FrenchYellowjacket      OLD TRADE BEADS     Millefiori

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BEADS & ME
I'm Scott Semans, a longtime coin dealer who has fallen in love with old trade beads. Living near Seattle, I see the Los Angeles-based Traders at the end of their route when they cut prices before turnaround for another buying trip. My markups are more coin-market than jewelry or gallery pricing, so I often sell in volume to crafters, manufacturers, and dealers. I am not an expert. Only minimal research has been done, and you may learn more about particular types from Dubin, Liu, Francis, and other works. Most bead types have no widely accepted names, so those given below are collector terms, African names, or my own made-up descriptive terms. Corrections & advice welcome!

ABOUT THE LISTINGS BELOW . . .
Click on the thumbnail to see a sample bead or strand, then click on stock numbers to the right to see more offerings. You will get the bead or strand in the scan, unless noted "SAMPLE" in the description. These are flatbed scans, not photos, so the actual beads will look much better! Strands scanned straight may look smaller on your screen than curled strands; enlarge your browser window for more detail. Generally beads are sold in strands, so I have bolded the singles offerings. Prices in US$.      QUANTITIES available when photo says "SAMPLE".     BUYING:   I also buy trade beads; contact me.

HOW TO *SEARCH* MY BEAD STOCK
ALL of my beads are listed on this page. You can JUMP TO a category listed at left, then scroll through the offerings. To do a WORD SEARCH, hold down the Control and "F" keys to bring up a search box (Command and "F" for Mac), then type in red, or millefiori, or whatever. To find additional entries, continue with Control+G key. This is only a word search, so put in one word only, or words in exact order.

PLACING AN ORDER . . .
To order (or inquire), copy and paste the entire line, except the photo, for each item into an email . Since there is often more than one strand or bead for a listing line, delete the text for ones you don't want. I will respond shortly with an invoice. Or click this ORDERING INFO link for more details. I'm always glad to take your phone order: 425-369-1725 8:00 AM to 7:00 PM USA Pacific; mornings best, weekends worst. I take most forms of payment. I charge only the USPS rates, often $2.60 for a few beads or a strand, or $6.80 flat-rate for several (USA). International orders welcome.
NEW NOVEMBER 2016
This page was completely revised with hundreds of new entries in October, so if you've visited since then, here are all the new entries since then.
CLICK!
STOCK#
NAME
DESCRIPTION (click link numbers for images)
PRICE
1284 Chinese Fossilized Ivory These remain something of a mystery. I got them from a coin dealer whose inventory I purchased ca. 1988, and he called them "Chinese neolithic jade." They're clearly not jade, and while they have the sound of glass or stone when tapped, they show the sort of crazing and cracks I've seen on old ivory bracelets. The best comment I got from the Bead Collector Network Bulletin Board was having seen their like in a Thai market, being sold by a non-Thai, and others had ID'd as fossilized ivory. A Chinese coin expert who studies published excavation reports to help date early coins suggests Western Zhou period, ca. 800-500 BC. They weren't cheap even in the 1980s when Chinese antiquities were flooding out and fetching 1/10th of what they are today. Pricing cracked the same as whole ones, as I think these best demonstrate their ivory origins.     1284a    1284b    1284c    1284d     1284e $95.00
1286 Big Hole Medieval Beads Larger beads with large center holes, mostly blues & greens, plus faience, excavated in Mali. Different assortment than I hve seen before. Could some or most of these be pre-Islamic? Widths mostly 5-14mm, 28-30" Strands:     1286a    1286b $225 each $225.00
940EF Small Weathered Gray Medieval nilus Indo-Pacific beads from India (ca. 700-1200) found in Mali & region. Probably blue & green originally, but weatherized to gray.    940E Light to medium grays, mostly 3-5mm $17.00 each; $13.50/3+; $11.50/10+.    940F Mostly gray, but slightly larger, more varied shapes, and some colored mixed in. $18.00 each; $14.50/3+; $12.50/10+ Sample 23-24" strands shown. $11.50 - 18.00
1294 Decorated Rat's Dung? (Venice) Small elongated dark browns with wavy white & yellow banding, mostly ±10x5mm. Unusual; kind of alike a decorated version of the Gajuroko (Rat's Dung) type.. Many are dirty or cracked.     10-11" strands: 1294a    1294b $47.50
350 Chevron Seeds Unusual strand of tiny chevrons, some black, some green, both with red & white interior layers. Plus gooseberries! Widths 2.5-3.5mm, 20" strand. $40.00
1290 Football Beads (Bohemia) Clear beads in the elongated shape of American footballs, complete with center grip lines and end rings. String passes through a handle on the top of each bead. Altogether a most unusual bead shape, 23-24mm lengths.      1290a Tight, doubled 12" strand, some beads worn partly smooth. Advise if you would like a few single beads, as I may break this one. $250.00
1291 Beer Barrel Beads (Bohemia) Clear beads in the elongated shape of a blunted American football, or a shhort barrel, complete with stave & hoop lines. String passes through a handle on the top of each bead. Altogether a most unusual bead shape, 16-18mm lengths.      1291a Tight, doubled 132" strand, some beads worn partly smooth. Advise if you would like a few single beads, as I may break this one. $225.00
1233 Russian Reds (Bohemia) Small 16-facet ruby reds, much like the smallest Russian Blues, but made by Prosser process. About 6mm.     11-12" strands: 1233a    1233b $47.50
1205 Clear Squares (Bohemia) Cubes, about 8-9mm on a side, worn enough to be a bit misty. Sample 28" strands shown. $20.00
1296 Fluted Beads (Bohemia) Fluted, crenelated, rayed shapes, smaller beads in blacks and whites. 10-11" strands. Each different:     1296a $17.50;    1296b Black, white, etc. $18.50;    1296c Black, 9mm widths $22.50 $17.50+
1298 Disk Beads (Bohemia) Various colors, some uniform shape, others pleasingly crude. ±20" strands:     1298a $20.00;    1298b $20.00;    1298c $22.50 $20.00+
1304 Mali Clay (Black) Big disks of orange clay with black applied around design elements; different from the modern spindle worl beads of black clay with color applied to incised designs. Older?? Disks mostly 30-32mm wide, designs both sides. Strands:    1304a    1304b    1304c    1304d $30.00
2242 Baule Bells Strand of well-worn brass bells, no clappers, about 19-20mm widths 55.00
896 Yoruba Gilded Necklaces Complex multi-strand chains, clasps, and fancy pendants in bright brass, simulating gold. Much more crafted than most African metal-work, and no two alike. Hanging length given in each photo. Available:      896a    896b    896c    896d     896e $35.00
897 Yoruba Metal Necklaces Highly variable assemblies of tubes, rounds, beads, etc. No two similar. Much more crafted than most African metal-work. Hanging length given in each photo. Available:      897a $30.00;     897b $30.00;    897c $30.00;     897d $35.00;    897e $22.50;    897f $25.00 $20.00 - 30.00


MIXED STRANDS
The bead operations in Africa buy in loose beads, necklaces, etc., unstring and clean them, then reassemble strands of all-alikes, or graduated sizes. Especially when there is a great deal of variation in quality or variant, they try to balance value among strands to frustrate cherry-picking. However, some assemblers do create deliberately mixed strands, usually of like-value beads. Mixed strands also are made when there are not enough of a scarcer type to make full strands. Such strands appeal to collectors more than crafters, and I seek them out. When I offer both photo'd and "blind" strands I am not hiding poorer strands, just saving the time / cost of making and handling photos.
CLICK!
STOCK#
NAME
DESCRIPTION (click link numbers for images)
PRICE
653 Higher Value Mixtures Mixed strands with a lot of variety. Mostly middle to high end beads. Strands: 653a) Aja, blue Tires, exotic blacks, etc. 20" $275;     653b) 1980s, small moon beads, Dutch a-speo, early Dogs tooth, etc. $450;     653c) 1980s, 22", tiny skunks, etc, $85;    653d) 20". King-bead disks & striped aja(?) $165;    653e) Strand end, leftovers from a 1980s string of Kiffa beads, $55;    653f) 40" strand, $255;    653g) Bodom, Akoso, amazing Millies, all high-end, huge 36" strand $325;    653h) Bodom, Akoso, amazing Millies, all high-end, huge 36" strand $325;    653k) Brown French Cross & oddities $150;    653L) Floral & Feather themed, 1980s strand, $300; $85.00+
651 Mid Value Mixture Mixed collection of medium-value beads. A good way to build a collection of types which would be costly in full strings. 24+" Strands: 651a    651b    651c    651d     651e    651f    651g $27.50
650 Miscellaneous Mixtures These strands have nothing in common with each other, except they don't fit in the other mixed-strand categories! There are 1980s collection strands, partial strands, strands that were put together recently in Africa for no clear purpose. No hints, just click on the number to see each one. Strands: 650a 27", $47.50;    650b 32", $55;    650c 26", $45;    650d 26", $55;    650e 22", $75;    650f 24", $70;    650g 26", $55;    650h 22", $40;      650j 30", $40;    650k 28", $40;    650L 28", $35 $35.00 - 75.00
652 Cassamance Collections Want high-end old beads without buying full strands? Some of the beads here are so uncommon you'll never see a full strand. From the Cassamance region of Senegal where European trade beads first entered Africa by the sea trade, extra long strands with hardly a duplicate. There are a few old African stone or true Bodoms mixed in, otherwise pure Venice. Strands: 652a    652b    652c    652d     652e $290.00
658 Ghana Mix #1 Mixed strands from Ghana have always been the best value. Each strand is a mini-collection of mid/high-value bead types traded into Ghana. The "A" series strands include some modern, along with higher value types. Each strand is different. Shown at 150% for detail. Strands: 658a    658b    658c    658d    658e    658f    658g    658h     658j    658k    658Aa    658Ab    658Ac    658Ad    658Ae    658Af     Discount: Three or more strands, $52.50 each $59.50
659 Ghana Mix #2 Mixed strands from Ghana have always been the best value. Each strand is a mini-collection of mid-value smaller bead types traded into Ghana, with little duplication. Just a few modern African beads. Each strand is different. Shown at 150% for detail. Strands: 659a    659b    659c    659d    659e    659f    659g    659h     658j    658k    658L    658m    658n $28.50
657 Nigeria Mix Super-long 38" strands including Venetian, Czech, and modern African types, glass & stone. Some intriguing beads here, but mostly low value. Each strand is different. Shown at 150% for detail. Strands: 657a    657b    657c    657d    657e    657f    657g    657h     657j    657k    657L    657m    657n
Bulk strands: 657L1) Different batch, even longer 42+" strands, $25 each, $22.50/3+, $17.50/10+
$29.50
660 Ghana Pop Mix Necklaces of modern Ghana types and older trade beads. Every one different. At this price, showing just a couple of samples. $12.50 each per 3+; Single 24" necklace: $15.00
576 Cheap Mixture Grand mixture of smaller trade beads, mostly Czech from the Africa trade, 24" strands. 576B) Mostly 5-6mm width. $5.50 / strand, $4.50/3+;    576CL) Mostly 5-7mm width, lot of 3 strands $20 $5.50
726 Asian Mix Super long 56" strand of modern low-quality beads imported in 1993, much variety of types, each strand different. Five strands $23.50, single strand: $6.00
707 Mauritania Necklace Modern composition using old trade beads, some newer beads, shells, spindle-whorls, etc. Simple bead clasp. These weigh over 1 Lb. each! Scan shows both sides. Strands: 707c     707d    707e      707f     707g     707h $82.50
1220 Venetian ClassicsThis strand (167 beads, 55" long) was collected in Borneo in 1967 by a natural scientist who also bought craft items. The Africa Traders recognize some of them and say they are Venetian, but often not like the ones from Africa. Strand is for sale, POR.     ENLARGEMENT

HOW OLD IS OLD?   The older European trade beads generally date to the late 1700's or early 1800s, while the majority of the bead export to Africa was mid 1800s to 1920s. Finding dates of manufacture or use on beads is difficult. I do stock a very few modern (post-1950), new (today), or 2nd-gen (new from old cane) types, but say so in the description. No deceptive Asian knockoffs! I do look for authentic old types in great condition. Educate yourself on reproductions and please correct me if I am wrong about the age of anything offered at this site - I will be grateful for your input. Ancient bead making website with great photos.

ANCIENT & EARLY
Dating beads is difficult to impossible. This section includes: a) Indigenous African stone & shell beads dating from the Paleolithic forward, b) Late "Roman," usually from the middle east, including Roman-style glass reworked into beads, c) Faience beads of Egyptian or middle eastern origin, d) Weathered Medieval Indian beads excavated in the Sahara, e) Chinese, Indo-Pacific or other early Asian beads.     For EARLY MODERN (1500s-1700s) see AFRICA STONE
CLICK!
STOCK#
NAME
DESCRIPTION (click link numbers for images)
PRICE
868 Ancient Fossil beads Cut segments of a long extinct tubular sea-bottom animal form, soapy gray rock having replaced the animal tissues. Beads are over 1000 years old according to supplier, the outside segmentation worn, but showing very sharply on interiors. Range 12-28mm wide x 8-15mm long, very wide (natural) holes Singles:, mixed sizes: $2.75 each, $2.00/3, $1.50/10+;      Strands: 868a 27" $85 2.75 / 85.00
1284 Chinese Fossilized Ivory These remain something of a mystery. I got them from a coin dealer whose inventory I purchased ca. 1988, and he called them "Chinese neolithic jade." They're clearly not jade, and while they have the sound of glass or stone when tapped, they show the sort of crazing and cracks I've seen on old ivory bracelets. The best comment I got from the Bead Collector Network Bulletin Board was having seen their like in a Thai market, being sold by a non-Thai, and others had ID'd as fossilized ivory. A Chinese coin expert who studies published excavation reports to help date early coins suggests Western Zhou period, ca. 800-500 BC. They weren't cheap even in the 1980s when Chinese antiquities were flooding out and fetching 1/10th of what they are today. Pricing cracked the same as whole ones, as I think these best demonstrate their ivory origins.     1284a    1284b    1284c    1284d     1284e $95.00
906 Ancient Fossil? Chalky white objects with fluted edges and stipple patterns, which I suspect are a fossilized sea creature. Excavated in Mali. Supplier says about 2000 years old. Singles: $3.50 Each, or $2.50 Each/3+ $3.50
990-2 Mauritania Conus From Mauritania, shaped, drilled & decoratively worked Conus shells "Used since antiquity . . ." (Simak p.32), now used at Arab weddings. Some beads plain, but scanner does not show well those with decorative etching. Disk strands: Worked, concave white disks strung in opposed pairs. 990a Graduated 10-17mm widths, 26" $85;    990b Graduated 13-26mm widths, 24" $85;    Fragment strands: Polished bits of conus in graduated strands. 991a $75;    991b $75;     Heavy strands: Thick, solid pieces, including whole shells 992a 32", 25 oz (710gm) $200;    992b 33" 11.9 oz (337gm) $160 $75.00+
1210 Mystery Digs Reliable supplier says they are shell beads excavated in Mali, but I'm not 100% sure of either age or material. Feedback welcome. Type A, 28" Strands: Variable disks 5-9mm widths. 1210Aa        Type B,--> 28" Strands: Short barrels, 6-7mm widths, black speckles. 1210Ba    1210Bb    1210Bc $45.00
480 Amazonite Roughs Historically worn as amulets across northern Africa, before and including classical Egypt, these beads & pendants are today found from Morocco to Nigeria. Holed with stone drills, the flat (edgewise) beads were difficult to make. Finished tourquoise greens are the most valued; these are older, unpolished beads. Photos 300%. Price is for all beads in the photo. LOTS: Flats: 480Ba;   480Bb;   480Bc $45/Lot;    Colors: 480Ca $75;    480Cb $45,      Shapes: 480Da;    480Db;    480Dc $35 each;     Bigs & Smalls: (Two views for each lot) 480Ea $40;   480Eb $35;   480Ec $30;   480Ed $25;   480Ef $35 $20.00 - 60.00
482 Amazonite, bicones Dark Green to gray stone worked into bicone shape and drilled with primitive stone drills. Less expensive than the rougher, lighter green and varied color beads. LOTS:    Matched pairs of gray, suitable for necklaces: 482Aa;   482Ab;   482Ac $19.50 / Pair ;    Three Different in size, shape, color: 482Ba;   482Bb;   482Bc;    $29.50 / Set;     Large Beads:, lovely dark green: 482Ea;   482Eb;   482Ec;   482Ed 44-49x19-23mm, $17.50 each;    482Fa 55mm, $22.50,   482Fb 57mm, $25;   482Fc 70mm, $30;    482L1 Lot of 3: $35 $11.00+
1172 Large Neolithic Mali/Sahel; Rough, mainly large beads of varying stone types, with funnel-shape pecked holes. Advise if you are interested in single stones, as I may break up. Strands: 1172a) 40", 1.87 kilo (66 oz). Largest bead 60x38mm, 180gm. 1172a-backs Price: $500;    1172b) 32", .67 kilo (24 oz), largest bead 31x48mm 1172b-backs Price: $300 $300.00+
870 Ancient Granite From Burkina Faso, crude gray discs with soil adhesions from burial. Mostly 10-13mm wide. Age unknown, but primitively made; holes irregular but not pecked. Usually excavated beads are expensive, but I guess "ugly" lowers the asking price! Singles: $1.25 each/3+, .75/10+;       Strands: 22" 870d      870e     870f $32.50 each $1.25 / 32.50
908 Large Old Granite Ancient granite beads excavated near modern city of Maiduguri in Nigeria. Strands: 908a 12 beads $175;    908b 27 beads $350 $175.00+
736 Dogon Granite, Larger Widths ±10-25mm Great mixture of granite & gneiss beads excavated at Djenné. Simak p.80-81 says 13-16th century but still made with traditional techniques; supplier says 1600-1700s. Rough to semi-polished. Each necklace has quite different shapes, sizes, patterns. 25" Strands: 736d $135;    736f) $135;    736g) $150;    736h) $135;    736j) $135;    736k) $150;    Discount: Mix or match all Dogon granite: 15% /3+ 879, 882, 736 & 735. $135.00+
882 Dogon Granite, Medium Widths ±4-15mm Great mixture of granite & gneiss beads excavated at Djenné. Simak p.80-81 says 13-16th century but still made with traditional techniques; supplier says 1600-1700s. Rough to semi-polished. Each necklace has quite different shapes, sizes, patterns. 26-28" Strands: 882a    882b    882c    882d    882e    882f    882g    882h $95 each;      Smaller Beads: 882j    882k $75 each;     Discount: Mix or match all Dogon granite: 15% /3+ 879, 882, 736 & 735. $75.00+
879 Dogon Granite, Smaller Widths ±4-10mm or rough Smaller (or rougher) granite & gneiss beads excavated at Djenné. Each necklace has quite different shapes, sizes, patterns. 24" Strands: 879a    879b    879e     $50 each;    Discount: Mix or match all Dogon granite: 15% /3+ 879, 882, 736 & 735. $50.00
735 Dogon Granite Matched/Uniform Strands from a 1980s collection, beads mostly ellipsoids, black-&-white granite, similar sizes, differently from how they are strung today. Priced by strand length & average bead size. Medium Beads: 735Aa $75;    735Ab $55;    735Ac $55    735Ad $65;    735Ae $80;    735Af $80;    735Ag $75;     Smaller Beads: 735Ba    735Bb    735B.c $45 each;    Discount: Mix or match all Dogon granite: 15% /3+ 879, 882, 736 & 735. $45.00+
263 Togo Stone Neolithhic. White quartz disc with pecked funnel holes hole, coated with reddish earth, wide range of sizes. Was their original use beads, or bases for bow & drill fire starting? Quiggin Survey of Primitive Money and others reference them as money. The Akhan & nearby tribes would find them exposed after heavy rains, and called them thunderstones, believing they had come from the sky and had healing properties. The smaller size (10-30mm) are found in Mauritania and are called "biscuit beads."
"TOGO" (large) about 35-50m, 33-80gm Singles: 263) $14.50 each; 3 for $37.50;    Strand: 263a) $225.00
"MAURITANIA" (small) range about 9-27mm Singles: 263D) $5.00 for a larger specimen, or $4 / 3+ mixed sizes;     Strand: 263Da) $90
HUGE ±70-80mm across, over 200gm This size I can see being foot-gripped & drilled, spark falling through the hole to tinder below - truly a valuable and trade-worthy object. Singles: 263La    263Lb    263Lc    263Ld $50 each;    263Lm 90mm, 384gm $100
$14.50 / 225.00
817 Mali Stone Ancient(?) Quartz, chipped & drilled, similar to the "Togo stone" but much rougher. Three groups / strands purchased:
817A Uniform 17-19mm with orange soil $3.50 / bead;
817E Quartz often has some red veining, chipped with narrower ridges, range 15-30mm $4 for larger example, or $3.00 each per 3+ mixed sizes; 817Ea Full 28" strand $90
817H Translucent quartz, very roughly chipped, mostly 35-45mm $11.00 for larger example, or $8.50 each per 3+ mixed sizes
817S Set of five showing range of sizes within each group $22.50
$3.00+
720 "Togo Stone" Beads(?) Possible imitations of the valued "Togo stones" used as money, beads, and amulets in Paleolithic times. They seem mimic the varied size and thickness, and the dished interiors & yellow color approximates the soil found on the stones. The glass is similar to what I've called proto-beads from Venice, but more translucent. Singles: 720S) Smaller: 17-19mm or thinner $2.50 each/3+;   720L) 19+mm, or thicker $3.50 each/3+ OK to mix $2.50+
690 Mummy Bead Necklace Necklaces with new brass and imitation "mummy beads". Supposedly they contain "old" beads as well, but I do't know enough about faience to tell if these are genuine. Wearable. Necklaces: 690a) 15" long $17.50;    690d) 10" long, $17.50 $17.50
1270 Excavated Faience (?) My Trader supplier, with many contacts in the Djenn&eacuate; / Timbuctu region, had these three strands on consignment because he buys excavated clay cheaply, and was uncertain why a higher price was asked. It is pale green and porous, mostly undamaged beads, but the few chipped showing a darker green inside. In the 1960-70s genuine Ushabtis were cheap, and these remind me of the more deteriorated pieces I handled. Whoever made up the strands left them with soil rather than risk the usual harsher cleaning, and made up two strands (a and b) of 75 each rather uniform asymmetrical convex cones, with 81 beads of lesser quality or variant shape (strand c) left over. My guess is the shape of these beads would help date and place them - Egypt? Persia? They may be contemporary with the commoner melon beads. If you have knowledge in this area, please contact me & I will pass it on here. Beads mostly 8x10 to 15x17mm, very wide center holes.      Singles: 1270B) Large, ±13-14.5mm widths, $6.50 each/3+, 5.00/10+;    1270S) Smaller, ±10.5-13mm widths, $5.50 each/3+, 4.00/10+; OK to mix sizes for quantity price.    Mini-collection: 1270L1) Eight pieces including largest & unusual shapes from strand, $65.00;    Strands: 1270a) 75 beads, similar shape, $250;    1270c) 81 beads, mixed shapes, $275;    1270e) Mostly blues, mixed shapes, from an earlier purchase, 24", $125 $6.00 / 250.00
1116 European Deceivers These white / clear stones look like they came out of the ground at Djenn&eacuate;, but supplier tells me they are European made, traded to Mali. What next?! Widths around 11-14mm. Strands: 1116a    1116b    1116c    1116d    1116e $42.50
788"Roman" BeadsBlue cane-cut beads of obvious age, varying sizes and shapes. This is a trade term for pre-Venetian glass, likely from the middle east. 30" Strands: 788a) Dark: barrels $75 ;    788b) Dark: Mixed shapes $75 $75.00
750 Silk Road Glass About 2005-06 remnants of what was likely a 1st Century BC glass factory was discovered in Afghanistan (ancient Bactria) along the silk road trade route uniting Rome and China. The glass objects were made using known Roman techniques. Local families excavate the fragments and file it into rough bead shapes, preserving the unique sheen of ancient glass. 16-20" Strands shown at 200%.      Tubular beads: 16-18" strands with spacers, ±4.5-6.5mm widths Mixed colors: 750A1    750A2     750A3    750A4      750A5    Cobalt Blue: 750D1    750D2     750D3    Black: 750F1    750F2     750F3    Ridged: 750J1    750J2     750J4     Green & Clear: 750N1    750N2     750N3     750N7    750N8     750N13    750N14    750N15 $32.50 each, $26.50/3+;    Green / Clear with Pendants: 750q1    750q2     750q3 $31.50 each, $26.50/3+
Larger Beads / Pendants: Rougher pieces from an older purchase: 750V1) $42.50;    750V2) $42.50;     750V3) $30;    750V4) $20;     750V5) $40;    750V6) $45
$31.50+
750S Silk Road Heishi From the same Afghan source as the 1st Century beads made from old glass fragments, small heishi or seed beads, ±4.3mm widths, clears, translucent greens, etc. Lots of hand labor cutting each bead from larger fragments. 16" Strands shown at 200%.      750S1    750S2 $32.50
1252 Roman / Islamic Eye Referred to in trade as "Roman" or "Islamic" eye beads, these from west Africa. Dubin's 2009 chart shows (#20, c. 200 BC) an exact match to the simplest variety as "Wound glass with four stratified eyes. England" and similar beads (#485, c. 1100BC) as dynastic Egypt. Translucent blue with white trailed designs, ±11-16mm wide. My string broke down mostly into four categories: 1) SIMPLE eye: 3-4 eyes spaced around diameter, 2) PAIRED eyes: same placement but pairs, usually gapped, sometimes offset, 3) BELTED: a belt separates each member of the pair, and 4) GREENS: as #1 but green glass with yellow trailing.        Width noted. Shown at 300% for detail. SIMPLE eye 1252A1 13mm, $35;    1252A2 12.2mm $37.50;     1252A3 23.7mm, $30;    1252A4 14mm, $23.50;       PAIRED eyes: 1252C2 13.3mm, $30;     1252C3 13.2mm, $30;    1252C4 12.6mm, $25;     1252C5 13.3mm, $25;    1252C6 15mm, $22.50;    BELTED: 1252E1 14mm, $40;    1252E2 12.2mm, $30;     1252E3 14.7mm, $45;    1252E4     1252E5 14.4mm, $22.50;    1252E6 15.7mm, $25;    1252E7 13.5mm, $25;    GREEN glass: 1252H1 12.4mm, $35;    1252H2 11.2mm, $30;     1252H3 11mm, $45;     Variant Patterns: 1252K1 $35;    1252K2 $25;     1252K3 $35;    1252K4 $40;     Lots of Five: Showing two sides 1252L1 $75;    1252L2 $75;          1252L5 $100
Strand: 1252a) Half of the super-long strand I broke up, 51 beads, mixed varieties, mixed condition, $765
$22.50 - 45.00
3385 Islamic Singles: 3385a Yellow feather, 14x19mm $150;     3385b Black & White veined, 13x16mm $30 $30.00 / 150.00
941 Ancient Greens Excavated in Nigeria, short barrels, mostly green, some strands fairly uniform; others varied. Possibly Indian or Islamic in origin. Purchased in several batches, string length indicated in photo. 22-23" Strands: 941a    941b    941c    941d    941e    941f    941g    941h     941j    941k $77.50
HEBRONS After the fall of the Roman Empire, bead-making survived in the Islamic world until the Mongols and the Crusaders disrupted the trade. On branch of the trade migrated to Hebron, near Jerusalem on the Mediterranean in the 12th century, where a simpler type of bead continued production. "They made beads there, using the salts of the Dead Sea as their alkali. Their glass was opaque yellow and green, sometimes blue and black. The beads were furnace-wound and were popular in Egypt and in sub-Saharan Africa." (Peter Francis, Beads of the World p.78). Today the traders get these beads from Sudan, roughened from centuries of use. They are often filed in Kano, Nigeria, center of the bead trade. Not pretty by today's standards, they represent a unique, though degenerated, survival of a long bead-making tradition.
533 Islamic Eye Bead From Hebron, Palestine, a late holdover from more complex earlier Islamic glass & perhaps before skills degenerated to the level of the crude plain yellow, green, etc. beads. Beads range 13-24mm wide. Sold at $300 but got a better deal. 22" Strands: 533c    533d    533e $175.00
536Y Hebron (Kano): Yellow Singles: Rough, as usual, but not damaged $3.25/1 large, 2.35/3+ mixed, 1.85/10+ mixed;   20-22" Strands, best: Graduated strand (20-22") of 48+ beads, few or none broken, 536Y1;    536Y2;    536Y3;    536Y4;     536Y5;    536Y6;    536Y7;    536Y8;     536Y9;    536Y10;    536Y11 $67.50 each; $60 / 3+;     Strands, lower quality: A couple broken beads, or shorter strands as these Samples $57.50 per-1, $50/3+ Dirtier beads may be in better condition, as the cleaning process is hard on these already fragile beads. $67.50 / 57.50
535 Hebron (Kano): Green Medieval Palestine, traded to the Sudan where they were often filed and shaped. After years off the market, they are showing up again. Beads range 13-24mm wide. Singles Lot: 535L1 Lot: $24.00;    Strands: 24" 535c    535d    535e    535f $85.00 each $85.00
535MHebron (Kano): Blue & GreenMixture of blues and greens. Beads range 13-24mm wide. Prices are down again so I have lowered mine. 24" Strands: 535Md    535Mf    535Mh     535Me$85.00
537 Hebron (Kano): Blue Medieval Palestine, traded to the Sudan where they were often filed and shaped. Beads range 13-23mm wide. Prices have come down again. 22" Strands: 537m   537p;   537j   537k   537L $95.00
533 Hebron roughs Smaller, rougher, more weathered beads than found on the usual blue/green and rarer "Islamic eye" strands. These beads look their age, and then some! 22" Strands: 533y    533z $85.00
536N Hebron Buttons Yellow Hebron beads filed down to roughly 9-10mm widths and often with the ends flattened - same as the smallest beads on graduated strands. Probably done in Nigeria; the filed glass would have gone to make other beads. 20" Strands: 536Na    536Nb    536Nc    536Nd    536Ne $45.00
536B Hebron: Baby (Kano) Crude, variably-shaped chips from yellow Hebrons, re-drilled with small holes, probably in Nigeria. They show much subsequent wear. An interesting example of how the Hebron is a "source" bead. Mostly 6-8mm wide, but some strands are all small or larger pieces. 24+" Strands: 536Ba    536Bb    536Bc    536Bd     536Be $29.50
200 Excavated Terracotta From the medieval site of Djenné in Niger on the Tumbuctu trade route, excavated terracotta beads 500-800 years old. In various earth colors, tubes of varying lengths which appear to be individual "seed" sized beads. Cheap because there is little jewelry demand. Generally cleaned, but small soil traces remain. Bundle of 100 strands $250; $50/ 10 strands. Single strand: $7.50
204 Excavated Terracotta Black & Brick-red ellipsoids Excavated at Djenné, beads most 5mm wide x 7-12mm long, 25+" strands pretty much alike. $16.50
203 Excavated Terracotta Off-white, Large From Djenné region, roughly round or biconal beads, sometimes mixed with short tubes which appear to be 2-4 conjoined single beads. These are whiter, larger, and more separated (vs tubes) than the commoner "200" beads offered above.
Graduated Strands: 203) Widths 3-5mm, 26" strands, $10.00 each
Varied Strands: 203a    203e    203c    203d 26", $15.00 each
$10.00 - 15.00
202 Excavated Terracotta Orange: Large Excavated beads from the Djenné region in a variety of shapes, larger than the tubular types more commonly found. 34" Strands: 202a    202b    202c    202d    202f $27.50
EXCAVATED MEDIEVAL BEADS     Called "dig beads" by the African Traders, they are found in the general region of early trade centers such as Djenné-jeno & Timbuktu in Mali, as well as areas of Niger and Mauritania. Eighty percent of the small seed types, according to Augusto Panini, Middle Eastern and Venetian Glass Beads, p.27, are nila or Indo-Pacific, from India, reaching Africa ca. 700-1200AD, with blues, greens, white & yellow (in that order) predominating. However, stone, shell, and faience often found in strands are likely older and indigenous. Found in huge, though diminishing, quantities, they are now sorted more carefully - by color, size, and quality - than in the past. Along with ancient coins, they are the most affordable, and relatable, antiquities available to collectors and crafters today.
    Mass-produced common trade items, such as coins and beads, should not be conflated with objects of either artistic or contextual importance merely because they are found, either above or beneath the ground, rather than owned generationally. In a world without modern banking facilities, wealth was buried for protection, and is today recovered, often in vast troves, during construction or through diligent search in scattered locations as a sole remaining resource where now-infertile land provides no other living. Efforts by political and radical academic elites to discourage private ownership of ordinary trade objects merely because they are old, or excavated, or of unclear origin, are misguided, and undermine the widespread interest in the past that underpins and values our study and appreciation of history and art.
940 Small, Mixed Colors Glass & Stone, some weathering but mostly bright colors, strung in the 1990s. Mostly under 5mm widths. These days strands tend to be more sorted and uniform. Last of a large lot: 940A) Smallest, 22" strands; 940B) Small, 26" strands; 940C) Larger, mostly blue, 26+" strands. Sample strands shown.     OK to mix with other 940 colors for best discount: $19.00 each; $17/3+; $14.50/10+ $14.50 - 19.00
940W Small White Medieval beads found in Mali & region. Mixed whites, clears, some chalky or colored, but fairly consistent from strand to strand. Widths ±3.5-5mm. Sample strands shown.     OK to mix with other 940 colors for best discount: $19.00 each; $17/3+; $14.50/10+ $19.00
940U Small Blue Medieval beads found in Mali & region. Blue glass, mostly 3-4mm wide but variable shapes and sizes. Mostly well worn, some chalky. Sample 22-24" strands shown. $19.50 each; $14.50 /3+ $13.50 - 18.50
940EF Small Weathered Gray Medieval beads found in Mali & region. Probably blue & green originally, but weatherized to gray.    940E Light to medium grays, mostly 3-5mm $17.00 each; $13.50/3+; $11.50/10+.    940F Mostly gray, but slightly larger, more varied shapes, and some colored mixed in. $18.00 each; $14.50/3+; $12.50/10+ Sample 23-24" strands shown. $11.50 - 18.00
883 Medium-size White From Djenné region, graduated strands, beads from <3mm to 8mm widths, variable shapes, some rough or chalky. Least costly color for "dig" beads. Prices rising fast, so strands get shorter, then longer again when a new price point is set. We have 20"-26" strands, some heavy in larger beads. Best buy, by the inch: If you prefer large (fewer) or small (more) beads, we will select strands and round up to nearest full strand: $1.20/" for 20-60"; 0.90/" for 60+" (about 3 strands)
Specific 20-26" strands: 883a 26" $36;    883c 24" $34;    883d 22" $31.50;    883e 22" $31.50;    883f 22" $31.50;    883g 20" $29;    883h 20" $29;    883j 20" $29
$18.00+
818 Medieval: Medium Blue Glass: Graduated strands of rough, 3-12mm width, mostly greens, blues , mixed shapes. Probably India / Islam origin. 22" Strands: 818b     818c    818e    818f    818g    818h $65.000 each; OR 818Z Save me the trouble of photographing each one. I over-bought, so strands just like these $57.50 each, 3 or more $45 each;     818L2 Bulk lot 3 longer 26" strands, including doubled beads, $150 $45.00 - 65.00
819 Medieval: Large Blue Glass: Uniform 24-26" strands of rough, 9-12mm width, translucent blue disks with white patina, ±7-13mm widths. The large end of more usually seen graduated strands. Strands: 819a    819b $125.00
737 Medieval: Varied Strands Wide variety of excavated beads from Mali, Senegal, each one quite different. Strands: 737a) Mixed colors rough glass, 3.5-9mm, 22" strand $40 ;    737d) White & off-white heishi & rounds, 22" strand $35 ;    737e) White barrels & spacers 4-7mm widths, 22" strand $35;    737g) Large blues & others, mostly 9-11mm widths, 26" strand $225;    737j) Graduated blues, ±4-6mm widths, 25", $40;    737L) Graduated yellows ±3-6mm, 25", some modern strays, $40;    737n) Graduated black, ±4.5-9mm widths, 26", $50 $35.00+
995 Medieval: Medium to Large Mostly stone, perhaps some glass, wide variation among strands. No common blue, some carnelian. From Djenné area. Strands: 995a) 26" 1980s stock $95;    995b) 23" $85;    995c) Broken strand, 1980s stock $85 $85.00+
1286 Big Hole Medieval Beads Larger beads with large center holes, mostly blues & greens, plus faience, excavated in Mali. Different assortment than I hve seen before. Could some or most of these be pre-Islamic? Widths mostly 5-14mm, 28-30" Strands:     1286a    1286b $225 each $225.00
511C "Dig" Donuts Ugly but exciting! Excavated from the Mali trade area around Djenn&eacuate;, these must be some of the earliest European trade beads in Africa, the original Amsterdam donut beads. Cobalt blue to black, but brilliant blue when held up to light, a few greens mixed in, and much thicker (±5-8mm lengths) than the laterl blue, clear, etc. donuts. Very rough! Singles: 511C) $2.50 each/3+, 2.00/10+, 1.35/50+;    Strands: 511Ca    511Cb    511Cc    511Cd 28", $120 each $2.50 / 120.00
845 Ancient Carnelian Tubes Excavated large beads in translucent to red-brown stone, pecked center holes, ±20-30mm long x 17mm wide. From Mali. Lots: 845L1 2 beads, $30;   845L2 3 beads, $45 $30.00+
693 Ancient Carnelian Excavated stone beads: barrel, bicone & ellipsoid, from deep reds to pale pinks, mostly larger sizes. Much variation. From Djenné region. Polished strands:: 693a 30";    693b 28";    693c 24" $95.00 each;    693p Loose, partial strand $50;    Rough strands: 693m;     693n 26-28" $160 each $95.00 / 160.00
692 Ancient Carnelian, Large Excavated stone beads, from deep reds to pale pinks, some strands other shades. Super-long strands. From Djenné region, probably 7th c. AD or earlier. Barrels:: 692a) 38" $850;    Rounds: 692e) 40" $325;     692f) 44" $360;     Disks: 692h) 40" $325;     Teardrops, diamonds, etc.: 692m) 30" Premium quality beads, from Mauritania $375 $325.00+
691 Ancient Agate, etc. Excavated stone beads, mixed colors. From Djenné region, probably 7th c. AD or earlier. Strands: 691f) 36" $325;     691g) 23" $150 $150.00+
1168 Misc. Ancients From an Indiana storage locker find, loose bead lots. Strands: 1168a Stone & ???? $30 Lot;    1168b Tubes, mostly $20 Lot
1108 Excavated Metal Necklace Metal beads, ±9mm wide, and bells, ±30mm long, excavated in Mali, strung on 25" fish line. Not pretty but quite unusual. I've seen hundreds of excavated bracelets, glass and stone beads from this region, but never excavated metal beads. $125.00
451 Tradewind The major trade bead of the Srivijaya and Majopahit Empires, it still serves as a store of wealth in Timor, Flores & Sumba, called Mutisalah ("False pearls"), or "Tradewind beads" by collectors. Strands: 451Ra) Brick red, 3-5.5mm widths, 24" strand $50;    451Ba) Black, 3-11mm widths, 22" strand $95;    451Bb) Black, uinform 5.5mm widths, 24" strand, possibly not very old?" $25 $25.00+

