoso type" beads, Much variety, but oranges predominate. Bead widths 6-10mm. Strands 22". $10;   C) Banded beads, much variety but white & blue predominate. Beads 8-10mm. Strands 24-28" $11 ;      Discount for any mixture of #682-685 varieties: 3/20%; 5/30%; 10/40%; 20/50%.    Photo shows SAMPLES only; yours will be similar but not exact. 10.00 - 11.00
684 Sand Cast: Mixed Ghana Sand-cast or "pop bottle" beads made of powdered glass, said to imitate Venetian types. Used beads with some age. Much variety, with solids, stripes, patterns, etc. A) Long Strands 36+" $14 Each ;   C) Short strands 22+" $9 Each ;      Discount for any mixture of #682-685 varieties: 3/20%; 5/30%; 10/40%; 20/50%.    Photo shows SAMPLES only; yours will be similar but not exact. 9.00 - 14.00
685 Sand Cast: Solid Blue Ghana Sand-cast or "pop bottle" beads made of powdered glass, S) Small, Modern beads, but cheap! Rather uniform 5mm wide by 4-6mm long, 28" strands $4.85 (Ask for special rate per 25 strands). Item "A" in photo is SOLD ;      Discount for any mixture of #682-685 varieties: 3/20%; 5/30%; 10/40%; 20/50%.    Photo shows SAMPLES only; yours will be similar but not exact. 28 11.00
682Z Sand Cast: Bulk Ghana Sand-cast or "pop bottle" beads made of powdered glass, generally imitating Venetian or old Akoso beads. Hank of 40 unpicked strands as they come from Africa. Strands 22" include all #682-684 varieties.     Unit 150.00
986Better "pop" StrandsGhanaThe $10-12 strands of new-looking "pop bottle" beads are drying up. These are older, used-looking, or better-made strands: 986a    986b    986c    986d 15.00
795 Ghana Millies Ghana Colorful modern sand-cast(?) resembling disc-like Millefiore, but with the rough look of older beads. Sample strand shown. 26 28.50
922 Ghana Rattlesnakes Ghana Modern version of Rattlesnake beads with black or blue stripes on white 30 32.50
824 Pop Chevrons Ghana Cartoonish Chevron pattern (no layers) on vivid purple base with trailed white & red. Barrel: most 15-16mm Long x 8mm wide, wide holes. Made in 1970s accd. to a knowledgeable supplier. 26 18.50
1002African CrumbGhana?Small wound barrels: white, orange & yellow inclusions in deep blue, black, or white base. Very shiny. Another amazing African bead for the local market, probably very new. Sample shown. 2235.00
1004African FanciesGhanaGround glass in rough rounds, with white & multicolor trailings echoing designs such as eye, chevron stripe and fancy types. Shiny to matte, wide variety of designs. Mostly 9-10mm with large holes. My taste has always been for the majestic old Venetian classics BUT something interesting is happening here. Samples shown. 2418.50
1006African Eye BeadsGhanaShiny milk-white crudely oblates with bold purple-in-brown eyes. Widths 13-16mm. Could we be entering a "new classic" era in the Ghanian beadmaking industry? Will we soon see again beads with the sophistication of Bodom and Kiffa? Sample shown. 2618.50
1000False SpacersGambia? Typical matte surfaces of "pop bottle" beads in dark colors with some translucency. As the ends abrade light lines appear, giving a false spacer effect. Top to bottom Reddish, Purple-blackish, Brownish, and Smaller. SAMPLES but give second choices, please. 2215.00
934 Krobo, Striped Ghana? Black losenge base with trailed red & white stripes. About 15-16mm, large holes. 24 12.00

AFRICAN METAL           Old & New
Africa is a major source of metal beads, as metals are thought to have spiritual powers and blacksmiths have an elevated status. The oldest beads would have been of soft precious metals, and iron, followed by copper alloys and, by the 11th century, true brass. Many complex, individual sytles of brass beads exist. The Munshi and Dorome beads had true status as money. Aluminum and silver were both valued for their color.
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223s Munshi Beads Sahara The Tiv (a.k.a. Munshi) tribe of Shima, northern Nigeria used looped brass beads of average 12mm imitating a seed, valued at 1/4 silver Dirhem of the Mediterranean caliphates. In 1968 Johanssen Nigerian Currencies considered them rare. See Opitz p.41, Quiggin p.60 fig.9, Johansson 50,54, supl14 #65, PS1987/3.     Difficult to find now. 12 pieces $17.50; 3 chosen for diff sizes, etc $6.00; Bead: 2.50
926 Munshi Beads, New Sahara Famous seed-imitating monetary bead of the Tiv (a.k.a. Munshi) tribe of Shima, northern Nigeria, valued at 1/4 silver Dirham during the 17-18th Century Mediterranean caliphates. Old, worn beads have disappeared; these roughly cast copies are the first such I have seen. 20 50.00
224 Moulay Beads Nigeria Derived from older Munshi beads of the Tiv, but used farther south. I have found three main varieties or stages in evolution: Large well-made beads, Rougher beads of variable size, and Rough, unworn possibly modern made.     224S) Set of 3 beads each A, D, E, F, J (15 total) $17.50     Singles: 224A Large, round, well-made, moderate wear. From a unique strand purchased years ago $2/bead, minimum 5;     Singles: 224M Mixed D, E, F as shown $10 / 10 beads, $20 / 25 beads 22 $17.50 / 135
810 Natural Moulay Necklaces Nigeria Intact, as-found necklaces worn by Fulani and Kambari women in Niger State, Nigeria, ca early 1800s. Each is big enough to fit over the head as strung, or could be restrung with a clasp. African-made brass Moulay beads alternate with (usually) red European beads. Most beads out of Africa are "processed" from natural necklaces into all-alike strands, so finding necklaces as they were actually worn is unusual. Selected for Large Moulay beads.    Strands available: a 25", e 25", g 32" 22+ 67.50
811 Natural Moulay Necklaces Nigeria Intact, as-found necklaces worn by Fulani and Kambari women in Niger State, Nigeria, ca early 1800s. Each is big enough to fit over the head as strung, or could be restrung with a clasp. African-made brass Moulay beads alternate with (usually) red European beads. Most beads out of Africa are "processed" from natural necklaces into all-alike strands, so finding necklaces as they were actually worn is unusual. Selected for Style of necklace:    Strands available: a 22" 22+ 57.50
811q Natural Moulay Necklaces Nigeria Quantity for beaders, dealers. Necklaces vary a bit in length, number of beads. Price each for quantity noted as-they-come,. or add 20% to send a larger quantity and you pick: $45/3, $40/6
789 Baule Brass Daisy Nigeria Old beads of unusual shape, they remind me of a daisy, 300+ on a long strand.   789A) 11-12mm, usually 9 "petals" as shown: Single beads: .90 each/3+, .60 each/10+; Full strand: INQUIRE;    789L) 14mm beads, usually 10 "petals" (not shown) Single beads: 1.00 each/3+, .70 each/10+; Full strand: INQUIRE 30 135.00
792Baule Wire BeadsIvory CoastDelicate cast brass beads with black teracotta centers, made to look like wire. Although they continue to be made today in just one Baule village, they are expensive due to the craftsmanship involved. Each bead is a double "eye" element with large loop, 11-13mm wide. Available: Lot of 3 beads $3;   792b) 32" strand $145;    792c) 30" strand $130 35$3 / 135
847 Baule Brass Textured Nigeria (Biafra) Round, hollow brass beads with lovely basket-weave pattern from the Baule people of eastern Nigeria. Graduated strands, beads range 12-19mm, large holes, usually 47 per strand. Single beads 12-16mm size: $2.50/ Each, $1.75/ 5+; Full strand: 22 55.00
847n Baule Brass Necklace Nigeria (Biafra) Necklace of round, hollow brass beads with lovely basket-weave pattern, graduated size from 12-19mm, and 3 larger beads, 26mm & 57mm. From the Baule people of eastern Nigeria. 26 65.00
969Fulani Pendant BeadsNigeriaLarge hollow bronze beads with cosmos designs. Supplier says necklace of 24 was worn by village chiefs. Obvious age. Item 854e is a modern (& far infaerior) copy.    969s) Smaller 29-32mm widths $14.50 ea; 969L) Larger 37-41mm widths $19.50;     969a) Full strand: 325.00
1030Large Cop/Brass Bead NecklaceTuaregHand-crafted large hollow bicones with alternating rings of copper and brass, simple etched pattern, showing wear; green vaseline spacers. Beads are 29-32mm wide x 37-41mm long. 34125.00
871 Tuareg "Coin Silver" N. Africa Fancy Bicones 8x15mm with flat, etched pendant. Made from melted down cu-ni coins called "pound silver". Sample necklace shown. 24 45.00
873 Tuareg "Coin Silver" N. Africa Small ellipsoid nickel beads with middle seam, about 4.5mm wide x 5mm. Made from melted down cu-ni coins called "pound silver". 26 21.50
924 Tuareg Tubular Beads N. Sahara Called "Azimamai", made of nickel-brass, with seam along length, large center holes, about 38-42mm long. Sample shown. 32 26.50
852 Kambari Brass Nigeria Old, tubular brass beads, almost no two alike. Kambari people, Niger State of Nigeria. First I've seen. Available strands:      852a     852b 24 120.00
863 Wire coil Beads Nigeria, Cameroun Fulani people. Aluminum and copper wire coiled to make (average) 30mm long x 22mm wide beads. Well worn. Before the process of aluminum extraction was perfected, it was considered a slightly cheaper and more durable substitute for silver. This necklace, on a frayed old cloth rope, was probably amuletic, as the juxtaposition of red and white metals was thought to ward off illness. 31 coils. 33 75.00
645BBrass DonutsNigeriaRough-surfaced cast beads with large central holes. Beads3mm long x 9mm wide, average 160/strand. Probably have some age, but just retoning from cleaning. Price Reduction & quantity pricing: $27.50/10+, $30/3+. Single strand: 2240.00
645r Brass Rounds Nigeria Rough-surfaced, cherry-sized cast beads with large central holes. Strands range from 17-19mm with 32/strand, to 22-24 with 27/strand. 22 55.00
787 Yemen Brass Yemen Brass beads with knobs and bars, two basic designs. Supplier says found in Darfur (Sudan) but another says made in Yemen (called "rail bead"?). About 50-60 per strand, about 9-11mm long, 2mm holes.    Single Beads: $2 each/3+; $1.50 each/10+; Strands available: NONE: Inquire 24
2181 Older Fulani Bells West Africa Single Larger Brass bells, often worn with beads. With clappers unless noted. Available: a, b, d $9; c $12.50; e (sand holes on other side) $4; f 48mm no clappers, g 50mm $6; h, j $5 Each 4.00 - 12.50
2180 Older Fulani Bells West Africa Brass bells SETS Often worn with beads. Used to be common, haven't seen on market in years. Sets of 4-5 bells available: b, c, d Set 27.50