BEAD INFORMATION RESOURCES   Great informative website about bead making & African beads. Bead chat site. Society of Bead Researchers website with links, printed journal, etc.
VENICE / MURANO
The oldest European, and most prolific, of the trade bead manufacturing sites. Listed first are possibly the oldest and most primitive types, with the fancier, later types such as Millefiori toward the end.
CLICK!
STOCK#
NAME
DESCRIPTION (click link numbers for images)
PRICE
980 Face Bead An early type based on Roman models, often called Baule Face Bead. Typically ±16-18mm wide, but thickness can vary quite a bit. Three views shown of each bead at 400%. Singles: 980a Thick 14.7x15.8mm, four faces, $75;    980b $35;     980c $40;    980d $40 $35.00+
3392 Early Venice Single: Large yellow core with trailed pink & white graffiti (black is embedded tarry soil), 20.7x24mm. Pendant piece on a 1980s strand of high-end beads that I broke up, one Trader says it would cost him $150 in Africa. $200.00
EARLY YELLOWS    Yellow beads show well against dark skin, and early European traders followed the practice of middle eastern beadmakers (e.g. Hebrons) in stocking this color. They are unpopular with bead crafters today, who create jewelry for light-skinned wearers. These plain wound Venetians likely evolved into more complex beads, such as the classic yellow King, and the core of the Cournelene d'Alepo (white heart). Though unimpressive to today's collectors, they are still highly valued in Nigeria and Ghana .
245F Early Yellow: Flat Wound, but fairly uniform pale yellow "tires", not chalky glass as other shapes. Ends are ground, but still show spiral pattern. 18-19mm Wide X 6-7mm Long Singles: $5.00 each, $4/3+, $3.5/12+ $5.00
245R Early Yellow: Round Chalky yellowed-white wound bead. Appears to be the same glass and size as the core of earliest whitehearts, and similar to base glass in classic yellow King beads. Supplier says they are quite rare. ±18x20mm, $15.00 each;     Lot: 245L1) Smaller, lot of 3, $20 $15.00
245D Early Yellow: Disk Short, disk-like bicone, wound, porous eggyolk-yellow glass, apparently the base layer material for yellow Kings and whitehearts, 12-15"mm wide. Many show filing, chips, wear. Traded to Ghana & Togo. Singles $1.25 each/3+, .75/12+;     Strands: 30" 245Db    245Dd $65.00
557 Old Red Cores From a 1980s collection, brick red barrels, some with bits or "ghost images" of trailed stripes, others with interior faint black lines or (shown) blue star layers. See Picard Chevron and Nueva Cadiz Beads #144, 193-194. An attempt to simulate "Manhattan" beads? My most knowledgeable Trader contact says they are very early Venetian and he would ask $200 for such a strand. $200.00
1268 Garland Bead a.k.a. Arabesque. Flat black tabular ellipsoids with feather-like white wreath, 11x8 to 20x9mm. An older type imitating Islamic style beads?    1268a 27";    1268b 24" 150.00
678 Green Hearts Brick red over black cores in tubular or disk shapes, widths usually 7.5-10mm. The commonest "old" (1700s-1800s) trade bead from Nigeria and the Cassamance region, they may have been a Venetian(?) attempt to imitate Jasper/Bauxite already popular with the Yoruba. The red layer chips or pits on some beads. They are usually strung in 28-30" strands with a few narrower beads at the ends and little difference in overall quality among strands. I suggest the Bulk strands as your best buy, but have photo'd some single strands.
Pick your Strands 30" 678a    678b    678c    678d     678e    678f    678g    678h $24.50 each;
Bulk Strands: 28-30" 678) Single strand $19.50; $17.50/3+; $14/10+
Bulk Salvage Strands: 678V) From the Cassamance coast of Senegal where they are collected on the beach from old shipwrecks. Rougher, less vibrant color, but that and the romance of salvage are why they are no cheaper than the circulated beads. Single 30" strand $19.50; $17.50/3+; $14/10+;    OK to mix for best quantity rate. See HERE for later, smaller types of Green Hearts.
$19.50 / 24.50
649 Cassamance / Goombah (Shipwreck Beads) Among the first European beads traded to Africa, tentatively attributed to Venice. Milk white, tubular widths ±6-9mm, also called Porcelain beads, White Greenhearts, Pony beads in the Americas, Goombah in Senegal. Presumed shipwreck beads washed up near the Albreda trading post at Juffureh or near the rivers Gambia or Cassamance (often with green hearts) are called Cassamance beads. The salvage beads have a great, aged look, and are a bit more expensive than the clean ones from trade. Samples SHOWN:    649a) Goombah beads, 24" strands $9.00, $8/3+, $6.50/10+, $5/50+;   649s) Casamance beads (Goombahs from shipwreck) 24+" strands $12.00, $11/3+, $9.50/10+. OK to mix for best discount.     649aL1) Long 120" strand of smaller, 5mm width beads from a 1980s collection $32.50 $9.00 / 12.00
CHEVRONS Also called Rosetta or Star beads, they are one of the earliest and most valued of the trade beads and heralded the renaissance of European bead-making in Murano (Venice). The 7-layers (w/b/w/c inside red layer) are oldest, dated to ca. 1480 - 1580. Some 5-layer (b/w inside) are roughly contemporary, and are scarcer as a class than other types. By the early 1600s beads using green or black for the outer layer appeared, and both the 4-layer (w inside) and 6-layer (w/b/w inside) were first produced. Sixes lack the clear (c) inner layer of 7's. Because the fours and sixes continue to be made, the easiest way to tell age is the condition of the bead, and the tendency in newer beads for the ends to be flat or smoothly bevelled rather than hand-filed. The Africa traders value hand-filed sixes nearly as much as sevens. Size (length and diameter) along with condition and symmetry dictate the market value, and like most high-end trade beads, values advance with time. Modern Chinese Chevrons with artificial wear are turning up in Africa and convincing copies are being made from old cane.
310 Chevron: 7 Layer Largest: Widths 26+mm. Showing four views of each bead at 300%. Described Length x Width in mm.
Singles: 310a 39x30 $295;    310b 37.5x31 $200;     310e 35.7x28 $195;    310f 31.5x28 $215;     310g 31x28 $195;    310L 31.7x27 $175;    310m 19x28 $125
$125.00 - 295.00
311 Chevron: 7 Layer Medium: Widths 24+mm. Showing four views of each bead at 300%. Described Length x Width in mm.
Singles: 311a 32x25 $150;     311b 31.5x25.5 $125;    311c 27.5x25 $125;     311d 26.5x25.7 $85;    311g 23x24.5 $135;    311h 31x23 $135;     311j 30x22.4 $135;    311k 32.5x23 $115
$85.00 - 150.00
312 Chevron: 7 Layer Narrow: Widths 16+mm. Showing four views of each bead at 300%. Described Length x Width in mm.
Singles 312a 33.7x22 $225;    312b 21.7x21 $85;     312c 32.5x21 $125;    312d 25.6x20.8 $100;     312e 20x20.5 $100     312j 23x18.5 $100;    312k 19.5x19 $100;     312L 20x17 $80
$60.00 - 225.00
313 Chevron: 7 Layer Short: Under 15mm L or W. Showing three views of each bead at 300%. Described Length x Width in mm.
Singles: 313a 18.6x13 $65;    313b 17x11 $45;    313c 12x20 $40;    313d 13x19 $25;    313e 14x13.8 $40;    313e 13.7x14 $50
$25.00 - 65.00
322 Chevron 7L Strands Long strands of later trade chevrons. Scans at 150% show sample bead sizes. Strands: 322a) Long 40" strand of mixed 6L and 7L, large through medium sizes; other side, $1950;    322b) 34" strand of mixed 6L & 7L, medium to small sizes; other side, $1250;    322c) 40" strand of smaller 7L, nice condition for these; other side, $700 $700.00+
309J Chevron: 7 Layer Longs Long: with flat ends, called "female chevrons" and traded to Ivory Coast. Excellent condition, unusually long examples from a 1980s collection & seldom seen from Africa now. Strands: 309Ja $95;    309Jb $125;    309Jc $125;    309Jp $55 $45.00 - 100.00
315 Chevron: 5 Layer Though scarcer than 6's or 7's they are less popular, probably because they look like middle-period 6's unless you count layers; pricing is guesswork as I can find none offered. The outer "blue" layer is usually very dark, even black. Showing three views of each bead at 300%. Described Length x Width in mm.
Singles: 315a 31x18 $85;    315b 30x17 $75;    315c 26x17 $75;    315d 25x18.8 $ $45;    315e 28x17 $50;    315f 30x15.7 $50;    315g 29x15.7 $40;    315p 25x15.5 $50;    315q 25x15 $40
$40.00- 85.00
321 Chevron: 6 Layer: Larger High quality From a strand of selected beads; definite wear, but none with significant chips or asymmetry. Showing just two views at 300%, as both sides / ends are similar. Any small defects are noted in photos. Described Length x Width in mm.
Singles: 321a 47x33 $200;     321b 47x31.5 $165;    321c 46.5x33mm $135     321d 33x24 $50;    321e 29x23 $45;     321f 35.6x24 $40;    321g 29x23 $40;     321h 30x22.8 $40;    321j 29x23 $40;    321k 31x23.5 $40;     321L 30.6x24 $40;    321m 30x23.5 $40;    321aa 27.5x19.7 $37.50;     321ab 30x21.5 $33.50;     321ac 29.5x20.7 $33.50;    321ad 20.8x19.7 $27.50
320 Chevron: 6 Layer Singles & Lots: Described Length x Width in mm. Shown at 300%. 320a 37x24 $15;     320b 37x24 $15    320c Lot $19;     320d 34x18.5 $50;    320e 34x17 $40;     320f Lot $45 $15.00+
323 Chevron 6L Strands Long strands of the oldest chevrons. Scans at 150% show sample bead sizes. Strands: 323a) Long 40" strand of large through medium sizes; other side, $1250;    323b) 38" strand of large through medium sizes; other side, $1150;    323c) 40" strand full size range, nice condition; other side, $700 $700.00+
320N Chevron 6L 2G Second generation chevrons, ±11-12x10-12mm Recently cut from canes acquired from one of the liquidated Murano firms in the 1980s or earlier. $15.00
331 Chevron, 4-layer Singles & Lots: 19th & Early 20th c. Still at a reasonable price compared to the 5, 6, and 7 layer beads.
LARGE: 331Pa 29x20 $35;    331Pb 29x22 $25;    331Pc 30x20 $20;    331Pd 28x20 $30;    331Pe 28x20.7 $35;    331Pf 24.5x20 $25;    331Pg ±28x20 $28 pair;    331Ph 26.7x19 $20;    331Pj 29x20 $30
MEDIUM/LARGE: 19-23mm Long x 13-16mm Wide. Older Chevrons gained "character" when edge-filed by users either to highlight the layers or disguise chips.     Samples     331Aa) "Flat" largely unfiled $13.50; 331Ab) Symmetrical filing both ends $16.00; 331Ac) Uneven filing, likely to hide chips $9.00; 331Ad) Unfiled chips $6.00. 20% off for 3+    Discount for 331A only: 25% off for 10+beads.
MEDIUM: 331Ba Lot $12;   331.Bb Lot $15;   SMALL: 331.Ja Lot $100;   Set: 330s) Widths 5-7m. Lot of 5 pieces, different lengths & cuts. Sample lot shown, your set will be similar, $5.00/Set
$6.00 - 16.50
330 Chevron, 4-layer Classic 4-layer "Rosetta" bead. As with the 6-layer, dated to late 19th & early 20th C.      Strands: 330a) Small, ±6-8mm widths, lots of variety in color & length - a "collection" in a 26" strand, $55.00      330b) Small, ±3-5mm widths, 22" strand from 1980s collection $45 $45.00+
308 False Chevron Because they were so difficult to make, shortcuts were often tried. Also called simulated or imitation Chevrons. Singles: 308a) old Venice type, today valued at more than a real Chevron of similar size, because they are fairly rare. 28x22.6mm, large chip $275; 275.00
340 Chevron: Black Singles: Four layer black. Dubin (Chart #92) quotes Michael Heide who examined millions of African beads and found 6-10 examples of this type. 8m wide x 14-17m long, ends not bevelled. Samples at 300%. Each: $12.50
1216 A-speo Chevron? Rare Venetian type with red & green canes fused to green body (by a-speo method?). Mostly 10-11mm L x 13-14mm W. Traded to Ghana. From a 1980s collection, I have broken the strand shown. Singles: $9.00 each, $7.50/3+, $6/10+;     Advise if interested in a half strand. $6.00 - 9.00
954 Chevron: Flat-end Later 4-5 layer cane-cut Chevrons. Called Banjigija in Ghana & Ivory coast; straight-striped red, white & blue called American Flag chevrons. Several variations. 28-30" Strands: 954b) Red, white, blue mostly bowed stripes, widths around 13mm, long 30" strand $75;    954c) Red, white, blue mostly straight stripes, widths 9.5-14mm, 27" strand $75;    954d) Red, white, blue, some green, mixed types, widths 11-16mm, super-long 42" strand $100 $80.00-100.00
556Z Ladies Chevrons (Manhattan) Venetian "Manhattan" chevrons with a thin white layer and broad red core, cut to irregular disks and worn by Ghanian women. Peter Francis in Ghana: Where Beads are Loved discusses the alteration of European beads by Ghanian traders to meet the preferences of local wearers. Picard Chevrons #141/239.    Singles: widths 14-16mm with disc lengths 5-10mm, $17.50 per 3 beads. $17.50
694 Yellowjacket Chevron Narrow five-layer tubulars with alternating yellow & black stripes. Possibly French (Francis Beads of the World p.65) or Venitian. Shown 300%. Take 20% discount for any 3+ single beads. Singles: Thick, ±10mm widths: 694B1 $40;    694B2 $35;    694B3 $35;    Usual 7-8+mm widths, nice: 694E1    694E2    694E3    694E4 $33.50 each;     Usual 7-8+mm widths, worn: 694G1    694G2    694G3    694G4 $25 each;     Four-sizes Sets: 694S1    694S2 $95/set $25.00+
350 Chevron Seeds Unusual strand of tiny chevrons, some black, some green, both with red & white interior layers. Plus gooseberries! Widths 2.5-3.5mm, 20" strand. $40.00
SEE ALSO EARLY DUTCH BEADS FOR "MANHATTAN" CHEVRONS
516 Melon & Rainbow Chevrons Ellipsoid or flat-ellipsoid four-layer Chevrons, usually green, with multicolor lengthwise stripes, sometimes scooped or bevelled ends. Called Molonganame in Africa, green & whites called Watermelon. Many varieties. Strands:
Green base / Watermelon: 516Aa 28", 14x8mm, $27.50;    516Ab 20", 14x7mm, $20;    516Ac 21", 12x6mm, $18.50
Rainbow striped: 516Ra 28", 9-12x7-8mm, $26.50;    516Rb 20", 9-12x7-8mm, $19;    516Rd 30", 13x6-7mm, $27.50;    516Rf 30", 13x6x8mm tabulars, $38.50;    516Rg 26", mixed, $18.50;    516Rh 28", 6-7mm widths, some rough, $19.50;    516Rk 28" broken, 13-16x7mm, $25;    516Rm Loose lot, tabular & ellipsoid $19;
Blue pinstripe: 516Ba Scarcer, 20", 12 x5x7mm tablular $45.00;    516Bb Scarcer, 20", 12 x5x7mm tablular $45.00
$17.50+
517 Melon Chevrons Tubular four-layer Chevrons, usually green, with white lengthwise stripes, flat or slightly bevelled ends. Apparently scarcer than the pinched tabluaar variety. Strands: 517a 32";    517b 30";    5167c 30", $50 each;    517d Short beads, cane cut, 23", $30;    517e Short beads, ±5mm wide, 24", $30 $30.00 - 50.00
515 Melon & Rainbow Beads Based on "watermelon chevrons", striped ellipsoids but not layered. Photo shows Samples; there are others in stock. I can match your color preference, maybe exact pattern, for per-1, per-3, but per-10 is my pick. 20-22" Strands: $15.00; $12.00/3+; $9/10+ $15.00
569 Awala Chevrons Small striped beads, some multi-layered, others not. Venetian bead called "Awala" or Awally in Ghana. Widths 3-4m. Strand Lots: 569L1) Five strands, Oranges, 24-26", $20/Lot;   569L2) Three strands, Blues, Purples, etc, 24, 25, 28mm, $12/Lot
WHITE HEARTS (WHITEHEARTS)    A layered wound bead with translucent red over a white or yellowish core first made ca. 1825, though Dubin mentions drawn versions with greenish cores dating to ca. 1600, and modern white hearts, made in Venice and Asia, are drawn. Their formal name Cornalene d'Aleppo is a corruption of "carnelian of Aleppo (Syrian city)." Traded widely around the world, the early types are called Hudson Bay beads for their use in North America. Rounds in sizes from seed to over 23mm and barrels from under 6mm to over 25mm are commonest, though many other shapes exist, as well as surface decorations of spots, florals, etc.
250S White Heart Set Historical Set including now-expensive early Cournelene d'Aleppo forms (Hudsons Bay Trade Bead) from ca. 1830s. Includes several examples each of later cane-cut, rounded, and seed versions in traditional red and other colors, and modern regular, and seed versions. Types and quantities of beads as shown in scan. (NOTE: For set with scarce yellowish "core" bead order 250T at $29.50)    (NOTE for completists: Other white hearts are "Proto-bead", White heart flower beads, and Skunk beads). $29.50
250 White Heart, Round Singles:    Cournalene d'Aleppo, Hudsons Bay trade beads. Among the oldest of White Heart types. Offered by size (width in mm) and overall quality (grade). Intermediate sizes are scarcer. Please give second choice of size or grade as some are low in stock.
250C) Size 3, 12.5-14.5mm: Grade B $9; Grade C $6.50; Grade D $4
250D) Size 4, 14.5-16.5mm: Grade B $12; Grade C $8; Grade D $5;    250E) Size 5, 16.5-18mm: Grade B $17
250F) Size 6, 18-20mm: Grade B $18; Grade C $12; Grade D $9;    250G) Size 7, 20-22.5mm: Grade C $20
250H) Size 8, 22.5-23mm (Largest): Grade C $28
$4.00 - 28.00
250 White Heart, Round Large: 250h) High quality, 64 beads, graduated widths 9-16.5mm; Other Side $400;     250g) Average quality, 56 beads, graduated widths 13-24mm $250;     250f) Low quality, 47 beads, graduated 10-23.5mm widths, including four barrel-shape & some with red outer layer gone $55 $55.00+
249 White Heart, Round Small: Ancestors of the size still made today. 26" Strands: 249e) Graduated 6-9mm widths, mostly nice condition $85;   249f) Mostly 7-8mm beads for half the strand, plus 9-10.5mm shells without white cores - unusual. $75;    247c With other shapes, great variety, 32" strand $185; $75.00+
250Z White Heart, Round, Flattened Oldest Cournalene d'Aleppo, Hudsons Bay trade beads. These have been filed flat at ends to fit more snugly on a necklace. From a collection, so not sure if Africa or North America origin. Lots: 250Za) Four sizes $40;   250Zc) Three sizes $26.50;   250Ze) Four, rough $23 $23.00 - 40.00
252 White Heart, Barrel, Large High quality Singles: VE) mixed sizes, a few chips, etc. $7.00 each; AU) 17x8mm, near perfect $12.50 each.    Strands: Slightly graduated, beads 12-16mm wide, 20-26mm long. More beads per strand means smaller average size. Strands: 252ca) 34 beads $250;    252cb) 41 beads $250;    252e) Long 40" strand of 50 beads, 10-17mm widths $300 $250.00+
252 White Heart, Barrel, Large Fair quality Strands:    Fairly uniform 32" strands of 11-16mm widths. Mostly F-VF grade. Strands: 252a) 40 beads $175;    252b) 44 beads $155;    252c) 35 beads $165;    252d) 36 beads, 30" strand $135;    252f) 36 beads, 26" strand, mostly 11-13mm widths $95 $95.00+
252 White Heart, Barrel, Large Low quality Strands:   Beads that show their age and hard use! Strands: 252La 47 beads, graduated 8-14mm widths, long 38" strand $85;    252Lb 44 beads, mostly 11-15mm widths, 32" strand $60;    252Lc 46 beads, ranging 9-14mm widths, 34" strand $70     252L.d 58 beads, barrels 8-13mm widths (some nice), plus rounds, 35" strand $75 $60.00+
248 White Heart, Barrel, Medium Mixed widths 6.5-11mm, varied lengths. Strands: 248k) 32", $110;    248L) 32", $110;    248m) 32", $110;    248p) 32", $120;   248q) Smaller beads, 33" $120;   248r) 32" $70;   248s) 19" $75 $70 .00+
248 White Heart, Mixed Mixed round & barrel types, or other types mixed in strands. Each one very different. 24" Strands: 248g) Barrel sizes with Millefioris, Abu Dhabi, etc., 26" string $110;    248j) Long 32" strand with quite a collection of different Whiteheart shapes & sizes $110;    248t) Ellipsoids mixed in, 20" $80;    248L1) Lot smaller beads $10 $80.00+
246 White-Heart, Ellipsoid Rare variety, a.k.a. Samburu. Found in a range of sizes.    Lots of 2+ beads, top condition, from a 1980s strand. Shown at 250%.     Largest: 18-19x11+mm 246Ca $45;   246Cb $45    246Cc $45   246Cd $20;   < Large: 16.5+x9.5+mm246Ea $25;   246Eb $20;   246Ec $20   246Ed $15;   Medium: ±12x8mm 246Ga $40;   Small: ±8x7-8mm 246Ja $25;   246Jb $25;   246Jc $25
Strands: Mediium size beads, 12-13mm x 8-9mm   246c) 23" strand, $185;    246e) 26" strand, $210
$25.00+ / 185.00
247 White Heart, Short barrel Unusual & rare shape but they are being faked in China and sold into Africa. These were sold to me as "old cane stock" and maybe they are, but I'm offering as modern, 9-12mm widths, 24" strands, 247f;    247g;    247h;    247j $10 / strand;     247Lb (loose) $10;
Genuine: 247La Mostly ±8mm widths, from storage locker find. Genuine?? Lot: $40;     247c With other shapes, great variety, 32" strand $185;    247d Showing wear, $275 ;    247p Smaller, ±5x6-7mm, 1980's strand, 24", $60
$10.00 / 60.00+
259 White Heart, Modern Wound, about 9mm widths, lots of variability & character, unusual size, slight wear. Chinese?? Sample 22" strands shown. $17.50
258 White Heart, Modern Colors Bright colors over white core, 5.7 - 7.6mm widths, more than 100 on 10" strands. Nice variability in sizing & pleasingly crude wound look. Czech? Chinese? From Africa trade. 258R) Red; 258J) Orange; 258Y) Yellow; 258B) Blue; 258Bs) Blue (same but 4mm wide); 258T) Turquoise    Mix or match, tho I may have to limit some colors: $9.00 each; $7.50 / 5+; $6.00 / 12+. $6.00 - 9.00
253 White-Heart, Misc. Odd singles, lots & strands, new & old. Strands: 253a Cane-cut, mixed colors, ±5x5mm, 22", 18.50;    253b Cane-cut, ±3-4mm, 22", $10;    253Ea) Cane-cut, ±4mm widths, 22", $17.50;    253Eb) Widths ±4-6mm, 22". $20 $10.00+
257 White Heart Seeds, Old Older varieties from Africa and Thailand: Strands: 257C) Red, cane-cut, 3.5-4.5mm widths, 24" strands, from Thailand; 257P) Red, variable, 3-4mm widths, with a few plain pinks, 24" strands, from Africa.     Mix or match: $13.50 each; $11.00 / 5+ $11.00 - 13.50
947 White Heart Seeds Translucent colored shells over white cores create a glow that solid color beads lack. From the Africa trade (mainly Ghana), possibly Venice or China origin? Sample 22+" strands shown. Colors available, mix or match for discounts. 947R Red ±4.6mm width; 947Y Yellow ±4.6mm width; 947X Yellow ±3.5mm width (21" strand); 947C Blue tiny 2x2.6mm (20" strand) Per-1 strand: $5.00; 4.25/5+; 3.75/20+; 3.25/50+ OK to mix with 946 Large seed beads for maximum quantity discount. Others sell these at $8/strand. $3.25 - 5.00
257 White Heart: Tiny Seed Newly made, tiny Seed-bead sized, under 2m wide. 257Q) Darker red beads. Over 400 beads per 24" strand. Each $4.50, 3.50/3+, $2.50/10+;    257N) Bright red, Thread-strung hank of 200 grams, about 9000 beads! $42.50 $2.50 / 42.50
260 White Heart Tubes Familiar translucent red over white core, but in thin 2.5mm tubes in variable lengths up to 20mm. Traded into Nigeria. Short 20" strands. Sample shown. $17.50
SEE ALSO Early Yellows (White Heart cores) above, Flower White hearts, and Skunk beads (below).
261 White Heart, Patterned Flat-end ellipsoid whiteheart with white trailed bands & mote eyes, about 18x10mm. A rarely seen type. Singles: 261) Samples shown $17.50 each;   Lots: 261L1) $75;   261L2) $30;   261L3) $22.50;   261L4) $22.50 $17.50+
262 Flower White hearts Roundish with floral pattern on translucent red over white core; white hearts with a pattern. Mostly 9-10m wide. Almost always found with rough, chipped surfaces; full detail in floral elements is uncommon.
Singles: 262A) White & blue florals: Decent condition, Samples shown $5.00 each, $4.00/3+;    262C) Multicolor florals: Decent condition, Samples shown $15.00 each; 262D) Poorer $6 each
Lots: 262L1 12 lower quality $30.00;     262L2 18 damaged $20.00
Strands: Mixed quality but generally quite decent: 262a    262b    262c    262d $200 each
$5.00 / 200.00
551 Feather, Red Caramel to red wound ellipsoid with dragged feather motif. Type used by Pacific NW. Amerinds. Most beads 18-25m long. Some partial, chipped, etc. The market price of this type has risen rapidly since 2007.
Singles & Lots: Shown 400%: 551La    551Lb    551Lc $21/Lot of 3;    551Ma    551Mb    551Mc $35/Lot of 5;    551Ra $35 for 9;    551Rb $35 for 17;    551Rc $15 for 15
24" strands Mixed quality, some broken, chipped, etc: 551p      551q     551a; $125 each
26" strands Mostly nicer quality: 551Aa;     551Ab     551Ac $140 each
36" strands: 551s      551t $225 each
Low quality: 551Za $45     551Zb $45     551Lz Chips & flaws $40 lot
$45.00 - 225.00
552 Feather, Black Black wound ellipsoid with dragged feather motif. Scarcer than red type. Most beads 10m long, smaller than usual reds. Top condition. Samples shown at 400%. Singles: $10 each, $8/3+, $7/6+ $10.00
553 Feather, Opaque Opaque bright red wound ellipsoid with dragged white feather motif. Much scarcer than translucent reds. Beads ±17x8mm. Shown at 400%. Singles: $35 each 553a    553b    553c    553d    553e    553f    553g;     Different: 553z $35.00
768 Feather Beads, Newer Post-1920 Venice, according to my supplier, but could be Asian. 20mm lengths. Lot of two short red/white/green 16" strands, below cost $25.00
1096 Old Blue FLorals Translucent light blue with white floral pattern etched in, though only a few in this strand show the white. Much resembling the rough exteriors of small old white hearts. 8.5-9.5mm widths, 26" strand. $75.00
673 Skunk: Red a.k.a. Crows eye, Eye bead, variety of Whiteheart. White "eye" spots on round red beads over white core. A high-value bead, popular in Ethiopia. Beads 10-12.5mm.
Singles: 673A) Scattered Eye variety: $4.00 ea, 3.00/3+;    673D) Thousand Eye $4.00 each;    673G) Eyes in rows $4.00 each;    673L1) Lot of damaged $20
Strands: 673k 83 scattered-eye variety, decent condition $175;     673Za) 25 Skunk and 78 Flower $300
$4.00 - 300
673R Skunk Red Barrels Red whitehearts in barrel form, with white spots or more exotic patterns. Much scarcer than the round red skunks. Strands: 673Ra) Mostly 13-14x10-11mm, some with a "bracket" pattern, 34";    673Rb) Mostly 15-16x6-9mm, some with spiral chain pattern, 36" $250.00
672 Skunk: Black a.k.a. Crows eye, Eye bead. White or colored "eye" spots on round or squarish black beads, vary in size, shape, eye pattern. A high-value bead, traded into Ethiopia.
Singles & Lots: 672A) White eyes, 10-11mm: $4.00 ea, $3.50/3+, $2.75/10+;    672E) Multicolor eyes, 6-8mm: $5.00 ea, $4.25/3+, $3.50/10+;    671Aa) Larger beads with red in dots, lot $40
Strands: 672d) Small 7-10mm, plus plain black wound beads, $65;    672g) 1980s strand of 69 10-12mm widths, nice condition, 27" $145;    672e) Multicolor eyes, top grade, long 37" $275;    672h) 11-13mm widths, decent condition, 28" $135;    672k) Skunks, others, grand mix!, 28" $135;    672L) Smaller 7-9mm, rounds & flats, nice condition, 30" $135
$65.00 - 275.00
672D Skunk: Black Disks Black disks densely packed with white & multicolor eyes. Scarcer than usual round type, but less popular. Strands: 672Da) Mostly 10mm cane-cuts; strand includes regular black Skunk & rattlesnakes $145;      672Db) 1980s strand with short barrels about 9.3mm wide, 30" strand $145 $145.00
1218 Skunk: Rectangular Black rectangular base with chalky white eyes, traces of brown & yellow within. About 15-16 x 9-10mm. Singles 1218) Decent quality, Samples shown $5 ea./3+; $4/10+;    Strand: 1218a) 34", about 60 beads, $195 $5.00 / 195.00
672P Skunk: extra-large Black rounds with red & white dots, usually 10-11mm, these are 13-15mm. Long 32" strand with six 10mm brown Target beads included. $200.00
674 Skunk: White a.k.a. Crows-eye, Eye bead. Round, off-white beads with simple white or colored "eye" spots, SMALL 8.5mm. Traded into Ethiopia. Singles: $2.50 each, $2.00/3+, $1.50/10+ $2.50
672B Baby Skunk Roundish black with white spots, ±6mm. Much scarcer than full sized skunks. 29" Strands: 672Ba    672Bb $80.00
3375 Fancy Skunks BLACK Base Raised dots over trailed white on wound black base. Singles: 3375A) Mixed blue-over-white & yellow eyes. Widths ±13-14mm: Good condition: $18.50 ea, $16 ea. / 3+;     3375c) Same, a few raised dots missing $12.50 ea., $10/3+;    3375h) Variant, slightly smaller 12-13mm with no white eye under the raised dots: $16.50 ea.
3375n) Yellow raised dots on white, 11-12mm, Top condition: $15.00 ea, $12/3+;    3375p) Slight wear $12.00 ea, $9.50/3+;     3375r) wear or damage, Lot of 6 shown $$20.     OK to mix all 3375-3376 for quantity price.
$10.00 - 18.50
3376 Fancy Skunks YELLOW Base Raised dots over yellow base. Singles: 3376A) Blue dots, widths ±13-14mm, Top condition, $10.00 ea, 7.50/3+;     3376E) Brown dots (scarcer), widths ±12-13mm, Decent condition, $9.00 ea, 7.50/3+ OK to mix all 3375-3376 for quantity price. $9.00+
3377 Fancy Skunks WHITE Base Raised dots over yellow base. Singles: 3377A) Red dots, widths ±14-14mm, Decent condition, $12.50 ea $12.50
1092 Rectangular Dice Large rectangles in blue or black with two-color eyes, mostly 10x20mm. Strand: 1092a Long 36" strand. $265.00
1094 White Eye cylinders Milk-white disks with blue / brown eyes, two different types, with two rare gold-striped ellipsoids. Long 34" strand. $265.00
KING BEADS    Wound bicone beads from Venice, c. 1860s-1930s traded extensively into Ghana where they were considered the "king" of beads. Quiggin Survey of Primitive Money plate 8 ("Aggry") shows a likely local imitation. They were widely used in the gold trade. The gold, or actually egg-yolk yellow version, was the favorite, it's classic pattern being a cross-hatch containing 6's or "eyes." Other patterns are common, and they exist in green, black, other base colors, and sizes below the usual 18-19mm width.
213 King Bead: Singles Variety Set: 213S1 Set of 4 different: Yellow, Green, Black & one "different" size or pattern. Each set different. Sample sets shown $15.00/set.     Singles: 213Z1 Multicolor striped on black, ±16x19mm $6.50 each;     Lots: 213L1 Partial strand of 45 green & yellow $75;    213L2 5 beads $35 $15.00
213 King, Classic yellow Better Quality Wound bicone beads from Venice, c. 1850s-1930s and highly valued in Ghana. 26+" Strands: 213a) 59, Vg-F $115;    213c) 41, F $150;    213d) 48, F-EF $165;    213e) 41, VF-EF $175;     213f) 42, VF-EF $175;    213j) 50, F-VF $175
Lower Quality A few high grade beads included, but mostly long on character, short on quality. 26" Strands: 213Va    213Vb    213Vc     213Vd    213Ve $85 each
$85.00+
667 King, Green Green bicone with colored belt & cross stripes. Strand: 667a) Sixty beads, some black, 30" $195 $195.00
668 King, Black Classic bicone made 1850s-1930s, but scarcer black base with yellow & multicolor splashes. Usually mixed patterns & strays in each strand. Lots: 668L1) 5 Different, $20;   668L3) 7 rough for $15
Strands: 668d) Sixty beads, 14-16mm widths, incl. some similarly colored disks $135    668a) 87 beads in long 34" strand, mostly 11-13.5mm widths, lots of variety inc. rattlesnakes & other scarce varieties, decent condition $265;    668b) Sixty two beads, 33" strand, variety of patterns $265;    668e) Forty Five large 16x22mm beads, 30" strand, unusual yellow/white eye pattern $250
$15.00 / 135.00+
669a Baby Kings Rich multicolor patterns on small bicones with black base. Lot of 16 loose beads, ±11mm widths. $55.00
675 Ethiopia King Egg-yolk yellow like the classic King traded to west Africa but rounded with incusedred dots and trailed green stripes, i.e. a Skunk or Eye bead. Traded to Ethiopia. Perhaps older than the King type, as always found rough and faded. Strands: 675f) 100 beads on 40" strand $125 $125.00
1282 Opate Large, early, off-round wound beads in bright, primary colors. Opate in Yoruba meant "best of the lot" referring to these, marble and moon beads, as the best beads that could be worn by commoners (i.e. not Chevrons, which were for chiefs & dignitaries.) Red is commonest, and worth $500 / strand. From a 1980s strand that included marble beads.
Singles & Lots: 1282R1) Two reds, ±18x20mm $27.50;    1282R3) Red & red-orange, ±18x20mm $27.50     1282P1) Pink, 20x21mm $20;    1282U1) Blue, 18x20mm $20;     1282G1) Dark Green, 25x260mm $85;     1282W1) White, 30x30mm $65;     1282L1) Smaller beads from strand, lot, maybe later or not Opate, $20
$20.00+
1202 Cobalt Florals Thick, matte cobalt-blue barrels with marvered(?) multicolored floral and green "snake" design, about 14x13mm. Venice? Traded into Ghana. Samples shown. Singles: $7.50 each, $6/3+, $5/10+ $7.50
1128 Feather / Floral Opposed-leaves design similar to Lewis & Clark beads on slightly biconal short barrels. Part of a 1980s collection strand. Short Strands: 1128a) Green leaf on black, ±11-13mm lengths, 28 beads $50 ;    1128b) Multicolor leaf on brick red with white core, ±11-13mm lengths, 23 beads $50;    Lot: 1128c) Multicolor leaf on black, ±14mm lengths, 4 beads $12 $50.00
3359 Bilateral Floral Pink & Yellow flower displayed symmetrically on black base. Singles: 3359A) Roundish, 12x15mm, $20 each;   3359E) Bicone, 14x11mm, $15 each;   3359J) Bicone, ±12x10mm, $12 each 3359A) Perfect or nearly $27.50; 3360C) Slight wear $17.50; E) Roughness, etc. $10.00.    Discount 3359-3361 mix or match: 10% for any 3+ beads, 15% for 6. $12.00+
3360 Pink Floral Venice: Pink flower with white, yellow & pink leaves at either end, 4x, trailed on round wound black base. About 12.3 - 14.5mm wide. Sorted by condition (flaws, wear, chips), showing Singles at 500%. 3360A) Perfect or nearly $27.50; 3360C) Slight wear $17.50; E) Roughness, etc. $10.00.    Discount 3359-3361 mix or match: 10% for any 3+ beads, 15% for 6. $10.00 - 27.00
3361 Painted Blacks Venice: Vibrant red, green & yellow in leaf / floral patterns, trailed on round wound black base. About 14mm wide. All in such lovely condition I have shown samples. Singles: $22.50 each, or $17.50 ea. / 3+ A) Perfect or nearly $27.50; C) Slight wear $17.50; E) Roughness, etc. $10.00.    Discount 3359-3361 mix or match: 10% for any 3+ beads, 15% for 6. $10.00 - 22.50
3363 Pennants Red, yellow, white & blue irregular pennants on roundish wound black base, about 14x12.5mm. Great condition. Samples shown. Singles: $15 each, or $12 / 3+. $15.00
3362 Black Big-eye Near-round ellipsoids with yellow end-bands and complexly wreathed multicolor eyes on a wound black base. Singles: 3362B) Nice, very little wear or flaws $19.50 each; 3362D) Minor chips or missing eye centers, etc. posed with worst side showing $12.50 ea. $12.50 / 19.50
3365 Old Striped Cylinders Early Venice types showing use, wound & trailed with stripes, mostly 13x9mm. 3365G) Greens with spotted ends $8.00 each, $6.00 ea. / 3+;     3365B) Blue-greens, rougher condition $6.50 each, $5.00 ea. / 3+. OK to mix for quantity price. Samples shown. $5.00 - $8.00
1230 Feather Banded Feather (or floral) design around bead. Strand with both white and yellow background beads, and interesting strays $275.00
1244 Paint Daubs A 1980s 24" strand of short black barrels, ±8-9x10-11mm with dashes & daubs of subtle colors, resembling test daubs & mixes from a painter. The Africans I asked gave no name for them, but said rarely seen today. Likely to break this strand, so advise if interested in singles under $10. $450.00
1102 Tete Bougo Black rounds & short barrels with eyes in yellow grids, called Tete Bougo in Ghana. Well mixed with nicer black Skunk beads & others. Each strand different. 25" strands: 1102a);    1102b);    1102c) $145 each;    30" strands: 1102d) $185 $145.00+
698 Abu-Dhabi Tapered black cylinders with bright, sloppy trailed stripes lengthwise, usual lengths 14-20mm. Made c. 1850s, so usually found well worn. Traded to Ghana; possibly imitating a local bead?. Dubin #71c, Panini p.172, 254.    24-26" Strands: 698d $55;    698e $55;    698h $70 $55.00 - 70.00
1024 Ghana Eye Irregular multicolor lengthwise stripes & swirl on black core, short barrels. Similar pattern to Abu Dhabi ellipsoids. Singles / Lots: 1024a) Lot of 9 plus one stray $40;    Strands: 1024b) Long 36" strand, 89 beads inc. strays $250 $40.00 / 250.00
3368 Yellow Leaf Venice, cylinder disks, egg-yellow base with b&w opposed-leaf design. High-value old bead in top condition. Singles: $11.50 each, or $9.00 each / 3+ $11.50
555 American Flag Red & blue stripes on thick white layer, over red (or white) core. Ends can be natural wound or filed flat (by users?). These are a later, less valuable version of the true chevron "Manhattan" beads. See Picard Chevron #943-47.
Lots: showing varieties $17.50 each lot: 555La    555Lb    555Lc    555Ld    555Le    555Lq    
Strands: 555a Short strand 23+ pieces $65;     555b Short 13 pieces, nice! $39;    555e Super-long 44" strand with many varieties, mixed qualities & strays $195;    555f 1980s strand of 49 uniform, 13x15-16mm white over red core, need cleaning $125.00
$17.50+
1064 Flag Cousins #1 Wound brick-red with narrow-band black & white stripes, a relative of Manhattan & American Flag beads, somewhere in between in rarity. Bead widths mostly 16-20mm. Enlarged to 400%, lots of 3 beads, mixed sizes. LOTS:     Best: 1064A1    1064A2     1064A3    1064A4 $39/lot;    Minor flaws: 1064B1    1064B2     1064B3    1064B4 $29/lot;     Serious flaws: 1064C1    1064C2     1064C3 $22/lot;     Lot of 10: 1064b) Large, 10-20mm widths, best quality $135 $15.00 - 39.00
1065 Flag Cousins #2, #3 Wound striped beads, size & patterns similar to Manhattan & American Flag beads, probably somewhere in between in age Bead widths mostly 12.5-15mm. Enlarged to 300%. Singles: 1065R) Brick red with black, white & blue stripes, $4.50 each, $3.50/3+, $3/6+;    1065Y Red, white, yellow stripes over purple or black core, $6 each, $4.50/3+;     OK to mix for quantity discount. $4.00 - 7.00
1222 Gooseberry Clear glass barrels with thin white stripes, rough flat ends, variable lengths, 10-11mm widths. This clear variety from Africa is valued in North America for its association with early Spanish traders. Not a modern Venetian or Asian variety. Loose lot, Small beads: Tiny ±4-5mm group $20; Strands:Small beads: 1222B) Widths ±5mm, 22" strand, $30 each;    Strand, Large beads: 1222Aa) 88 beads, widths 9.7-11mm, 34" strand, $150;    Strand, Mixed: 1222d) 20" strand $35 $20.00+ / 150
579Tic tac toeBrick-red barrels with white crosshatching enclosing blue-on-white eyes. Long 32" strands: 579e    579g    579h $135 each;    Regular 24" strands: 579Aa     579Ab     579Ac     579Ad    579Ae     579Af $85, or $75 ea. / 2+ $85.00 / 135.00
578 Tic tac toe Variants Two different types much like the tic-tac-toe "eye" bead but without crosshatching. 28" strands. $110.00
745 Medicine Beads Milk white, round or slightly ovoid 10-11mm wound bead with incused dark blue dots and trailed pink lines. Called Medicine bead by Crow Indians, who used them on their medicine bundle (amulet) and as spacers on bear-claw necklaces. These traded into Ethiopia. 30" strands. 80-82 beads 745aa    745bb    745cc    745dd    745ee $100 Each;     24" strands 61-63 beads unless noted. 745Pa    745Pb    745Pc    745Pd     745Pe $72.50 Each $72.50 / 100
910 Whitewash Unusual bead: Black core, textured probably to promote grip of trailed white, then red & blue spots inset. Portions of the 'whitewash" have cracked away on some beads. Traded into Nigeria. Beads ±10.7-12.7mm. Strands: 910a 24" $95;    910b 24" $95;    910c 32" Top condition $195 $95.00 / 195.00
1226 Blue Ocean Eye bead Mixed ellipsoid & short segments, translucent ocean-blue with waves and eye motif. Rare Venetian type, let me know if you would like sample beads should I break this strand. 24" Strand: 1226a $275.00
717 Zen (Six) Trailed bluish-white "six" or "@" symbol repeated on black shell wound over clear core, 12-15mm widths. Venetian, called Zen beads. These are in exceptional condition. Singles: $10 ea / 1; $9 ea / 3; $8 ea. /5+;     Strands: 717a 26", $285 $8.00 / 285.00
719 Rattlesixes Trailed, white wavy lines, "six" or "@" symbol repeated on black barrel-shaped beads, as though a cross between rattlesnake and "Zen" or 6-beads. Strands: 719a 35", widths 10-5-15mm, varying lengths, $190;    719b 34", mostly 8-11mm widths, flat-end beads, some eye beads, $190 $190.00
700 Bumblebees Bold continuous yellow stripe winding about round wound (black) base, 12-14mm widths, similar to (Dutch) "Rattlesnake" but I have placed with Venice referencing Dubin #99a. Singles & Lots: 700) Good quality: $5.50/3+, $4.50/10+;     700L1) 4 pieces $12;    700L2) 4 blue $27.50;    700L3) 4 blue $16;    700e) Top half of strand $185 $5.50 / 185.00
1280 Small banded blacks Small black barrel with trailed yellow & white bands, ±9-10x6mm. Traded to Mali. Unimpressive, but scarce. I shortened a long strand in order to offer singles. Singles: $2.50 each/3+, 1.50/10+;     Strand: 1280a) Partial strand, 22" $75 $2.50 / 75.00
565 Yellow Eye Beads Yellow has always been a popular bead color in Africa, but it's not popular among collectors and crafters today, so this old stock is priced at about what it would cost me today. These Venetians somewhat resemble Bodoms popular in Ghana. Panini p.224. ±14-17mm widths. Several types of design among these strands. Strands: 565a 28" $125;    565d 26" $135;     565f 26" $125;     565g 24" 1980s strand, $125 $125.00+
3371 Green "Akoso" Venice, cane-cut barrels, 3371E) Green with bold red & black eyes, or ;   3371P) Green with crossed-loops design (more worn). Mostly 14-15x10mm. Samples shown. Mix or match. $7.00 each, or $5.50 each / 5+.;      3371S1) SET of six including a fatter bead, color &pattern varieties $45 $7.00 / 45.00
3370 Yellow "Akoso" Venice, cylinder disks with yellow matte base & bold patterns similar to Akoso. Singles: $11.50 each, or $9.00 each / 3+ $11.50
1182 Pineapple, Pink Venetian bead with criss-cross patterns possibly inspired by Ghanian Krobos. Scans at 300%.
Singles: Intact: Ends natural or slightly flattened from wear or filing: 1182a    1182b    1182c    1182d    1182e    1182f    1182g    1182h    1182t $22 each
Filed ends: 1182Z) Bevelled to better fit a curved necklace, all nice condition, Samples shown $16 each, $14/3+
Varieties & Lots: 1182L1) $40;     1182L3) $20;     1182L4) $10;     1182L5) $35
$16.00+
948 Pineapple, Yellow Matte yellow-based with formalized version of Ghanian Krobo pattern. Supplier says called Awally in Ghana. When aged as these are, they look much like the African originals, but are much less expensive. Most 9.5-12mm Wide x 12-18mm lengths. Strands: 948a 27" $82.50;    948b 27" $82.50;    948f 22" $67.50;    948g 27" broken $67.50;    948h 26" $85.00;    948j 28" $75;    948L 25" $60 $67.00 - 82.00
1178 Venetian Yellows Barrels of pale to egg-yolk yellow with designs riffing on Akosos. Strands with many designs mixed. See also the #949 Lattachine and #894 Krobo/Awally which are more consistent copies of the African types. Strands: $55 each unless noted. 1178a 34" $65;    1178b 26" $55;    1178c 30" $55    1178d 30" $65 $55.00+
984 Striped Yellow Spiral stripes Yolk-yellow barrels with lengthwise or diagonal red & green stripes, similar to the native Akoso beads, traded into Ghana. Strands: 984a) 12-13mm widths, 30" strand $85;    984b) 12-14mm widths, plus strays, 32" strand $100;    984c) Bright matte yellow, 10mm widths, short 18" strand $30 $30.00+
894 Striped Yellow Cross Stripes Bright yellow barrels with green, red & white cross-stripes & squiggles. About 10mm widths. Strands: 894a) Matte, Long 34" strand $85;    894b) Shiny, 24" strand $55 $55.00+
983 Striped Yellow Embedded stripes Bright yellow flat end ellipsoids over black core with embedded canes of red, white, blue & green. A complex bead. From a 1980s collection. 26" Strand: 983a) Beads mostly 17x13mm $110.00
1126 Clear Belts Yellow ellipsoid with a clear white-striped band around the center, partial red & blue stripes. A fragile bead, note that many are incomplete or broken. 29" Strand: 1126a $85.00
949 Eye Krobo Yolk-yellow barrels, red eyes containing complex motes. Africa Direct calls them "Lattachine" but I can't find a definition of this term. Usual size About 9-10 x 14-17mm barrels 26" strands: 949a    949b    949c $47.50 each;     Smaller eyes: 1980s longer 30" strand with a different type of eye pattern: 949d $65;    Larger Barrel: 12-13 x 13.5mm, 30" strand: 949p $82.50 $47.50+
1090 Yellow cylinder / eye Egg-yolk yellow barrels, irregular brown eyes with white chain motif, 15 x 10.5mm. Supplier calls them Monkey-head Millefiori. Excellent condition. 26" Strand: 1090a $275.00
1088 Striped Blue Tubulars Narrow Turquoise-blue tubulars with diagonal yellow & red stripes. Mostly 14mm wide x 7mm long. Venice? Traded into Ghana. Long 36" Strands: 1088a    1088b     1088c $85.00
1294 Decorated Rat's Dung? Small elongated dark browns with wavy white & yellow banding, mostly ±10x5mm. Unusual; kind of alike a decorated version of the Gajuroko (Rat's Dung) type.. Many are dirty or cracked.     10-11" strands: 1294a    1294b $47.50
572 Dog's Tooth (Ruffle) Roundish, ruffled black with prominent white ridge. Possibly made in Venice; traded to the Igbo of Nigeria. Watch out for modern imitations with vague ruffles & clean look. 9-10mm widths: 572f    572k;     572L     Smaller or Graduated Down to 5mm, up to 12mm: 572d    572e     572g    572h $85.00
570 Dog's Tooth (Ruffle) Roundish, ruffled black with multiple prominent white ridges. Smaller than the usual single-ridge type. 28" Strands: Excellent condition. 570a) 6mm widths;    570b) Disks (<3mm), widths 6mm $175.00
525 Dutch Delft Ellipsoid with fluid flower patterns in blue or red on bone white base. Venetian imitations of a Dutch bead. Called Dabwa in Nigeria. Beads about 8m wide, 13-16m long. Often found chalky with the blue leeched away.     Poor quality: 22" strands $27.50 each: 525Na   525Nb   525Nc   Low Quality 26" strands $42.50 525Pa,   Average Quality: 25" $125 525Qa $30.00 - 40.00
526Dutch Delft VariantsFluid flower patterns in blue or red on bone white base. Venetian imitations of a Dutch bead. 24" Strand: 526b Mostly round $60;    526L1 Lot of Less usual patterns, etc., 11 beads $20 $60.00
956 Dabwa Flat-end ellipsoids in chalky white glass with crosswise striations, no patterning, mostly 20x11mm, 30" strand. Imitating shells? These and the smaller, patterned "delfts" are called Dabwa in Nigeria. $60.00
813 Ethiopia Whites, Old Large, crude, wound milk-white beads, showing flaws & wear. Venice, traded to Ethiopia, probably early 1800s. Widths 14-20mm. Lots of character, these keep selling out for me. 26" Strands: 813c      813d      813f      813h $85.00
812 Ethiopia Whites, Newer Fairly large, wound bright-white beads over clear core. Venice, traded to Ethiopia. Widths fairly uniform 14-16mm, 23-24" strands $35.00
518 French Cross, Yellow Called Bodoum in Africa, yellow with cross or diagonals of red, white & black. Beads average 11-13m long x 7-8mm wide. 21-22" Strands at 150% enlarged: 518a    518b    518c    518d    518e $27.50 each;    518L1 Lot of 3 x 20" strands special $67.50 $27.50
518T French Cross, Yellow Fatties French Cross pattern on a larger barrel bead rather than the usual ellipse. Mostly 12x15mm. Lots scanned at 200% for detail: 518Ta    518Tb    518Tc    518Td    518Tj $12.50 / Lot;    Strand: 518Ua) Variant with wide center belt 28" , $120 $12.50 / 120.00
518V French Cross Variants Yellow barrels with varying stripe patterns, mostly ±9x5mm. 22-23" Strands: 518Va    518Vb $25.00
519 French Cross, White White ellipsoid with red, white & blue striped cross as the classic pattern, around 12x8mm. Called Bodoum in Africa; a trade item in the American southwest, which has caused a rapid rise in the price of those found in Africa. Strands: 519a 26" $52.50;    519b 20" $42.50;    519c 30" $60.00;    519d 30" $57.50;    519f 34" $70 $42.50+
514 French Cross, Red Brick red barrels with hand-trailed green & blue crosshatch design, mostly 10x7mm. Singles: 514) Samples shown, all nice condition, some variation in size, $2.50 ea/3+, $1.90 ea/10+;   Strands: 514a Long strand, $135 $1.90 / 135
777 Great Lakes Dark blue & white diagonal swirled stripes on white, beads 11-13mm long. Associated with the American Indian trade in the midwest; historical name "pillow tick" beads. Originally Dutch, likely later Venice. Singles 777) $2.00 each
Strands: 777k) 69 beads, decent, 31" strand $85 ;    777a) Pristine, 21" strand $60;    777b) Pristine, 21" strand $60;    777p) Decent, 32" strand $90;    777q) Decent, 32" strand $90
$2.00 / 60.00+
776 Great Lakes, Brown Brown with rough yellow & green stripes, a "relative" of the white & blue Great Lakes bead. Strands: 776a) Beads about 14x9.5mm, long 38" strand $125;   776b) More varied 1980s strand; many of the beadsare cane cut with black cores, 24" $55 $55.00 / 125.00
967 Aja Early 20th c. Thin slices of varying width, thickness and design. Usually a good mix of types on each strand. I don't know this series, so you may find bargains here. Long 28+" strands.
Group 1 Widths ±5-6mm $45 each 967Aa    967Ab
Group 2 Widths ±6-8mm $60 each: 967Ca    967Cb    967Cc    967Cd
Group 3 Widths ±6-9mm $70 each: 967Da    967Db    967Dc    967Dd    967De    967Df    967Dg
Odd lots: 967Aq 12" strand $30;    967Ar 10.6gm loose, should be about 28" linear $110
$45.00+
968 Chevron Aja Thin slices of five-layer "French" or Yellowjacket Chevrons. Long 28+" strands.
Group 1: Mixed with regular Aja; beads between x's are chevrons. 968Ma    968Mb    968Mc    968Md $100 each
Group 2: Mostly chevrons, noted "not" in photos by main groups that are regular aja beads. 968Na    968Nb    968Nc    968Nd    968Ne $125.00 each
$100.00+
1122 Crumb, Textured a.k.a. End-of-day bead. Tiny yellow & red globules on black cores, mostly round and 8-14mm widths. So-named as they appear to be made of scrap glass. Singles: 1122) ±11.5-14mm, $2.50 each/3+; $2.00/10+;     Strands All from a 1980s collection: 1122a 20" partial strand, mostly 12mm rounds $75.00;   1122b 27" strand of 10-12mm widths $100;   1122d 22" strand of small 8.5-9.5mm widths, $95;   1122f 28" strand of small 8.5-10mm widths, $125 $2.50 / 75.00
1123 Crumb Round a.k.a. End-of-day bead. Multicolored spots marvered into surface, producing a very colorful, shiny bead. ±8-10x11-12.5mm Flaky brown core with red, white & yellow inclusions. Most have soiled, crazed surfaces, some with chips. From Africa, the Traders feel they are Venetian, but more likely from India. Singles: 1123) Samples shown, but no badly chipped or broken, $2.50 each/3+, $1.65/12+;     Strands: 1123a    1123b   1123c 24", 65.00 each $2.50 / 65.00
1121 Crumb Short Barrels a.k.a. End-of-day bead. Multicolored spots marvered into surface, producing a very colorful, shiny bead. ±8-10x7-8mm Blue core with red, white & yellow inclusions. Shiny, showing no use. From Africa, the Traders feel they are Venetian, but more likely from India. Singles:    1121) $1.50 each/3+, $1.00/12+;     Strands: 1121a    1121b   1121c 22", 42.50 each $1.35 / 42.50
820 Crumb Barrels "End-of-day" bead, multicolored powder bits marvered to large yellow barrel. Singles: 820a) $85;    820b) $65.00 $65.00+
1264 Fancy Tire Black tire with white side-walls & trailed red & white snake patterns, much like a fancy racing tire, ±9x24mm. See Picard, Chevron and Nueva Cadiz Beads #501. First I've seen, picked some nice ones from a larger lot. Shown four views at 400%. Singles: 1264a) Nice condition $145;    1264b) Some pitting, loss of cane, $100;    1264c) Some pitting, loss of cane, $100;    1264d) Unusual small, thick (10x13.4mm), nice condition, $95.00 $100.00+
987-9 Wedding Cake Amongst the fanciest of beads, they are distinguished by raised (trailed) wavy lines, and aventurine (ground copper) bands. Samples are shown at 200%; usually few defects and little or no wear. Prices are per bead; you may mix types to get the best quantity price.
SINGLES:    ROUND 989A) Yellow & aventurine on black, 11-12mm widths $10 each, $8/3+, $6.50/10+;     989B,C) Yellow or White & aventurine on black, 10.5-11mm widths $8.50 each, $6.50/3+;    989G) White & aventurine on pink 10.5-11mm widths $8.50 each;     989R) Multicolor dots, aventurine band & waves on black, 15-16mm widths $15 each, $11/3+, $9.00/10+ ;    989P) White & aventurine on pink, 10.5-11mm widths $9.00 each, $7.50/3+
BARREL: 988B) White & Gold trailing on green, ±9.5x20mm, some fading or pits $11 each, $9/3+, $7.00/10+;      988C) Yellow & red trailing, aventurine band on black ±10x20mm $16 each, $12/3+, $10.00/10+;    988E) $20;    988F) Porcelain white $16.50 each;    988L1) Two color set $23;    988L2) Three color set $30;     988L3) Four color set $40
ELLIPSOID: 987A) Multicolor dots, aventurine band & waves on white ±16x24mm, some yellowing $16 each, $12/3+, $10.00/10+;    987B) Multicolor dots, aventurine band & waves on black ±16x24mm $17.50 each, $13/3+;    987P) Yellow w. aventurine band & 2 trailings, ±13-14x10mm $10 each, $8/3+;    987Q) Pink w. aventurine band & 2 trailings, ±12x10mm $10 each;    987L1) Lot of 3: $20
Mixed Strands Pristine condition, kept for years by a Trader family, some fancy florals included: 989p    989q $265 each
$7.00+ / 265.00
3355 Red floral ellipsoid Realistic multicolor plant with aventurine cuffs, 23x10mm. Two sides of each bead shown at 300%. Singles: 3355a;    3355b;    3355c;    3355d $59.50
3350 Aventurine Fancies Blue & white belts, multicolor sunbursts, eyes & aventurine diagonals trailed on long black ellipsoid. One of the most complex of the fancy types. About 30x12mm, exceptional condition. Scans two sides @ 500%.     Singles: Perfect, larger: 3350Aa      3350Ab $60 each;     Perfect, normal size: 3350Ad      3350Ae      3350Af $55 each;     Slight Imperfects: 3350Ba     3350Bb     3350Bc $45 each $45.00 / 60.00
1266 French Ambassador Black ellipsoid with four clusters of seven eye-petals in central belt, alternating with petal-headed stems rising from ends. A "blue chip" high value bead in the Africa trade as well as among collectors today.
Singles: 1266a) Nice condition, 21x15mm, $75;     1266b) Nice condition, 21x15mm, $75;     1266c) Decent condition, 22x15mm, $65;     1266d) Large 25x18.5mm, $80.00
$65.00+
3351 Ambassador, "Baby" Three similar but smaller types resembling the famous large Ambassador bead. Scans two sides @ 500%.     Singles:
Raised (fancy) designs: 3351Aa $29.5;0     3351Ab 27.50;     3351Ac $25.00;     3351Ad; $22.50      3351Ae $25.00;    3351Af $22.50
Trailed designs, ellipsoid: 3351Ba $29.50;    3351Bb $27.50;     3351Bc $25.00;     351Bd $25.00;     3351Be $25.00;     3351Bz Small chips, etc. Samples shown. $19.50 Each
Trailed designs, barrel: 3351Ca All similar, so Samples shown $22.50 each, or $19.50 ea. / 3+;     3351Cb More worn or chipped Samples shown $17.50 ea.;     3351Cc Lot of 3 different, lower quality $35
$17.00 - 30.00
3351R Ambassador, Round Round version of the bead with fancy trailed floral design, mostly 11x12mm, all in excellent condition. Samples shown. Each: $27.50;     3351s Set of usual black, rare red, and one filed-down bead, $80.00 $27.50
3353 Lewis & Clark Oblique red, white & blue bands separating chains of paired white leaves trailed on long black ellipsoid. Associated with the Northwest Indian trade. These in exceptional condition. Two different sides @ 500%.
SINGLES/LOTS: Mostly 21-22m long x 10.5-11mm wide. Almost no wear $47.50 each 3353Aa      3353Ab      3353Ac      3353Ad      3353Ae     Slight Imperfects $38.50 each: 3353Ba      3353Bb      3353Bc      3353Bd      Small chips $29.50 each: 3353Da      3353Db     Damage $14.50 each: 3353Fa      3353Fc     Damaged Lot $35: 3353L1     Nice used: 3353J) Samples shown, $30.00 each, $25/3+, $22.50/6+
STRANDS: 900a) ±23-24x10.5mm, 30", 34 beads, very light wear, $475;    900g) Graduated 18x9mm to 28x14mm, 26", 30 beads, $525;    900j) Graduated 17x10mm to 31x14mm, 25", 30 beads, $465
$15.00 / 465.00+
MILLEFIORI    Also known as mosaic beads, thousand-flower = mille - fiori is an ancient technique of combining separate canes (a core, plus numerous surface canes) used by Venetian bead makers of the mid 19th century through the 1940s to produce many different patterns, often resembling stars, sunbursts, or eyes repeated over the surface of large tubular beads. Many different colors forming complex patterns could be used on a single bead. Rectangular, ellipsoid, elbowed and other shapes are rarer, yet even a bead beginner can spot more valuable patterns on the conventional shape from sheer eye appeal. Africa, where they were often cut into smaller units, was by far the largest market for this bead. Though not the earliest nor most important, they may be as a class the best known of "trade" beads, and were referred to as Hippie Beads in 1960-70's America. See Dubin p.112, Panini p.159, Quiggin #6. Since 2009 China has produced realistic copies which are sold by the less scrupulous Traders. Distinguishing Asian from Venetian.
208 Millefiori: Singles & Special Types Single beads or small lots. Shown 200%. 208Aa) Deep Green / sunburst $6.50 ea.;   208Ab) Purple sunbursts: a) Near perfect $12.50 ea., b) Minor flakes $9.50, c) Major flake $6, d) Short $4.50;   208Ac) Yellow sunbursts: $3.00 ea., $2.50/3+;    208L1) $25/Lot;   208Ba) Early/rare type $25;   208Bb) Early/rare type $25;    Ghana Millefiori: 208G) So called due to a preference in Ghana for narrower Millie types, widths 7.5-8mm. First I've seen and only this pattern. $2.00/10+;    Strands: 208Ga) Long 40", $120 $3.00+
210 Millefiori: Mixed Basic Mix: It is hard to find full 22-26" strands for less than this today. Lots of variety here. Scans at 150%. Strands: 210Ba   210Bb   210Bc   210Br    210Be   210.Bf   210Bg   210Bh    210Bj   210Bk   210BL    210Bm    210Bn   210Bp   210Bs $55.00 each
BLIND LOTS: New purchase, as nicer or nicer than the ones shown here, if you have trouble choosing from the photos, save me the trouble and surprise yourself (return your expense if disappointed) 210BULK $47.50 each for 3+ strands
$55.00
211 Millefiori: Mixed Better Mix: Larger to better beads than in the Basic Mix category. Lots of variety here. Scans at 150%. I have tried to rotate beads to show worst side. 22-26" Strands: 211Ba $67.50;   211.Bb $67.50;   211.Bc $70.00 ;   211.Bd $67.50 $67.50+
217 Millefiori: Mixed Long strands High quality, mostly longer, larger beads, usually 2-3 types per strand. Invest a few clicks here! 34-36" Strands: 217a    217b    217c     217d    217e    217f     217g    217j $110.00
210V Millie & Friends From a 1980s collection, the "packagers" in Africa were not so intent on all-alike or millie-only strands. Shown enlarged 150%. Strands: 210Va 26" $50;    210Vb 26" elbows! $125;    210Vc 28" $60;    210Vd 29" $60;    210Ve 33" $75;    210Vf 30" $70;    210Vg 26" $60;    210Vh 26" $50;     210Vj 30" $70; $45.00+
211T Millefiori: All-alikes Full strands of just one or two patterns. Generally these are larger, full-sized (not broken or filed) beads. 24-26" strands unless noted. Lots of variety here. Let me know if interested in part strands. I have tried to show damaged side (if any). Scans at 150%. Strands: 211Ta Purple, blue $75.00   211.Tb Yellow, red $80.00   211.Tc Blue $80.00   211.Td Blue, yellow (smaller) $70.00   211.Te Zebra pattern, long 32" $135;   211Tf Kente pattern, after a type of Ghana cloth 26" $125;   211.Tg Longer 33" strand with elbow $95;   211.Th Yellow 30" strand $80;    211Tj Short greens $70;   211Tk Short browns $70   211Tv 2 types, one rare $100;   211Tw Green "Eye" millefiori $165;   211Tx Green Sunburst, large $50;   211Ty Simple, early type called "Ada" in Africa $50;   211Tz Small, green, with eyes $75;   211Taa Large Green, Yellow, Red $50 $40.00+
216 Millefiori:, squared Rectangular, scarcer than usual cylinder shape.     Singles & Lots: Scanned at 200% 216L1) $15;    216L2) $15;    216L3) $10;     Matched Strands: Scanned at 150%. 216a) Black, with dense multicolor eyes. $150;    216b) Yellow, multicolor florals in frames $150;    216c) Yellow-green $60;     216e) Big greens $135;     209q Blue, with elbow beads $175;     216g Early eye & floral types, 34" $165 $10.00 - 175.00
211 Millefiori: Unusual Shapes Snake-Head, Singles: Sexagonal tabular, snake-head, called Langkantree in Ghana, 29x10-11mm 211Aa    211Ab $50 each;     15x7mm 211Ba $25;      Ellipsoid Singles: 211Ra) ±13x10mm, $7.50 each;    211Rb) ±15x11mm, $20;      Ellipsoid Strand: 220a) 1980s 24" strand with mixed types $145 $7.50 / 55.00
209 Millefiori Elbows, Singles & Lots Red, plain over black core, only decoration is recessed lines, 43-45x13mm. Some wear but no major chips. All similar, Samples shown: 209A) $10 each, $8.50/3+
Yellow, octopus eyes: 14mm Wide: Few flaws or none: 209Ba) 53mm (2) $27.50,   209Bb) 51-52mm (2) $27.50,   209Bc) 50, 55mm (2) $27.50;    Small chips: 209Bd) 53-54mm (2) $20.00;    Various flaws: 209Be) 51-53mm (3) $24.00,    209Bf) 45-48mm (3) $21.00,    209Bg) 42, 50mm (2) $12.00,   209Bh) 38-44mm (3) $25.00,   209Bj) 53-54mm (3) $12.00
Redbrick, framed florals: 14mm Wide: Few or no flaws: 209Ca) 60mm $20.00,   209Cb) 59mm $20.00,   209Cc) 57mm $18.50,   209Cd) 55mm $18.50,   209Ce) 59mm (2) $39.00,    209Cf) 59-60mm (2) $39.00;    End irregular or chipped: 209Cg) 57-59mm (3) $45.00
Yellow & Red Sunbursts: Shiny surface, 50-51x14mm $20.00 each: 209Da,   209Db,   209Dc;     43-47x14mm $17.50 each:   209Dd,   209De,    209Df;   More matte, white or blueish surface, 41-43x15mm, Samples $15 each: 209DK;      Smaller, glossy, 38-40x12-14mm Samples $15 each: 209DN;      Odd bead on strand, NICE 51x14mm $20: 209Dz
Green, brown, white Florals: 46-50x14mm chips or flakes. Scans 200% 209Ea) $20;   209Eb) $25;   209Ec) $19.00;    209Ed) $22.50
Yellow, outlined sunbursts 13-14mm wide: 209Fa) (2) 56mm $18;   209Fb) (2) 54mm $30;   209Fc) (2) 54mm $25;    209Fd) (2) 47mm $20;   209Fe) (2) 43/48mm $15
Purple, amoebas & stripe: 10-11mm wide, most 47-50mm long: 209Ga) (2) $25;   209Gb) (2) $25;   209Gc) (3) $36;    209Gd) (2) $20;   209Ge) (2) $20;   209Gf) (5) $20
Red, blue sunbursts: Biggest millies I've seen, 15mm wide unless noted: 209Ha) $27.50;   209Hb) $27.50;   209Hc) $25;    209Hd) $22;   209He) $22;   209Hf) $20;   209Hg) $18;   209Hh) (2) $28;   209Hj) (2) $24;   209Hk) (5) $22
Elbow & matched regulars: 209Ya) (7) $45;   209Yb) (4) $29.00
Mixed lots: $50 per lot unless noted: 209Za)   209Zb)   209Zc)    209Zd)   209Ze) $70
DISCOUNT: For gross fillable order of elbows (209) of $100 take 10% discount from total; $200 take 15%. Excluded: strands and per-quantity prices.
$8.50+
209 Millefiori Elbow Strands Thicker beads:     209a    209b    209c 20-22 beads per strand, $300 each;     Thinner beads:     209n     209q (elbows & squares) 9-11mm $175 each $300.00 / 175.00
1084 True Brit / Bear Claw White with red, white & blue eyes resembling the Union Jack, also called Bear Claw Millefiori Ellipsoids Off-white, 14.7x9mm. Strands: 1084a 24", $60;    Barrel Eggshell-white with four "Union jack" eyes (look like a striped bead seen endwise), ±10-14x7mm, called Aday in Ghana. 1084Va 20", $60;   1084Vb 20", $60;;   1084Vc 40", $120;   1084Ta Uniform, semi-translucent barrels, 32", Nice! $190 $60.00+
1228 Peacock Bead Semi-translucent yellow flat-end ellipsoids with multicolor banding and complex peacock-fan shaped eyes, about 15x10mm. Supplier calls it Peacock bead, and says they were traded to the Americas, but I can find no other references. Shown 400%. Lots of 3: Top quality. 1228A1    1228A2     1228A3    1228A4 $21 per lot;    Lots of 5: Top quality. 1228B1    1228B2 $30/Lot;     Lots of 4: Small imperfections or filed down. 1228C1    1228C2 $16/Lot;      Strands: 1228e) Top end of original strand, 26 top quality beads $140 $16.00 / 140.00
1083 Chevron Eyes Unusual bead. Looks somewhat like a millefiori with eyes that look like a chevron seen endwise. Mostly 22x14mm. Singles: $7.50 each/2+, 5.50/5+ $7.50
1146 Old Squares Rectangular or tabular in purplish brick-red, eye design. Possibly an early millefiori? Wear suggests age?
1146F) Rectangular tabular: White/green eyes, about 19x12x7mm Samples shown $8/bead, $6/3+;    1146Q) Rectangular Squared: White/yellow eyes, about 19x9x9mm LOTS available: 1146Qa $35;   1146Qb 35;   Mixed lots: 1146Qc $20;   1146Qd $20;   1146Qe $20;   1146Qf $28
$8.00+
1248 Marvered Greens From a 1980's collection, an obscure type the Traders tell me is scarce. Some chipped. 20" Strand. $125.00
902 Dinka Beads Traded to the Dinka of Sudan. Bright colored round beads with a subtle widthwise flattened ridge, most 14-15mm wide x 13mm Long, with large center holes. According to supplier these are restrung, but otherwise are natural necklaces as worn, so lengths vary & some contain smaller spacer beads.   34+" Necklaces: 902.b $52.50
778 Agate, White Huge glass beads traded to the Yoruba, who call them Sakia. Milky white, semi-translucent with veins, they do look like stone. Good value in a large bead. Good central bead or pendant for a necklace. 28+" Strands:      778a;     778b;     778d;     778e;     778f;     778g;     778h $57.50 each, $40 /3+ (ask for more photos to choose from) $40.00 - 57.50
1106 Red Stripes Venice: Cane-cut short barrels, dark red vertical stripes on white, widths mostly 9-10mm. Sample 24" shown as all strands similar. $27.50
1236 Blue Finned Barrels Translucent light blue, 8.5-9 x ±7.5mm, some have what appear to be "fins" on the side, but supplier says Venice, not a (moulded) Bohemian type. Opinions?? 28" Strands $45.00
1238 Red Conical Unusual shape, 14-15mm lengths. Maybe I paid too much, but just haven't seen these before. 30" Strands $50.00
687 Not Russian Blue Tubular bead imitating the lighter variety of Russian Blue. Called "Janie" in some parts of Africa, possibly a corruption of Djenne. Widths ±4-5.5mm, 24-26" strands. Two examples show range of colors & lengths. $12.50 each, $9.50/3+ $12.50
1208 Massai Blues & Blacks Plain, matte larger-than-seed reputedly traded to the Massai. Blues are Venetian, Blacks Bohemian. Widths about 5-5.5mm, 21-22" strands, great variety of shapes (advise if you have a preference). The blues are a particularly lovely shade. 1208B Pale blue, 1208K Black. Mix or match, $9 each, $8/3+, $6.50/10+ $9.00
678 Green Heart: Small Seed bead size, and larger. Strands: 678La Loose lot of over 400 beads 4-5mm width. $35;    678Sb) Strand ±4-6.5mm, from Africa. Unusual. $25 $25.00+
1134 Striped Greenhearts Cane-cut black & white stripes on red, over greenish-clear core, about 10-11x8mm. Lots of six beads, available: 1134a    1134b $17.50
1042 Large Yellow Seeds Crude wound Ventian beads of lemon yellow color, traded to the Dani of New Guinea. Mostly 4.5-5.5mm widths. Sample 24-26" strands shown. $6.50/3+. Single strand: $8.00
1040Tile BeadsSmall tubes with burnt-red exterior over darker core. Traded to the Naga and Chin peoples of NW Burma and NE India. Typical sizes are 3x8mm and 4x5mm for two sample strands shown. These are from an importer's stash from the 1990s or earlier; I can't find them offered online. They don't come up in the Africa trade. 34" strands: $6.00 each; 4.50/3, 3.75/10, 3.00/50;     Set of thick & thin strands, $10 $3.00 - 6.00
1041 Tile Beads? Resembling the red tile beads, imported by Paul Dillingham, a dealer in "odd & curious" monies in the 1970s, from Uganda. Beads ±23x4.3mm. Just one 24" strand $17.50