1034Big Bells & Bones NecklaceFulaniLarge, old well-worn brass bells with dyed(?) brown reptile(?) bone spacers. About half have clappers, and bells clang together to produce a lovely sound. Available: 1034a) "Liberty" bell shape, widths & lengths 34-45mm, high tinkling sound ;    1034b) Cosmos design, larger than usual, widths 24-32mm; midrange "cowbell" tone. Each:100.00
839 Fulani Cosmos Bells W. Africa Small bells with spiral Cosmos design and large loops, some with stones inside to create rattle. Mixed sizes 6-16mm, , average 125-150 bells per strand. Some worn or patinated, some miscast, some cleaned. Strands available:     839b    839c     839e    839f 24 135.00
709Fulani Bell NecklaceW. AfricaAs-made necklace: multiple bead strands ending in cluster of brass bells, dangling bead chains tipped with cowries, coins, etc.    709a) Smooth bells;    709b) Cosmos bells & cowries;    709c) Mixed bell types. 2045.00
840Fulani Bells, TexturedW. AfricaSmall bells with grain or twisted rope design and large loops, with stones inside. Widths 10-12mm, average 280 pieces densely packed on string. Some with slight casting flaws. First I've seen; likely newly made. Available: 840a    840b 29120.00
863Fulani HairpiecesNigeria, CamerounBraid-gather coils of aluminum and copper, or etched sheet brass. Mostly well worn. Hausa and Fulani peoples of Nigeria. Strung on old cloth, may have been worn as a belt or sash as combination of yellow and white metals was thought to ward off illness. Available: 863a) 31 wire coils, 30x22mm, aluminum & copper3375.00
226 Dorome Ring Nigeria "Cast brass ring used as fare tokens for donkey carts, Dorome Tribe, Nigeria. The drivers turned them in to the Chiefs, who held the concession, and were paid in bracelets (inquire) of similar form. Size 24-25mm, " Available: 226a) Sharp hatched pattern (new?). Bottom row in photo $4.65 each; $3.35 ea./3+; 226b) Worn or plain (older?) $4.65 each; $3.35 ea./3+, $2.75 ea./10+; 226t) Set of 3 different $9.50; "226s) Spaced on a leather strip, the belt served as a badge of office for the cart drivers, about 60-70 pieces per belt. Older, smooth rings. Sample shown. $165" 3.50 - $165
992Bidda Wire CoilsNigeriaToned brass wire wound in 18-19mm coils, 3.3mm width, bright red bead spacers. Newly made. Samples shown. ($12 each per 3+) 2316.50
743dBaule Cosmology BeadsIvory CoastBrass beads, round cosmology design with toothed edges & central tube. Newly made. 743a) Small 20x12mm, 30 beads, or 743d) Large 37x26mm, 18 beads + spacers (necklace). Samples shown. Each:3220.00
743eBaule Cosmology PendantsIvory CoastStrung necklaces, possibly as-worn, with 10 brass charms spaced with beads. Each charm 65x50mm. Newly made. Sample hown3036.50
743 Baule Cosmology Beads (Type 2) Ivory Coast Brass beads with cosmos and two half-cosmos designs. Newly made. 743p) Small 17x12mm, 26", 25 beads; 743q) Small, 17x12mm, 33", 25 beads (more spacers); 743r) Large 30x18mm, 20 beads. Samples shown. Each type: 20.00
2185 Baule "coin" Amulets Ivory Coast Round, looped brass with braided rope background overlaid in concentric half and quarter circle designs. Nicely crafted, coinlike pieces, 45m. Bought this group several years ago and have not seen since. Nicer quality than the pieces on the necklaces. Scarcer F-L types $6 Each; Types A to E $5.50 Each; 2185s) Set of five A - E Set 23.50
858 Baule Brass Openwork Nigeria Newly made with bead spacers:      858a Round, 24mm, 20/strand, wheat-grain pattern;      858b Ellipsoid, 30mm, 17/strand, wheat-grain pattern;     858c Roundish, 30mm, 17/strand, rope design, mixed triangles and circles. Each: 30 34.50
837 Asanti Charm Beads Ghana Newly made brass charm beads of various designs. Fair casting quality. Measurements in scan are (approximate) length x width / # per strand. All have good-sized holes. Quantities are limited of some types. ("M" is Sold out) OK to mix types for quantity discounts: Per 10: $10.00 each; Per 3: $12 each; Singles: 20-24 15.00
854 Fulani Hollow Brass W. Africa Newly made, polished brass hollow beads, round with Cosmos design. Partial strands shown. Large enough to use as pendants. Sizes: 854a) Length 25mm plus 3 larger 28-32mm beads $35;    854c) Length 34mm, 21 beads: $55;   854e) Length 37mm, 20 pieces: $65 35.00 - 65.00
855 Fulani Hollow Brass W. Africa Newly made, polished brass hollow beads, rounded triangles with Cosmos design. Partial strand shown. Each 55-61mm long x 38-40mm. Holes at "shoulders" so can be hung as pendant. 65.00
896 Igbo Chain Necklace Nigeria Ropes of braided bronze chain with large, fancy pendants. Seeking more information on these. Available: 896f   896h    896c   896d   896e Each: 35.00
896 Igbo Pendant Nigeria Taken from neckaces as above. Available: 696v) 95mm $18.50; 696w) 70mm $15
828 Copper beads Ethiopia Hand-made (crimped with seam, not cast) beads made in 1950s. They have been shined up, but will retone "penny brown".   828B) Bicones 6x6mm, wide holes, about 125/32" strand,     828T) Tubes about 5x7.5mm, wide holes, about 115/35" strand.   (Ask for quantity pricing.)   Each: 10.00
829 Brass Bicones / tubes Ethiopia Hand-made (crimped with seam, not cast) beads made in 1950s. They have been shined up, but will retone.    829B) BiconesAbout 7x7mm, about 100 per strand. 829T) Tubes about 5x7.5mm, wide holes, about 115/35" strand.   Each: 32 10.00
830 "Silver" Beads Ethiopia Descended from silver originals, from melted Maria Teresa Thalers, these may be restrung Musbaha beads (Islamic prayer beads) or of more general use. Available: 830n) Older copper-nickel sheet metal probably from melted coins, seamed and end-crimped creating variety in size and shape, called Ankltnef $18.50 or $15 ea./3+; 830a) more modern and regular silver(?) wash over brass cores 5x5mm, about 90 on short 17" strand $8.50; 830b) Larger 7-8x7-8mm on long 30" strand $15, or $10 ea./3+; 830s) SET of 830a, 830b, two 830n chosen for different size beads, plus five single beads in pure magnetic nickel (much scarcer) $52.50 8.50 - 52.50
841 Antiqued Brass: Large Ethiopia Newly-made beads in various styles. NOTE: "c" SOLD OUT OK to mix all for quantity discounts: Per 10: $12 each; Per 3: $14 each; Singles: 28-30 18.00
842 Antiqued Brass: Small Ethiopia Newly-made beads in various styles. OK to mix types for quantity discounts. Measurements in scan are (approximate) length x width / # per strand. All have good-sized holes. Quantities are limited of some types. OK to mix types for quantity discounts: Per 10: $6.50 each; Per 3: $8 each; Single strands: 28-30 11.00
644p Iron: Large Nigeria Graduated strand of large beads (16-20mm wide) with large central holes. Larger beads have a ridge and a seam. Iron in any form was considered money in Africa. 81 beads 48 300.00
644aIron: MediumNigeriaCrudely cast Disk shape with large central holes. Beads run 13-15mm across. Iron in any form was considered money in Africa. Available: 644aa    644ab    644ac 2465.00
644b Iron: Small Nigeria Mostly bicone but some irregular, rough beads with large center hole, over 100 per strand, mostly 5-9m wide. Iron in any form was considered money in Africa. Photo shows rang of sizes. (REDUCED: $24 each/3+ strands) 24 29.50
237s Iron: Set Nigeria Single Beads: Three rough 10m wide beads, plus two polished 6m beads. Iron in any form was considered money in Africa. Per set of 5: Set: 3.50
741 Aluminium Squares Ethiopia In the late 19th Cent. before a cheap extraction process was invented, aluminium was as or more valuable than silver. These look like tarnished silver and may have been worn by Ethiopians as a light-weight substitute. Africans generally ascribe healing properties to metals based on color, and examples of currency objects and bracelets of forms known normally in copper occasionally turn up in well worn aluminum. Bead size ranges 5-7mm square.    Strands are a mix of sharply squared or worn/rounded beads; advise if you have a preference. Set of 2 strands with different style beads $25. 22 16.50
982Aluminum biconeEthiopiaBicones, some faceted, widths 14-17mm. Much larger and scarcer than the small squarish aluminum beads. 28100.00
2195Ethiopia "Fan" PendantEthiopiaToned brass Pendants, mostly 50-60mm tall, found on natural necklaces from Ethiopia and sold separately by the Traders. Samples shown. (Ask for Scan ZZ2195.5 for unusual and lower-quality pieces priced individually.) Each:14.50
867 "Ring" Beads Ethiopia Modern, hand-made metal beads imitating a traditional finger ring often worn as a necklace pendant. Bicone shape, some size variation. Prices per-bead. b) Brass, range 17-22mm, $3 each, $2.50/3, $1.75/10+; n) Nickel, about 19-20mm $2 each, $1.50/3, $1.00/10+
874 Hamarec Locket necklace Ethiopia Hollow, triangular (etc.) metal beads on black cord, as worn by Hamarec peoples of Ethiopia. Probably nickel or low-fineness nickel-silver. I can shorten either necklace if you want single beads at $2.50 ea./3 or $2 ea./10+. $75-175
615 Hishi: Brass Kenya? Small loops of drawn brass wire ("hishi, heishi") crimped by hand. Used as spacers in jewellery. Not an old trade bead. 3.5m wide. 25 12.00
524 Hishi: Copper Kenya Small loops of drawn copper wire ("hishi, heishi") crimped by hand. Used as spacers in jewellery. Not an old trade bead. Three sizes of loops available. Your choice $4.50 each Per 10; $5.50 each per 3. Single strand: 15+ 7.00
523 Talari (Hishi: Silver) Ethiopia Small loops of drawn wire ("hishi, heishi") made from nickel-silver. The name comes from the Maria Theresa Taler (Maria Teresa Thaler), an .855 fine silver coin favored in Arabia and northern Africa (origin of the word "Dollar"). These modern strands are still hand-crafted, but are now made of silver alloyed with nickel. Set of a) Hishi, 3.5m wide, and b) Barrel bead, 2.5m wide $21.50; or per strand: 30+ 12.50
2167 Prayer Bead Necklace Ethiopia Made by Ethiopian silversmiths and called Musbaha. Hollow, silver-plated beads (66-68) with endpiece and colorful yarn tassels. Newly made. Wearable, but should be restrung on better cord. ($9 ea. per 3+) 42 11.50
998Yemen Silver BeadsYemenHollow spheres mostly 25x25mm with fancy designs and large string holes. Made by Jewish silversmiths prior to their expulsion in 1949. Average 8-9gm each. SAMPLES Shown. a) $23.50 each; b) $27.50 each Each:$24 - $27

STONE BEADS   (strands)
Nearly all African-made, or traded into Africa in early times. "Dig bead" (excavated) strands may have some roughened glass beads mixed in. European glass imitations of stone beads are listed, mostly at the end.
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480Amazonite RoughsN. AfricaHistorically worn as amulets across northern Africa, before and including classical Egypt, these beads & pendants are today found from Morocco to Nigeria. Holed with stone drills, the flat (edgewise) beads were difficult to make. Finished turquoise greens are the most valued; these are older, unpolished beads. Photo 200%. Price is per each group displayed. Available: Claws: 480Aa, Ab $40; Ac $60; Ad $20;   Flats: 480Ba, Bb, Bc $435;   Colors: 480Ca $75; Cb $45; Shapes: 480Da, Db, Dc, Dd $35; Sizes: 480Ea $40; Eb $35; Ec $30; Ed $25; Ee $20; Ef $35 $20 - 90
480kAmazonite RoughsN. AfricaStrand of 48 beads (& stray), mixed sizes, shapes, colors and hole directions 435.00
263 Togo Stone (Large) Togo? White quartz disc with drilled hole, rubbed in reddish earth. Found in hoards, they are likely a very early bead money, though both their original and modern uses are unclear. The Akhan & nearby tribes would find them exposed after heavy rains, and called them "thunderstones," believing they had come from the sky and had healing properties. Rivallain pl.32, Opitz p.275, Quiggin p.60 & pl.3 #3. "Stone" size: under 40-45m, 33-80gm (3 for $37.50; 263t) STRING of 40 stone-size pieces on native fiber, as obtained from the Africa Traders. An amazing necklace at a great price. $225).     Single bead: 14.50
263R Togo Stone (Small) Togo? White quartz disc, smaller, rough pieces: 18-25mm (3 for $12.50, inquire for larger quantity) Each: 5.00
263S Togo Stone (Set) Togo / Ghana? White quartz disc with drilled hole, rubbed in reddish earth. Found in hoards, they are likely a very early bead money, though both their original and modern uses are unclear. The Akhan & nearby tribes would find them exposed after heavy rains, and called them "thunderstones," believing they had come from the sky and had healing properties. The smaller size (10-30mm) is found in Mauritania and called "biscuit beads.      263 Large 30-45mm $14.50; Strand of 85: $87.50;     263R Small 18-25mm, rough $5;      263S Set of five stones, different sizes, plus one small rough type: Set: 37.50
720 "Togo Stone" Beads Europe Single beads Glass imitations of the valued "Togo stone" money. First strand seen by my supplier, one of the biggest bead importers. Beads mostly 15-20m wide, 6-10m thick. Lot of 5 beads with some variation in size: $12; Per bead: $3 Ea. 3.00 - 12.00
996Dig Beads: LargerDjennéStone: Graduated strands of Carnelian, rock crystal, some glass?, etc. Widths range 6-21mm. Available: 996a) Long 40" $165 ;    996d) 32" $145;    996c) 30" $110;    996e) 30" $110 $110 - 165
996Dig Beads: MediumDjennéStone: Graduated strands of Carnelian, rock crystal, some glass?, etc. Widths range 5-15mm. Available: 996n) 23" $95 ;    996q) 29" $115;    996s) 24" $75 $75 - 115
845 Stone Tubes Mali Excavated beads in translucent to red-brown stone. Most 20-30mm long x 17mm wide. Center holes bored in from each side, narrowing toward center of bead, about 7-8mm outside, 2-3mm inside. Smaller beads $10 each, largest $15 each, or full strand as shown (32 beads) 34 250.00
868 Ancient Fossil beads Africa Cut segments of a long extinct tubular sea-bottom animal form, soapy gray rock having replaced the animal tissues. Beads are over 1000 years old according to supplier, the outside segmentation worn, but showing very sharply on interiors. Range 12-28mm wide x 8-15mm long, very wide (natural) holes, 50-90 beads per strand depending on bead size. Wearable as strung. Single beads, mixed sizes: $2.75 each, $2.00/3, $1.50/10+. Full strand: 27 85.00
906 Ancient Fossil? Mali Chalky white objects with fluted edges and stipple patterns, which I suspect are a fossilized sea creature. Excavated in Mali. Supplier says about 2000 years old. Single Beads: $3.50 Each, or $2.50 Each/3+; Full strand of 50 beads: 32 85.00
870 Ancient Granite Burkina Faso Crude gray discs with soil adhesions from burial. Mostly 10-13mm wide. Age unknown, but primitively made. Usually excavated beads are expensive, but I guess "ugly" lowers the asking price! Sample shown. 22 23.50
908 Large Old Granite Nigeria Twelve ancient granite beads excavated near modern city of Maiduguri in Nigeria, strung with spacers. Shortest = 19mm, longest = 60mm 200.00
826Ancient StoneGhana, Mali?Rough chunks of granite-like black rock with white inclusions. Beads mostly in 22-28mm range. Supplier says about 2000 years old. Single Beads: $4.50 Each, or $3.50 Each/3+; Full strands of 35 beads: 826a    826b    826c2885.00
869 Modern Granite Ghana Modern beads of black and white granite with a slight greenish hue. Beads 15-16mm wide x 8-11mm long, about 80 per strand. 30 30.00
691d Old Carnelian, Smaller Djenné Excavated at the ancient trade center of Jenne-Jeno on the upper Niger river, bright mostly 6-14m wide. Available: 691e) 24-26 52.50
693 Old Carnelian, Larger Sahara Excavated at the ancient trade center of Jenne-Jeno on the upper Niger river, bicone and other shapes, mostly 10-20mm Long. Available: a, b 30 80.00
648 Carnelian Cambay, India Rough stone beads traditionally quarried in Cambay and traded into Nagaland for shaping, these come from the Africa trade. Beads range 4-11+mm with polished pieces mixed in. Typical strand shown. 20 28.50
817 Mali Quartz Djenné Excavated at Jenne-Jeno, rough quartz chips, average 15mm, flat-drilled holes. Mixed in are a few in more finished disc shape with indented drill holes, which look like miniature versions of the mysterious "Togo stones" or Thunderstones of mysterious origin. Sample strand shown. 26-28 80.00
583Dig Beads: Jasper, etc.DjennéSmaller (6-9mm widths) reddish excavated beads, mostly burnt-red Jasper but some other stone. Available: 583a    583b    583c 2246.50
582JasperNigeria?Semi-finished surface, dark red color, various shapes, mostly 6-8mm widths, each bead different. Samples shown. 2137.50
918 Jasper, multicolor Nigeria? Green & multicolor modern beads, 35-40 per strand. Available, a, b 16 28.50
952 Red Stone Ancients Mali Excavated dark red beads in various shapes. Similar color to recent Bauxite (pipestone) beads but purer color and more finished. Jasper?? Uniform Color: 952b    952c    952d $57.50 Each; Others Included:    952g $65 Each 26 57.50 / 65.00
626 Bauxite (Pipestone) Nigeria Rough earth-red beads from clay rich in aluminium ore, a distinctive African bead. Scan shows typical examples of 3 bead sizes; yours will be similar:     626S) Small Beads 4-6m wide, strand 22" $11.50;    626M) Medium Beads 8-10m wide, strand 28" $14.50    626L) Large Beads 10-12m wide, 24-26" strand $23.50     626t) Single beads Three beads of varying length, 7-11m widths $3.50 22-28 3.50 - 23.50
626Bauxite: Unusual StrandsNigeriaStrands with unusual sizes or shapes of beads: 626a) Wide Disks $32.50 ;    626b) Wide Disks & strays $32.50 ;    626c) Very wide disks $35 ;    626d) Ellipsoids $30 ;    626e) Disks $20 $20 - $32
1038TanzaniteTanzaniaRough stone beads with tiny holes. Not sure if these are new or old, natural color or dyed some way. Short strands of Red or green available. Each: 14-1825.00
892 Old Agate Mali Graduated strands of roundish red-yellow-brown agate, ranging 5-13mm, small holes. Supplier says made 1700s-1800s. Sample strands show range of colors. 25 23.50
860 Natural Agate Ncekclace India?? As-worn necklaces with string clasps, origin unknown. Available: b)25", mixed colors mostly darker $50; Each: $50.00 - 60.00
784R Red Agate hearts India / Islam Polished hard reddish stone, agate or carnelian, many in heart shape. Traded into northern Nigeria roughly 1920s-50s (according to supplier) and likely from India or Islamic countries. There are many natural flaws, and some impact chips, or smoothed points. About 48 pieces per strand. Sample shown, all are fairly similar. Reduced price: $22.50 ea/3+, $19 ea/6+ 22 35.00
218 Talhakimt Pendants (Agate) Europe/India Single beads Large, flat pendant-beads used by the Tuaregs of the northern Sahara. Also called tanfouk, Niger glass, and Zinder beads. Lovely agate specimens, almost certainly older than the glass. The scans can not show the bands and swirls of orange, brown, and off-white visible when held to the light. Best history I've found is at the beadazzled site.    Priced by size: ab only) (avg. 110x42mm) $45; ae-ak) (avg. 85x37mm) SOLD; ap, aq, ar, as) (avg. 80x35mm) $30; bb-bm) (avg. 67x32mm) $25. SECOND CHOICES, PLEASE. Take 15% discount for 2 or more. Each: $25 - $45
219 Talhakimt Pendants (Agate), Damaged Bohemia? Single beads Large, flat pendant-beads used by the Tuaregs of the northern Sahara. Lovely agate (or carnelian?) specimens. These specimens are shown enlarged, worst side visible, with descriptions of the cutting irregularities or damage. I could have passed up this group when buying the lot, but wanted to show that these ARE old, used beads.   Priced by size: fa) (92x40mm) SOLD; fb-fe) (smallest is 62x42mm) $25; ff-fj) (smallest is 65x34mm) $20; fk-fm) (61x33mm) $20. SECOND CHOICES, PLEASE. Take 15% discount for 2 or more. Each: $20 - $35
549 Agate Glass Bohemia? Sextagonal, Flat, Red-Brown, plus ruby Red glass. Beads 12 & 17m wide. Broken strands. Your choice a), or b): 25.00
778 Agate, White Venice Large glass beads traded to the Yoruba. Milky white, semi-translucent with veins, they do look like stone. Good value in a large bead. Size of largest bead given for each scan:      a, 77mm; e, 90mm; d, 66mm 36 55.00
681 Agate Glass Venice? Tubular faceted beads. The stone-like striations stop at the lengthwise seam, hardly good for the illusion that they are stone. Late 19th century. Two samples show the range of colors. Bead length 22m 22+ 21.00
739 Black Agate (glass) Bohemia? Ellipsoid & other shapes in jet black, sometimes with white bands. Traded into Nigeria. Strands available: d, e, 22 22.00
677 Carnelian Glass Germany Visually convincing glass imitations of carnelian agate, from Germany, traded into Mali and Senegal. Most beads 10-15mm. Typical long strand shown. 30 36.50
1327 Fossil Disk (Pi) China "Heaven was represented by the ancients in the tangible form of a perforated disk of jade. It was believed that such a token embodied the qualities of solar effulgence, and was closely connected with the powers of Heaven by means of its maagical properties, and therefore the Emperor, being the Son of Heaven, was able to commune and consult with Heaven through the medium o the jade disc." (C.A.S. Williams Outlines of Chinese Symbolism and Art Motives p.235. Offered here are MODERN pieces in black agate, 45mm (1.75") wide, crowded with small marine(?) fossils. Called Gemstone Donuts in jewelry trade. No two are alike. ($39 for 10) Each 5.00

UNUSUAL MATERIALS
Particularly in Africa, beads were made of found objects or organic materials, such as amber, shell, coral, wood, bone & snake vertebrae, or fired earth clay and terracotta. Included here are European glass imitations as well.