BOHEMIA
the Czech beadmakers and their molded (seamed) beads gave Venice serious competition in the late 19th & erly 20th Centuries.
CLICK!
STOCK#
NAME
DESCRIPTION (click link numbers for images)
PRICE
1276 Peeling beads These are from the Cassamance region, source of some of the earliest European beads traded to Africa, and my supplier thought they were old Venetian, trying to imitate something African but they did not have the coating process well mastered. But a knowledgeable poster on beadcollector.net says definitely molded Czech, with rods hand-pressed into moulds under varying conditions, so the size variability is expected. Between Africa's climate and perhaps long wear, the coating begins to flake away. Range ±10-12.8mm widths. Singles: Mixed caramel brown and peeling, $.85 each/3+, .60/12+;    30-32" Strands: 1276e    1276c    1276d $35.00
RUSSIAN BLUES    One of the earliest beads made in Bohemia, beginning before 1800, and peaking about 1845. It was cut from faceted canes and then further faceted by grinding. Usual shapes are squares and rectangles with up to 21 facets. The most popular color, then and now, is a dark blue, though others were produced, and a lighter blue was popular in Africa. Their name comes from association with the Russian fur trade in Alaska, though they were apparently stocked by Hudson's Bay as well, and traded elsewhere in the Americas, Africa, and Asia.
562A Russian Blue Faceted square Small Squarish & Mixed, some with unusual colors. Widths range 5-9mm, graduated or uniform strands. Each one different. Associated with North American trade, these from Africa. Strands: 562A1) Squares, rounds, lots of variety, 24" $85;    562A2) Graduated 5-9+mm, some greens, blacks, 24", $115 $95.00+
562N Russian Blue Faceted square Medium beads: Longer strands Squarish & Mixed. Widths range 6-12mm, graduated or uniform strands. Dark cobalt to lighter blue. Each one different. Associated with North American trade, these from Africa. 30" Strands: 562N1    562N2    562N3    562N5    562N6    562N7     562N8    562N9    562N10    562N11    562N12       Discount: Mix or match 562N & 562P, 3+ strands 10%, 6+ strands 15%. $100.00
562P Russian Blue Faceted square Medium beads: 24" strands Squarish & Mixed. Widths range 6-12mm, graduated or uniform strands. Each one different. Associated with North American trade, these from Africa. Same size beads as 562N but may display as smaller in some browsers due to linear scans. 24" Strands: 562P1    562P2    562P3    562P4    562P5    562P6    562P7     562P8    562P9    562P10    562P11    562P12       Discount: Mix or match 562N & 562P, 3+ strands 10%, 6+ strands 15%. $80.00
563F Russian Blue: Large Faceted Ellipsoid Largest of the Russians. Sizes noted in photos. Strands: 563Fa) 21 beads incl. an unfaceted ellipsoid $300;    563Fb) 25 beads, fairly uniform & symmetrical $325;    563Fb) 29 beads, variation in shapes & sizes $250;   563Ff) 29 beads, plus spacers, variation in shapes & sizes $285 $250.00+
563R Russian Blue: Large Faceted Rounds & Others "Diamond cut" and other less usual shapes. Strands: 563Ra) Long 36" strand, a collection of unusual shapes, colors & "relatives" $300;    563Rb) 26" strand of diamond cut, mostly 14x17mm $235 $235.00+
563E Russian Blue: Faceted Tubular Faceted tubes in medium to cobalt blue color. Used in North America trade, though these from Africa. Most 15-22mm L x 4-5mm W. 22-24" Strands: 563Ea    563Eb    563Ec    563Ed    563Ee    563Ef    563Eg    563Eh $42.50
563T Russian Blue, Tubular Unfaceted tubes in medium blue color. Used in North America trade, though these from Africa. Most 30-35mm L x 6-7mm W, large center holes. Quite a bargain considering the cost of even small faceted beads today. Sample 28-30" strands shown. $35/ strand, $30/3+ $35.00
563U Russian Blue: Large Tubular Long tubes 29-32x10mm interspersed with medium-sized faceted beads, long 33" strand $175.00
1232 Russian Clears Just like the smallest Russian blues, 4.5-5.5mm wide by 5-6mm long and facted, but in clear glass. First I've seen. 34" Strands: 1232a    1232b $75.00
564Y Russian Yellows Large faceted ellipsoids in translucent light amber color. Much rarer than the blue varieties. Strand: 564Ya Beads ±30x12mm, 30" strand $250.00
1233 Russian Reds Small 16-facet ruby reds, much like the smallest Russian Blues, but made by Prosser process. About 6mm.     11-12" strands: 1233a    1233b $47.50
561 Russian Blue (Light) Multifaceted Squares Mixed sky blue to medium blue. Mostly 8-12m beads, but some graduated strands with 6mm. Traded into Africa; less expensive than cobalt blues used in North America. Average condition.
26-28" Strands: 561a    561b    561c    561d    561e    561f    561g    561h     561j    561k    561L    561m $40.00 each, $35/3+
Bulk: 561Za) Just as the photo'd strands: $35 each, $30/3+;    Bulk shorter: 561Zb: 26" vs 28" strands Samples $32.50 each, $28/3+. OK to mix categories for quantity discounts.
$30.00+
560A Russian Blue (Light) Rectangle 12-facet Sky blues traded to Africa, less expensive than cobalt blue popular in Americas. Twelve wide facets slightly tapered to flat ends, about 17x9mm. 24" Strands: 560Aa) $65;    560Ab) $65;    560Ac) Larger but mixed types, 26" strand $45 $45.00+
560F Russian Blue (Light) Multifaceted Ellipsoid Sky blues traded to Africa, less expensive than cobalt blue popular in Americas. Mostly 17x9mm. 22" Strands: 560Fa) $55;    560Fb $55;    560Fc (dirty) $45 $45.00+
687 Not Russian Blue Tubular Venetian bead imitating the lighter variety of Russian Blue. Called "Janie" in some parts of Africa, possibly a corruption of Djenn&eacuate;. Widths ±4-5.5mm, 24-26" strands. Two examples show range of colors & lengths. $12.50 each, $9.50/3+ $12.50
844 Black Iridescent Various shapes with facets, predominantly black but with a bright bluish sheen. A very distinctive look created by "fuming" metal during production so that microscopic particles adhere to the glass surface. Like Russian blues, with a new twist. Traded into Nigeria. Some strands have dull (non-fumed) black or other strays. 24" Strands: 844a    844b    844c    844e     844f    844h    844j    844L $22.50 each;    Larger beads    844Za    844Zb $27.50 each $22.50+
VASELINE    Generally translucent, moulded bead type from Bohemia, sources differ on its age, "fur trade" era to ca. 1900 (Dubin chart) or 1915, though the common types from the Africa trade seem too well worn for 20th century. They appear in a tremendous variety of colors and shapes. Faceted bicones about 15-16mm wide in forest green or red are commonest, with smaller amber - originally made with uranium salts - clears, and clear with yellow / green / blue highlights next most available, and numerous other colors and opaques rarer. The faceted bicones are common in both blunt and sharp-ridged varieties, with 12-facets scarcer; round, fluted round, and multifaceted rarest. Unworn beads, usually in novel shapes or sizes, are modern Czech products.
502R Vaseline, Red Translucent red in unique short faceted bicone shape. Made. ca. 1830-1900. Beads 15-16m wide x 10mm long. Strands are all very similar; most beads show tiny chips & abrasions. Samples shown at 150%, 22-24" strands. Mix or match 502G, 502R strands $20 ea / 3+. $27.50
502G Vaseline, Green Translucent forest green in unique short faceted bicone (& some thinner "saucer") shape. Beads 15-16m wide x 10mm long. Made. ca. 1830-1900. Most beads show tiny chips & abrasions. Variety traded to West Africa. Samples shown, 22-24" strands. Mix or match 502G, 502R strands. $27.50 each, $20 /3+. $27.50+
502H Vaseline, Green Cubes Faceted cubes about 10mm. Made. ca. 1830-1900. Most beads show tiny chips & abrasions.      31-32"Strands: 502Ha;    502Hb;    502Hc $85.00
502F Vaseline, Ethiopia Greens These range from pale yellows to clear with strong green or yellow-green highlights, Shapes can be thin or fat ridged bicones, usual 10x15mm or smaller. Earlier varieties, traded to Ethiopia. 502Fa) Clears & cubes, 30" $80;    502Fb) Mostly smaller, 31" $65.00;    502Fc) 26", 15-16mm widths, $75 $65.00+
502A Vaseline, Amber Translucent glass, unusual Amber color & unusual shapes.     Singles: 502Aa) Grooved round (melon) shape, 16mm long: $7.50/1, $5 ea./3+;    502Ab) Faceted Cubes (12-sided), 18mm: $7.00/1, $4.50 ea./3+, ASK/10;     Strands: 502Ac) Grooved rounds (43) $150;    502Ad) TINY 7mm faceted, from a storage locker find, first I've seen this size $100;    502Ae) Faceted bicone with sharp ridge 16mm wide, amazing condition $200;    502Af) Faceted square ±14mm wide, amazing condition $200 $5.00 / 200.00
502P Vaseline, Translucent Clear with yellow/green cast. Usual faceted bicones in graduated 11-17mm width strands. 28" strands: 502Pa    502Pb    502Pc    502Pd $85 each;    Variable strands: 502Pf 40" strand, yellowish cast $120;    502Pg 26" strand $80 $80.00+
502D Vaseline, crystal Crystal clear. Scarcer than clears with yellow-green cast. Shapes include Broad-faceted bicones, 12-facet squares, and melons. Strands: Large beads: 502Da) Long 32" strand $200;    502Db) 26" strand $200;    Strands: Small beads: Smallest beads on some strands appear to be "Abyssinia" beads. 502Dn) 30" strand $75;    502Dp) 28" strand $70;    502Dq) 30" strand $65 $200.00 / 60.00+
502Y Vaseline, Yellow Yellow-orange-pink shades in usual faceted-bicone shape, but smaller (14-15mm widths); unusual small reds included. Mostly high grade. Scanner under-represents the orange. 26" Strands: 502Ya     502Yb $135.00
502B Vaseline, Blue Sky-blue, solid rather than translucent, and mostly smaller than the common reds and greens. Probably much earlier. 28" Strands: 502Ba    502Bb $115.00
502M Vaseline Mixed Strands Scarcer colors and shapes, usually well mixed. Each different. Strands: 502Ma Grand mix, 32" $175;    502Mb Grand mix, 32" $175;    502Mc Sky blues, "thick" greens, etc. 27" $125;    502Me Black & cobalt blue dominate a well-mixed strand, 30" $250;    502Mf Green & clear, 1980s strand 24" $55;    502Mg More modern(?) mix 1980s strand 26" $50;    502Mh More modern mix, lots of variety, 28", $45 $45.00+
503 Baby Vaseline Molded bead, tiny 5mm, two shades of turquoise. 26" Strands: 503a $50.00
1110 Vaseline: Modern Still made in Czech Republic, generally smaller and more exotic colors are still made for the Africa trade. Don't confuse with powdery Asian products. Multifaceted 12mm beads, mixed 26" strands of red, blue, purple, amber. Samples shown. $27.50
1290 Football Beads Clear beads in the elongated shape of American footballs, complete with center grip lines and end rings. String passes through a handle on the top of each bead. Altogether a most unusual bead shape, 23-24mm lengths.      1290a Tight, doubled 12" strand, some beads worn partly smooth. Advise if you would like a few single beads, as I may break this one. $250.00
1291 Beer Barrel Beads Clear beads in the elongated shape of a blunted American football, or a shhort barrel, complete with stave & hoop lines. String passes through a handle on the top of each bead. Altogether a most unusual bead shape, 16-18mm lengths.      1291a Tight, doubled 132" strand, some beads worn partly smooth. Advise if you would like a few single beads, as I may break this one. $225.00
938 Blue-green barrels Blue-green cane-cut barrels with striations. One of the older Czech types, probably imitating older Islamic stone beads. Widths 9-12mm, large holes, 24" strands. Sample shown. $27.50
1186 Early Prosser Bohemia was an early adopter of the Prosser technique of making a bead from two halves, leaving a seam. This is apparently a scarce earlier type. Beads 8x12mm. 23" Strand: 1186a $125.00
1262 Czech Mock Coral Possibly an older type of Prosser bead. 1980s collection tag reads "Portuguese Mock Coral (Tibetan Prayer Beads)" though they are known in the Africa trade. ±11-12mmx 13-14mm, 24" strand $45.00
1198 Bohemian Moon Round, edge-drilled translucent white disk with edge seam, 14-15 x 5-6mm. All 24" strands nearly identical and in good condition. $28.50 each, $25/3+ $28.50
1027aBelted WhitesDull white 12mm rounds with a subtle raised belt at equator, plus some Colodonto & other strays. Found in Mali. 26" strand.$30.00
1258 Ndoro Triangles Conus shells were introduced to East Africa by Arab slavers and served as both currency (like cowries) and status symbols, worn whole or cut in half, on the forehead by Shona Chiefs. "In the 1870s the British destroyed as many of them as they could find in British East Africa, because of their presumed links to paganism. When crime greatly increased due to the lack of currency, they had porcelain copies of the shells made in Bohemia [in 1892 - Liu] with serial numbers on them. In time the Bohemians took the design and made glass copies . . . . " (Francis, p109). See also Liu, R., Collectible Beads p. 29, 42. Today the Masai and related tribes still value and modify by filing the more modern Czech glass copies. My specimens were collected from the Tonga Tribe of Zimbabwe and Zambia. Sngles: Shown at 300%; reverses are plain. 1258A1) Small 2-13mm wide, orange, $2.50 each;   1258C1    1258C2     1258C3    1258C4     1258C5 (2/$30)    1258C6 ±30-40mm, $15 each;    1258D1 42mm $17.50 $2.50 - 17.50
230 Talhakimt Pendants (Glass) Large, flat European-made glass pendant-beads copying metal & stone pieces used by the Tuaregs of the northern Sahara & often considered currency at that time. a.k.a. Niger glass, Zinder beads. About 55x35mm. A detergent soak will remove oils. Samples shown of colors available. Per bead: $10.00; Green only, $8.50/3+, $7.25/10+ $10.00
230Z Talhakmit Plastic Look just like the glass versions but these are plastic. Set of three colors. $17.50
610 Wedding / Balloon / Teardrop In Ghana called Dondounsuele and worn by men at their wedding, often mixed with flat, curved Gopesegie (tiger claw) or flat, triangular beads. These strands chosen for variety of balloon types. 25" Strands: 610f;    610g $48.50
1061 Dogbone (Dumbell) Small molded, nesting, pinched-center lozenges, ±4x8.5mm. Scarce and distinctive type.
Red:   1061Ra    1061Rb    1061Rc    1061Rd ($45)     1061Re 22" strands, $35.00 unless noted
Yellow:   1061Ya    1061Yb    1061Yc    1061Yd     1061Ye Yellow, mixed opaque & translucents, $35.00 each
$35.00
1062 Dogbone (Drum) a.k.a. Drum or Dondo (Ghana). Bright red. 49-50 beads, 10m wide x 13m long, 26" strand. $25.00
738 Elbow / Macaroni Bright shades of red to orange. Traded into Senegal and Mali. Typical beads 7mm wide x 36mm long. 26" Strands: 738a $20.00
1086 Agate Glass Rounds Multifaceted rounds with prosser seam, red-brown streaks & patches imitating stone. Beads 10.7mm wide. Strands: 1086a $55.00
977 Whitebelts Glass bead imitating a specialty cut in black agate with a white vein. Shiny black ellipsoids with narrow white waistband. From Nigeria. 24" Strands: 977L) 23", beads ±33x11mm, $176.50;    977S) 22", beads range ±7-11mm widths, $14.50 $14.50+
681 Agate Glass Ellipsoids Faceted flat-end ellipsoids imitating banded stone, but the stone-like striations stop at the lengthwise seam. Hardly good for the illusion that they are stone. Late 19th century. 22+" Strands: 681C red-browns, ±13x7mm;     681a reds, ±21x8mm     681b browns, ±21x8mm     681d blues, ±21x8mm $18.50
936 Button Molded disks, varying colors and widths. 22" Strands: 936Y) Yellow, ±9mm wide;    936W) Dirty white, ±7-10mm wide. Actually off-white and dirty!, to me a pleasant surprise after all the over-cleaned beads.     936B) Dark blue (few);    936N) Brown, ±8-9mm (few). Mix OK: $12.00 each, $10/3+ $12.00
1208 Massai Blues & Blacks Plain, matte larger-than-seed reputedly traded to the Massai. Blues are Venetian, Blacks Bohemian. Widths about 5-5.5mm, 21-22" strands. Great variety of shapes (advise if you have a preference). The blues are a particularly lovely shade. 1208B Pale blue, 1208K Black. Mix or match, $9 each, $8/3+, $6.50/10+ $9.00
975 Coffee Bean Short ellipsoids, brown with white side seam and veining, imitating stone.    Strands: 975A) 22", beads 12x9mm with one long bead, $13.50;    975B) 26" with two long beads, $20;     975C) 26", 12x9mm beads, $17.50;     975D) 26", smaller 9x6.5mm beads, $16.50;     975e) 24", Mixed size beads, $17.50; $13.50+
1204 Little Clears Transparent drawn beads, 5-10mm, various shapes: ellipsoid, round, square, faceted. Called "Abyssinia" beads, but found in Burkina Faso. Sample 22-24" strands shown; let me know your shape preference. Strands: $10 each, $8.50/3+, $7/10+ $7.00 - 10.00
1205 Clear Squares Cubes, about 8-9mm on a side, worn enough to be a bit misty. Sample 28" strands shown. $20.00
510 Cranberry Semi-translucent beads in a distinctive dusty red shade, variety of shapes, usually 6-10mm widths. Favored by the Igbo of Nigeria. 24" Strands of mixed shapes, though we can pick more "smaller faceted" or "larger rounded" if you prefer. OK to mix with Cranberry Reds (509) for quantity discounts. Single strand $18, $12/3+, $9/10+ $18.00
509 Cranberry Reds Translucent ruby-red beads, variety of shapes, usually 6-10mm widths. Favored by the Igbo of Nigeria. Strands of mixed shapes, though we can pick more "smaller faceted" or "larger rounded" if you prefer. OK to mix with Cranberry (510) for quantity discounts. Single 24" strand $18, $12/3+, $9/10+ $18.00
508 Long Red Faceted Translucent ruby-red, long 31-39mm, faceted, well-worn, some chips. Called Peme in Nigeria. Strands 26-28" $16.00, $13.50/3+ $16.00
528 Dice Beads Small bevelled rectangles with recessed spots, Imitating dice. Peter Francis notes the irony of gambling-averse Muslims preferring this type of bead. ±10x5mm. The supply seems to have dried up in recent years. Strands: Pink: 528P) 26", $16;    White: 528W) 20", $17.50;    Brown: 528N) 20", unused $13.50;    Colors & Mixed: 528Ma) 24", $18.50;   528Mb) 24", $18.50;   528Mc) 24", $17.50;   528Ua) 24", $18.50;   528Ga) 19", $15 $16.00
798 Spotless Dice Small square beads, about 5x6mm with interesting shading patterns. Traded into Ghana, while the usual, more crudely made dice beads with spots come from Nigeria. 22" Strands: 798N) Mainly tan $11.00 each;    798J) Burnt orange $12.50 each;    798a) Burgundy $13.50;    798b) Burgundy, plus buttons & dogbones $20.00 $11.00+
628 Islamic Prayer Beads Deep translucent green losenge with incised Xo pattern. Uniform 12x8mm, a few disc spacers, 24" strand. $12.50
680 Faith Necklace Based on early carnelian necklaces worn by the first Muslim converts in Saharan Africa, these are now called "Hajj beads" showing that the wearer has made a pilgrimage to Mecca. Ruby red glass with about 42 flat coin-like beads and one or two heart-shaped pendants. c. 1800-1850? The smaller beads read Mohammed or Allahu / Akbar or pictorial stars & crescent; the pendants Allah Hasbi. Necklaces:
Two-pendants A: 42 beads, mixed inscriptional & pictorial: 680B1    680B2     680B3    680B4     680B5 $27 each
Two pendants B: 42 beads, all-inscriptional: 680CB1    680CB2     680CB3    680CB4 $29 each
Two-pendants, 42 beads, all pictorial: 680D1    680D2     680D3     680D4 $29 each
Single Pendant: but 44 beads 680H1    680H2     680H3    680H4     680H5 $27.00 each;     Unusuals: 680Z1 Odd pendant, chipped $27
Discount: Any 3 necklaces $24.50 each, 6+ / $20
$20.00 - 29.00
559 "Pink Padres" Padre-style beads, Czech, probably fairly modern, found in the Africa trade, possibly for the Massai (Kenya) who favor pink. Also called "Cheyenne pinks."    559P) Wound, padre-sized (7-8mm widths) dark-pink, glossy beads, 22" strands, $11.00 each, $9/5+;    559M) Large-seed size, ±4mm width, paler pink, 20" strands $10 each, $7.50/5+ $9.00 - 10.00
558 Massai Pinks Small pink beads favored by the Massai of Kenya. Cane-cut (Venice?) 4-5mm widths, mixed in with commoner Czech wound-looking type. Strands: 558a) 20", $22.50;    558b) 22", $17.50 $17.50+
846 Small Pink Molded round 5mm beads. This is the color favored by the Massai. $4.50 each per 3+; Single 21" strand: $6.00
827 Misty Reds Small (7mm) molded round bead blending translucent & opaque elements, giving a misty, pearl-like appearance. A more sophisticated bead than usually found in the Africa trade, supplier says these were traded to Ghana in the 1950s. 22" strands. $12.00
507 Streaked Red Cubes Translucent red with white frost or veining, probably to imitate stone. Molded, early 1900s. A type of Kancamba. ±8mm square, about 70 per 25" strand. $18.50
733T Red Triangle Translucent red, edge-holed, 19mm on a side, about 36 per 22" strand. Traded into Mali. Samples shown. Specify "all red" or I will send picked strands with two or more triangles of other colors. $22.50
733R Red Rounds Translucent red, edge-holed, 14mm , about 42 per strand. Samples shown. These are uninscribed versions of the beads found on the "Faith necklaces", 22" strands $12.50
1176 Lipstick refills Bohemia, large, seamed red barrels, about 30x14mm & other shapes. 24" Strands: 1176a    1176b $22.50
520G Kankamba: Green Mould-made disks, various shades of green, patterning, and inclusion of other colors. Widths around 10mm. Early 1900s, but crude "wound" look without the cost of older beads. 20-21" Strands: Scans 150% 520Ga    520Gb    520Gc    520Gd     520Ge    520Gf    520Gg    520Gh     520Gj    520Gk     520Gm    520Gn    520Gp    520Gq     520Gr    520Gs    520Gt    520Gu    520Gv     520Gw $12.00 each, $10 / 3+; $8 / 3+; You may combine Green (520G or H), Yellow (520Y) and Red (520R) to get quantity prices. $12.00
520H Kankamba: Green Only Mould-made disks, Green without the usual motes of other colors. Widths around 9-10mm. Early 1900s, but crude "wound" look without the cost of older beads. 20-21" Strands: Scans 150% 520Ha    520Hb    520Hc $12.00 each, $10 / 3+; $8 / 3+; You may combine Green (520G or H), Yellow (520Y) and Red (520R) to get quantity prices. $12.00
520Y Kankamba: Yellow Mould-made disks, various shades of yellow and red, various patterns. Widths around 10+mm Early 1900s, but crude "wound" look without the cost of older beads. 20-21" Strands: Scans 150% 520Ya    520Yb    520Yc    520Yd     520Ye    520Yf    520Yg    520Yh    520Yj     520Yk     520Ym    520Yn    520Yp    520Yq     520Yr    520Ys    520Yt    520Yu     520Yv    520Yw     $12.00 each, $10 / 3+; $8 / 3+; You may combine Green (520G or H), Yellow (520Y) and Red (520R) to get quantity prices. [Very Large 520Za $16] $12.00
520R Kankamba: Red Mould-made disks, red (& mottled white) , various patterns. Widths around 10+mm Early 1900s, but crude "wound" look without the cost of older beads. 22-24" Strands: Scans 150% 520Ra    520Rb    520Rc    520Rd    520Re     520Rf    520Rg    520Rh    520Rj    520Rk $12.00 each, $10 / 3+; $8 / 3+; You may combine Green (520G or H), Yellow (520Y) and Red (520R) to get quantity prices. $12.00
520B Kankamba: Blue Mould-made disks, various shades of blue mixed with others, various patterns. Widths around 10+mm. Early 1900s, but crude "wound" look without the cost of older beads. 22" Strands: Scans 150% 520Ba    520Bb    520Bc    520Bd     520Be $16.50 each;     Largest: 13-14mm widths: 520Ca    520Cb $20 each $16.50 / 20.00
521B Kankamba: Blue smaller Smaller Mould-made disks, various shades of blue mixed with others, various patterns. Widths around 6+mm. Early 1900s, but crude "wound" look without the cost of older beads. 22" Strands: Scans 150% 521Ba    521Bb    521Bc    521Bd     521Be    521Bf $12.00 each;      Medium Widths 9.5mm 521Ca    521Cb    521Cc $15.00 each $12.00 / 15.00
521R Kankamba: Red smaller Smaller Mould-made disks, Reds, often with with mottling. Widths around 6+mm. Early 1900s, but crude "wound" look without the cost of older beads. 22" Strands: Scans 150% 521Ra    521Rb    521Rc    521Rd     521Re     521Rf    521Rg    521Rh(Loose 2+ strands $25) $12.00
522 Kankamba: Mixed Different shapes, colors, mixed strands, loose lots, etc. Bead widths ±10mm unless noted. See descripton & price for each lot. Strands: 522a) Scarce Blue color $14.50;    522b) Red donut shape $14.50;    522c) Red Ovoid shape $14.50;    522d) Mixed 7-8mm wide $14.5;    522e) Mixed colors, thick $17.50;    522f) With coconut hishi $12.50;    522g) Mixed sizes & colors 22" $12.50;    522h) Unusual tan, etc. 7.5mm widths, 22" $13.50;    522j) Unusual White & multi. 7.5mm widths, 22" $13.50;    522k) Unusual Burgundy & white, etc. 7.5mm widths, 26" $15.50;     522L) Broken string ±7.5mm widths $7.50;    522m) Pretty mixture 5-8mm widths, 24" $16.50 NOT combinable with other Kankamba groups for discount. $7.00 - 20.00+
1298 Disk Beads Various colors, some uniform shape, others pleasingly crude. ±20" strands:     1298a $20.00;    1298b $20.00;    1298c $22.50 $20.00+
1073 Turkana Small, rounded-end barrels in blue or red strands. 5-6mm size, 24" strands. Dirty as worn. Traded to the Turkana of Kenya. Order 1073R = Red, 1073B = Blue. $10.00
706 Green Flowers Four or five toothy knobs around central hole (cog wheel) vaguely imitate flower shape. Strands: 706) Beads 2x6m. Occasional stray color mixed in. Sample 20-22" strands shown. $18.50;     706c) Larger 2.6x9.6mm beads, 30" 1980s strand $25 $18.50+
1296 Fluted Beads Fluted, crenelated, rayed shapes, smaller beads in blacks and whites. 10-11" strands. Each different:     1296a $17.50;    1296b Black, white, etec. $18.50;    1296c Black, 9mm widths $22.50 $17.50+
663 Snake Beads Large Widths ±9mm. Late 1800s, cleverly made to imitate nesting snake vertebrae which are used throughout Africa for divination. 22" 22" Strands: 663P Pink $17.50;    663U Blue $20;    663a Mixed $22.50;    663b Mixed $25 $17.50+
664 Snake Beads Small Widths ±6mm. Late 1800s, cleverly made to imitate nesting snake vertebrae which are used throughout Africa for divination. 22" 22" Strands: 664P Pink $15.00;    664Y Yellow $15.00;    664U1 Blue $16.50;    664U2 Blue, 30" $30;    664a White & strays $16;    664b Mixed $17.50;    664c Mixed $17.50 $15.00+