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825 Somali Amber Somalia 45 beads, 16-22mm Long x 15mm wide, some slight variations in size, color, shaping. 36 160.00
671 Copal Amber Ethiopia Copal is an immature form of amber, and was often imitated in plastic by European traders. I do not know whether these are natural copal or "German plastic" but they apper old, and were traded into Ethiopia where they were highly valued. See Francis Beads of the World p.35 for the difficulties of testing. Beads 20x25mm. Strands available: 671a) 27 beads 26 95.00
960Amber Misc. LotAfricaTwo beads from Sierra Leone or Mali, 9.44, 8.91gm, one "Copal" with dark area & small chip; plus 14 irregular amber chips, pierced, most very brittle, probably not Africa, 3.65gm total. Dillingham envelopes, items AP27, M16. Shown 200%. 25.00
641 Natural Amber Gambia Natural tree amber from Gambia, roughly shaped into beads of 12-20+m and holed with a hot poker. Old amber (and imitation) beads were important trade items in Africa. These are new beads, but good representations. 641s) Set of five beads, mixed sizes: $4.50; 641a) 50-60+ per 24" strand $35;   641b) Longer 30" strand, beads rougher: 24-30 45.00
914Plastic AmberGermany?Necklace of mixed colors and shapes. Central bead appears a typical German "copal" of the 1920s-30s but at least one trader is suspicious of their age. Available: 914b    914c    914d    914e 3665.00
913Plastic Amber: GreenEurope?Round 14mm beads, possibly intended to mimic amber. They appear dark brown but when held to the light most have a light-green stripe in the center. Not as uniform as they look. Unknown where made or used, but found in Africa. Available: 913a    913b 2636.50
916 New Coral Nigeria Large chunks of red-orange coral smoothed and drilled for beads. Graduated strand. New. 30 52.50
742 Natural Coral Sticks Mali Vivid orange sticks and chunks of coral. They look fragile but are actually fairly sturdy. Rounded ends, nothing sharp. New on market. 22 42.50
676 Krobo Coral Ghana Krobo people. Glass beads in many shapes and sizes, some rough, some smoothed, imitating coral. Probably made 1950s-80s. Strands POSSIBLY available : b, cc, ee     f, g, h, j, k. Please give second choices! Where partial strands shown, all beads very similar. 26 25.00
850"White Coral" (Shell)Nigeria (Biafra)Conidae shell beads ca. 1800, which were traditionally strung in necklaces with large red coral beads. Very small center holes. Mostly long barrels, but strands s+ include smaller beads. Simak p. 31. Available: 850b    850c    850q    850r    850s    850t 2648.50
990Conus "clamshells"MauritaniaSpires of Conus shells, opposing pairs carved & decorated to look like small ornate clams. Associated with Arab weddings, according to supplier. Simak p. 32 "Used since antiquity . . " Scan fails to show amount of shaping and etching on shells. 2485.00
207a Cowrie Belt Burma / Yunnan Karen & Chin Tribes, where cowries are still used as currency. Large "broken back" cowries strung on leather strip. Length 24" excluding end ties. Scan shows one end. Age uncertain, but not new. 65.00
207 Cowrie Strip Burma / Yunnan Karen & Chin tribes of Burma & Yunnan: "Broken back" cowries strung side by side on rattan strips forming belt: f) Incomplete belt of 154 brown toned pieces, 24" $45;;    g) Full belt of 240 cowries, length about 32", some breaks in rattan, so too fragile to wear $85 45.00 - 85.00
638 Ostrich Eggshell East Africa Rough roundish disks of tough eggshell made by the 39,000 year-old "heishi" process of drilling and grinding. One of the oldest bead types and a well-known trade item, asociated in modern times with the Turkana, Samburu, Ovambo tribes. They range from 6-10mm, about 250-500/strand. Degree of uniformity and cleanliness varies also.    Show Variants    . Available: 638s Set of 10 beads mixed sizes, surfaces, etc. $3.00    638a) Strand: Usual semi-polished with variable sizes;    638c) Strand: Recent hoard of excavated pieces, matte surfaces and uniform, small size. Each strand or mix: ($19/3+, inquire for larger quantities). Per single strand: 24 25.00
891 Ndoro Bohemia Conus (a mollusc) shells were introduced to East Africa by Arab slavers and served as both currency (like cowries) and status symbols, worn whole or cut in half, on the forehead by Shona Chiefs. "In the 1870s the British destroyed as many of them as they could find in British East Africa, because of their presumed links to opaganism. When crime greatly increased due to the lack of currency, they had porcelain copies of the shells made in Bohemia [in 1892 - Liu] with serial numbers on them. In time the Bohemians took the design and made glass copies . . . . " (Francis, P., Beads of the World p. 109). See also Liu, R., Collectible Beads p. 29, 42. Today the Masai and related tribes still value and modify by filing the more modern Czech glass copies. My specimens were collected from the Tonga Tribe of Zimbabwe and Zambia.   891b) 47-49mm wide $30; 891d 30-44mm wide $15; 891f) Tiny 12-13mm wide $2.50 Each or $2 Ea./3+ Ea
961Natural Shells Short string of brownish molusc shells. Apparently popular in Africa as beads, since the Bohemians made lovely glass imitations. 2215.00
200 Excavated Terracotta Djenné From the medieval site of Djenné in Niger on the Tumbuctu trade route, excavated terracotta beads 500-800 years old. In various earth colors, tubes of varying lengths which appear to be individual "seed" sized beads. Cheap because there is little jewelry demand. Generally cleaned, but small soil traces remain. Bundle of 100 strands $250; $45/ 10 strands. 36 7.50
201 Orange Terracotta Djenné From the medieval site in Niger on the Tumbuctu trade route, excavated terracotta beads 500-800 years old. Shades of orange and brown, slightly larger beads than the type which has been on the market for years. $55 / 10 strands. 38 9.50
876 Mali Clay Mali Burnt-orange terracotta beads with chalk(?) in simple incised designs. Reliable supplier says 1950s-60s & faint kerosene odor found on many old beads from cleaning, but they look rather new. Small center holes, strung on single grass fibre, so consider them "unstrung".   876s) Small, about 10-11mm, long 36" strand: $12; 876L) Large, about 18-22mm, 30" strand $22.50; 876B) Bottle-shaped, about 15x21mm, 34 whole beads $20
2500 Spindle Whorls Nigeria Strung as beads, these are terracotta weights used to spin fabric strands into thread. They are one of the commonest and most universal of artifacts. Age unknown, but not recent. Size 40-50m across. Single beads of my choice are available, a) plain $9; b)with etched designs $12. Strand of 33: 200.00
2502 Spindle Whorls Nigeria Strung as beads, these are terracotta weights used to spin fabric strands into thread. They are one of the commonest and most universal of artifacts. Lots of 4-6 beads as shown, per lot: 12.50
2504 Spindle Whorls Guinea Strung as beads, these are terracotta weights used to spin fabric strands into thread. They are one of the commonest and most universal of artifacts. Strands of 27 beads, mixed sizes and quality. Single Beads, as they come $5.50 each, or $4 ea./5+; Full strands available: 2504b Each: 79.50
2507 Spindle Whorls Mali Strung as beads, these are terracotta weights used to spin fabric strands into thread. They are one of the commonest and most universal of artifacts. Age unknown, but not recent. Black with white patterns, Bead width 25-30mm;   Single beads: $2.00 each;   Full strands: 2507a    2507b Each: 26 30.00
625s Sherpa Coral Tibet (India) Sets Imitating Coral, these glass beads were made in India and traded into Tibet. Scan shows typical sets. 625s) Set of 9 sizes, shapes, and shades $12.50;    625t) Set of four basic shapes & shades $5.00 Set 5.00 - 12.50
688 Skull Beads Tibet (Nepal) In Tibet, rosary beads were made from Monks' knuckle bones carved into double-faced skulls, traditioanlly 108 pieces on a string. These modern replicas are made in Nepal of Yak bone.    688B) Small Beads 7mm wide x 10mm tall, Long 42" strand: $16.50/strand ($10/3, $8.50/10, Inquire/25);    688C) Medium Beads 9mm wide x 16mm tall, super-long 62" strand: : $21.00/strand ($13/3, $11/10, Inquire/25) 16.50, 21.00
688L Skull Beads Tibet (Nepal) Larger versions of Yak bone skulls, holed top & bottom for stringing, or will stand up, 30m tall x 24m. White or antiqued. Each 2.50
877 Dinka Bone Necklace Sudan Dark-tinted bones with white bead spacers on leather cord, worn by Dinka men. Shown with bones turned inward for compact scan, but necklace b illustrates it is more impressive with fewer spacers & bones outward, lion's mane style. Variable lengths & bone sizes, necklaces available:    877b 34-40 47.50
632 Coconut Disks Nigeria Used in divination. Age uncertain, probably not very old. Disks range 11-17mm, roughly 500 per strand.    (One shorter 18"strand with larger disks and shells & white beads also available). Per strand: 28 10.00
928 Moslem Prayer Beads Mali Very hard, dark wood with inlaid aluminum bands. One type with similar pendant beads. Newly made. Samples shown. Type a (beads 13-14mm wide) or b (10-11mm wide): 28-30 27.50

AMERICAS    (traded into)>
From The History of Beads by Lois Dubin, p.114: "Spanish traders brought a variety of beads to the New World in the early sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Beads distributed in the earlier days of their trade included Nueva Cadiz varieties, faceted chevrons, eye beads and compound beads (some with three layers of color). There were also monochrome beads in a variety of sizes, ranging from seed beads in yellow, green, and blue to larger, predominantly blue spheres. By the mid-1600s, most of the complex, more ornate beads had disappeared. Spherical turquoiseblue beads (the "padre" bead; Bead Chart 1023) continued as one of the most popular types." I have also used various booklets by G. B. Fenstermaker picturing beads found at Amerind burial sites. His plate in First Northwest Coast Colored Trade Bead Chart shows additional types of fancy beads.   NOTE: Beads offered below are from the Africa trade, though of the types used in the Americas trade.
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NUEVA CADIZ    The origins of this sophisticated bead are unknown but they date at least to the early 1500s and were primarily traded by the Spanish into South America. The oldest are three-layer drawn beads, rectangular with rounded corners, diameter 4-8mm and often long, up to 50mm, in various shades of blue. A later type, probably Bohemian, associated with 17th Century North American sites, is unlayered and dark blue.
746 Nueva Cadiz Spain? Venice? Long light-blue tubular bead without layers. This unlayered variety (Smith & Good, 1982, #34) is associated with 17th Century North American sites. Unusually high quality specimens almost never seen in the layered variety, about 10 x 10 x 78-82mm    c) Serious chips $16.50; (b Minor chips $27.50; a) Perfect, several available $45.00 16.50 - 45.00
500b Nueva Cadiz Spain? Venice? Long light-blue tubular bead without layers. This unlayered variety (Smith & Good, 1982, #34) is associated with 17th Century North American sites. Necklace of high quality specimens, 12 pieces, some without significant flaw. Several long pieces in 62-77mm range. One of layered variety. First scan shows worst side of each bead; second is other side. This is priced to sell, but I may break it up if not. 225.00
CHEVRONS Also called Rosetta beads, they are one of the earliest and most valued of the trade beads and heralded the Renaissance of European beadmaking in Murano (Venice). The 7-layers are oldest, dated to ca. 1480 - 1580. Most 5-layer are roughly contemporary, and scarcer as a class than the sevens. By the early 1600s beads using green or black for the outer layer appeared, and both the 4-layer and 6-layer were first produced. Because the fours and sixes continued to be made, the only way to tell new from old is the condition of the bead, and the tendency for the bevel to be rounded rather than faceted in more modern beads. The Africa traders value faceted sixes nearly as much as sevens. Size (length and diameter) along with condition and symmetry dictate the market value, and like most high-end trade beads, values advance roughly 10% per year.
310 Chevron: 7 Layer Venice size-2: Showing two views of each bead, enlarged X3: Length in mm/Width in mm/Weight in gm: Available: d (32/26/36.3) Each: 185.00
311 Chevron: 7 Layer Venice size-3: Showing two views of each bead, enlarged X3: Length in mm/Width in mm/Weight in gm: Available: a (20/23/19.1), b (30/25/31.2), c (28/22/26.8) Each: 135.00
312 Chevron: 7 Layer Venice size-4: Showing two views of each bead, enlarged X3: Length in mm/Width in mm/Weight in gm: Available: a (13-16/16/7.3), c (13-15/19/9, black outer), d (16/15/6.8), e (13-14/19/9.1, green interior) 65.00
315 Chevron: 5 Layer Venice Single Bead The five-layers are thought to be contemporary with the sevens, and are a bit scarcer. Showing two views of each bead, enlarged X3: Length in mm/Width in mm/Weight in gm: Available: b (26/16/13.9), c (25/16/14), Each: 125.00
WHITE HEARTS    A layered, wound bead with translucent red over a white or yellowish core first made ca. 1825, though Dubin mentions drawn versions with greenish cores dating to ca. 1600, and modern white-hearts, made in Venice and Asia, are drawn. Their formal name Cornalene d'Aleppo is a corruption of "carnelian of Aleppo (Syrian city)." Traded widely around the world, the early types are called Hudson Bay beads for their use in North America. Rounds in sizes from seed to over 23mm and barrels from under 6mm to over 25mm are commonest, though many other shapes exist, as well as surface decorations of spots, florals, etc.
250 BEST White Heart Singles Venice Round, Large    Cournalene d'Aleppo, Hudsons Bay trde beads. Among the oldest of White Heart types. Some cracks but overall quite exceptional condition (mostly EF) for this fragile old bead. Per-bead pricing, by size: 250h) $11; 250k $18; 250m $28
251White-Heart, RoundVeniceMedium Available: 251f) 77 beads, 9-14mm widths. Strand has been broken. 30165.00
252 BEST White Heart Singles Venice Barrel    Cournalene d'Aleppo. Among the oldest of White Heart types. Exceptional condition (mostly VF-EF)for this fragile old bead. 12-14mm widths. Per-bead: $10 10.00
252 White-Heart, Barrel Venice Large, high quality Slightly graduated strands, range 12-16mm wide, 20-26mm long. More beads per strand means smaller average size. Available:     252ca) 34 beads $250;    252cb) 41 beads $250;     252e) Long 40" strand of 50 beads, 10-17mm widths $300 34 250.00 - 300.00
252 White-Heart, Barrel Venice Large, average quality    Fairly uniform strands of 11-16mm widths. Mostly F-VF grade. Available: 252a) 40 beads $175;    252b) 44 beads $155;    252c) 35 beads $165;    252d) 36 beads, 30" strand $135 32 135.00 - 175.00
252White-Heart, BarrelVeniceLarge, low quality    Fairly uniform strands Mostly G-F grade. Available: 252La 47 beads, mostly 8-14mm widths. 252a) 40 beads $175;    252b) 44 beads $155;   252c) 35 beads $165;    252d) 36 beads, 30" strand $135 3875.00
248White-Heart, BarrelVeniceMedium/Large & strays Mixed widths 8-16mm, varied lengths, nice quality, with other high-end beads mixed in. Available:    248f) with Skunk White hearts and tiger-stripes;    248g) with Millies, Abu Dhabi, etc. 24110.00
248 White-Heart, Barrel Venice Medium Size, EF/+ Mixed widths 6.5-9mm, varied lengths, but exceptional EF or better grade. More beads per strand means smaller average size. Available:     248a) 75 beads;    248b) 53 beads;     248c) 61 beads. Each: 32 165.00
248 White-Heart, Barrel Venice Medium Size, VF/+ Mixed widths 6.5-9mm, varied lengths, but better than average VF grade. More beads per strand means smaller average size. Available:     248d) 47 beads;    248e) 43 beads, inc. 3 round;.Each: 24 120.00
247White-Heart, Short barrelVeniceUnusual Shape. These have been coming out of Africa lately in high grade. I also got some shorter strands of unused beads, probably from a group imported to the US in the 1980s from old stock in Venice. Circulated    247a) 34", 7.5-13mm widths, 118 beads, EF $245; ;    247b) 34", 7.5-13+mm widths, 118 beads, EF $245;    Uncirculated All 24", 9-12mm widths $155: 247f;    247g;    247h;    247j $245 / 155
900 Lewis & Clarke Venice A valuable "fancy" bead associated with the Northwest Indian trade. Groups of used beads, some fragmentary, available: a, b Lot of 9 65.00
519b French Cross, White Venice Called Bodoum in Africa, white with cross of red, white & black This color was a trade item in the American southwest, which has caused a rapid rise in the price of those found in Africa. Similar Dubin #80a Found several strands of very nice beads: (see scan) 21-22 55.00
555eAmerican Flag / ManhattanVenice Red & blue stripes on white layer, over red core. Late 1700s, traded in Great Lakes region and falsely associated with purchase of Manhattan, but often found at Iroquois sites. Extra long strand with several varieties of this bead, and numerous strays. 28195.00
745Medicine BeadsVeniceMilk white, round or slightly ovoid 10-11mm wound bead with incused dark blue dots and trailed pink lines. Called Medicine bead by Crow Indians, who used them on their medicine bundle (amulet) and as spacers on bear-claw necklaces. These traded into Ethiopia. 61-63 beads on 24" strand unless noted. Available: 745h    745j    745k    745L EACH: 2472.50
531a Padre: Turquoise, White China Chinese bead which travelled all over the world as part of the Spanish silver trade. Best known in North America where the turquoise blue color was popular with Southwest US Amerinds. Made ca. late 18th-early 19th C. by the primitive winding process. These strands of circulated beads are from Africa and include some older, rounded beads, but more of the later, donut-shaped beads. They do NOT include the seamed, European (Bohemia) copies. (Quantity price for White only: $11 each per 3; $9 each per 10); Commonest Turquoise Blue or White, Each, per strand: 22-24 15.00
531b Padre: Scarce colors China Less common colors: Red or Yellow (translucent Blue & Green SOLD). There are mixed shades within each string, and sometimes strays of other colors. 22-24 16.50
531d Padre: Scarcest China Scarce colors: Black (SOLD), mixed Black/Purple (SOLD), or translucent Brown Each: 22-24 27.50
RUSSIAN BLUES    One of the earliest beads made in Bohemia, beginning before 1800, and peaking about 1845. It was cut from faceted canes and then further faceted by grinding. Usual shapes are squares and rectangles with up to 21 facets. The most popular color, then and now, is a dark blue, though others were produced, and a lighter blue was popular in Africa. Their name comes from association with the Russian fur trade in Alaska, though they were apparently stocked by Hudson's Bay as well, and traded elsewhere in the Americas, Africa, and Asia.
563Russian Blue, Dark (elongated)Bohemia4.5-7mm widths: Strands include plain or faceted tubes. Darker translucent blues, associated with North American trade. Click to see: 563b) 22" $47.50;    563aa) 28" $58.50;     7-11mm widths: 563ab) Tubes & squares 33" $150.00; ;    11-16mm widths: 563m) 28" $285.00 22-2847.50 / $285
562 Russian Blue, Dark (squared) Bohemia LARGE beads, 10-16mm widths. Faceted squares, rounds, diamonds. Darker translucent blues, associated with North American trade. Click to see: 562b) 30" $210;    562d) 25" Diamond faceting, 46 beads, 17mm wide $290 30 200+
562M Russian Blue, Dark (squared) Bohemia MEDIUM beads, 7-9mm widths. Faceted squares, 75-90+ per strand. Darker translucent blues, associated with North American trade. All strands fairly similar, photo'd strands chosen randomly: 562Me;    562Mg;    562Mn;    562Mp    562Mj $87.50 Each 24 87.50
562A Russian Blue, Dark (squared) Bohemia SMALL beads, 4.5-8mm widths. Faceted squares, 100-130+ per strand. Darker translucent blues, associated with North American trade. Some strands include unusual shapes or colors: 562An;   562Ap 23-26 48.50
562J Russian Blue, Dark (squared) Bohemia MIXED beads, 5-9.5mm widths. Faceted squares, 75-130+ per strand. Beads smaller than the "M" strands, or mixed sizes on one strand: 562Ja)     562Jb;    562Jc;    562Jd; 23-26 75.00
563T Russian Blue, Tubular Bohemia Unfaceted tubes in medium blue color. Used in North America trade, though these from Africa. Most 30-35mm L x 6-7mm W, large center holes. Quite a bargain considering the cost of even small faceted beads today. Sample strands shown. Strands of 21-22 beads of 33-35mm length. $30.00/3+ strands; Single strands: 28 35.00
563F Russian Blue, Faceted Tubular Bohemia Faceted tubes in medium to cobalt blue color. Used in North America trade, though these from Africa. Most 15-22mm L x 4-5mm W. Quite a bargain considering what thicker beads cost today. Sample strands shown. 20-21 35.00
280 Spindle Whorl Pendants Pacific NW Amerind Silver and Copper Pendants based on Northwest American Indian spindle whorl designs (note circle at center). Three different designs, each available in .999 silver, and Alaskan copper, with Lodgepole Pine reverse. Size 1.75" (45m), 2 troy oz. weight. Also a smaller 1.5" copper with Weaving Woman / Eagle Salmon design. The silver come with silver bezel, the copper with loop, cord, and certificate of authenticity. Designed by Seattle artist Joseph Illg, a limited edition struck by Northwest Territorial Mint. Silver are $90 each; Copper are $30 each. 30.00 - 90.00
727L Mardi Gras Beads New Orleans Big sack of used plastic beads, including a few Doubloons and other "throws." Not the new & all-the-same stuff sold on Ebay. Over 4 Lbs 12.50

MIDEAST - ASIA - OCEANIA
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MIDEAST THROUGH INDIA
788"Roman" BeadsMideast?Blue cane-cut beads of obvious age, varying sizes and shapes. This is a trade term for pre-Venetian glass, likely from the middle east. Available: 788a) Dark: barrels $75 ;    7889b) Dark: Mixed shapes $75 30$75
750 Silk Road Glass Bactria (Afghanistan) About 2005-06 a huge dump of broken glass dating to the 1st C. BC was discovered in Afghanistan (ancient Bactria) along the silk road trade route uniting Rome and China. The glass objects were made using known Roman techniques, and the dump was likely raw material for a bead factory. Local families excavate the fragments and file it into rough bead shapes, preserving the unique sheen of ancient glass.     750e-g) Small SOLD;    750a-d) Medium $42;   750h,j) large h=$65, j=$45;    750k-n) Medium-large, with broken pieces: k=$40, m=$30, n=$20    750d Larger fragments (largest shown 55m) most clearly showing ageing effects of ancient glass $65 16-20 $20-$65
536YHebron (Kano): YellowPalestine / SudanPeter Francis in Beads of the World p.78 notes that, during the disruption of the Crusades, " . . .beadmakers apparently emigrated from Tyre on the Mediterranean coast to Hebron near Jerusalem sometime after the twelfth century. They made beadsthere, using the salts of the Dead Sea as their alkali. Their glass was opaque yellow and green, sometimes blue and black. The beads were furnace-wound and were popular in Egypt and in sub-Saharan Africa." Traded to Sudan, where they are found today.Ugly beads, they look old, with porosity and chips. Single beads 18-20mm: $3.50;   535Y Graduated strand of 49-52 beads, few or none broken $77.50 each;   Specific strands with brokens: $82.50 each: 536Ya    536Yb    536Yc21-2277.50 / 82.50
537cHebron (Kano): BluePalestine / SudanMedieval Palestine, traded to the Sudan where they were often filed and shaped. After years off the market, they are showing up again. Beads range 13-23mm wide. 23150.00
535c Hebron (Kano): Green Palestine / Sudan Medieval Palestine, traded to the Sudan where they were often filed and shaped. After years off the market, they are showing up again. Beads range 13-24mm wide. 24 150.00
535MHebron (Kano): Blue & GreenPalestine / SudanMedieval Palestine, traded to the Sudan where they were often filed and shaped. After years off the market, they are showing up again. Mixture of blues and greens. Beads range 13-24mm wide. Available: 535Ma    535Mb    535Mc    535Md 24150.00
533Hebron (Kano): Eye BeadPalestine / SudanMedieval Palestine, traded to the Sudan where they were often filed and shaped. First time I have seen this variety. Beads range 13-24mm wide. Available: 533a    533b 20300.00
536BHebron: Baby (Kano)Palestine?Small versions of this early bead from Palestine(?). SAMPLES shown with two usual Hebron beads for comparison. I don't know if these are as old as or share a history with true Hebron beads. 25-2629.50
747 European Hebron (Sudan) European-made versions of the ancient Hebron beads made in the middle east and popular in the Sudan. Beads about 20m wide. "B" is SOLD 26 37.50
536NHebron: ButtonPalestine?Cut down versions of this early bead from Palestine. These have the color, striations and hole sizes found in Hebrons and appear to be filed down to roughly 9-10mm widths. But when? Are the bead assemblers in Africa cutting down broken beads to create something more uniform? SAMPLES shown with two usual Hebron beads for comparison. 2650.00
534Islamic Glass?Red Sea?Rough, dirty-yellow beads ranging 6-12mm across. I thought they were "baby Hebron" and did not ask the supplier about them, but on examination they are quite different - some look cane-cut while other have an odd pucker around the hole and do not sit flat, suggesting some unusual technique. Though cleaned, they show soil and are clearly excavated - possibly late Medieval Islamic? Graduated strand of 90+ beads. Sample strand shown. 2424.50
860 Natural Agate Ncekclace India?? As-worn necklaces with string clasps, origin unknown. Available: b)25", mixed colors mostly darker $50; Each: $50.00 - 60.00
784R Red Agate hearts India / Islam Polished hard reddish stone, agate or carnelian, many in heart shape. Traded into northern Nigeria roughly 1920s-50s (according to supplier) and likely from India or Islamic countries. There are many natural flaws, and some impact chips, or smoothed points. About 48 pieces per strand. Sample shown, all are fairly similar. Reduced price: $22.50 ea/3+, $19 ea/6+ 22 35.00
INDIA - BURMA
730 Face Beads India Colorful modern wound beads featuring small, goofy faces: a) String of 23 varied shapes $35;;   b) 12 loose beads, conical shape $18.50;;   c) Five beads, without face theme $8.50 8.50 - 35.00
731a Naga Bell Necklace Nagaland From Tribal India, five bronze bells with brass? hishi spacers. Round bells have clappers. All pieces show age; largest bell cracked is 50 x 65m. Ea. 45.00
689 Nagaland Necklace India Traditional necklace of bright red cylinder beads with spacer beads and a central bone pendant. The Nagas are a tribal people on the India/Burma border. Old beads, except the Crumb look modern; new stringing. Sample shown. 28 22.50
1040Tile BeadsVeniceSmall tubes with burnt-red exterior over darker core. Traded to the Naga and Chin peoples of NW Burma and NE India. Typical sizes are 3x8mm and 4x5mm for two sample strands shown. These are from an importer's stash from the 1990s or earlier; I can't find them offered online. They don't come up in the Africa trade. $3.00/50; $3.75/10; $4.50/3; Set of thick & thin strands $10; Single strand: 346.00
728b Akha Necklace Thailand / Burma Modern "money" necklace using Cowries, white-heart trade beads, and (worn) coins stitched on black fabric. Sample shown. Ea 17.50
207a Cowrie Belt Burma / Yunnan Karen & Chin Tribes, where cowries are still used as currency. Large "broken back" cowries strung on leather strip. Length 24" excluding end ties. Scan shows one end. Age uncertain, but not new. 65.00
207 Cowrie Strip Burma / Yunnan Karen & Chin tribes of Burma & Yunnan: "Broken back" cowries strung side by side on rattan strips forming belt: f) Incomplete belt of 154 brown toned pieces, 24" $45;;    g) Full belt of 240 cowries, length about 32", some breaks in rattan, so too fragile to wear $85 $45 - 85
TIBET - ORIENT - OCEANIA
688 Skull Beads Tibet (Nepal) In Tibet, rosary beads were made from Monks' knuckle bones carved into double-faced skulls, traditioanlly 108 pieces on a string. These modern replicas are made in Nepal of Yak bone.    688B) Small Beads 7mm wide x 10mm tall, Long 42" strand: $16.50/strand ($10/3, $8.50/10, Inquire/25);    688C) Medium Beads 9mm wide x 16mm tall, super-long 62" strand: : $21.00/strand ($13/3, $11/10, Inquire/25) 16.50, 21.00
688L Skull Beads Tibet (Nepal) Larger versions of Yak bone skulls, holed top & bottom for stringing, or will stand up, 30m tall x 24m. White or antiqued. (Per 10, aniqued only $16) Each 2.50
625s Sherpa Coral Tibet (India) Sets Imitating Coral, these glass beads were made in India and traded into Tibet. Scan shows typical sets. 625s) Set of 9 sizes, shapes, and shades $12.50;    625t) Set of four basic shapes & shades $5.00 Set 5.00 - 12.50
807 Shell Beads Tibet No real information on these: Forty off-white crude shell beads from Tibet. width ranges 10-17mm, separated by knots on cord. Two sample strands shown. 21 57.50
270 Melon China / Indonesia Uniquely shaped bead made in China, or Chinese workers in Indonesi, likely 1800s. Found mainly in Irian Jaya. A) Bright yellow $22.50 Each;   B) Dull yellow $22.50, and "C" worn piece $15 Each 22.50
646 Peking Glass: Old China The Chinese have been making crude, wound-type beads for trade for a long time. The rounded Padre beads are a well-known example. Colors: medium blue to purple-black; Shapes: Round & barrel; Width: 5-7m. Two sample strands shown. 24 15.00
647 Peking Glass, Modern China Made for centuries, these are the modern product in a palette of colors. Mixed sizes, but average 80 per strand. Your choice of color if still in stock (please give 2nd choice!), or I will send you the longest strands or largest beads.    647S) Set of 10 pieces, mixed sizes and colors $2.50;    647) Full strands: 24-34 15.00
531a Padre: Turquoise, White China Chinese bead which travelled all over the world as part of the Spanish silver trade. Best known in North America where the turquoise blue color was popular with Southwest US Amerinds. Made ca. late 18th-early 19th C. by the primitive winding process. These strands of circulated beads are from Africa and include some older, rounded beads, but more of the later, donut-shaped beads. They do NOT include the seamed, European (Bohemia) copies. (Quantity price for White only: : $11 each per 3; $9 each per 10). Commonest Turquoise Blue or White, per strand: 22-24 15.00
531b Padre: Scarce colors China Less common colors: Red or Yellow (translucent Blue & Green SOLD). There are mixed shades within each string, and sometimes strays of other colors. 22-24 16.50
531d Padre: Scarcest China Scarce colors: Black (SOLD), mixed Black/Purple (SOLD), or translucent Brown Each: 22-24 27.50