NETHERLANDS - GERMANY- FRANCE
The Dutch types are well known and firmly attributed, and a few types of glass & stone beads are known for Germany. This section includes European beads of unknown origin, which may well be Venetian or Bohemian. "Dutch" delft and "French" Cross beads were made in Venice.
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STOCK#
NAME
DESCRIPTION (click link numbers for images)
PRICE
649 Cassamance / Goombah (Shipwreck Beads) Among the first European beads traded to Africa, tentatively attributed to Venice. Milk white, tubular widths ±6-9mm, also called Porcelain beads, White Greenhearts, Pony beads in the Americas, Goombah in Senegal. Presumed shipwreck beads washed up near the Albreda trading post at Juffureh or near the rivers Gambia or Cassamance (often with green hearts) are called Cassamance beads. The salvage beads have a great, aged look, and are a bit more expensive than the clean ones from trade. Samples SHOWN:    649a) Goombah beads, 24" strands $9.00, $8/3+, $6.50/10+, $5/50+;   649s) Casamance beads (Goombahs from shipwreck) 24+" strands $12.00, $11/3+, $9.50/10+. OK to mix for best discount.     649aL1) Long 120" strand of smaller, 5mm width beads from a 1980s collection $32.50 $9.00 / 12.00
1214 Dutch Chevrons Drawn beads rounded by the early (pre-1860s) a speo or hot tumbled method, many have a fluid, melted look. Ca. 1600s-1700s and likely made in Amsterdam by expatriate Venetians. This exact type found at 1620's Dutch sites in New York. See (download) Karklins, Karlis, The A Speo Method . . ., 1993, esp. figure 4. Most are a very deep blue, appearing black. Shown two views at 400%.
Black & Whites: Singles: Crude, early type considered a 3 or 4 layer: 1214A1 $30;    1214A2 $25;     1214A3 $20;    1214A4 $25;    1214A5 $35;    1214A11 $20    1214A12 $20
Black & Whites: Bulk: Samples shown. 1214C,D,E) C = Nicest quality, mostly ±13x12mm $18.50 each; D = More worn or smaller $13.50 each; E = Most worn or small $9.50 each
Multicolor Lot:     1214L1) Four for $25;     Small strand: 1214a) Top of strand from which singles were pulled, 35 beads mixed types & condition: $285
Discount: (excluding strand) $50+ total take 10%, $100+ take 20%.
$8.50 / 285.00
1215 Imitation Dutch Chevrons An early imitation from Ghana or Togo, chalkboard appearance with white lines on black background. Now considered rare in Africa. Singles: $4.50 /1; $3.50 /3; $2.75 /10+;      Strand: 1215a Long 30" strand $140 $3.50 / 140.00
556 Manhattan Bead Dutch five-layer star Chevrons, 1700s, so-called due to the legend of Manhattan's purchase for beads. Later, simpler Venetian imitations are called American Flag. Strands: 556b) Long 34" strand with several varieties, plus some brown Venetian, mostly 10-17mm widths; other side, $450 $450.00
547 Dutch Dogon, Large Classic cobalt blue in barrels and irregular rounds. Strands of graduated or ±15-25mm beads: Better quality Many with internal flaws, but very nice surfaces. Seldom found this nice!: 547a 24", matched, near-perfect beads ±22-25mm, $275;    547c Graduated 28" strand, 15-25mm widths, $165;     Usual quality: 547d 28" strand, widths 12-23mm $110;   547e 28" strand, widths 11-21mm $100;    547L1 Loose with similar(?) types, $35/Lot $100.00+
545 Dutch Dogon, Smaller Classic cobalt-blue color, widths ±10-17mm, some larger, each strand different. 26" Strands: 545a    545b    545e    545f    545g $97.50
546 Dutch Dogon: Clear Graduated 30-32" strands usually ranging 8-20mm widths. Note: Darkening effect on large beads is a scanner artifact; they look nearly transparent. Strands: 546d) Some blues, nicer grade 32" $95;   546f 30" Average grade $75;   546h 34" Rougher grade $55;   546k 18" Rougher grade $25 $30.00 - 95.00
548 Dutch Dogon, Colors & Shapes Scarcer than the usual cobalt or clear rounds. Strands posed to show flawed sides of beads. Singles & Lots: 548La 3 perfect sky blue $30;    548Lb 4 colors $40;    548Lc 2 black $20    548Ld 12 smaller blue $20
Mixed Strands: 548j) Sky-blue, black, ellipsoids $175;   548k) Grand mix! $265;    548n) White, green, sky-blue, smalls $175;   548p) Huge, rare colors $425;   548q) SMALL blue, black, etc. $175
All-alike Strands: 548c) Blue ellipsoids $175;     548e) Large white ellipsoids $175;   548g) Fat White ellipsoids $200;   548r) Black rounds ±15-16mm wide $235;   548s) Black flat ends, rough ±11-19mm wide $110;   548t) Black ±15.5-17mm wide, top condition! $400
$20.00 - 425.00
549 Five Facet Dogons Are these cobalt blue "Dutch Dogon" beads ground from round or ellipsoid to five facets, or were they made this way?. Trader sources say they are found in Mali & one says they are called television beads for their squared sides Some are so worn that the facets are rounded. Strands: 549a) 24" strand, $100;    549b) 20" strand $100; 549e) 26" strand, $125;    549f) 26" strand $125 $65.00+
791 Moon, Cane-cut The round beads, possibly of Dutch origin, are highly valued for the bluish glow inside semi-translucent glass. These are lesser-known cane-cut disks, called Grambi in Nigeria. Clearly old and well used. Strands: 791a) 9mm wide, Long 34" strand $85;    791b) 7mm wide, 1980s strand with white padres, 22" $35 $35.00+
670E Tomato: Yellow Usual size, ±11-13mm widths, a.k.a. Hummingbird Eggs. European (Venice?) bead traded into Ethiopia. 26" Strands: 670Ea     670Eb    670Ec     670Ed    670Ee     670Ef    670Eg $40.00 each
Bulk 670F) Slightly shorter (24" vs 26") strands, just as photo'd strands $32.50 each, $27.50/3+
$40.00
670G Tomato: Yellow Large: Unusual 28x24mm widths. 28" Strand: 670Ga $55.00
670R Tomato: Red Usual size, ±11-13mm widths. Slightly translucent ovoid beads. Vivid red, some variation in shades. European (Venice?) bead traded into Ethiopia. a.k.a. Hummingbird Eggs. 22" Strands: 670Rc)     670Rd    670Re     670Rf    670Rg      Bulk: 670L1) Six red/orange strands $240 $50.00
670T Tomato: Red Large ±19-20mm widths. Slightly translucent ovoid beads. Range cherry to dark red. European (Venice?) bead traded into Ethiopia. 22-23" Strands: Lighter: (cherry) 670Tb     670Tc    670Td     Darker: (Cranberry) 670Ta      670Tg    670Te     670Tf $60 Each;     Huge: 670Ua) Widths 23-23mm, 26" strand, unusual $75 $60.00
747Y Square Tomato, Yellow Molded wide barrels, colors & translucency much like Tomato (Hummingbird egg) beads. European (Venice?) bead traded into Ethiopia. Beads ±14-17x20-21mm. 24" Strands: 747Ya    747Yb    747Yc    747Yd     747Ye $45.00
747R Square Tomato, Red Molded wide barrels, colors & translucency much like Tomato (Hummingbird egg) beads. European (Venice?) bead traded into Ethiopia. Beads ±14-17x18-20mm. 26" Strands: 747Ra    747Rb    747Rc    747Rd $50.00
703 Rattlesnake: White Short barrels with wavy white bands on black. Dubin #127 Made in Amsterdam & traded into Ghana (called Krakumba), also found at North American Iroquois sites dating before 1763 (Dubin #127). Singles $3.25 each /3+, $2.50 / 10    Strands: 26" 703f    703g    703h    703j;     703L) 30", finer trailing line. Each: $125.00
701 Rattlesnake: Yellow Wavy horizontal YELLOW trailings on shiny black wound glass. Made in Amsterdam & traded into Ghana & found at North American Iroquois sites dating before 1763. Scarcer than white variety. Singles: High grade $6 each, $5.25 / 5+.    Strands: 24" 701b) High grade $275;    701d) Decent grade $195;    701a) Worn, mixed $85 5;    701e) Includes rare blue-belt variety, etc., 1980s strand $225 $6.00 / $275.00
965 Rattlesnake: Red & white Red & white wavy stripes on black, other types mixed in. Strands: 965b) 27", Widths range 8-13mm, small millies at end, $145;    965c) Widths 13+mm, lots of other good beads on long 36" strand $210;    965d) 22", Widths 9-15mm, nice mixture, $200 $145.00+
703X Rattlesnake with Eyes Short barrels with wavy white bands trailed across deep cobalt blue (looks black) wound base; this scarcer variety with small yellow eyes. 13-14mm widths. Top condition, Samples shown. Per bead: $18.50;    703XL1) Selected example plus two "relatives" Lot: $65 $18.50
1250 Green Asra From a 1980's collection, cane-cut, translucent with a blue-green glow when held to the light. Traders say not much seen since the 1990s. 24" Strands: 1250a    1250b    1250c $65.00
603 Rat's Dung Small, crude, roughly ellipsoid Dutch beads called Gajahkuro (Rat's dung) in Ghana, Aramissi in Nigeria. Wound manufacture, likely pre-1900. Strands: 603Y) Yellow, ±6-8x3-4mm, 22" strands $14.50 Each;     603W) White, ±6-7x3-3.5mm $14.50 Each $14.50
604 Rat's Dung Red Small, crude, roughly ellipsoid Dutch beads called Gajahkuro (Rat's dung) in Ghana, Aramissi in Nigeria. Reds of unknown origin: 604R) Bright red opaques, widths ±5-6mm, shape somewhat variable, found in Ghana trade, $9.00 / 22" strand;    604C) Cranberry red, translucent, widths ±4.5mm, irregular shapes. First I've seen; from Indiana storage locker find, 3 strands. $13.50 / short 14" strand. $9.00 / 13.50
1206 Bayon Short barrels in cobalt blue, black & other colors, said by supplier to be called Baya in Gambia / Mali, and Bayon in Congo. Netherlands? Strands: 1206a $20;    1206b $15;    1206c $20;    1206e $13.50;    1206f $13.50 each;    1206k $10.00;    1206m $10.00;    1206p with bell $15 $10.00+
1208 Massai Blues & Blacks Plain, matte larger-than-seed reputedly traded to the Massai. Netherlands? Bohemia? Widths about 5-5.5mm, 21-22mm strands. Great variety of shapes (advise if you have a preference). The blues are a particularly lovely shade. 1208B Pale blue, 1208K Black. Mix or match, $9 each, $8/3+, $6.50/10+ $9.00
529 Fulane Small cane-cut barrels in dark blue / purple. Some color variation - lighter blues through black - in some strands. 529A) ±4x4mm 28" strands $5.00;      529B) ±3x3mm, 22-24" strands $3.00     529N) Barrels 3-4m wide. Dark to light purple variants as shown in scan. 22-24" strands $3.00 (or 2.50 each per 3 or more) $3.00 - 5.00
1130 German Marble Large, single: Clear with embedded multicolored swirled lines. Late 1800s, Lauscha, Germany. 1130a) Dark blue and pink swirls, over white core, 39.4mm. Several pits, one filled. $350.00
1132 German Marble Small, singles: Clear with embedded multicolored swirled lines. Late 1800s, Lauscha, Germany. Mostly 17-19mm. Much more affordable than the larger sizes. Most have wear & chips. Multiple interior cracks can make the design difficult to see, but one crack is not so bad. These are very stable; thrown against a brick wall I was unable to even chip a marble bead with multiple interior cracks. Showing two sides at 400%; white clay is to keep bead from rolling.
Type-1: 1132B1 $95;    1132B3 $95     1132B4 $75;     1132B5 $75;;    1132B8 $65;     1132B9 $65;    1132B15 $55;    1132B16 $55;    1132B17 $55;    1132B25 $40;    1132B26 $40;
Type-2 1132E1 $75;    1132E2 $75;    1132E3 $65;    1132E4 $65;    1132E6 $50;    1132E7 $50
Type-3 1132G1 $75;    1132G2 $75;    1132G4 $65
Other types: 1132J1 $95;    1132N1 $95;    1132Q1 $95;    1132T1 $95 Lots: 1132L1 3 different $125;    1132L2 3 different $125;    1132L4 3x Type 1 $120
$40.00+
511C "Dig" Donuts Ugly but exciting! Excavated from the Mali trade area around Djenn&eacuate;, these must be some of the earliest European trade beads in Africa, the original Amsterdam donut beads. Cobalt blue to black, but brilliant blue when held up to light, a few greens mixed in, and much thicker (±5-8mm lengths) than the laterl blue, clear, etc. donuts. Very rough! Singles: 511C) $2.50 each/3+, 2.00/10+, 1.35/50+;    Strands: 511Ca    511Cb    511Cc    511Cd 28", $120 each $2.50 / 120.00
511B Donut, Blue Ca. 1860-97, Amsterdam. Crude wound bead with unusually wide holes, making them easy to string on any cord. Widths mostly 8-12mm. Some rough or chipped. Long 32" strands: 511Ba    511Bb    511Bc 32", $39.50 each;    511Bg (28": $36)    511Bh (26": $32)    511Bj (28": $28);    Loose lot Mixed colors 511BL1 $9 $32.00+
511W Donut, Clear Ca. 1860-97, Amsterdam. Crude wound bead with unusually wide holes, making them easy to string on any cord. Widths mostly 8-12mm. Some rough or chipped. 511Wa    511Wb    511Wc 32", $39.50 each;    511We (30" $35)    511Wf (30" $35)    511Wg (26" Mixed $28)    511Wh (24" Small $28)    511WL (15.5" Half strand $16.50) $28.00+
511K Donut, Light Blue Cane cut Sky-blue shades, traded into Nigeria. Strands: 511Ka Beads 9.5-11mm widths & tire-like, sky blue, 26" strand $135    511Kb Beads mostly 12-13mm widths & irregular thickness in medium blue, 26" string $135 $135.00
511G Donut, Green Ca. 1860-97, Amsterdam. Crude wound bead with unusually wide holes, making them easy to string on any cord. Widths mostly 8-12mm. Unusual color & nice condition. 28" Strand: 511Ga $150.00
973Ethiopia Donut NecklaceNatural necklaces from Ethiopia, made of a variant of dark blue "Dutch donut" beads and cowries on long, thick multi-strand black cord. The donut beads are thinner and larger than the usual sort, often with multiple ridges. 40" Necklace strands: 973b    973c $80.00
511Z Donut: Modern Faithful reproductions of the 19th Century Amsterdam beads with usual crude appearance. Colors: Clear, Pink, Brown, Gold, Green. Blue, Dark Blue. 21" Strands. $12.50 each if taking 3 or more strands. $15.00
914Plastic AmberNecklace of mixed colors and shapes. Central bead resembles the typical oblate copal now considered antique in Africa. A lively discussion revealed the material "could" be 1920-30's German, but could also be modern Chinese! They show some wear, but not a lot.
Strands: 914a     914b    914c    914d    914e Long 36", $65.00 each
Lots: 914L1    914L2    914L3    914L4    914L5 $17.50 per lot
$65.00
913Plastic Amber: GreenRound 14mm beads, possibly intended to mimic amber. They appear dark brown but when held to the light most have a light-green stripe in the center. Not as uniform as they look. Unknown where made, but found in Africa. Strands: 913a 26", $36.50    913b 26", broken $35$36.50
679 Agate Glass Rough Shapes: Visually convincing glass imitations of caramel-colored carnelian agate, from Germany, traded into Mali and Senegal. Made over a long period of time. Singles: 10-12mm $1.00 each/3+, .75/10+      Strands: beads ±10-15mm, 30" strands 679a) 30";    679b) 30";    679d) 9-10mm, with strays, 28" $36.50 each;
Rounds: 679R ±15-17mm widths, roundish wound beads in banded caramels, reds, etc. $1.50 / bead per 3+
$1.00+ / 36.50
694 Yellowjacket Chevron Narrow five-layer tubulars with alternating yellow & black stripes. Possibly French (Francis Beads of the World p.65) or Venetian. Shown 300%. Take 20% discount for any 3+ single beads.
Singles: Thick, ±10mm widths: 694B1 $40;    694B2 $35;    694B3 $35;    Usual 7-8+mm widths, nice: 694E1    694E2    694E3    694E4 $33.50 each;     Usual 7-8+mm widths, worn: 694G1    694G2    694G3    694G4 $25 each
Four-sizes Sets: 694S1    694S2 $95/set
$25.00+
968 Yellowjacket Aja Thin slices of five-layer "French" or Yellowjacket Chevrons. Long 28+" strands: Group 1: Mixed with regular Aja, beads between x's are chevrons $100 each 968Ma    968Mb    968Mc    968Md     Group 2: Mostly chevrons, "not" by main groups that are not. $125 each 968Na    968Nb    968Nc    968Nd    968Ne $85.00+
233 Talhakimt Pendant, Agate European-made for export to Africa, lovely reddish translucent stone. I was able to pick fully intact (minor chips at most) pieces from a large lot at a great price. Lengths: B=62-67mm, D=80-87, F=90-98, H=99-110mm, K=Largest. Scans at 200%. Singles: $24.50 each, $20/3+, $16/6+     233B1    233B2    233B3     233B4    233B5     233B6    233B7    233B8     233B9     233B10    233D1    233D2     233D3    233D4    233D5    233D6     233D7    233D8    233D9    233D10    233F1     233F2    233F3     233F4    233H1     233H2    233H3     233H4    233H5    233H6     233H7    233H8    233H9     233H10    233H11    233H12    233K1     233K2     233K3    233K4     233K5     233K6    Lot:     233L1 7 with minor damage, $75 16.00 - 24.50
234 Talhakimt, Agate, Small European-made for export to Africa? Tiny crude pieces acquired many years ago & forgotten. 21-28mm tall. Singles:      234a    234b    234c    234d Each: $17.50
1116 Primitive European These white / clear stones look like they came out of the ground at Djenné, but supplier tells me they are European made, traded to Mali. What next?! Widths around 11-14mm. 22-24" Strands: 1116a    1116b    1116c    1116d    1116e $42.50
720 "Togo Stone" Beads(?) Possible imitations of the valued "Togo stones" used as money, beads, and amulets in Paleolithic times. They seem mimic the varied size and thickness, and the dished interiors & yellow color approximates the soil found on the stones. The glass is similar to what I've called proto-beads from Venice, but more translucent. Singles: 720S) Smaller: 17-19mm or thinner $2.50 each/3+;   720L) 19+mm, or thicker $3.50 each/3+ OK to mix $2.50+
NUEVA CADIZ    The origins of this sophisticated bead are unknown but they date at least to the early 1500s and were primarily traded by the Spanish into South America. The oldest are three-layer drawn beads, rectangular with rounded corners, diameter 4-8mm and often long, up to 50mm, in various shades of blue. A later type, probably Bohemian, associated with 17th Century North American sites, is unlayered and dark blue.
495 Nueva Cadiz 2G Second generation small, three-layer beads in green, light blue, or classic dark blue. These are recently cut by a bead-maker from valuable old canes acquired in the 1980's or earlier from the liquidated stock of a Murano firm. Rarely found on the market. Sample end view. Singles & lots: 495a $35;    495c $35;    495d $35;    495e $25;    495f Lot $125 $35.00+
612 Colodonto Flat-ended ellipsoids, typically 13-14mm wide x 14x16mm long with small holes. Traded to the Fulani. Inexpensive for such a large, colorful bead, but some colors have been scarce in the market lately. Strands:
White: 612W) 24", 40 beads, $20 Each
BLACK: 612B) 24", 40 beads, $16.50 Each;     612Ba) Exceptional condition, $30
Red: 612Ra) Variety in shapes, sizes, some strays, 26", $35;   612Rb) Cherry red, 24", $30;
$16.50+
614 Organic Lumpies Unusual "ellipsoid lump" or ameboid shape, variable sizes and colors. The blacks are calledLela Kampe in Nigeria, referring to the blacker-than-black wing of the Kampe bird. Strands: 614Ua) Light blue, ±8mm widths, 22", $50;   614Va) Cobalt & others, ±7mm widths, 22", $60;   614Ba) Black, 30", ±9-11mm widths, $50;   614Bb) Black, 30", ±9-11mm widths, $50 $50.00+
677 Coral Glass Large European glass bead in coral color, with subtle swirl pattern, most 48-50mm long x 24mm wide. Lots: 677a Lot: $20;    677b Lot: $20;    677e chips, Lot $20;    677f Lot $27.50 ;    Strands: 677n Ten huge pinks with 25mm widths, plus six likely African-made. From Nigeria $85 $20.00+
1124 Crenelated From a 1980s collection, gilded on one side and do not scan well, but when held to light they are tanslucent red, pink, amber, brown, clear, purple, gray & some solid blacks. Widths range 8.3-11mm, 34" strand. Africa Traders do not recognize, so I suspect European made for sale within Europe. $95.00
752 Lemon Drops Bright lemon-yellow bicones, ±7x5mm. 28" strands $11.00
790 Ellipsoids Bright colors in ellipsoid shape, usually about 7mm long, but lots of variety in size and even shape in this group. Sample 22" strands shown. Advise color wanted, tho some colors are single strands only. $6.00
588 Sokingkode Tbular translucent Red, some light, some dark. Called Sokingkode in Ghana. ±7-8x4mm, 24+" strands. $11.00
599 Translucent Disks Small annular beads with pleasing luminous colors. Mostly 8-9m wide, 4m long, 24" strands. Green, Blue (shown) or Red (smaller beads) $11.00
1056 Rough Blueberries Unusual eroded-looking surfaces on small 6-7mm dark blue rounds. Venice?? 22" Strand: 1056a $40.00
1058 Clear Beads Square and ellipsoid clear beads, with two small crumb beads. 22" strand $30.00