559mp Pink Padre? China? Pink beads are favored by the Massai of Kenya. The cane-cut type shown here is definitely found there; I am uncertain whether the two wound types are also Massai items.   559p Wound, padre-sized dark-pink beads, about 110 per strand ($10 each per 5 strands), Per strand: $14.50;   559m) Wound, medium-sized beads, a mixture of two subtly different beads, one dark pink, the shaded more orange ($9 each per 5 strands) Per strand: 20 12.50
566C Seed: Chinese China Cruder and larger than European types, they look like tiny Padre beads. Shades of blue, samples shown. 3.5-5m wide. 9.50
566M Seed & Others Europe, China Mixed Strands Various colors, including the more irregular, larger Chinese type, and small white-hearts 24+ 8.50
726 Modern Mix Asia Super long strand of modern low-quality beads, much variety of types, each strand diffrent, sample shown. Five strands $23.50, single strand: 56 6.00
1327 Fossil Disk (Pi) China "Heaven was represented by the ancients in the tangible form of a perforated disk of jade. It was believed that such a token embodied the qualities of solar effulgence, and was closely connected with the powers of Heaven by means of its maagical properties, and therefore the Emperor, being the Son of Heaven, was able to commune and consult with Heaven through the medium o the jade disc." (C.A.S. Williams Outlines of Chinese Symbolism and Art Motives p.235. Offered here are MODERN pieces in black agate, 45mm (1.75") wide, crowded with small marine(?) fossils. Called Gemstone Donuts in jewelry trade. No two are alike. ($39 for 10) Each 5.00
450 Indo-Pacific, Large Indonesia Bright, solid red or green wound(?) beads 5-7mm wide. Not sure if these are included as Indo-Pacific types, or where made, but they come from Indonesia. Color mix OK. $14/5+ strands; Single strands: 28-30 16.50
452 Indo-Pacific, Translucent Indonesia Translucent light-blue, or dark-blue/purple drawn(?) beads about 5mm wide. Not sure if these are included as Indo-Pacific types, or where made, but they come from Indonesia. 28 35.00
445 Indo-Pacific, Mixed Indonesia Mixture of sizes, colors, origins of the "Tradewind bead". Sample strands shown.   445a) 25" strands $60SOLD;   445b) 18" strands, including smaller beads $50 $50-60
1510 Kris Ring Indonesia The ceremonial kris sword had a relatively plain iron blade, but a very fancy, bejewelled handle including one or more rings. These are modern versions with plastic jewels. They may fit an adult pinky, or child's finger. Samples shown. Each: 4.00
1042Large Yellow SeedsVeniceCrude wound beads of lemon yellow color, traded to the Dani of New Guinea. Mostly 4.5-5.5mm widths. Samples shown. $6.25/3+. Single strand: 24-269.00

SEED & SMALL   (strands)
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940A Dig Beads: Small Djenné Excavated beads, mostly stone, tiny, mostly 2-3m. Said to be 1000 years old. Mostly rough gray, some show colors when polished. Some strands with larger beads. Samples shown. 26+ 16.50
940MDig Beads: Small ColorfulDjennéGlass & Stone: Mostly under 5mm widths. This lot more colorful than most. At this price I can't photo each strand, but they are similar; sample strands shown at 200%. ($14.50 each per 3+ strands) 24+17.50
883Dig Beads: Small WhiteDjennéGlass: Excavated beads in shades of white, mostly 3-4mm wide but variable shapes and sizes. Mostly well worn, some chalky. A good buy, as the larger Dig beads have gotten expensive. Sample strands shown. 883S) More (smaller) beads $16;    883L) Fewer (Small & large) beads $18.50. For even mixtures 4+ strands @ $13.50 each. Sample strands shown. 22-2416.50+
884 Dig Beads: Small Blue Jenne Jeno Excavated blue glass beads, mostly 3-4mm wide but variable shapes and sizes. Mostly well worn, some chalky. A good buy, as the larger Dig beads have gotten expensive. Sample strands shown. $13.50 ea./3+ strands. Single strand: 22-24 18.50
200 Excavated Terracotta Djenné From the medieval site of Djenné in Niger on the Tumbuctu trade route, excavated terracotta beads 500-800 years old. In various earth colors, tubes of varying lengths which appear to be individual "seed" sized beads. Cheap because there is little jewelry demand. Generally cleaned, but small soil traces remain. Bundle of 100 strands $250; $45/ 10 strands. 36 7.50
201 Orange Terracotta Djenné From the medieval site in Niger on the Tumbuctu trade route, excavated terracotta beads 500-800 years old. Shades of orange and brown, slightly larger beads than the type which has been on the market for years. $55 / 10 strands. 38 9.50
678S Green Heart Seeds Venice Tiny "seed" type dark red over a (very dark) green core. Traded into Southern Africa and Nagaland (India), this lot comes via Thailand. Beads about 2mm. Typical strand shown. 24 20.00
766Early WoundVeniceCrude, smallish matte lamp-wound beads in opaque colors. Found in Mali. They resemble beads found in medieval Saharan sites, and Amerindian "pony" beads but are likely not that old. Mostly 4.5-5.5mm widths. Long strands. Samples shown. Available 766B) Blue $22.50;   766Y) Yellow $20 3220.00
1042Large Yellow SeedsVeniceCrude wound beads of lemon yellow color, traded to the Dani of New Guinea. Mostly 4.5-5.5mm widths. Samples shown. $6.25/3+. Single strand: 24-269.00
568Z Awala Chevrons Venice Awally is the Ghanian name for these inexpensive striped trade beads. At this price we can not picture exact strands, but if you want larger (=fewer on a strand) beads, or have general color requests, will try to match. No mixed color strands, despite picture. $5/6+ strands. Single strands: 22 8.00
790 Ellipsoids Europe Bright colors in ellipsoid shape, usually about 7mm long, but lots of variety in size and even shape in this group. Samples shown. Bulk: $6/3+ strands, $5/6+ strands MY CHOICE of colors.    OR, your choice of color if available, single strands: 22 8.00
605D Czech Padre Bohemia Molded beads imitating Chinese Padres. Most 5-6m wide. (Purple, Pink, yellow, or red+yellow, not shown SOLD) Blue: 22-24 8.00
946 Larger-than-Seed Bohemia Irregular, wound, off-white 4-5mm widths. Easier to work with than smaller seed beads. Traded into Ghana where they are one of several types called Goombah beads. $2.75 ea./10 strands; $3.50 ea./3 strands; Single strands: 24 4.25
559c Massai (Pink) Venice? Pink beads favored by the Massai of Kenya, an unusual bead color. Small cane-cut (squared ends) about 200 per short 20" string. These are definitely what are called Massai beads. 20 16.50
559mp Massai? (Pink) China? Pink beads are favored by the Massai of Kenya. The cane-cut type shown here is definitely found there; I am uncertain whether the two wound types are also Massai items.   559p Wound, padre-sized dark-pink beads, about 110 per strand ($10 each per 5 strands), Per strand: $14.50;   559m) Wound, medium-sized beads, a mixture of two subtly different beads, one dark pink, the shaded more orange ($9 each per 5 strands) Per strand: 20 12.50
846 Small Pink Bohemia Molded round 5mm beads. This is the color favored by the Massai. $4.50 each per 3+; Singles: 21 6.00
566a Seed Europe, etc. Solid Strands 3-3.5m wide. Lowest value & commonest trade beads, made in Europe, China, India, etc. Your choice Red, Yellow, Blue as available. 22-24 7.50
566W Seed, White Europe, etc. White strands. Lowest value & commonest trade beads, made in Europe, China, India, etc. 566W) Beads 2-3mm wide; 566L) Beads 3-4mm wide. Either or mixed: $6 Ea / 3; $5 Ea / 10. Per strand: 24-26 7.50
566M Seed & Others Europe, China Mixed Strands Various colors, including the more irregular, larger Chinese type, and small white-hearts 24+ 8.50
580 Seed / Fulane Tiny seed beads, Widths 1.5m (green) SOLD, 2.5m (blue, red), 3.2m (stripe). One of several types called Fulane beads in Ghana. Your choice, as available (Samples shown) $2 Ea per 5+ 28 2.50
566C Seed: Chinese China Cruder and larger than European types, they look like tiny Padre beads. Shades of blue, samples shown. 3.5-5m wide. 9.50
664 Snake Beads, Small Bohemia Late 1800s, cleverly made to imitate nesting snake vertebrae which are used throughout Africa for divination. Bead width 6m. Will match your color preference if possible, but strands in scan are samples, not available. Mostly mixed colors on strands. 22 10.00
588 Sokingkode Europe Tbular translucent Red. Called Sokingkode in Ghana. Bright (24") or Dark (22") Red strands. Beads 4m wide, 7-8m long. 22/24 11.00
257 White Heart, Seed Venice Seed-bead sized, cane-cut & rounded. About 3m wide. Older dark-red beads. 24 12.50
257P White Heart: Tiny Seed Venice Seed-bead sized, cane-cut & rounded. Under 2m wide. Bright-red beads. Over 400 beads per strand. Per strand: $2.50/10+, $3.50/3+; Single Strand: 24 4.50
258R White Heart, Modern Bohemia Modern version of this classic trade bead, still with a rough "wound" look, variety in shape and thickness, and the brilliant red produced by translucent glass over a white core. Wide holes for easy stringing. About 8.5mm wide, about 85-90 per strand. $6.25/strand/3+ 22 7.75
705 Sexual Readiness Belt Ivory Coast & Ghana Multiple strands of graduated length with tiny beads, worn about the waist as a seductive cache-sexˇ by women in the Ghana-Ivory Coast border regions as a hint to husbands that the time is right. Available: 705b) Red 22 strands 34+", 17 beads/inch, ±12.5K beads, 6.5Oz. $39.50;705d) Green 37 strands 35+", 16.5 beads/inch, ±21K beads, 9.5Oz. $48.50; 705e) Orange 74 strands 29.5+", 16.5 beads/inch, ±35.5K beads, 15Oz. $90.00; 705f) White 139 strands 28+", 23 beads/inch, ±89.5K beads, 24Oz. $110.00; 705g) Blue 115 strands 35+", 18.5 beads/inch, ±74K beads, 275Oz. $110.00; ±36 $40-110
1040Tile BeadsVeniceSmall tubes with burnt-red exterior over darker core. Traded to the Naga and Chin peoples of NW Burma and NE India. Typical sizes are 3x8mm and 4x5mm for two sample strands shown. These are from an importer's stash from the 1990s or earlier; I can't find them offered online. They don't come up in the Africa trade. $3.00/50; $3.75/10; $4.50/3; Set of thick & thin strands $10; Single strand: 346.00
576C Low Value Mixture Bohemia, etc. Grand mixture of smaller trade beads, mostly Czech, lots of smaller, striped types. Good value. Typical strands shown. Bulk: $7.00 each/3+, $5.50 each/10+ strands; NOTE: 576C SOLD OUT; 576D Available. Single strand: 24 8.50
647 Peking Glass, Modern China Made for centuries, these are the modern product in a palette of colors. Mixed sizes, but average 80 per strand. Your choice of color if still in stock (please give 2nd choice!), or I will send you the longest strands or largest beads.    647S) Set of 10 pieces, mixed sizes and colors $2.50;    647) Full strands: 24-34 15.00
726 Modern Mix Asia Super long strand of modern low-quality beads, much variety of types, each strand diffrent, sample shown. Five strands $23.50, single strand: 56 6.00
450 Indo-Pacific, Large Indonesia Bright, solid red or green wound(?) beads 5-7mm wide. Not sure if these are included as Indo-Pacific types, or where made, but they come from Indonesia. Color mix OK. $14/5+ strands; Single strands: 28-30 16.50
452 Indo-Pacific, Translucent Indonesia Translucent light-blue, or dark-blue/purple drawn(?) beads about 5mm wide. Not sure if these are included as Indo-Pacific types, or where made, but they come from Indonesia. 28 35.00
445 Indo-Pacific, Mixed Indonesia Mixture of sizes, colors, origins of the "Tradewind bead". Sample strands shown.   445a) 25" strands $60SOLD;   445b) 18" strands, including smaller beads $50 $50-60

NECKLACES
Bead strands from Africa are made from broken-down necklaces processed into strands of all-alike or similar value beads. Below are authentic "natural" necklaces, old and new, reflecting traditional styles. Trade beads are used, but mostly later Czech types and seed beads. The typical 24" strand will fit over your head, and the stringing material is usually sturdy, if not elegant.
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STOCK#
NAME
MADE IN
DESCRIPTION
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US$
781 Ethiopia Necklace Germany / Netherlands Long necklaces of traditional composition (restrung) including copper coils, hollow beads & tubes of 'German silver', pendants of bone or aluminium. some later Czech beads, and - most interesting - Dutch "Dogon" and German "Donut" beads. I wish I knew the story behind these necklaces, the meaning behind the arrangement of elements. Also, why the prominence of these old, medium-value northern European beads usually associated with trade to Mali? What does the fan-like aluminium pendant represent? My supplier had dozens of these loose. Until the early 20th C. aluminium was a valuable metal & in Africa had the same curative properties as silver. Necklaces available:     b  , c  , d  , e  , f  , g  , h   Each: 38.50
973Ethiopia Donut NecklaceNetherlandsNatural necklaces from Ethiopia, made of Dark blue "Dutch donut" beads and cowries on long, thick multi-strand black cord. Available: 973c    973b 4080.00
810 Natural Moulay Necklaces Nigeria Intact, as-found necklaces worn by Fulani and Kambari women in Niger State, Nigeria, ca early 1800s. Each is big enough to fit over the head as strung, or could be restrung with a clasp. African-made brass Moulay beads alternate with (usually) red European beads. Most beads out of Africa are "processed" from natural necklaces into all-alike strands, so finding necklaces as they were actually worn is unusual. Selected for Large Moulay beads.    Strands available: a 25", e 25", g 32" 22+ 67.50
811 Natural Moulay Necklaces Nigeria Intact, as-found necklaces worn by Fulani and Kambari women in Niger State, Nigeria, ca early 1800s. Each is big enough to fit over the head as strung, or could be restrung with a clasp. African-made brass Moulay beads alternate with (usually) red European beads. Most beads out of Africa are "processed" from natural necklaces into all-alike strands, so finding necklaces as they were actually worn is unusual. Selected for Style of necklace:    Strands available: a 22" 22+ 57.50
811q Natural Moulay Necklaces Nigeria Quantity for beaders, dealers. Necklaces vary a bit in length, number of beads. Price each for quantity noted as-they-come,. or add 20% to send a larger quantity and you pick: $45/3, $40/6
814 Arusi Head piece Ethiopia From the Arusi Tribe in Ethiopia, many strands of small white-hearts dangle at the sides of the face with linking strands tied into braids at top of head. As shown. 22 85.00
874 Hamarec Locket necklace Ethiopia Hollow, triangular (etc.) metal beads on black cord, as worn by Hamarec peoples of Ethiopia. Probably nickel or low-fineness nickel-silver. I can shorten either necklace if you want single beads at $2.50 ea./3 or $2 ea./10+. $75-175
896 Igbo Chain Necklace Nigeria Ropes of braided bronze chain with large, fancy pendants. Seeking more information on these. Available: 896f   896h    896c   896d   896e Each: 35.00
896 Igbo Pendant Nigeria Taken from neckaces as above. Available: 696v) 95mm $18.50; 696w) 70mm $15 $15 - 18.50
847n Baule Brass Necklace Nigeria (Biafra) Necklace of round, hollow brass beads with lovely basket-weave pattern, graduated size from 12-19mm, and 3 larger beads, 26mm & 57mm. From the Baule people of eastern Nigeria. 26 65.00
858 Baule Brass Openwork Nigeria Newly made with bead spacers:      858a Round, 24mm, 20/strand, wheat-grain pattern;      858b Ellipsoid, 30mm, 17/strand, wheat-grain pattern;     858c Roundish, 30mm, 17/strand, rope design, mixed triangles and circles. Each: 30 34.50
604 Concona (Padre) + Bell Bohemia Molded dark blue to purple beads imitating the wound Chinese Padres, with a crude brass money bell, from Cameroun. Sample shown. 24 12.00
786 Fulani Money Necklace (large) Nigeria The Fulani have a number of traditional necklace styles. I do not know the purpose of this one, but they feature cowries and B.W.A. 1/10 Pennies, both small monies, along with "cosmos bells" and small cane-cut beads. Necklaces are new; their components older. Scans reduced; these are long 20" necklaces. Currently available: a, b, c, d 47.50
711Fulani Money Necklace (small)NigeriaFulani have a number of traditional necklace styles. I do not know the purpose of this one, but they feature cowries and B.W.A. 1/10 Pennies, both small monies, along with "cosmos bells" and small cane-cut beads. Necklaces are new; their components older. Available: 711a    711b    711c    711d    711e    711f    711g    711h    711j    711k3622.50
709Fulani Necklace: BellsN. AfricaAs-made necklace: multiple bead strands ending in cluster of brass bells, dangling bead chains tipped with cowries, coins, etc.    709a) Smooth bells;    709b) Cosmos bells & cowries;    709c) Mixed bell types. 2045.00
704Fulani Womens NecklaceWest AfricaMultiple strands of small beads with tubular white hearts, larger beads, copper wire, dyed twine, etc. Fit easily over head. Scans are 50% or smaller; order by 704 + letter next to necklace. Made a volume buy, so price much reduced.    s, t, u, v, w, x Seed beads     ab, ac, ad, ae, af Cane-cut beads 30-3237.50
1034Big Bells & Bones NecklaceFulaniLarge, old well-worn brass bells with dyed(?) brown reptile(?) bone spacers. About half have clappers, and bells clang together to produce a lovely sound. Available: 1034a) "Liberty" bell shape, widths & lengths 34-45mm, high tinkling sound ;    1034b) Cosmos design, larger than usual, widths 24-32mm; midrange "cowbell" tone. Each:100.00
969Old Fulani BrassNigeriaLarge hollow bronze beads with cosmos designs. Supplier says necklace of 24 was worn by village chiefs. Obvious age.   969s) Smaller 29-32mm widths $14.50 ea; 969L) Larger 37-41mm widths $19.50;     969a) Full strand: 325.00
992Bidda Wire CoilsNigeriaToned brass wire wound in 18-19mm coils, 3.3mm width, bright red bead spacers. Newly made. Samples shown. ($12 each per 3+) 2316.50
1030Large Cop/Brass Bead NecklaceTuaregHand-crafted large hollow bicones with alternating rings of copper and brass, simple etched pattern, showing wear; green vaseline spacers. Beads are 29-32mm wide x 37-41mm long. 34125.00
705 Sexual Readiness Belt Ivory Coast & Ghana Multiple strands of graduated length with tiny beads, worn about the waist as a seductive cache-sexˇ by women in the Ghana-Ivory Coast border regions as a hint to husbands that the time is right. Available: 705b) Red 22 strands 34+", 17 beads/inch, ±12.5K beads, 6.5Oz. $39.50;705d) Green 37 strands 35+", 16.5 beads/inch, ±21K beads, 9.5Oz. $48.50; 705e) Orange 74 strands 29.5+", 16.5 beads/inch, ±35.5K beads, 15Oz. $90.00; 705f) White 139 strands 28+", 23 beads/inch, ±89.5K beads, 24Oz. $110.00; 705g) Blue 115 strands 35+", 18.5 beads/inch, ±74K beads, 275Oz. $110.00; ±36 $40-110
707 Mauritania Necklace N. Africa Modern composition using old trade beads, some newer beads, shells, spindle-whorls, etc. Simple bead clasp. Scan shows both sides. 707k 17 oz.; 707L 16 oz. 92.50
680 Faith Necklace Bohemia When the Arabs were converting Saharan Africa to Islam, it was prudent to wear something showing you were already of the faith. Necklaces of red carnelian stone with flat, coinlike inscribed beads were popular. These are modern equivalents, probably c. 1800-1850, in red glass. Called Hajj beads, possibly worn by pilgrims to Mecca. The smaller beads read Mohammed and the larger Allah Hasbi or similar phrases. Each is different, two samples shown. One-pendant necklace: $27; Two-pendant: $29; Three for $69 13 27.00 - 29.00
2167 Prayer Bead Necklace Ethiopia Made by Ethiopian silversmiths and called Musbaha. Hollow, silver-plated beads (66-68) with endpiece and colorful yarn tassels. Newly made. Wearable, but should be restrung on better cord. ($9 ea. per 3+) 42 11.50
928 Moslem Prayer Beads Mali Very hard, dark wood with inlaid aluminum bands. One type with similar pendant beads. Newly made. Samples shown. Type a (beads 13-14mm wide) or b (10-11mm wide): 28-30 27.50
877 Dinka Bone Necklace Sudan Dark-tinted bones with white bead spacers on leather cord, worn by Dinka men. Shown with bones turned inward for compact scan, but necklace b illustrates it is more impressive with fewer spacers & bones outward, lion's mane style. Variable lengths & bone sizes, necklaces available:    877b 34-40 47.50
690 Mummy Bead Necklace Egypt Necklaces with new brass and imitation "mummy beads". Supposedly they contain "old" beads as well, but that may be a tale to sell these to tourists. All wearable. Longest (B) is 13". Necklaces available: A, B, D 16.00
728n Akha Belt Thailand / Burma Modern "money" belt using Cowries, coins and old trade beads stitched on black fabric. 30" long 30 35.00
728b Akha Necklace Thailand / Burma Modern "money" necklace using Cowries, white-heart trade beads, and (worn) coins stitched on black fabric. Sample shown. Ea 17.50
832 Ivory Necklace Unknown Necklace of 11 tubular beads (22mm long), 7 triangular ( look flat in this 2 dimensional scan) beads (25-30mm long), and 6 small spacer beads. Not sure what kind of ivory this is, or where made. From a 1970s-80s collection of worldwide "primitive" money 100.00
1510 Kris Ring Indonesia The ceremonial kris sword had a relatively plain iron blade, but a very fancy, bejewelled handle including one or more rings. These are modern versions with plastic jewels. They may fit an adult pinky, or child's finger. Samples shown. Each: 4.00

PENDANTS   (& charms, amulets)
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STOCK#
NAME
MADE IN
DESCRIPTION
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US$
212 Talhakimt Pendants (Glass) Bohemia Single beads Large, flat European-made glass beads or pendants (ca. 1930s?) imitating earlier stone and metal currency objects of the Tuaregs of the northern Sahara. Also called tanfouk, Niger glass, and Zinder beads. See Der Primitivgeldsammler 1989/1 p.23 #IV1,3. Opitz p.38, 64, A. Fisher Africa Adorned page 186., and beadazzled site. Range 47-54m tall. Presently only red & green available. Advise if you would like to be notified when rarer colors come into stock.    $10.00 each per 3+ ; Per one: Each: 12.00
218 Talhakimt Pendants (Agate) Europe/India Single beads Large, flat pendant-beads used by the Tuaregs of the northern Sahara. Also called tanfouk, Niger glass, and Zinder beads. Lovely agate specimens, almost certainly older than the glass. The scans can not show the bands and swirls of orange, brown, and off-white visible when held to the light. Best history I've found is at the beadazzled site.    Priced by size: ab only) (avg. 110x42mm) $45; ae-ak) (avg. 85x37mm) SOLD; ap, aq, ar, as) (avg. 80x35mm) $30; bb-bm) (avg. 67x32mm) $25. SECOND CHOICES, PLEASE. Take 15% discount for 2 or more. Each: $25 - $45