AFRICA: GLASS      Old, New & Imitations
Africans have made stone and shell beads since Neolithic times. The earliest glass trade beads probably came from India and the Islamic world, and are now excavated as "dig" beads. But Ghana was also a center of bead-making at the time of early European contact. More recently beads have been made from ground up glass, called "pop beads" after pop (soda) bottles. Fascinating new types, imitative or original, turn up all the time. An important new reference, African Beads, Jewels of a Continent by Evelyn Simak details the history of African bead-making.
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DESCRIPTION (click link numbers for images)
PRICE
3050 Bodom Large fused-powder (wet-core) beads of egg-yolk yellow over a dark core with trail-like decorations in characteristic patterns. They are among the oldest, most valuable, and most mysterious of African beads. Probably originating in the Mali Empire, along the Niger River well before 1800 they traded to the Ashanti & Krobo, who now use the word for the most visible or pendant bead in a necklace. Singles: 3050a    3050b    3050c    3050d $225 each;     3050e $275 $225.00+
1060 Old Kiffa Ghana. Singles: 1060Ca) Flat $75;     1060Cb) Hemi-ellipsoid $125 $75.00 - 125.00
712 Akoso Barrels Originally status beads of the Kings & nobility of the Ewe (= Krobo?). Made of ground trade beads, such as King beads fused in clay moulds.
Widths 9-11mm Strands: 712b    712g    712h    712j 32+" strands $65.50 each
Widths 8-9mm. 28" Strands: 714a     714a     714b     714c     714d    28" strands $56.50 each
$56.50 / 64.50
713 Akoso Mixed Shapes Originally status beads of the Kings & nobility of the Ewe (= Krobo?). Made of ground trade beads, such as King beads fused in clay moulds. Singles: 713Aa) Bicone 38x24mm $75    Strands 713a) Graduated 10-15mm widths, 30" strand, mixed shapes $85;     713b) Graduated 9-19mm widths, long 34" strand, mixed shapes $225 $75.00+
920 Segi cut beads From the Yoruba & Krobo of Togo, and Bidda of Nigeria, very crude beads cut from bottle glass, a now defunct African beadmaking style. See Simik, African Beads p. 129-131. Widths around 11-16mm. Strands from a 1980s collection: 920a) widths ±17-20mm, 36" strand, clears and greens $115;    920b) widths ±15-20mm, 32" strand, shades of green $85;    920c) widths ±6-15, 32" strand, lighter greens $55 $55.00+
822 Akoso King Eggyolk yellow bicones with lengthwise multicolor stripes. Made in Ghana, they imitate the popular yellow Venetian beads, which themselves may have been inspired by Bodoms. Some chipped specimens show the dark cores. Scans at 300%. Singles: 822a $50;    822b $50;    822c $40;    822e $40;    822f $30;    822g $30;    822h $30 $30.00 - 50.00
823 Ghana King Later Bodom variety, egg-yolk yellow over black core with crisscross King pattern. Roundish, mostly 15-17mm widths, 47 beads, plus Akoso & strays., 26" strand Not pretty, but apparently scarce due to difficult manufacturing process. $175.00
949 Eye Krobo Yolk-yellow barrels, red eyes containing complex motes. Venetian imitating African beads. Africa Direct calls them "Lattachine" but I can't find a definition of this term. Usual size About 9-10 x 14-17mm barrels 26" strands: 949a    949b    949c $47.50 each;     Smaller eyes: 1980s longer 30" strand with a different type of eye pattern: 949d $65;    Larger Barrel: 12-13 x 13.5mm, 30" strand: 949p $82.50 $47.50+
984 Striped Yellow Spiral stripes Yolk-yellow barrels with lengthwise or diagonal red & green stripes, Venetian bead similar to the native Akoso beads, traded into Ghana. Strands: 984a) 12-13mm widths, 30" strand $85;    984b) 12-14mm widths, plus strays, 32" strand $100;    984c) Bright matte yellow, 10mm widths, short 18" strand $30 $30.00+
894 Striped Yellow Cross Stripes Bright yellow barrels with green, red & white cross-stripes & squiggles. Venetian imitating African beads. About 10mm widths. Strands: 894a) Matte, Long 34" strand $85;    894b) Shiny, 24" strand $55 $55.00+
948 Pineapple, Yellow Matte yellow-based Venetian bead with formalized version of Ghanian Krobo pattern. Supplier says called Awally in Ghana. When aged as these are, they look much like the African originals, but are much less expensive. Most 9.5-12mm Wide x 12-18mm lengths. Strands: 948a 27" $82.50;    948b 27" $82.50;    948f 22" $67.50;    948g 27" broken $67.50;    948h 26" $85.00;    948j 28" $75;    948L 25" $60 $67.00 - 82.00
1182 Pineapple, Pink Venetian bead with criss-cross patterns possibly inspired by Ghanian Krobos. Scans at 300%.
Singles: Intact: Ends natural or slightly flattened from wear or filing: 1182a    1182b    1182c    1182d    1182e    1182f    1182g    1182h    1182t $22 each
Filed ends: 1182Z) Bevelled to better fit a curved necklace, all nice condition, Samples shown $16 each, $14/3+
Varieties & Lots: 1182L1) $40;     1182L3) $20;     1182L4) $10;     1182L5) $35
$16.00+
1215 Imitation Dutch Chevrons An early imitation from Ghana or Togo, chalkboard appearance with white lines on black background. Now considered rare in Africa. Singles: $4.50 /1; $3.50 /3; $2.75 /10+;      Strands 1215a Long 30" strand $140 $3.50 / 140.00
885 Bidda Beads Probably meaning "Binda", a town with a long history of bead making. From bottle glass. Beads are a dark amber or light green, somewhat tulip shaped with narrow bottoms and a flaring, irregular top, about 6-8mm long, large holes, 26" strands. Attractive and unusual! $18.50
930 Gige Beads From Ghana, rough surface, semi-tanslucent beads given roundish shape by turning in moulds while cooling. Mostly 19-22mm wide, large holes, 24+" strands. Made since 1990s. See Simak, African Beads p.136. Order by COLOR: 930C) Clear; 930G) Light Green; 930H Darker Green; 930T) Light Blue; 930U) Medium Blue, 930V) Cobalt Blue; 930N) Whisky Brown. Please give second choice if possible. $13.00 per 24+" strand, $11.00/3+. $13.00
931 Gige Beads: Large From Ghana, rough surface, semi-tanslucent beads given roundish shape by turning in moulds while cooling. Mostly 30-31mm wide, large holes, 28+" strands. Made since 1990s. See Simak, African Beads p.136. Appear black, but light blue or green when held to light. 28-30 beads per strand. $28.50
878 Earlier Gige? Simak, African Beads, p.135-138 says that Gige beads, molded from bottle glass, were first made in the 1990s, but my supplier dates these to c. 1900-1920, northern Nigeria. Slightly translucent, rough-surfaced, dark caramel color, almost look black. ±17x35mm, big enough for pendants. Singles: 878) $7.50 each, $6.00/3+;    Strands: 878a) 28 beads, 24" strand $60 $7.50 / 60.00
214 King, Modern Modern King beads from Ghana, where the originals were highly valued. I don't usually sell reproductions, but these are a legitimate local craft AND though pretty, they would not fool a collector. Strands of either 214y) Classic yellow, or 214r) Reddish-brown. Per 27-28" Strand:: $25.00
676 Yoruba Coral Older (1950s-80s?) "pop" glass imitations of Mediteranean coral beads, "called Ateyun or Iyun" (Simak p.155). Range of shapes and sizes. 26" Strands: 676a    676b    676c    676d    676e    676f    676g 26", $24.50 each;    676h) 36", older $45;    676L1) Loose, older, wound(?!)-looking, $20/Lot $24.50
682 Sand Cast: Stripes Sand-cast or "pop bottle" beads made of powdered glass, said to imitate Venetian "gas" beads. Used beads with some age. A) Large beads, 9-12mm widths, rough but shiny surface, 28" strands SOLD ;   B) Large beads, Matte (tumbled) surface, 22" $10;  C) Medium beads, 7-10mm, Matte surface, 20-22" strands SOLD;   E) Smaller beads, 7-9mm, mostly bright surface, 25-29" strands $11.   F) Smaller beads, matte, 22" $9.50;      Discount for any mixture of #682-685 varieties: 3/20%; 5/30%; 10/40%; 20/50%.    Photo shows Samples only; yours will be similar but not exact. $9.50 - 12.50
683 Sand Cast: Akoso types Sand-cast or "pop bottle" beads made of powdered glass, apparently imitating the old sand-casts of the Ewe. Used beads with some age. A) "Akoso type" beads, Much variety, but oranges predominate. Bead widths 6-10mm. Strands 22". $10;   C) Banded beads, much variety but white & blue predominate. Beads 8-10mm. Strands 24-28" $11 ;      Discount for any mixture of #682-685 varieties: 3/20%; 5/30%; 10/40%; 20/50%.    Photo shows Samples only; yours will be similar but not exact. $10.00 - 11.00
684 Sand Cast: Mixed Sand-cast or "pop bottle" beads made of powdered glass, said to imitate Venetian types. Used beads with some age. Much variety, with solids, stripes, patterns, etc. A) Long Strands 36+" $14 Each ;   C) Short strands 22+" $9 Each ;      Discount for any mixture of #682-685 varieties: 3/20%; 5/30%; 10/40%; 20/50%.    Photo shows Samples only; yours will be similar but not exact. $9.00 - 14.00
685U Sand Cast: Solid Blue Sand-cast or "pop bottle" beads made of powdered glass, Rather uniform 5mm wide by 4-6mm long, 28" strands $4.85 (Ask for special rate per 25 strands).     Discount for any mixture of #682-685 varieties: 3/20%; 5/30%; 10/40%; 20/50%.    Photo shows Samples only; yours will be similar but not exact. $11.00
689 Sand Cast: Mixed picks Ghana: Sand-cast or "pop bottle" beads made of powdered glass. These strands mix the older 1970s-90's matte imitations of Akoso and Venetian types with a few shiny, novel types of the 2010's. Your choice $11 each, or $9.50 each per 3 or more, 24+" strands: 689a    689b    689c    689d    689g    689h     689j    689k    689m    689n    689p    689q    All alikes: 689Va    689Vb    689Vc     $9.50-11.00
682Z Sand Cast: Bulk Sand-cast or "pop bottle" beads made of powdered glass, generally imitating Venetian or old Akoso beads. Hank of 40 unpicked strands as they come from Africa. Strands 22" include all #682-684 varieties. $150.00
986Better "pop" StrandsThe $10-12 strands of new-looking "pop bottle" beads are drying up. These are older, used-looking, or better-made strands: 986a    986b    986c $15.00
660 Ghana Pop Mix Necklaces of modern Ghana types and older trade beads. Every one different. At this price, showing just a couple of samples. 24" Strands. $16.00 each; $12.50 /3++; $9 /12+ $15.00
795 Ghana Millefioris Multicolor discs ±4x13mm resembling Millefiori or end-of-day beads. I love the look, but want to stock only older beads, so offering these at cost. 26" strands, all very much alike. $15.00
922 Ghana Rattlesnakes Modern version of Rattlesnake beads with black or blue stripes on white, widths ±15mm, 30" strand $22.50
824 Pop Chevrons Cartoonish Chevron pattern (no layers) on vivid purple base with trailed white & red. Barrel: most 15-16mm Long x 8mm wide, wide holes. Made in 1970s according. to a knowledgeable supplier. Clearance at cost. 26" strands. $10.00
1004African FanciesFrom Ghana, round glass in rough rounds, with white & multicolor trailings echoing designs such as eye, chevron stripe and fancy types. Shiny to matte, wide variety of designs. Mostly 9-10mm with large holes. ±11mm wide, 24" strands $18.50
1006African Eye BeadsGhana, shiny milk-white crudely oblates with bold purple-in-brown eyes. Large 13-16mm, 26" strands. $18.50
1008 Modern Ghana Lot Lot of eight 24-26" strands smaller beads, all different, some unusual shapes. $49.00
1000Layered Roughs From Gambia, typical matte surfaces of "pop bottle" beads in dark colors with some translucency. Held to the light, there are irregular bands of translucent & dark within each bead; over-bright scan to show this. Widths ±5mm, 22" strands. Set of Red, Purple, Brown $22.50; Purple or Brown, each $13.50 $13.50
934 Krobo, Striped Ghana, Large black pinched tabular with trailed red & white stripes. About 15-16mm, large holes, 24" strands $12.00
1242 Poor Man's Pair For the historian of ersatz bling - One is obviously old fake coral beads in plastic, plus some bauxites and a real (I think) jasper. The other is non-ferrous metal painted red, now flaking, plus some bauxites. From different sources, but they belong together. The pair, 28" strands: $40.00