219 Talhakimt Pendants (Agate), Damaged Bohemia? Single beads Large, flat pendant-beads used by the Tuaregs of the northern Sahara. Lovely agate (or carnelian?) specimens. These specimens are shown enlarged, worst side visible, with descriptions of the cutting irregularities or damage. I could have passed up this group when buying the lot, but wanted to show that these ARE old, used beads.   Priced by size: fa) (92x40mm) SOLD; fb-fe) (smallest is 62x42mm) $25; ff-fj) (smallest is 65x34mm) $20; fk-fm) (61x33mm) $20. SECOND CHOICES, PLEASE. Take 15% discount for 2 or more. Each: $20 - $35
969Fulani Pendant BeadsNigeriaLarge hollow bronze beads with cosmos designs. Supplier says necklace of 24 was worn by village chiefs. Obvious age. Item 854e is a modern (& far infaerior) copy.    969s) Smaller 29-32mm widths $14.50 ea; 969L) Larger 37-41mm widths $19.50;     969a) Full strand: 325.00
1030Large Cop/Brass Bead NecklaceTuaregHand-crafted large hollow bicones with alternating rings of copper and brass, simple etched pattern, showing wear; green vaseline spacers. Beads are 29-32mm wide x 37-41mm long. 34125.00
896 Igbo Chain Necklace Nigeria Ropes of braided bronze chain with large, fancy pendants. Seeking more information on these. Available: 896f   896h    896c   896d   896e Each: 35.00
871 Tuareg "Coin Silver" N. Africa Fancy Bicones 8x15mm with flat, etched pendant. Made from melted down cu-ni coins called "pound silver". Sample necklace shown. 24 45.00
896 Igbo Pendant Nigeria Taken from neckaces as above. Available: 696v) 95mm $18.50; 696w) 70mm $15
891 Ndoro Bohemia Conus (a mollusc) shells were introduced to East Africa by Arab slavers and served as both currency (like cowries) and status symbols, worn whole or cut in half, on the forehead by Shona Chiefs. "In the 1870s the British destroyed as many of them as they could find in British East Africa, because of their presumed links to opaganism. When crime greatly increased due to the lack of currency, they had porcelain copies of the shells made in Bohemia [in 1892 - Liu] with serial numbers on them. In time the Bohemians took the design and made glass copies . . . . " (Francis, P., Beads of the World p. 109). See also Liu, R., Collectible Beads p. 29, 42. Today the Masai and related tribes still value and modify by filing the more modern Czech glass copies. My specimens were collected from the Tonga Tribe of Zimbabwe and Zambia.   891b) 47-49mm wide $30; 891d 30-44mm wide $15; 891f) Tiny 12-13mm wide $2.50 Each or $2 Ea./3+ Each 2.50 - 30.00
226 Dorome Ring Nigeria "Cast brass ring used as fare tokens for donkey carts, Dorome Tribe, Nigeria. The drivers turned them in to the Chiefs, who held the concession, and were paid in bracelets (inquire) of similar form. Size 24-25mm, " Available: 226a) Sharp hatched pattern (new?). Bottom row in photo $4.65 each; $3.35 ea./3+; 226b) Worn or plain (older?) $4.65 each; $3.35 ea./3+, $2.75 ea./10+; 226t) Set of 3 different $9.50; "226s) Spaced on a leather strip, the belt served as a badge of office for the cart drivers, about 60-70 pieces per belt. Older, smooth rings. Sample shown. $165" 3.50 - $165
837 Brass Charm Beads: Newer Asanti (Ghana) Brass charm beads of various designs. Fair casting quality. Measurements in scan are (approximate) length x width / # per strand. All have good-sized holes. Quantities are limited of some types. ("M" is Sold out) OK to mix types for quantity discounts: Per 10: $10.00 each; Per 3: $12 each; Singles: 20-24 15.00
854 Fulani Hollow Brass W. Africa Newly made, polished brass hollow beads, round with Cosmos design. Partial strands shown. Large enough to use as pendants. Sizes: 854a) Length 25mm plus 3 larger 28-32mm beads $35;    854c) Length 34mm, 21 beads: $55;   854e) Length 37mm, 20 pieces: $65 35.00 - 65.00
855 Fulani Hollow Brass W. Africa Newly made, polished brass hollow beads, rounded triangles with Cosmos design. Partial strand shown. Each 55-61mm long x 38-40mm. Holes at "shoulders" so can be hung as pendant. 65.00
867 "Ring" Beads Ethiopia Modern, hand-made metal beads imitating a traditional finger ring often worn as a necklace pendant. Bicone shape, some size variation. Prices per-bead. b) Brass, range 17-22mm, $3 each, $2.50/3, $1.75/10+; n) Nickel, about 19-20mm $2 each, $1.50/3, $1.00/10+
280 Spindle Whorl Pendants Pacific NW Amerind Silver and Copper Pendants based on Northwest American Indian spindle whorl designs (note circle at center). Three different designs, each available in .999 silver, and Alaskan copper, with Lodgepole Pine reverse. Size 1.75" (45m), 2 troy oz. weight. Also a smaller 1.5" copper with Weaving Woman / Eagle Salmon design. The silver come with silver bezel, the copper with loop, cord, and certificate of authenticity. Designed by Seattle artist Joseph Illg, a limited edition struck by Northwest Territorial Mint. Silver are $90 each; Copper are $30 each. 30.00 - 90.00
2501 Coptic Crosses Ethiopia Looped white-metal crosses in a wide variety of styles, mostly 60-90m high. The original silver versions are hard to find now. I can not supply the exact pieces shown in the scan, but if you advise a preference I will try to match, otherwise just give you the largest in stock. Mostly 40-50m $6 Each; $4.50 each per 5+.    Inquire for larger quantities. Each 6.00
874 Hamarec Locket necklace Ethiopia Hollow, triangular (etc.) metal beads on black cord, as worn by Hamarec peoples of Ethiopia. Probably nickel or low-fineness nickel-silver. I can shorten either necklace if you want single beads at $2.50 ea./3 or $2 ea./10+. $75-175
2195Ethiopia "Fan" PendantEthiopiaToned brass Pendants, mostly 50-60mm tall, found on natural necklaces from Ethiopia and sold separately by the Traders. Samples shown. (Ask for Scan ZZ2195.5 for unusual and lower-quality pieces priced individually.) Each:14.50
2170 Tuareg Carnelian Ring Tuareg Carnelian stone set in etched ring base of silver, probably about .500 fine. Age unknown. Can be strung as pendant. Available: a, b Each: 45.00
743 Cosmology Beads Baule, Ivory Coast Brass beads with round animist cosmological symbol. Modern, but show some use, cleaned. A has 30 pieces 20mm long (single bead $2); B has 29 pieces 20mm long; C has 20 pieces 28mm long. Each strand: 22 20.00
2175 Double Spiral Amulet West Africa Protective charm, brass, with cosmic spirals, ropelike stem & loop. Among Lobi & Bobo worn by children; among Kirdi worn on hip by women. Often strung with beads. a) 52m tall, look new; Shorter, worn, look old. (Pair: $4.50: Each 2.50
2181 Fulani Bells West Africa Single Larger Brass bells, often worn with beads. With clappers unless noted. Available: a, b, d $9; c $12.50; e (sand holes on other side) $4; f 48mm no clappers, g 50mm $6; h, j $5 Each 4.00 - 12.50
2180 Fulani Bells West Africa Brass bells SETS Often worn with beads. Used to be common, haven't seen on market in years. Sets of 4-5 bells available: b, c, d Set 27.50
839 Fulani Cosmos Bells W. Africa Small bells with spiral Cosmos design and large loops, some with stones inside to create rattle. Mixed sizes 6-16mm, , average 125-150 bells per strand. Some worn or patinated, some miscast, some cleaned. Strands available:     839b    839c     839e    839f 24 135.00
2183 Fulani Animals West Africa Brass animal forms, won with beads. Look new. Your choice Turtle or Lizard. Samples shown. Each 3.00
2185 Baule "coin" Amulets Ivory Coast Round, looped brass with braided rope background overlaid in concentric half and quarter circle designs. Nicely crafted, coinlike pieces, 45m. Bought this group several years ago and have not seen since. Nicer quality than the pieces on the necklaces. Scarcer F-L types $6 Each; Types A to E $5.50 Each; 2185s) Set of five A - E Set 23.50
743eBaule Cosmology PendantsIvory CoastStrung necklaces, possibly as-worn, with 10 brass charms spaced with beads. Each charm 65x50mm. Newly made. Sample hown3036.50
2187 OLD West African Amulets West Africa Older pieces, probably worn with beads: A) Dogon or Senufo, representing cattle huts? SOLD; B) Triangles $17.50; C) Kola nuts? old, dirty $15; D) ?? $15; E-H) $12.50 each Each 12.50 - 35.00
878 Old Gige Bead? N. Nigeria Made ca. 1900-1920's in northern Nigeria, according to supplier. More rough and flawed than the modern types shown in Simak. Look like balls of tar, but light brown when held to the light. Avg. 35x20mm, large center holes.      Single beads: $3.00, or $2.50 ea/3; Full strand: Sample shown: 22 60.00
931 Gige Beads: Large Ghana? Matte-surface, semi-tanslucent beads given roundish shape by turning in moulds while cooling. Mostly 30-31mm wide, large holes. Made since 1990s. See Simak p.136. Appear black, but light blue when held to light. Green avbailable also. 28 beads per strand. 28 28.50
998Yemen Silver BeadsYemenHollow spheres mostly 25x25mm with fancy designs and large string holes. Made by Jewish silversmiths prior to their expulsion in 1949. Average 8-9gm each. SAMPLES Shown. a) $23.50 each; b) $27.50 each Each:$24 - $27
1327 Fossil Disk (Pi) China "Heaven was represented by the ancients in the tangible form of a perforated disk of jade. It was believed that such a token embodied the qualities of solar effulgence, and was closely connected with the powers of Heaven by means of its maagical properties, and therefore the Emperor, being the Son of Heaven, was able to commune and consult with Heaven through the medium o the jade disc." (C.A.S. Williams Outlines of Chinese Symbolism and Art Motives p.235. Offered here are MODERN pieces in black agate, 45mm (1.75") wide, crowded with small marine(?) fossils. Called Gemstone Donuts in jewelry trade. No two are alike. ($39 for 10) Each 5.00
2500 Spindle Whorls Nigeria Strung as beads, these are terracotta weights used to spin fabric strands into thread. They are one of the commonest and most universal of artifacts. Age unknown, but not recent. Size 40-50m across. Single beads of my choice are available, a) plain $9; b)with etched designs $12. Strand of 33: 200.00
2502 Spindle Whorls Nigeria Strung as beads, these are terracotta weights used to spin fabric strands into thread. They are one of the commonest and most universal of artifacts. Lots of 4-6 beads as shown, per lot: 12.50
2504 Spindle Whorls Guinea Strung as beads, these are terracotta weights used to spin fabric strands into thread. They are one of the commonest and most universal of artifacts. Strands of 27 beads, mixed sizes and quality. Single Beads, as they come $5.50 each, or $4 ea./5+; Full strands available: 2504b Each: 79.50
23b Spindle Whorls Mexico Lot of five terracotta Mexican spinning whorls, most with design. Imported 1970s or 80s and almost certainly authentic. Set of 5: 30.00
727L Mardi Gras Beads New Orleans Big sack of used plastic beads, including a few Doubloons and other "throws." Not the new & all-the-same stuff sold on Ebay. Over 4 Lbs 12.50
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