AFRICAN METAL           Old & New
Africa is a major source of metal beads, as metals are thought to have spiritual powers and blacksmiths enjoyed an elevated status. The oldest beads would have been of soft precious metals, and iron, followed by copper alloys and, by the 11th century, true brass. Many complex, individual sytles of brass beads exist. The Munshi and Dorome beads had true status as money. Aluminum and silver were both valued for their color.
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NAME
DESCRIPTION (click link numbers for images)
PRICE
1066a Yoruba Gorget Nigeria: Yoruba village chief's badge of office, according to supplier, tho another online listing says "Nupe." Huge brass gorget and brass beads, all well-made and showing age. I bought one of these in the early 90s with very plain brass beads and saw another two years ago, asking price $1200. Gorgets: 1066a) ±130mm (5") across plus 30 large, fancy brass beads; top portion, $500;    1066e) Gorget ±120mm (4.75") across plus 34 large, plain brass beads, all well-made and showing age. This was the first I bought, in the early 90s, $500 $500.00
969 Fulani Pendant Beads Large hollow bronze beads with cosmos designs. Supplier says necklace of 24 was worn by village chiefs. Obvious age; item 854 below is a modern (inferior) copy. Scans at 300%.     Singles & Lots: 969S1, $20;   969S3, $17.50;   969S4, $13.50;    969L1 2 largest, $47.50;   969L3 2 pieces, $37.50;   969L4 2 matched, $27.50;   969L5 4 different, $65;   969L7 3 poorer, $29.50;    Strands: 969a $325 $13.50 - 325.00
854 Fulani Openwork Brass Larger Hollow, open-worked brass beads with Cosmos design, polished. Rounds are 32-35mm, triangles are 52mm tall. Large enough to use as pendants. Fulani ofIvory Coast Strands: 854c 28mm, 21 beads, $55;   854e 34mm, 20 beads, $655;   854p 55x40mm triangular, 15 beads, $65 $55.00+
855 Fulani Openwork Beads Smaller Hollow, open-worked brass beads with Cosmos design. 20-21mm Fulani of Ivory Coast Strands: $27.50
223 Munshi Beads The Tiv (a.k.a. Munshi) tribe of Shima, northern Nigeria used looped brass beads of average 12mm imitating a seed, valued at 1/4 silver Dirhem of the Mediterranean caliphates. In 1968 Johanssen Nigerian Currencies considered them rare. See Opitz p.41, Quiggin A Survey of Primitive Money, p.60 fig.9, Johansson, Nigerian Currencies #50, 54, supl14 #65, Der Primitivgeldsammler, 1987/3. Simak, African Beads p. 112,118 "Igbo bugs" documents their use as fertility charms.    Singles $2.50; Three varied $6.00; 12 / $17.50;     Strands: 223a Mini-string of about 170 pieces $125;     223c Full 28" string of over 400 pieces $250 $2.50 / 250.00
224 Moulay Beads Derived from older Munshi beads of the Tiv, but used farther south. Varieties: a) Basic; c) Larger; e) Larger & rounder; v) a filed down; x) crude, likely modern.     224S) Set of two each variety, 3 each of Munshi and a variant Seed-type bead (16 total) $18.50
Singles: 224e) Large, round, well-made, moderate wear. From a unique strand purchased years ago $2/bead, minimum 5;     224M Mixed a, v, and a few c as they normally come in strands: $10 / 10+, $20 / 25+
22" Strand of over 250 beads 224Da    224Db $135/Strand or half strand $75
$18.50 / 135.00
926 Moulay Beads, New Famous seed-imitating monetary bead of the Tiv (a.k.a. Munshi) tribe of Shima, northern Nigeria, valued at 1/4 silver Dirham during the 17-18th Century & later used as fertility charms. Old, worn beads are scarce. These are varied and well made, but casting roughness shows them to be new. 20" Strand. $50.00
810 Natural Moulay Necklaces As-found(?) necklaces worn by Fulani and Kambari women in Niger State, Nigeria, ca early 1800s. African-made brass Moulay beads alternate with (usually) red European beads. Most beads out of Africa are "processed" from natural necklaces into all-alike strands, so finding necklaces as they were actually worn is unusual. Each is diferent. Necklaces: 810a 26", large Moulays, $67.50;    810b 22", large # of beads, $67.50;    810c 22", $59.50;    810d 20", flatter beads, $53.50 $53.50+
225 Seed-derived Bead From Nigeria, a derivative of the old Munshi and Moulay beads that served as currency and fertility charms. First I've seen of these nicely made variants - probably mid 20th c. from the patina and light verdigris. Singles: 3 beads $5.00; $1.25 ea / 12+;     Strand: 225a ±260 pieces plus ±70 Munshi, 28", $250 $5.00 / 250
1165 Old Brass rounds From a 1980s collection, types I have not seen in trade: 1165a) Well-worn shells containing tree sap, probably worn for amuletic or curative purposes, widths about 9mm, 20" strand $65;    1165b) Roughly-cast brass, 9-10mm, 22" strand $45 $45.00+
1045 Brass Tacks From an old necklace, the only examples of this odd brass bead (±40mm long) I've ever seen. Singles: $5.00 each, $4.00/3+ 5.00
852 Braid Gatherers Tubular brass with complex designs, almost no two alike, typically 36x15mm. Used for holding and decorating hair braids. Kambari people, Niger State of Nigeria. Strung on cloth. Singles/Lots: at 300%      852L1 $15;        852L3 $15;    852L4 $25;    852L5 $30;    852L6 $40;    852L7 $20;      Strung on cloth: 16 pieces 852a    852b $125/string $15.00 / 125.00
863 Fulani Hairpieces Braid-gather coils of aluminum and copper. Mostly well worn. Hausa and Fulani peoples of Nigeria. Strung on old cloth, apparently worn as a belt or sash. Combination of yellow and white metals was thought to ward off illness. Strand: 863a) 31 wire coils, 30x22mm, aluminum & copper $75.00
532 Brass Bicone, Large Said to be worn by single Kirdi (Cameroun ) women in strands drooping below the belly to hide the genital area, so also called cache sexe beads. 20" Strand of 40, mixed 15m wide fine style, and 13m wide cruder, appear to have some age. $55.00
702 Brass Bicones, old Fulani, Nigeria: Quite variable crude beads, mostly 8-12mm wide & long, uncleaned. Perhaps as-worn necklaces, some with bells / pendants. Hard to find now. Strands: 702a) Beads, 26" strand $50 ;    702b) Beads, 26" strand $50;    702c) Beads, 26" strand $50     702d) Beads, large bells, 30" strand $70 ;    702e) Beads (some iron), bells, pendants 24" strand $60;    702f) Beads, hollow, 9mm wide, broken string $15 $50.00 - 70.00
722 Brass Bicone Ethiopia: Roughly cast long bicones. Probably 1960s-70s, look cleaned. Large holes. Lengths 11-18mm, widths 9-14mm, ask for larger or smaller if you prefer. A good value for metal beads with some age & character. Sample 22" strands shown.;     (Special: $13.50 each per 3+ strands) $17.50
787 Darfur Brass Brass beads with knobs and bars, two basic designs, mixed on somewhat graduated-size strands. Supplier says found in Darfur (Sudan) but another says made in Yemen (called "rail bead"?). About 75-80 per strand, about 9-11mm long, 2mm holes.    Singles: 787) $2.50 each/3+; ;    24" Strands: 787e) $100 $2.50 / 100
792 Baule Wire Beads Delicate cast brass beads with black terracotta centers, made to look like wire. Although they continue to be made today in just one Baule village (Ivory Coast), they are expensive due to the craftsmanship involved. Each bead is a double "eye" element with large loop, 11-13mm wide. Singles: 3 beads $3.00; 10 / $6.50;    792a) 36" strand (over 500 beads) $185:     792c) Strand 30" $155;    792g) Strand 24", cleaned $125 $3.00 - 185
789 Baule Brass Daisy Old beads of unusual shape, they remind me of a daisy. 300+ on a long strand.
789A) Small 11-12mm, 9-10 "petals" Strands: 16" 789Sa    789Sb
789L) Large 14mm beads, usually 10 "petals" Singles: 1.00 each/3+, .70 each/10+; Full strand: INQUIRE
$1.00 / 135.00
858 Baule Brass Openwork Newly made with bead spacers, wearable as necklace, or use as pendants. 30" Strands: 858a) Round, 24mm, 20/strand, wheat-grain pattern;      858b) Ellipsoid, 30mm, 17/strand, wheat-grain pattern;     858c) Roundish, 30mm, 17/strand, rope design, two types. Each: $34.50
847 Baule Brass Textured Round, hollow brass beads with lovely basket-weave (or other) pattern from the Baule people of eastern Nigeria. Large holes. Singles: 847) 12.5-15mm width beads in basket-weave pattern: $2.50/ Each, $1.75/ 5+;      22" Strands: Graduated, beads range 12-16mm 847a    847b    847c    847d     847e    847f $47.50 each;    Strand with Pendant: 847w) Includes 26mm & 57mm beads $65.00 $2.50 / 47.50
1100 Fancy Brass Footballs Ridged brass bicones (±27x18mm), with alternating straight and wavy lateral lines. Probably modern, but supplier had no info on origin. 22" strands. $34.00
1030Big "Top" NecklaceHand-crafted large hollow bicones (37-41x29-32mm) with alternating rings of copper and brass, simple stippled decoration, much like an old fashioned "spinning top" toy. Shows wear. Green vaseline spacers. $125.00
896 Yoruba Gilded Necklaces Complex multi-strand chains, clasps, and fancy pendants in bright brass, simulating gold. Much more crafted than most African metal-work, and no two alike. Hanging length given in each photo. Available:      896a    896b    896c    896d     896e $35.00
897 Yoruba Metal Necklaces Highly variable assemblies of tubes, rounds, beads, etc. No two similar. Much more crafted than most African metal-work. Hanging length given in each photo. Available:      897a $30.00;     897b $30.00;    897c $30.00;     897d $35.00;    897e $22.50;    897f $25.00 $20.00 - 30.00
645BBrass DonutsFrom Niger,a rough-surfaced cast beads with large central holes. Beads 3mm long x 9mm wide, average 160/strand. Probably have some age, but hard to tell as always found scrubbed clean. Price Reduction & quantity pricing: $40.00 each, $30/3+, $27.50/10+ $27.50 - 40.00
645r Brass Rounds Nigeria, rough-surfaced, cherry-sized cast beads with large central holes. Widths range ±15.5-21mm with 27-32 beads per 22" strand - state preference if you wish. $55.00
1032 Yoruba Bell Necklace Old, crude, elongated bronze bells (40, no clappers) strung with spacer beads, 30" strand. Bells mostly 45-60mm long. Likely not to find a buyer, so if interested in single bells under $10, let me know. $190.00
1034 Big Bells & Bones Necklace Large, old well-worn brass bells with dyed(?) brown reptile(?) bone spacers. About half have clappers, and bells clang together to produce a lovely sound. Necklaces: 1034a) "Liberty" bell shape, widths & lengths 34-45mm, high tinkling sound ;    1034b) Cosmos design, larger than usual, widths 24-32mm; midrange "cowbell" tone. $100.00
839 Fulani Cosmos Bells (Fulani or Yoruba ) Small bells with spiral Cosmos design and large loops, some with stones inside, densely packed. Mixed sizes 6-16mm, average 125+ bells per strand. Some worn or patinated, some miscast. Because each is so different, we have priced by weight. 24" Strands: 839b 657gm, $140;    839c 490gm, $105;    839e 569gm, $120;    839g 461gm, $100;    839k 580gm, smaller bells $120 $100.00+
2179 Cosmos Bells, Larger Single: Larger bells, often strung with beads. Fulani (Yoruba?), West Africa. Cosmos design with loop & stone clapper. Crudely made, but lumps & holes don't seem to affect the jingle. Most 15-20mm wide. Samples shown 150%. Your choice of: 2179A) Little or no wear, some light verdigris; 2179B) Moderate wear, or 2179C) Heavy wear or smooth (still good tone)   $4.50 each, $3.50 each /3+ any mix.    Lots Damaged or worn 2179L1) $17.50;    2179L2) $12 $3.50 / 4.50
708 Fulani Bell Necklace Sadly, the African buyers strip as-worn necklaces, clean, and restring, usually into all-alike strands. I think these are as-worns, but restrung. Necklaces: 30+ bells & good beads: 708a) Gooseberries, 26" $60;    708b) Floral white hearts, 26" $65;    90+ bells: 708p) 22" $95;    708q) 30" $95 $60.00+
2180 Igbo Bells Bells of conventional shape, with loop, brass. Supplier calls them Igbo (Nigeria) dancing bells. Singles 2180A1) $10;    Bulk Igbo Bells 2180b) Large hank of about 120 Igbo dancing bells, brass, mid 20th c.?, mostly 24-30mm high x 25-30mm wide, some with clappers, side view, $300 $10 / 300
2181 West African Bells Miscellaneous types Larger Brass bells, often worn with beads. With clappers unless noted. Shown at 200%. Singles: 2181b $10;    2181c $12.50;    2181d $10;    2181g $8;    2181h $6;    2181k $12/Lot ;    2181L $40 $6.00+
226 Dorome Rings Cast brass ring used as fare tokens for donkey carts, Dorome Tribe, Nigeria. According to Dillingham (D26#28) the drivers turned them in to the chiefs, who held the concession, and were paid in bracelets. Thus an ethnographic token rather than an ethnographic money, and possibly unique as such? Rings joined together by a leather strip forming a belt served as a badge of office for the cart drivers. From a large purchase I sorted out varieties. Singles
226a)   Stippled Cross-hatching produces tiny raised diamonds on top surface. Largest, heaviest, best made variety, usually unworn, so perhaps most modern. Avg. 16.5gm, most 28-31mm $5.50
226c)   Patterned Mixed stipples and oblique cuts, a pattern seen on some bracelets. Some casting roughness & wear. Avg. 12.75gm, most 25.5-30mm $5.00
226e)   Hatched Simple oblique cuts. Thinner, lighter & often well-worn, possibly oldest variety. Avg. 9.25gm, most 27-31mm $5.00
226ce)   Worn Well-worn examples of Patterned and Hatched varieties, y;our choice. $4.00
226h)   Plain Generally smaller than the patterned types & usually worn-looking. Some showing casting roughness. Possibly the oldest? $4.00
226n)   Ridged Undecorated with pointed top & wide sides. Never found on the belts, so possibly not Dorome, but similar casting technique. Avg. 13gm, most 29-33mm $ 6.50
226r)   Tiny Donuts Plain, thick ringlets, look well-worn. Possibly unrelated to Dorome. Avg. 4gm, most 13-16mm $2.50
226s)   Mini-collection One each of a, c, e, ce, n & r, and 2 different of h (8 pcs.) $34.50
Quantity: Types c, ce & h $3.00 ea./10, $2.50 ea./25+, others a bit more.
$3.50 - $100
226 Dorome Belts Cast brass rings used as fare tokens for donkey carts, Dorome Tribe, Nigeria. According to Dillingham (D26#28) the drivers turned them in to the chiefs, who held the concession, and were paid in bracelets. Rings joined together by a leather strip forming a belt served as a badge of office for the cart drivers. Belts: About 40 pieces 226Aa    226Ab    226Ac    226Ad $80 each;    Long Belts: 80+ rings: 226Ra $165 $80.00+
1018 Bidda Wire Coils Nigeria. Iron wire wound in 18-19mm flexible coils, 3.3mm width, bright red bead spacers. Newly made. 23" strands, samples shown. ($12 each per 3+) $16.50
743 Cosmology Beads Baule. Ivory Coast: Modern necklaces with modern brass charms & bead spacers: 743a) Round 20x11mm, 28" strand; 743d) Round 36x24mm, 32" strand; 743r) 3Cosmos 22x17mm, 23" strand no spacers; 743q) 3Cosmos 15x11mm, 32" strand; 743p) 3Cosmos 15x11mm, 26" strand.      Your choice or mix: $17.50 Each / 3+, or $20.00
743ZBaule Cosmology PendantsStrung necklaces, possibly as-worn, with 10 different brass charms spaced with beads. Each charm 65x50mm. Newly made. 30" strands, sample shown.$36.50
742 Baule Charms Long 44" necklace of old brass charms & unusual beads. Some of these charms are still made, but not in this quality. Showing lots of wear; cleaned. $275.00
837 Asanti Charm Beads Newly made brass charm beads of various designs. Fair casting quality. Measurements in scan are (approximate) length x width / # per 20-24" strand. All have good-sized holes. Quantities are limited of some types. ("M" is Sold out) OK to mix types for quantity discounts: $15.00 / strand, $12 / 3+, $10 / 10+ Per 10: $15.00
828 Hand-crimped metal Hand-made (crimped with seam, not cast) beads made in 1950s, Ethiopia. They have been shined up, but will retone.     828C) Coppers Bicones ±6x6mm, about 130/34" strand;    828B) Brass Bicones ±7x7mm, about 105/30" strand ($8 each/5+);    828T) Brass Tubes ±5x7.5mm, about 100/32" strand.   Per 32" Strand: $10.00
841 Antiqued Brass: Large Newly-made beads in various styles. From India, traded to Ethiopia. 28-30" strands. OK to mix all for quantity discounts: $18 / Strand, $14/3 + $18.00
842 Antiqued Brass: Small Newly-made beads in various styles. From India, traded to Ethiopia. OK to mix types for quantity discounts. Measurements in scan are (approximate) length x width / # per strand. All have good-sized holes. OK to mix types for quantity discounts: $11.00 /strand, $8 / 3+ $11.00
830 Ethiopia "Silver" Beads Descended from silver originals, from melted Maria Teresa Thalers, these may be restrung Musbaha beads (Islamic prayer beads) or of more general use. Strands:
830n) Older copper-nickel sheet metal probably from melted coins, seamed and end-crimped creating variety in size and shape, called Ankltnef $18.50 or $15 ea./3+
830a) more modern and regular silver(?) wash over brass cores 5x5mm, about 90 on short 17" strand $8.50
830b) Larger 7-8x7-8mm on long 30" strand $15, or $10 ea./3+
830s) SET of 830a, 830b, two 830n chosen for different size beads, plus five single beads in pure magnetic nickel (much scarcer) $52.50
$8.50 - 52.50
830R Ethiopia Silver bicones Crafted hollow bicones of low-grade (perhaps .500?) silver, about 7mm wide by 8.5mm long. Long 48" strand from 1980s collection. Tarnished. $65.00
1272 Ethiopia Silver Tube Necklace Seamed bicone tubes (±16x5mm) of "coin silver" strung as necklace with pendant bead (±42x5mm) & dyed cloth tassles. a.k.a. Mala. Fineness uncertain but better than most Ethiopian objects. Age unknown but not current. Hand made, but all very similar so showing two 36" sample strands $65.00
1274 Ethiopian Prayer Beads Made by Ethiopian silversmiths and called Musbaha. Hollow, silver-plated (or white metal) beads (66-68) with endpiece and colorful yarn tassels. Newly made versions of older silver beads. Wearable, but should be restrung on better cord. 42" strands. ($9 ea. per 3+) $11.50
1188 Old Hollow silver Soldered bicones made from melted coins. The last French silver coins used in Mali (1920s-30s) were 68% fine, which looks about right for these. Weights include string. Strands: 1188a) Beads 18x27mm, 140gm total;    1188b) Beads 13x18mm, 256gm total $67.50
1189 Fancy Silvers Fancy, hollow, seamed white-metal (probably plated copper) necklaces, not very heavy. Supplier says found in Ethiopia but could be from Yemen. Probably new, but hand-made & antiqued. Strands: Melon shape: 1189M Beads ±7.5x12mm, wide holes;    Ellipsoids: 1189E) Beads ±15x11mm, detailed patterns, smaller holes $55.00
873 Tuareg "Coin Silver" Small ellipsoid nickel beads with middle seam, about 4.5mm wide x 5mm, 26" strands. Made from melted down cu-ni coins called "pound silver". $ 21.50
924 Tuareg Tubular Beads Called "Azimamai", made of nickel-brass, with seam along length, large center holes, about 38-42mm long, 32" strands. Metal content is varied to produce either 924y) Yellow (brassy); or 924s) Silvery nickel. Your choice $26.50
644 Nigeria Iron Smaller Iron in any form was considered money In Africa, and wearing it was supposed to have curative properties. It would have been kept polished; these strands mostly dull. Bead widths ±4-7mm, usually over 100 per 22" strand. Note size relative to penny. Single Strands: 644a    644b    644c    644d     644e    644f    644g    644h     644j    644k $29.50 each;     Bulk Strands: 644 Save me the time of photography, $22.50 each/3+, same quality as single strands shown. $22.50 / 29.50
643 Nigera Iron Medium Bead widths ±6-9mm, each strand different. Note size relative to penny. Singles: 643S Widths 8-10+mm, your choice roughs, shinies, or mix .75 each/3+, .60/10+;     Strands: 643Aa 22", 6-9mm bicones $33.50;    643Ab 22", 6-9mm bicones $33.50;    643Ea 30", 8-9+mm, Mixed shapes, $55;    643Eb 24", 8-9+mm, Mixed shapes, $45.00;    643Ha 27", 10-13+mm, Disks, $65.00;    643Hb 27", 10-13+mm, Disks, $65.00;     Huge Strand: 643Ma 48", Graduated strand of 18-20mm widths, large center holes, weighs 51oz!, $300 $33.50+
741 Aluminum Squares In the late 19th Cent. before a cheap extraction process was invented, aluminum was as or more valuable than silver. These look like tarnished silver and may have been worn by Ethiopians as a light-weight substitute. Africans generally ascribe healing properties to metals based on color, and examples of currency objects and bracelets of forms known normally in copper occasionally turn up in well worn aluminum. Bead size ranges 5-7mm square.    Strands are a mix of sharply squared or worn/rounded beads; advise if you have a preference. Set of 2 22" strands with different style beads, $25. Single 22" strands, $16.50; 12.0/3+; 9.50/10+ $16.50
982 Aluminum bicone Ethiopia. Bicones, some faceted, widths 14-17mm, 28" strands. Much larger and scarcer than the small squarish aluminum beads. $100.00
2195Ethiopia "Fan" PendantToned brass Pendants, mostly 50-60mm tall, found on natural necklaces from Ethiopia and sold separately by the Traders. Samples shown, $14.50 each;    Or: Unusual Pieces Priced as shown.$14.50+
2190 Ethiopia Rings Traditional nickel-brass rings in a variety of sizes, some with a bit of punched decoration. One seller calls similar items Wollo, northern Ethiopia. To order:
2190A My choice No photos, but you may specify ring size for singles. Each: $13.50; $12 / 3; $9 / 10; ASK / more;
2190Y Your choice Let me know your ring size, maximum / minimum size for inner hole, or outer dimensions, brassy or silvery, well-worn or sharp, or let me know which ones you like and why and I will send a scan of several to choose from. $17.50
$17.50
867 "Ring" Beads Modern, hand-made metal beads imitating a traditional finger ring often worn as a necklace pendant. Bicone shape, some size variation. Prices per-bead. b) Brass, range 17-22mm, $3 each, $2.50/3, $1.75/10+; n) Nickel, about 19-20mm $2 each, $1.50/3, $1.00/10+ $2.00+
615 Hishi: Brass Small loops of drawn brass wire ("hishi, heishi") crimped by hand. Modern; used as spacers in jewelry. 3.5mm wide, 22" strands. $12.00
524 Hishi: Copper From Kenya, small loops of drawn copper wire ("hishi, heishi") crimped by hand. Modern; used as spacers in jewelry. Strands: 524S) ±2.9mm width brighter copper, short 16" strands, 524L) ±4.2mm width toned copper, short 16" strands. Your choice or mix: $4.50 each Per 10; $5.50 each per 3. Single 16" strand: $7.00
523 Hishi: Silver From Ethiopia, small loops of drawn wire (hishi, heishi) made from nickel-silver. Locally called "talari" from the Maria Theresa Taler, an .855 fine silver coin favored in Arabia and northern Africa (origin of the word "Dollar"). These modern strands are still hand-crafted, but are now made of silver alloyed with nickel. Strands:   532f) Fine style, ±3mm widths, 28" strand, ±19gm; 523w) Wide style, ±4mm widths, 31-34" strand, ±34gm (presumably lower fineness);     523b) Barrel style, ±3x2.5mm, 32" strand, ±20gm, $12.50/strand, or $10/3+ $12.50

AFRICAN STONE BEADS
See Indian Beads for Agate and Carnelian made in Cambay and traded since ancient times into west Africa, and Europe for white stone fashioned in Idar-Oberstein, Germany. Listed here are mostly African-made, including what the traders call "dig beads" (excavated) strands, which may have some roughened glass beads mixed in. European glass imitations of stone beads are here also.
CLICK!
STOCK#
NAME
DESCRIPTION (click link numbers for images)
PRICE
480 Amazonite Roughs Historically worn as amulets across northern Africa, before and including classical Egypt, these beads & pendants are today found from Morocco to Nigeria. Holed with stone drills, the flat (edgewise) beads were difficult to make. Finished tourquoise greens are the most valued; these are older, unpolished beads. Photos 300%. Price is for all beads in the photo. LOTS: Flats: 480Ba;   480Bb;   480Bc $45/Lot;    Colors: 480Ca $75;    480Cb $45,      Shapes: 480Da;    480Db;    480Dc $35 each;     Bigs & Smalls: (Two views for each lot) 480Ea $40;   480Eb $35;   480Ec $30;   480Ed $25;   480Ef $35 $20.00 - 60.00
482 Amazonite, bicones Dark Green to gray stone worked into bicone shape and drilled with primitive stone drills. Less expensive than the rougher, lighter green and varied color beads. LOTS:    Matched pairs of gray, suitable for necklaces: 482Aa;   482Ab;   482Ac $19.50 / Pair ;    Three Different in size, shape, color: 482Ba;   482Bb;   482Bc;    $29.50 / Set;     Large Beads:, lovely dark green: 482Ea;   482Eb;   482Ec;   482Ed 44-49x19-23mm, $17.50 each;    482Fa 55mm, $22.50,   482Fb 57mm, $25;   482Fc 70mm, $30;    482L1 Lot of 3: $35 $11.00+
1172 Large Neolithic Mali/Sahel; Rough, mainly large beads of varying stone types, with funnel-shape pecked holes. Advise if you are interested in single stones, as I may break up. Strands: 1172a) 40", 1.87 kilo (66 oz). Largest bead 60x38mm, 180gm. 1172a-backs Price: $500;    1172b) 32", .67 kilo (24 oz), largest bead 31x48mm 1172b-backs Price: $300 $300.00+
263 Togo Stone Neolithhic. White quartz disc with pecked funnel holes hole, coated with reddish earth, wide range of sizes. Was their original use beads, or bases for bow & drill fire starting? Quiggin Survey of Primitive Money and others reference them as money. The Akhan & nearby tribes would find them exposed after heavy rains, and called them thunderstones, believing they had come from the sky and had healing properties. The smaller size (10-30mm) are found in Mauritania and are called "biscuit beads."
"TOGO" (large) about 35-50m, 33-80gm Singles: 263) $14.50 each; 3 for $37.50;    Strand: 263a) $225.00
"MAURITANIA" (small) range about 9-27mm Singles: 263D) $5.00 for a larger specimen, or $4 / 3+ mixed sizes;     Strand: 263Da) $90
HUGE ±70-80mm across, over 200gm This size I can see being foot-gripped & drilled, spark falling through the hole to tinder below - truly a valuable and trade-worthy object. Singles: 263La    263Lb    263Lc    263Ld $50 each;    263Lm 90mm, 384gm $100
$14.50 / 225.00
817 Mali Stone Ancient(?) Quartz, chipped & drilled, similar to the "Togo stone" but much rougher. Three groups / strands purchased:
817A Uniform 17-19mm with orange soil $3.50 / bead;
817E Quartz often has some red veining, chipped with narrower ridges, range 15-30mm $4 for larger example, or $3.00 each per 3+ mixed sizes; 817Ea Full 28" strand $90
817H Translucent quartz, very roughly chipped, mostly 35-45mm $11.00 for larger example, or $8.50 each per 3+ mixed sizes
817S Set of five showing range of sizes within each group $22.50
$3.00+
720 "Togo Stone" Beads(?) Possible imitations of the valued "Togo stones" used as money, beads, and amulets in Paleolithic times. They seem mimic the varied size and thickness, and the dished interiors & yellow color approximates the soil found on the stones. The glass is similar to what I've called proto-beads from Venice, but more translucent. Singles: 720S) Smaller: 17-19mm or thinner $2.50 each/3+;   720L) 19+mm, or thicker $3.50 each/3+ OK to mix $2.50+
1116 European Deceivers These white / clear stones look like they came out of the ground at Djenn&eacuate;, but supplier tells me they are European made, traded to Mali. What next?! Widths around 11-14mm. 22-24" strands: 1116a    1116b    1116c    1116d    1116e $42.50
868 Ancient Fossil beads Cut segments of a long extinct tubular sea-bottom animal form, soapy gray rock having replaced the animal tissues. Beads are over 1000 years old according to supplier, the outside segmentation worn, but showing very sharply on interiors. Range 12-28mm wide x 8-15mm long, very wide (natural) holes Singles:, mixed sizes: $2.75 each, $2.00/3, $1.50/10+;      Strands: 868a 27" $85 2.75 / 85.00
906 Ancient Fossil? Chalky white objects with fluted edges and stipple patterns, which I suspect are a fossilized sea creature. Excavated in Mali. Supplier says about 2000 years old. Singles: $3.50 Each, or $2.50 Each/3+ $3.50
908 Large Old Granite Ancient granite beads excavated near modern city of Maiduguri in Nigeria. Strands: 908a 12 beads $175;    908b 27 beads $350 $175.00+
870 Ancient Granite From Burkina Faso, crude gray discs with soil adhesions from burial. Mostly 10-13mm wide. Age unknown, but primitively made; holes irregular but not pecked. Usually excavated beads are expensive, but I guess "ugly" lowers the asking price! Singles: $1.25 each/3+, .75/10+;       Strands: 22" 870d      870e     870f $32.50 each $1.25 / 32.50
736 Dogon Granite, Larger Widths ±10-25mm Great mixture of granite & gneiss beads excavated at Djenné. Simak p.80-81 says 13-16th century but still made with traditional techniques; supplier says 1600-1700s. Rough to semi-polished. Each necklace has quite different shapes, sizes, patterns. 25" Strands: 736d $135;    736f) $135;    736g) $150;    736h) $135;    736j) $135;    736k) $150;    Discount: Mix or match all Dogon granite: 15% /3+ 879, 882, 736 & 735. 135.00+
882 Dogon Granite, Medium Widths ±4-15mm Great mixture of granite & gneiss beads excavated at Djenné. Simak p.80-81 says 13-16th century but still made with traditional techniques; supplier says 1600-1700s. Rough to semi-polished. Each necklace has quite different shapes, sizes, patterns. 26-28" Strands: 882a    882b    882c    882d    882e    882f    882g    882h $95 each;      Smaller Beads: 882j    882k $75 each;     Discount: Mix or match all Dogon granite: 15% /3+ 879, 882, 736 & 735. 75.00+
879 Dogon Granite, Smaller Widths ±4-10mm or rough Smaller (or rougher) granite & gneiss beads excavated at Djenné. Each necklace has quite different shapes, sizes, patterns. 24" Strands: 879a    879b    879e     $50 each;    Discount: Mix or match all Dogon granite: 15% /3+ 879, 882, 736 & 735. 50.00
735 Dogon Granite Matched/Uniform Strands from a 1980s collection, beads mostly ellipsoids, black-&-white granite, similar sizes, differently from how they are strung today. Priced by strand length & average bead size. Medium Beads: 735Aa $75;    735Ab $55;    735Ac $55    735Ad $65;    735Ae $80;    735Af $80;    735Ag $75;     Smaller Beads: 735Ba    735Bb    735B.c $45 each;    Discount: Mix or match all Dogon granite: 15% /3+ 879, 882, 736 & 735. $45.00+
881 Dogon Granite, Modern Simak p.80-81 notes that Dogon granite beads poplar in the 16th Century continue to be made today by traditional methods. Short, fairly uniform barrels of white-flecked gray granite with rougher surfaces than the skin-smoothed excavated beads. 6.25-7.5mm widths. All strands similar, sample shown, 25". $30 each, $25/3+. $30.00
869 Modern Granite From Ghana, modern beads of black and white granite with a slight greenish hue. Beads 15-16mm wide x 8-11mm long, about 80 per 30" strand. All strands very similar. $30.00
1104 Early White Stone From Djenné region, excavated tubes in graduated strands. Quartz? One supplier calls "white agate." Good price for early beads this size. 26" Strands: 1104a    1104b    1104c    1104d    1104e    1104f    1104g    1104h      Shorter 22-23" strands:    1104n    1104p    1104q    1104r $73.50
AGATE, CARNELIAN, JASPER, BLOODSTONE, ETC.    All are varieties of Chalcedony (combined quartz & moganite). As found in Africa and described by most Traders, Agate is various colors of banded stone, but not reds. Carnelian is various shades of pink, red, or brown, plain or with banding or mottling, but translucent. Bloodstone is used to describe what is otherwise carnelian, but cut into triangular or spade shapes (and sometimes available in green). Jasper is red-brown (in Africa) and opaque. In some cuts, duller and more granular Bauxite (pipestone) resembles Jasper, but is unrelated. Agate and Carnelian beads originate in India but have been traded to Africa since ancient times. Those I offer have age (string & surface wear, soil in holes). Lately, smaller eroded or age-smoothed Agate and Carnelian beads recovered in digs around Djenn&eacuate; (Mali) have been increasing rapidly in cost, while larger, more regular shapes, perhaps from the early 1800s and sourced from Mali, are nearly as cheap as current Indian products. I have listed Agate and Carnelian, including those excavated at Djenné, in the INDIA section
584 Old Jasper (Lantana) Older beads from Nigeria. Once worn by royalty in the old Benin Kingdom (1500s-1900), they now identify wearers as Yoruba. Strands, small beads: Excavated small Jasper & others from Jenné: 584a    584c $55 each;    Strands: Medium beads: 584t $95 $55.00+
581 Old Jasper (Lantana) Large beads: Older beads from Nigeria. Once worn by royalty in the old Benin Kingdom (1500s-1900), they now identify wearers as Yoruba. Lots: 581L1) Seven large beads range 16x17 to 21x20mm $60;     34" Strands 581g      581h    581j    581k $125 each;     1980s strands: 581n 24" $95;     581p 30" barrels, $100 $60 / 125
582 Jasper Medium size beads: with smooth matte surface, dark red color, various shapes, mostly 6-8mm widths, not as rough as excavated beads. Strands 20-21": Note relative to size of penny. 582a    582b    582c    582d    582e $37.50 each;     Longer strands: 582q 26" $46.50;    582r 26" $42.50 $37.50+
919 Jasper, Multicolor Nigeria? Modern polished beads, greens & browns with beautiful veining, mostly ±20mm widths, variety of shapes. 15" Strands: 919a    919b $28.50
626 Bauxite (Pipestone) Short Beads Rough earthy-red from clay rich in aluminum ore, a distinctive African bead. If you want more (smaller) or fewer (larger) we will try to pick strands for you. Samples shown. Current stock:
626A Slightly polished. Widths from under 5mm to over 8mm. 22" strands $11.50
626R Unpolished, mostly. Widths 6-8.5mm. 28" strands $14.50
626D Darker color. Widths about 6.5-7.5mm. 24" strands $13.00
Discount: 20% off for 3+; 30% off for 10+, mix or match all 626 single strands.
$11.50 - 14.50
626 Bauxite (Pipestone) Long Beads Mostly 20-40mm long, widths 8-13mm. Strands shown at 150%.
Long thins: 626La    626Lb     626Lc    626Ld     626Le    626Lf     626Lg    626Lh 23-25" strands, $19 each
Long Mixed: 626Ma     626Mb    626Mc     626Md    626Me     626Mf    626Mg     626Mh 21-22" strands, $20 each
Long thicks: 626Na     626Nb    626Nc     626Nd    626Ne     626Nf    626Ng     626Nh 23-25" strands, $22 each
Bulk Lots: 626L1      626L2 Unpicked hanks of long or wide beads from Traders, 10 strands $125
Discount: 20% off for 3+; 30% off for 10+, mix or match all 626 single strands.
$19.00 - 22.00
626 Bauxite (Pipestone) Wide beads Mostly 12-17mm widths, disks of varying thickness. 22-24" Strands shown at 150%:
626Wa    626Wb     626Wc    626Wd     626We    626Wf     626Wg    626Wh     626Wj    626Wk
Discount: 20% off for 3+; 30% off for 10+, mix or match all 626 single strands.
$22.00
845 Ancient Carnelian Tubes Excavated large beads in translucent to red-brown stone, pecked center holes, ±20-30mm long x 17mm wide. From Mali. Lots: 845L1 2 beads, $30;   845L2 3 beads, $45 $30.00+
895 "Smoky Agate" Grey & semi-translucent barrels with one end bevelled, ellipsoids & other shapes, variable lengths. Origin unknown, but traded into Nigeria c. 1600s-1800. Not all beads are agate apparently but strands are made up what remains when old necklaces with the more uniform "Red agate" beads are broken up. 20-23" Strands: 895a     895b    895c     895d    895e     895f    895g $37.50
889 Stone & Imitation Mixtures drawn from as-worn necklaces in Nigeria, containing agate, other stone, and glass beads with stone motifs. Widths mostly 6-9mm. Each one quite different. 22" Strands: 889a     889b    889c     889d    889e     889f    889g $18.50
233 Talhakimt Pendant, Agate European-made for export to Africa, lovely reddish translucent stone. I was able to pick fully intact (minor chips at most) pieces from a large lot at a great price. Lengths: B=62-67mm, D=80-87, F=90-98, H=99-110mm, K=Largest. Scans at 200%. Singles: $24.50 each, $20/3+, $16/6+     233B1    233B2    233B3    233B4     233B5    233B6    233B7    233B8     233B9    233B10     233D1    233D2    233D3    233D4     233D5    233D6     233D7    233D8     233D9    233D10    233F1    233F2     233F3    233F4    233H1     233H2    233H3    233H4    233H5     233H6     233H7    233H8    233H9     233H10    233H11    233H12     233K1    233K2    233K3    233K4    233K5    233K6    Lot:     233L1 7 with minor damage, $75 $16.00 - 24.50
234 Talhakimt, Agate, Small European-made for export to Africa? Tiny crude pieces acquired many years ago & forgotten. 21-28mm tall. Singles:      234a    234b    234c    234d Each: $17.50
1086 Faceted Agate Glass Multifaceted rounds with prosser seam, red-brown streaks & patches imitating stone. Beads 10.7mm wide. Strand: 1086a $55.00
778 Agate, White Huge glass beads traded to the Yoruba, who call them Sakia. Milky white, semi-translucent with veins, they do look like stone. Good value in a large bead. Good central bead or pendant for a necklace. 28+" Strands:      778a;     778b;     778d;     778e;     778f;     778g;     778h $57.50 each, $40 /3+ (ask for more photos to choose from) $40.00 - 57.50
681 Agate Glass Ellipsoids Faceted flat-end ellipsoids imitating banded stone, but the stone-like striations stop at the lengthwise seam. Hardly good for the illusion that they are stone. Late 19th century. 22+" Strands: 681C red-browns, ±13x7mm;     681a reds, ±21x8mm     681b browns, ±21x8mm     681d blues, ±21x8mm $18.50
977 Whitebelts Glass bead imitating a specialty cut in black agate with a white vein. Shiny black ellipsoids with narrow white waistband. From Nigeria. Saples shown.     977L) 23", beads ±33x11mm, $17.50;    977S) 22", beads range ±7-11mm widths, $14.50 $14.50 / 17/50
1038TanzaniteFrom Tanzania, rough stone beads with tiny holes. Not sure if these are new or old, natural color or dyed some way. A customer says it is likely "dyed howlite." Widths ±23-30m. Strands: 1028R) Red, 15" ;     1038G) Green, 18"$25.00

UNUSUAL MATERIALS
Particularly in Africa, beads were made of found objects or organic materials, such as amber, shell, coral, wood, bone & snake vertebrae, or fired earth clay and terracotta. Included here are imitations, mostly European glass. Strictly speaking, "copal" is buried tree resin, often quite old, but not old enough to be true amber. However, most beads from the Africa trade called "copal" are phenolic resins, including Bakelite, an early form of plastic. The age and origins of such beads is difficult to tell, but beads showing age and character have become quite valuable, even though they are "two steps" away from the amber they imitate.
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STOCK#
NAME
DESCRIPTION (click link numbers for images)
PRICE
886 Morocco "Amber" Likely made in Germany 1920-50 to imitate amber. Phenolic resin, such as Bakelite or another brand name, different from modern plastics. Highly valued in Africa & by modern collectors. This 28" strand from a 1980s collection. Side 1     Side 2. $675.00
1081 Copal "Amber" Likely made in Germany 1920-50 to imitate amber. Phenolic resin, such as Bakelite or another brand name, different from modern plastics. Ttraded to Yemen, mostly 26-32mm on a side, rounded corners. Old beads with true range of amber colors, sold by gram weight in Africa. Photos at 300%; Size (longest side) & weight given; chipped side (if any) shown. Singles: 1081a $56.50;    1081b $46.50;    1081c $62;    1081d $56.50;    1081e $55;    1081f $54;    1081g $46.50;    1081h $50;    1081j $50;    1081k $50;    1081L $50;    1081m $50    1081n $52;    1081p $44;    1081q $50;    1081r $56.50;    1081s $44;     Discount: 3 or more beads 20% $44 - 60
865 Copal "Amber" Graduated spherical bicones, including very large beads. Late 20th c.? probably polystyrene. Strands: 865a) Graduated 37" strand, uniform shape & dark color $175;    865b) Graduated 40+" strand, mixed shapes & lighter colors $175;    865c) Graduated 51" strand, uniform shape & lighter color $125 (Don't know why the biggest strand cost me least - different supplier.) $125.00+
866 Copal "Amber" Graduated spherical bicones: Colors, including very large beads. Late 20th c. probably polystyrene. Presumably dyed, but in natural colors. Beads range 9x12.5mm to 31x50mm. Strands: 866a) Graduated 51" strand, uniform shape & mixed colors. $25.00
1074 Copal "Amber" Red, elliptical beads, fairly regular shape, about 16x21mm. Color is hard to pin down and get right on the scanner: dark orange at center grading to reddish at ends. Slight flaws or inclusions on some. New beads, probably polystyrene. Long 36" strands: 1074a     1074b $85.00
1075 Copal "Amber" Yellow, round beads, fairly regular shape, about 20-22mm. New beads, probably polystyrene. Long 38" strands: 1075a $110.00
1077 Copal "Amber" Yellow/orange, ellipsoid beads, fairly regular shape, about 19x12mm. Likely new polystyrene, but could be an older resin product. 32" Strands: 1077a    1077b $42.50
1078 Copal "Amber" Yellow/orange, barrel beads, fairly regular shape, average 15.5x14mm. Likely new polystyrene, but could be an older resin product. 28" Strands: 1078a    1078b $62.50
1079 Copal "Amber" Pink/Yellows, roundish beads, somewhat irregular shape, about 19-20mm. The crazing, occasional pitting, and varied shades give them an old look. A puzzler as to material, likely polystyrene or acrylic. Super long strand. 40" Strand: 1079a $100.00
1080 Copal "Amber" Amber-color elipsoid beads, somewhat irregular shape, about 14-17x9mm, translucent. Dogon tribe. Slightly rough surfaces but no string wear, so likely new. Probably polystyrene, but much like true amber in appearance. 33" Strand: 1080a 115.00
641 Guinea Amber Hardened tree resins (not true amber) from Gambia & Guinea Bissau (a.k.a. river amber), roughly shaped into beads of 12-25mm and holed with a hot poker. Old amber (and imitation) beads were important trade items in Africa; these are likely new beads. More fragile than glass, but fairly stable to wear. Set: 5 beads, mixed sizes up to 40+mm $4.00
Strands: 641c    641d   641e    641f   641g    641h 32", $24.50 each
Bulk strands Save me the cost of doing photos, all similar to photo'd specimens: $20 each, $18.50/3+, $15/6+ (OK to mix 640, 641 for discount)
$15.00 - 24.50
640 Guinea Amber, Large Hardened tree resins (not true amber) from Gambia & Guinea Bissau (a.k.a. river amber), roughly shaped into beads of 15-45mm and holed with a hot poker. Old amber (and imitation) beads were important trade items in Africa; these are likely new beads. More fragile than glass, but fairly stable to wear.
Strands: 640c   640d   640e   640f   640g   640h 32", $24.50 each
Bulk strands Save me the cost of doing photos, all similar to photo'd specimens: $33.50 each, $30/3+, $25/6+ (OK to mix 640, 641 for discount)
$25.00 - 38.50
914Plastic AmberNecklace of mixed colors and shapes. Central bead resembles the typical oblate copal now considered antique in Africa. A lively discussion revealed the material "could" be 1920-30's German, but could also be modern Chinese! They show some wear, but not a lot.
Strands: 914a     914b    914c    914d    914e Long 36", $65.00 each
Lots: 914L1    914L2    914L3    914L4    914L5 $17.50 per lot
$65.00
913Plastic Amber: GreenRound 14mm beads, possibly intended to mimic amber. They appear dark brown but when held to the light most have a light-green stripe in the center. Not as uniform as they look. Unknown where made, but found in Africa. Strands: 913a 26", $36.50    913b 26", broken $35$36.50
1262 Czech Mock Coral Possibly an older type of Prosser bead. 1980s collection tag reads "Portuguese Mock Coral (Tibetan Prayer Beads)" though they are known in the Africa trade. ±11-12mmx 13-14mm, 24" strand $45.00
917 Old Coral Long, graduated strand of 169 small, old red coral beads. Size range about 5-10mm. Strand weight 88 grams. Very popular today and quickly rising in price. Side 1    Side 2    Let me know if you would be interested in single beads at $2.50 - $5 by weight. $450.00
915 Nigeria Coral Rough tubular beads in bright red, presumably dyed, said to be early 20th c., Nigeria. Beads range 17x8mm to 22x13mm. 32" Strands: 915a    915b $47.50
916 Coral, New Large chunks of coral smoothed and drilled for beads. Traded in Nigeria, origin? Presumably new. Strands:
White: 916a      916b Natural color, 36" massive strands with heavy chunks, $95
Coral color: 916c Presumably dyed, 15" strand $52.50
$52.50 / 95.00
918 Branch Coral Vivid orange sticks and chunks of coral from Mali. They look fragile but are actually fairly sturdy. Came on market briefly in 2008, then vanished. 22" Strands. $42.50
676 Yoruba Coral Older (1950s-80s?) "pop" glass imitations of Mediterranean coral beads, "called Ateyun or Iyun" (Simak, African Beads, p.155). Range of shapes and sizes. 26" Strands: 676a    676b    676c    676d    676e    676f    676g 26", $24.50 each;    676h) 36", older $45;    676L1) Loose, older, wound(?!)-looking, $20/Lot $24.50
677 Coral Glass Large European glass bead in coral color, with subtle swirl pattern, most 48-50mm long x 24mm wide. Lots: 677a Lot: $20;    677b Lot: $20;    677e chips, Lot $20;    677f Lot $27.50 ;    Strands: 677n Ten huge pinks with 25mm widths, plus six likely African-made. From Nigeria $85 $20.00+
1210 Mystery Digs Reliable supplier says they are shell beads excavated in Mali, but I'm not 100% sure of either age or material. Feedback welcome. Type A, 28" Strands: Variable disks 5-9mm widths. 1210Aa        Type B,--> 28" Strands: Short barrels, 6-7mm widths, black speckles. 1210Ba    1210Bb    1210Bc $45.00
990-2 Mauritania Conus From Mauritania, shaped, drilled & decoratively worked Conus shells "Used since antiquity . . ." (Simak p.32), now used at Arab weddings. Some beads plain, but scanner does not show well those with decorative etching.
Disk strands: Worked, concave white disks strung in opposed pairs. 990a Graduated 10-17mm widths, 26" $85;    990b Graduated 13-26mm widths, 24" $85
Fragment strands: Polished bits of conus in graduated strands. 991a $75;    991b $75
Heavy strands: Thick, solid pieces, including whole shells 992a 32", 25 oz (710gm) $200;    992b 33" 11.9 oz (337gm) $160
$75.00+
1098 Old Conch Shell Milk-white, crudely faceted hand-made beads. Found in south Sudan, so probably from Mediterranean or Arab areas. Looks like dirty old glass. Widths 13-16.5mm, 23" strand. $85.00
807 Sacred Chank The Chank or Sankh shell (a type of conch) is sacred in Buddhist and Hindu cultures and appears frequently as an art motif and in early coinge from India through S.E. Asia. Probbly made in Nepal, often associated as well with Tibet, the beads I offer are among the largest available, from the thickest portion of large shells, widths ±16-18mm. They show soiling and string wear so are not new. Singles: $2.25 each/3+, $1.75/10+;    Full Strands of 108 beads, ±60" long, as traditionally worn: 807a    807b    807c    807d $100 / strand. $2.25 / 100
1112 Conch Shell Polished white hand-made beads in a variety of shapes, some with intriguing vein patterns & natural folds, or inlays. Likely made in Nepal, though one Africa trader claims they are worn by the Hausa and I have seen one type that is obviously older & from a reliable trader who found them in Sudan. These appear to be new, though some show signs of soiling and cleaning. Often sold at around $90 as Naga, Buddhist, Malla, sacred Chank, etc. Variety of shapes, long 30" strands. Mix or match for discount. 30" Strands: Rounds Widths ±8-12mm 1112Aa    1112Ab    111A2c    1112Af    Inlaid Elipses: Lengths ±21mm, stone-chip(??) inlays 1112Ea    1112Eb    111.Ec    1112Ed    Disks: ±6-8mm widths 1112Da    1112Db    1112Dc    1112Dd     Discount: 2 strands $60 each; 4 strands $50 each $75.00
850"White Coral" (Shell)Conidae shell beads ca. 1800, Nigeria (Biafra region), traditionally strung in necklaces with large red coral beads. Very small center holes. Mostly long barrels, but many strands are smaller beads. Simak, African Beads, p. 31.    Singles: 850X) Large barrels from this strand, larger $3 each, smaller $2 each;     Strands: 850a    850b    850c    850d    850e    850f 26", $39.50 each    PRICE REDUCED$2.00+ / 39.50
207a Cowrie Belt , where cowries are still used as currency. Large "broken back" cowries strung on leather strip. Length 24" excluding end ties. Scan shows one end. Age uncertain, but not new. $65.00
207 Cowrie Strip Karen & Chin tribes of Burma & Yunnan: "Broken back" cowries strung side by side on rattan strips forming belt: 207f) Incomplete belt of 154 brown toned pieces, 24" $45;     207g) Full belt of 240 cowries, length about 32", some breaks in rattan, so too fragile to wear $85 $45.00 - 85.00
638 Ostrich Eggshell Rough roundish disks of tough eggshell made by the 39,000 year-old "heishi" process of drilling and grinding. One of the oldest bead types and a well-known trade item, associated in modern times with the Turkana, Samburu, Ovambo tribes in east Africa. They range from 6-10mm, about 250-500/strand. Degree of uniformity and cleanliness varies also.
Strands (Usual)      638A1    638A2     638A3    638A4     638A5    638A6    638A7 22-26", $28.50 each
Strands, Excavated, Rougher 638C1    638C2     638C3    638C4     638C5    638C6    638C7 Recent hoard of excavated pieces, matte surfaces and usually smaller (6-9mm widths), 24" strands.$26.50 each
Strands, Bulk: 638a) Usual 22-26" strands, or 638c) Excavated strands Just as the photo'd examples, either or mix: $22.50 / strand, $17.50/3+, $13.50/10+
$22.50 / 26.50
1639 Ostrich Eggshell Belt Massai, East Africa, Belt of thin, blonde leather with ostrich eggshell beads stitched in three rows, seed beads at ends. Length 34" + tie fringes. Pliable and wearable, but should be treated with preservative. $75.00
1638 Ostrich Eggshell Loincloth Turkana Tribe. Money-belt loincloth with thin leather panel, strung units of ostrich eggshell beads & leather ties. The beads are properly grungy, as they circulated as money, vs. the cleaned up ones sold in the bead trade. 123 units of about 24 beads, 28" long end to cup bottom, 28.5 oz. Probably for ceremonial wealth-display rather than everyday use. No evident damage, but should be treated as fragile. $250.00
1258 Ndoro Triangles Conus shells were introduced to East Africa by Arab slavers and served as both currency (like cowries) and status symbols, worn whole or cut in half, on the forehead by Shona Chiefs. "In the 1870s the British destroyed as many of them as they could find in British East Africa, because of their presumed links to paganism. When crime greatly increased due to the lack of currency, they had porcelain copies of the shells made in Bohemia [in 1892 - Liu] with serial numbers on them. In time the Bohemians took the design and made glass copies . . . . " (Francis, p109). See also Liu, R., Collectible Beads p. 29, 42. Today the Masai and related tribes still value and modify by filing the more modern Czech glass copies. My specimens were collected from the Tonga Tribe of Zimbabwe and Zambia. Sngles: Shown at 300%; reverses are plain. 1258A1) Small 2-13mm wide, orange, $2.50 each;   1258C1    1258C2     1258C3    1258C4     1258C5 (2/$30)    1258C6 ±30-40mm, $15 each;    1258D1 42mm $17.50 $2.50 - 17.50
1270 Excavated Faience (?) My Trader supplier, with many contacts in the Djenn&eacuate; / Timbuctu region, had these three strands on consignment because he buys excavated clay cheaply, and was uncertain why a higher price was asked. It is pale green and porous, mostly undamaged beads, but the few chipped showing a darker green inside. In the 1960-70s genuine Ushabtis were cheap, and these remind me of the more deteriorated pieces I handled. Whoever made up the strands left them with soil rather than risk the usual harsher cleaning, and made up two strands (a and b) of 75 each rather uniform asymmetrical convex cones, with 81 beads of lesser quality or variant shape (strand c) left over. My guess is the shape of these beads would help date and place them - Egypt? Persia? They may be contemporary with the commoner melon beads. If you have knowledge in this area, please contact me & I will pass it on here. Beads mostly 8x10 to 15x17mm, very wide center holes.      Singles: 1270B) Large, ±13-14.5mm widths, $6.50 each/3+, 5.00/10+;    1270S) Smaller, ±10.5-13mm widths, $5.50 each/3+, 4.00/10+; OK to mix sizes for quantity price.    Mini-collection: 1270L1) Eight pieces including largest & unusual shapes from strand, $65.00;    Strands: 1270a) 75 beads, similar shape, $250;    1270c) 81 beads, mixed shapes, $275;    1270e) Mostly blues, mixed shapes, from an earlier purchase, 24", $125 $6.00 / 250.00
200 Excavated Terracotta Sandy color From the medieval site of Djenné in Niger on the Tumbuctu trade route, excavated terracotta beads 500-800 years old. In various earth colors, tubes of varying lengths which appear to be individual "seed" sized beads. Cheap because there is little jewelry demand. Generally cleaned, but small soil traces remain. 32-34" Strands: $7.50, $5.00/10, $2.50/Hank of 100 strands $7.50
203 Excavated Terracotta Off-white, Large From Djenné region, roughly round or biconal beads, sometimes mixed with short tubes which appear to be 2-4 conjoined single beads. These are whiter, larger, and more separated (vs tubes) than the commoner "200" beads offered above.
Graduated Strands: 203) Widths 3-5mm, 26" strands, $10.00 each
Varied Strands: 203a    203e    203c    203d 26", $15.00 each
$10.00 - 15.00
204 Excavated Terracotta Black & Brick-red ellipsoids Excavated at Djenné, beads most 5mm wide x 7-12mm long, 25+" strands pretty much alike. $16.50
202 Excavated Terracotta Orange: Large Excavated beads from the Djenné region in a variety of shapes, larger than the tubular types more commonly found. 34" Strands: 202a    202b    202c    202d    202f $27.50
876 Mali Clay (Orange) Burnt-orange terracotta beads with simple chalky incised designs. Reliable supplier says 1950s-60s, but could be more recent.     876S) Small, about 10-11mm, long 36" strand: $12.00;     876L) Large, about 18-22mm, 30" strand $22.50;     876B) Bottle-shaped, about 15x21mm, Strand of 34 beads $20 $12.00+
1304 Mali Clay (Black) Big disks of orange clay with black applied around design elements; different from the modern spindle worl beads of black clay with color applied to incised designs. Older?? Disks mostly 30-32mm wide, designs both sides. Strands:    1304a    1304b    1304c    1304d $30.00
2500 Spindle Whorls Nigeria Strung as beads, these are terracotta weights used to spin fabric strands into thread. They are one of the commonest and most universal of artifacts. Age unknown, but not recent. Size 40-50m across. Incised designs are much more visible than in the flat scanner images. Singles: in Row A Small, plain, or rough $9 each, in Rows B-C Nicer $15 each, in Rows D-E $20 each, and in Rows F-G Largest & most detailed $25 each.         Discount: 2+ pieces: 15%, 5+ take 25%. $9.00+
2502 Spindle Whorls Mali Decorated terracotta weights used with wooden spindles to create thread from fibers; they resemble large earth-color beads. These range from sharp and detailed to worn and plain; each strand is different. Widths & lenghts typically 22-27mm, 26-28" strands unless noted. Shown at 150%. Strands: 26-28" 2502a) $55 ;    2502b) $55;    2502c) $55;    2502d) $55;    2502e) Long 32" $70;    2502f) Long 37" $85;     Lots: 2502L1,   2502L2 $12.50/ Lot of 4 $12.50 / 55+
2504 Spindle Whorls Guinea Strung as beads, these are terracotta weights used to spin fabric strands into thread. They are one of the commonest and most universal of artifacts. Strands of 29 beads, mixed sizes and quality. Strands: 2504b      2504c      2504d Each: $79.50
2507 Spindle Whorls Mali Terracotta beads made by the Dogon, based on weights used to spin fabric strands into thread. Presumably modern. Black with white patterns. Bead width 25-30mm;   Singles: 2507 $2.00 each/3+;    Strands: 26" 2507a    2507b $30 each $2.00 / 30.00
2508 Spindle Whorls Mali Terracotta beads, or actual spindle whorls, made by the Dogon. Nice quality pieces, individually cut, apparently with some age. Bead width ±28-33mm;    26-28" Strands: 2508a     2508b    2508c $55.00
280 Spindle Whorl Pendants Silver and Copper Medals based on Northwest American Indian spindle whorl designs (note circle at center). Three different designs, each available in .999 silver, and Alaskan copper, with Lodgepole Pine reverse. Size 1.75" (45m), 2 troy oz. weight - larger than a Silver Dollar. The silver come with silver bezel, the copper with loop, cord, and certificate of authenticity. Designed by Seattle artist Joseph Illg, a limited edition struck by Northwest Territorial Mint. Silver were $90 each, now $45 (bullion ±$37); Copper were $30 each, now $15 to CLEAR $15.00 - 45.00
2490 Terracotta Fishnet Weights Mali, age unknown, VERY large pinkish-brown earth color ellipsoids. Lengths 75-103mm, weights 64-181gm (3.3-6.4 oz.) Could be central pendant on a very clunky necklace! Shown at 200%. Singles: 2490a     2490b    2490c     2490d    2490e     2490f $17.50 each $17.50
1184 Sherpa Coral Oblate pink Molded glass dyed to resemble coral, from India, China, etc. traded to Sherpas and others in Nepal & Tibet. Most sellers say early 1900s or earlier. Mostly 11x18mm, wide holes, traded to Nigeria. Singles: $3.50 each, $3/3+, $2.25/10+;    Strands: 1184a 32" $125 $3.50 / 125
1185 Sherpa Coral Bright Red Molded glass dyed to resemble coral, from India, China, etc. traded to Sherpas and others in Nepal & Tibet. Most sellers say early 1900s or earlier. Ellipsoids & barrels, mostly 11-20mm widths. Scanned at 300%. Lots: 1185L3    1185L5     1185L6    1185L9 $18.50/Lot $18.50
1665 Snake Vertebrae: Graduated Actual snake bones, strung from largest to smallest, on grass fiber. Probably stained to brown color. Age unknown; most strands show dulled, whitened edges as though from skin wear, but could be filed for comfort. Probably from Nigeria; widely used in Africa for divination. Range of widths noted. 22+" Strands: 1665Ma) 8.7-12.3mm $45;  1665Mb) 9.1-13.2mm $47.50;   1665Mc) 7.0-12.8mm $37.50;   1665Ba) 10.6-12.6mm $55;  1665Bb) 9.1-13.5mm $55.00;   1665Bc) 10.0-14.3mm $55;   1665Bd) 10.7-18mm $75; $37.50 - 55.00
1667 Snake Vertebrae: Uniform Actual snake bones, of similar size, strung on grass fiber. Probably stained to brown color. Age unknown; most strands show dulled, whitened edges as though from skin wear, but could be filed for comfort. Probably from Nigeria; widely used in Africa for divination. Average widths noted. Strands: 1667Ma) 8.5-9.5mm $40.00;  1667Mb) 9.5-10.5mm $45.00;   1667Mc) 7.8-11.5mm $40.00;   1667Ba) 12.5-13.7mm $60.00;  1667Bb) 13.0-16.5mm $65.00;   1667Bc) 13.2-16.2mm $60.00;   $37.50 - $65.00
1669 Snake Vertebrae: Undyed Actual snake bones, of similar size, strung on grass fiber. Possibly natural color, or lightly stained. Age unknown; most strands show dulled, whitened edges as though from skin wear, but could be filed for comfort. Probably from Nigeria; widely used in Africa for divination. Range of widths noted. 22+" Strands: 1669a) 12-15.5mm $70.00;  1669b) 10.1-16mm $70.00;   1669c) 10-19mm $85.00;   $70.00+
1667Z Snake Vertebrae: Bulk Find yourself propitiating the spirits on a regular basis? You might be going through a lot of bones. This hank of twenty 23" strands, all decent sized 12-16mm widths, may work for you. Most strands fairly uniform widths, a few look like a "natural" snake. Per lot of 5 strands: $145.00
1256 Camel Bone Modern carved from Nigeria. One seller says camel bone dyed with henna; a trader says cow bone. Two different types: Disks Widths range ±13-30mm, 24" strand 1256a    1256b    Bicones Widths range ±14-21mm, 26" strand 1256p    1256q $55.00
688 Skull Beads In Tibet, rosary beads were made from Monks' knuckle bones carved into double-faced skulls, traditionally 108 pieces on a string. These modern replicas are made in Nepal of Yak bone.
688B) Small Beads 7mm wide x 10mm tall, Long 42" strand: $16.50/strand ($10/3, $8.50/10, Inquire/25)
688C) Medium Beads 9mm wide x 16mm tall, super-long 62" strand: : $21.00/strand ($13/3, $11/10, Inquire/25)
Large Singles 688L) Larger versions of Yak bone skulls, holed top & bottom for stringing, or will stand up, 30m tall x 24m. $2.50 each
$2.50 / 16.50+
632a Coconut Heishi Disks of 11-12.5mm width coconut shell. Old 32" strand from 1980s collection & 1980s pricing! One only. $24.50
1180 Mali Ebony Graduated 32" strand of dark brown wooden beads with natural grain, some with blonde highlight areas. Widths range 12-19mm. Late 20th c.; show use. Strands: 1180a    1180b $45.00
928 Wooden Prayer Beads Islamic prayer beads from Mali. Very hard, dark wood with inlaid aluminum bands. Newly made. Strands: 928a) 13-14mm widths, 28" strand;    928b) 10-114mm widths, with pendant & toggles, 28" strand $27.50

AMERICAS    (traded into)>
My beads are sourced from Africa. This category repeats listings from Venice & Europe above, for types associated with the Americas trade, though sometimes varieties traded to Africa are different from those found in Amerind sites and jewelry. From The History of Beads by Lois Dubin, p.114: "Spanish traders brought a variety of beads to the New World in the early sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Beads distributed in the earlier days of their trade included Nueva Cadiz varieties, faceted chevrons, eye beads and compound beads (some with three layers of color). There were also monochrome beads in a variety of sizes, ranging from seed beads in yellow, green, and blue to larger, predominantly blue spheres. By the mid-1600s, most of the complex, more ornate beads had disappeared. Spherical turquoise blue beads continued as one of the most popular types." I have also used various booklets by G. B. Fenstermaker picturing beads found at Amerind burial sites. His plate in First Northwest Coast Colored Trade Bead Chart shows additional types of fancy beads.
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STOCK#
NAME
DESCRIPTION (click link numbers for images)
PRICE
NUEVA CADIZ    The origins of this sophisticated bead are unknown but they date at least to the early 1500s and were primarily traded by the Spanish into South America. The oldest are three-layer drawn beads, rectangular with rounded corners, diameter 4-8mm and often long, up to 50mm, in various shades of blue. A later type, probably Bohemian, associated with 17th Century North American sites, is unlayered and dark blue.
495 Nueva Cadiz 2G Second generation small, three-layer beads in green, light blue, or classic dark blue. These are recently cut by a bead-maker from valuable old canes acquired in the 1980's or earlier from the liquidated stock of a Murano firm. Rarely found on the market. Sample end view. Singles & lots: 495a $35;    495c $35;    495d $35;    495e $25;    495f Lot $125 $35.00+
CHEVRONS Also called Rosetta or Star beads, they are one of the earliest and most valued of the trade beads and heralded the renaissance of European bead-making in Murano (Venice). The 7-layers (w/b/w/c inside red layer) are oldest, dated to ca. 1480 - 1580. Some 5-layer (b/w inside) are roughly contemporary, and are scarcer as a class than other types. By the early 1600s beads using green or black for the outer layer appeared, and both the 4-layer (w inside) and 6-layer (w/b/w inside) were first produced. Sixes lack the clear (c) inner layer of 7's. Because the fours and sixes continue to be made, the easiest way to tell age is the condition of the bead, and the tendency in newer beads for the ends to be flat or smoothly bevelled rather than hand-filed. The Africa traders value hand-filed sixes nearly as much as sevens. Size (length and diameter) along with condition and symmetry dictate the market value, and like most high-end trade beads, values advance with time. For six-layers and other types see the VENICE listings. Modern Chinese Chevrons with artificial wear are turning up in Africa and convincing copies are being made from old cane.
310 Chevron: 7 Layer Largest: Widths 26+mm. Showing four views of each bead at 300%. Described Length x Width in mm.
Singles: 310a 39x30 $295;    310b 37.5x31 $200;     310e 35.7x28 $195;    310f 31.5x28 $215;     310g 31x28 $195;    310L 31.7x27 $175;    310m 19x28 $125
$125.00 - 295.00
311 Chevron: 7 Layer Medium: Widths 24+mm. Showing four views of each bead at 300%. Described Length x Width in mm.
Singles: 311a 32x25 $150;     311b 31.5x25.5 $125;    311c 27.5x25 $125;     311d 26.5x25.7 $85;    311g 23x24.5 $135;    311h 31x23 $135;     311j 30x22.4 $135;    311k 32.5x23 $115
$85.00 - 150.00
312 Chevron: 7 Layer Narrow: Widths 16+mm. Showing four views of each bead at 300%. Described Length x Width in mm.
Singles 312a 33.7x22 $225;    312b 21.7x21 $85;     312c 32.5x21 $125;    312d 25.6x20.8 $100;     312e 20x20.5 $100     312j 23x18.5 $100;    312k 19.5x19 $100;     312L 20x17 $80
$60.00 - 225.00
313 Chevron: 7 Layer Short: Under 15mm L or W. Showing three views of each bead at 300%. Described Length x Width in mm.
Singles: 313a 18.6x13 $65;    313b 17x11 $45;    313c 12x20 $40;    313d 13x19 $25;    313e 14x13.8 $40;    313e 13.7x14 $50
$25.00 - 65.00
322 Chevron 7L Strands Long strands of later trade chevrons. Scans at 150% show sample bead sizes. Strands: 322a) Long 40" strand of mixed 6L and 7L, large through medium sizes; other side, $1950;    322b) 34" strand of mixed 6L & 7L, medium to small sizes; other side, $1250;    322c) 40" strand of smaller 7L, nice condition for these; other side, $700 $700.00+
315 Chevron: 5 Layer Though scarcer than 6's or 7's they are less popular, probably because they look like middle-period 6's unless you count layers; pricing is guesswork as I can find none offered. The outer "blue" layer is usually very dark, even black. Showing three views of each bead at 300%. Described Length x Width in mm.
Singles: 315a 31x18 $85;     315b 30x17 $75;    315c 26x17 $75;     315d 25x18.8 $ $45;    315e 28x17 $50;     315f 30x15.7 $50;    315g 29x15.7 $40;315p 25x15.5 $50;     315q 25x15 $40
$40.00 - 85
1214 Dutch Chevrons Drawn beads rounded by the early (pre-1860s) a speo or hot tumbled method, many have a fluid, melted look. Ca. 1600s-1700s and likely made in Amsterdam by expatriate Venetians. This exact type found at 1620's Dutch sites in New York. See (download) Karklins, Karlis, The A Speo Method . . ., 1993, esp. figure 4. Most are a very deep blue, appearing black. Shown two views at 400%. Black & Whites: Singles: Crude, early type considered a 3 or 4 layer: 1214A1 $30;    1214A2 $25;     1214A3 $20;    1214A4 $25;    1214A5 $35;    1214A11 $20    1214A12 $20;    Black & Whites: Bulk: Samples shown. 1214C,D,E) C = Nicest quality, mostly ±13x12mm $18.50 each; D = More worn or smaller $13.50 each; E = Most worn or sm all $9.50 each;     Multicolor Lot:     1214L1) Four for $25;     Small strand: 1214a) Top of strand from which singles were pulled, 35 beads mixed types & condition: $285 Discount on 1214 singles / lots (1214A-E) $50+ total take 150%, $100+ take 20%. $8.50 / 285
556 Manhattan Bead Dutch five-layer star Chevrons, 1700s, so-called due to the legend of Manhattan's purchase for beads. Later, simpler Venetian imitations are called American Flag. Strands: 556b) Long 34" strand with several varieties, plus some brown Venetian, mostly 10-17mm widths; other side, $450 $475.00
WHITE HEARTS    A layered, wound bead with translucent red over a white or yellowish core first made ca. 1825, though Dubin mentions drawn versions with greenish cores dating to ca. 1600, and modern white hearts, made in Venice and Asia, are drawn. Their formal name Cornalene d'Aleppo is a corruption of "carnelian of Aleppo (Syrian city)." Traded widely around the world, the early types are called Hudson Bay beads for their use in North America. Rounds in sizes from seed to over 23mm and barrels from under 6mm to over 25mm are commonest, though many other shapes exist, as well as surface decorations of spots, florals, etc.
250 White Heart, Round Singles:    Cournalene d'Aleppo, Hudsons Bay trade beads. Among the oldest of White Heart types. Offered by size (width in mm) and overall quality (grade). Intermediate sizes are scarcer. Please give second choice of size or grade as some are low in stock.
250C) Size 3, 12.5-14.5mm: Grade B $9; Grade C $6.50; Grade D $4
250D) Size 4, 14.5-16.5mm: Grade B $12; Grade C $8; Grade D $5;    250E) Size 5, 16.5-18mm: Grade B $17
250F) Size 6, 18-20mm: Grade B $18; Grade C $12; Grade D $9;    250G) Size 7, 20-22.5mm: Grade C $20
250H) Size 8, 22.5-23mm (Largest): Grade C $28
$4.00 - 28.00
250 White Heart, Round Large: 250h) High quality, 64 beads, graduated widths 9-16.5mm; Other Side $400;     250g) Average quality, 56 beads, graduated widths 13-24mm $250;     250f) Low quality, 47 beads, graduated 10-23.5mm widths, including four barrel-shape & some with red outer layer gone $55 $55.00+
249 White Heart, Round Small Ancestors of the size still made today. Strands: 249e) Graduated 6-9mm widths, mostly nice condition $85;   249f) Mostly 7-8mm beads for half the strand, plus 9-10.5mm shells without white cores - unusual. $75;    247c) With other shapes, great variety, 32" strand $185;    249g) Many beads, mostly 7.5-11mm widths, 28" strand $55 $55.00+
250Z White Heart, Round, Flattened Oldest Cournalene d'Aleppo, Hudsons Bay trade beads. These have been filed flat at ends to fit more snugly on a necklace. From a collection, so not sure if Africa or North America origin. Lots: 250Za) Four sizes $40;   250Zc) Three sizes $26.50;   250Ze) Four, rough $23 $23.00 - 40.00
252 White Heart, Barrel, Large High quality Singles: VE) mixed sizes, a few chips, etc. $7.00 each; AU) 17x8mm, near perfect $12.50 each.    Strands: Slightly graduated, beads 12-16mm wide, 20-26mm long. More beads per strand means smaller average size. Strands: 252ca) 34 beads $250;    252cb) 41 beads $250;    252e) Long 40" strand of 50 beads, 10-17mm widths $300 $250.00+
252 White Heart, Barrel, Large Fair quality Strands:    Fairly uniform 32" strands of 11-16mm widths. Mostly F-VF grade. Strands: 252a) 40 beads $175;    252b) 44 beads $155;    252c) 35 beads $165;    252d) 36 beads, 30" strand $135;    252f) 36 beads, 26" strand, mostly 11-13mm widths $95 $95.00+
252 White Heart, Barrel, Large Low quality Strands:   Beads that show their age and hard use! Strands: 252La 47 beads, graduated 8-14mm widths, long 38" strand $85;    252Lb 44 beads, mostly 11-15mm widths, 32" strand $60;    252Lc 46 beads, ranging 9-14mm widths, 34" strand $70     252L.d 58 beads, barrels 8-13mm widths (some nice), plus rounds, 35" strand $75 $60.00+
248 White Heart, Barrel, Medium Mixed widths 6.5-11mm, varied lengths. Strands: 248k) 32", $110;    248L) 32", $110;    248m) 32", $110;    248p) 32", $120;   248q) Smaller beads, 33" $120;   248r) 32" $70;   248s) 19" $75 $70 .00+
248 White Heart, Mixed Mixed round & barrel types, or other types mixed in strands. Each one very different. Strands: 248g) Barrel sizes with Millefioris, Abu Dhabi, etc., 26" string $110;    248j) Long 32" strand with quite a collection of different Whiteheart shapes & sizes $110;    248t) Ellipsoids mixed in, 20" $80;    248L1) Lot smaller beads $10 $80.00+0
246 White-Heart, Ellipsoid Rare variety, a.k.a. Samburu. Found in a range of sizes.    Lots of 2+ beads, top condition, from a 1980s strand. Shown at 250%.     Largest: 18-19x11+mm 246Ca $45;   246Cb $45    246Cc $45   246Cd $20;   < Large: 16.5+x9.5+mm246Ea $25;   246Eb $20;   246Ec $20   246Ed $15;   Medium: ±12x8mm 246Ga $40;   Small: ±8x7-8mm 246Ja $25;   246Jb $25;   246Jc $25
Strands: Mediium size beads, 12-13mm x 8-9mm   246c) 23" strand, $185;    246e) 26" strand, $210
$25.00+ / 185.00
247 White Heart, Short barrel Unusual & rare shape but they are being faked in China and sold into Africa. These were sold to me as "old cane stock" and maybe they are, but I'm offering as modern, 9-12mm widths, 24" strands, 247f;    247g;    247h;    247j $10 / strand;     247Lb (loose) $10;
Genuine 247La Mostly ±8mm widths, from storage locker find. Genuine?? Lot: $40;     247c With other shapes, great variety, 32" strand $185;    247d Showing wear, $275 ;    247p Smaller, ±5x6-7mm, 1980's strand, 24", $60
$10.00 / 60.00+
262 Flower White hearts Roundish with floral pattern on translucent red over white core; white hearts with a pattern. Mostly 9-10m wide. Almost always found with rough, chipped surfaces; full detail in floral elements is uncommon.
Singles: 262A) White & blue florals: Decent condition, Samples shown $5.00 each, $4.00/3+;    262C) Multicolor florals: Decent condition, Samples shown $15.00 each; 262D) Poorer $6 each;    Lots: 262L1 12 lower quality $30.00;    Lots: 262L2 18 damaged $20.00
Strands: Mixed quality but generally quite decent: 262a    262b    262c    262d $200 each
$5.00 / 200.00
PADRES    Chinese bead which travelled all over the world as part of the Spanish silver trade. Best known in North America where they were popular with Southwest US Amerinds, especially the turquoise blue color. Made ca. late 18th-early 19th C. by the primitive winding process. Strands typically contain true wound beads as well as later, more regular "tire" beads, but only the occasional seamed or prosser bead made in Bohemia. 8-10mm widths, usually 98-104 beads in a 24" strand. As supplies in Africa dry up, the strand length decreases, then it jumps back up to 24" with a price rise. For other Padre colors see the CHINA section.
531T Padre: Turquoise The classic color. Demand from North America sent prices spiraling upward in 2014. Sample 22" strands shown. ($14/ 5+ strands; OK to mix all colors / lengths for quantity pricing) $16.00
531W Padre: White Commonest available color. Also used in North America?? 22" strands. Sample strands shown. (Quantity price: $11 each per 3; $9 each per 10+; OK to mix all colors / lengths for quantity pricing) $15.00
531WL Padre: White, Long strands Long strands, 148-150 beads per 36" strand. Sample strands shown. (Quantity price: $16.50 each per 3; $13.50 each per 10+; OK to mix all colors / lengths for quantity pricing.) $22.50
531Wc Padre: White, Clean More scrubbed beads, also seem to be more of the off-white more regularly shaped variety, 22"strand. Sample 22" strands shown. (Quantity price: $11 each per 3; $9 each per 10+; OK to mix all colors / lengths for quantity pricing.) $15.00
531TU Padre: Turquoise, Unused     From the Africa trade as usual stock, but with no signs of wear. These have none of the regular, tire-like pieces found in most strands, so could be older than average. Slightly longer 26" strands. $30.00
531G Padre: Small Classic turquoise color padre, but all beads well under 5mm width. Only strand I've ever seen, 22" $35.00
RUSSIAN BLUES    One of the earliest beads made in Bohemia, beginning before 1800, and peaking about 1845. It was cut from faceted canes and then further faceted by grinding. Usual shapes are squares and rectangles with up to 21 facets. The most popular color, then and now, is a dark blue, though others were produced, and a lighter blue was popular in Africa. Their name comes from association with the Russian fur trade in Alaska, though they were apparently stocked by Hudson's Bay as well, and traded elsewhere in the Americas, Africa, and Asia.
562A Russian Blue Faceted square Small Squarish & Mixed, some with unusual colors. Widths range 5-9mm, graduated or uniform strands. Each one different. Associated with North American trade, these from Africa. Strands: 562A1) Squares, rounds, lots of variety, 24" $85;    562A2) Graduated 5-9+mm, some greens, blacks, 24", $115 $95.00+
562N Russian Blue Faceted square Medium beads: Longer strands Squarish & Mixed. Widths range 6-12mm, graduated or uniform strands. Dark cobalt to lighter blue. Each one different. Associated with North American trade, these from Africa. 30" Strands: 562N1    562N2    562N3    562N5    562N6    562N7     562N8    562N9    562N10    562N11    562N12       Discount: Mix or match 562N & 562P, 3+ strands 10%, 6+ strands 15%. $100.00
562P Russian Blue Faceted square Medium Beads: 24" strands Squarish & Mixed. Widths range 6-12mm, graduated or uniform strands. Each one different. Associated with North American trade, these from Africa. 24" Strands: 562P1    562P2    562P3    562P4    562P5    562P6    562P7     562P8    562P9    562P10    562P11    562P12       Discount: Mix or match 562N & 562P, 3+ strands 10%, 6+ strands 15%. $80.00
563F Russian Blue: Large Faceted Ellipsoid Largest of the Russians. Sizes noted in photos. Strands: 563Fa) 21 beads incl. an unfaceted ellipsoid $300;    563Fb) 25 beads, fairly uniform & symmetrical $325;    563Fb) 29 beads, variation in shapes & sizes $250;   563Ff) 29 beads, plus spacers, variation in shapes & sizes $285 $250.00+
563R Russian Blue: Large Faceted Rounds & Others "Diamond cut" and other less usual shapes. Strands: 563Ra) Long 36" strand, a collection of unusual shapes, colors & "relatives" $300;    563Rb) 26" strand of diamond cut, mostly 14x17mm $235 $235.00
563E Russian Blue: Faceted Tubular Faceted tubes in medium to cobalt blue color. Used in North America trade, though these from Africa. Most 15-22mm L x 4-5mm W. 22-24" Strands: 563Ea    563Eb    563Ec    563Ed    563Ee    563Ef    563Eg    563Eh $42.50
563T Russian Blue, Tubular Unfaceted tubes in medium blue color. Used in North America trade, though these from Africa. Most 30-35mm L x 6-7mm W, large center holes. Quite a bargain considering the cost of even small faceted beads today. Sample 28-30" strands shown. $35/ strand, $30/3+ $35.00
563U Russian Blue: Large Tubular Long tubes 29-32x10mm interspersed with medium-sized faceted beads, long strand $175.00
3353 Lewis & Clark Oblique red, white & blue bands separating chains of paired white leaves trailed on long black ellipsoid. Associated with the Northwest Indian trade. These in exceptional condition. Two different sides @ 500%.
SINGLES/LOTS: Mostly 21-22m long x 10.5-11mm wide. Almost no wear $47.50 each 3353Aa      3353Ab      3353Ac      3353Ad      3353Ae     Slight Imperfects $38.50 each: 3353Ba      3353Bb      3353Bc      3353Bd      Small chips $29.50 each: 3353Da      3353Db     Damage $14.50 each: 3353Fa      3353Fc     Damaged Lot $35: 3353L1     Nice used: 3353J) Samples shown, $30.00 each, $25/3+, $22.50/6+
STRANDS: 900a) ±23-24x10.5mm, 30", 34 beads, very light wear, $475;    900g) Graduated 18x9mm to 28x14mm, 26", 30 beads, $525;    900j) Graduated 17x10mm to 31x14mm, 25", 30 beads, $465
$15.00 / 465.00+
1222 Gooseberry Clear glass barrels with thin white stripes, rough flat ends, variable lengths, 10-11mm widths. This clear variety from Africa is valued in North America for its association with early Spanish traders. Not a modern Venetian or Asian variety. Strands, Small beads: 1222B) Widths ±5mm, 22" strand, $30 each;    Strand, Large beads: 1222Aa) 88 beads, widths 9.7-11mm, 34" strand, $150;    LOT: 1222L1) Small beads: Tiny ±4-5mm group $20 $20.00 - 150.00
519 French Cross, White White ellipsoid with red, white & blue striped cross as the classic pattern, around 12x8mm. Called Bodoum in Africa; a trade item in the American southwest, which has caused a rapid rise in the price of those found in Africa. Strands: 519a 26" $52.50;    519b 20" $42.50;    519c 30" $60.00;    519d 30" $57.50 $42.50+
777 Great Lakes Dark blue & white diagonal swirled stripes on white, beads 11-13mm long. Associated with the American Indian trade in the midwest; historical name "pillow tick" beads. Originally Dutch, likely later Venice. Singles: 777) $2 each;     Strands: 777k) 69 beads, decent, 31" strand $85 ;    777a) Pristine, 21" strand $60;    777b) Pristine, 21" strand $60;    777p) Decent, 32" strand $90;    777q) Decent, 32" strand $90 $2.00 / 60.00+
555 American Flag Red & blue stripes on thick white layer, over red (or white) core. Ends can be natural wound or filed flat (by users?). These are a later, less valuable version of the true chevron "Manhattan" beads. See Picard Chevron #943-47.
Lots: showing varieties $17.50 each lot: 555La    555Lb    555Lc    555Ld    555Le    555Lq    
Strands: 555a Short strand 23+ pieces $65;     555b Short 13 pieces, nice! $39;    555e Super-long 44" strand with many varieties, mixed qualities & strays $195;    555f 1980s strand of 49 uniform, 13x15-16mm white over red core, need cleaning $125.00
$17.50+
1064 Flag Cousins #1 Wound brick-red with narrow-band black & white stripes, a relative of Manhattan & American Flag beads, somewhere in between in rarity. Bead widths mostly 16-20mm. Enlarged to 400%, lots of 3 beads, mixed sizes. LOTS:     Best: 1064A1    1064A2     1064A3    1064A4 $39/lot;    Minor flaws: 1064B1    1064B2     1064B3    1064B4 $29/lot;     Serious flaws: 1064C1    1064C2     1064C3 $22/lot;    Lot of 10: 1064b) Large, 10-20mm widths, best quality $135 $15.00 - 39.00
1065 Flag Cousins #2, #3 Wound striped beads, size & patterns similar to Manhattan & American Flag beads, probably somewhere in between in age Bead widths mostly 12.5-15mm. Enlarged to 300%. Singles: 1065R) Brick red with black, white & blue stripes, $4.50 each, $3.50/3+, $3/6+;    1065Y Red, white, yellow stripes over purple or black core, $6 each, $4.50/3+;     OK to mix for quantity discount. $4.00 - 7.00
745 Medicine Beads Milk white, round or slightly ovoid 10-11mm wound bead with incused dark blue dots and trailed pink lines. Called Medicine bead by Crow Indians, who used them on their medicine bundle (amulet) and as spacers on bear-claw necklaces. These traded into Ethiopia. 30" strands. 80-82 beads 745aa    745bb    745cc    745dd    745ee $100 Each;     24" strands 61-63 beads unless noted. 745Pa    745Pb    745Pc    745Pd     745Pe $72.50 Each 72.50 / 100.00
1228 Peacock Bead Semi-translucent yellow flat-end ellipsoids with multicolor banding and complex peacock-fan shaped eyes, about 15x10mm. Supplier calls it Peacock bead, and says they were traded to the Americas, but I can find no other references. Shown 400%. Lots of 3: Top quality. 1228A1    1228A2     1228A3    1228A4 $21 per lot;    Lots of 5: Top quality. 1228B1    1228B2 $30/Lot;     Lots of 4: Small imperfections or filed down. 1228C1    1228C2 $16/Lot;      Strands: 1228e) Top end of original strand, 26 top quality beads $140 $16.00 / 140.00
673 Skunk: Red a.k.a. Crows eye, Eye bead, variety of Whiteheart. White "eye" spots on round red beads over white core. A high-value bead, popular in Ethiopia. Beads 10-12.5mm. Singles: 673A) Scattered Eye variety: $4.00 ea, 3.00/3+;    673D) Thousand Eye $4.00 each;    673G) Eyes in rows $4.00 each;    673L1) Lot of damaged $20;     Strands: 673k) 83 "VF" beads, 36" strand $175;    673a) 69 "F-VF" beads, 28" strand $125;     673b) 70 "VF" beads, 30" strand $175;    673Za) 25 Skunk and 78 Flower $300 $4.00 - 300.00
551 Feather, Red Caramel to red wound ellipsoid with dragged feather motif. Type used by Pacific NW. Amerinds. Most beads 18-25m long. Some partial, chipped, etc. The market price of this type has risen rapidly since 2007. Singles & Lots: Shown 400%: 551La    551Lb    551Lc $21/Lot of 3;    551Ma    551Mb    551Mc $35/Lot of 5;    551Ra $35 for 9;    551Rb $35 for 17;    551Rc $15 for 15
24" strands Mixed quality, some broken, chipped, etc: 551p);      551q)     551a); $125 each
26" strands Mostly nicer quality: 551Aa);      551Ab)     551Ac) $140 each
Long 36" strands 551s) ;      551t) $225 each
Low quality: 551Za) $45;     551Zb) $45;     551Lz) Chips & flaws $40 lot
$45.00 - 225.00
703 Rattlesnake: White Short barrels with wavy white bands on black. Dubin #127 Made in Amsterdam & traded into Ghana (called Krakumba), also found at North American Iroquois sites dating before 1763 (Dubin #127). Singles $3.25 each /3+, $2.50 / 10    Strands: 26" 703f    703g    703h    703h $125.00
701 Rattlesnake: Yellow Wavy horizontal YELLOW trailings on shiny black wound glass. Traded into Ghana & found at North American Iroquois sites dating before 1763. Scarcer than white variety. Singles: High grade $6 each, $5.25 / 5+.    24" Strands: 701b) High grade $275;    701d) Decent grade $195;    701a) Worn, mixed $855;    701e) Includes rare blue-belt variety, etc., 1980s strand $225 $6.00 / 275.00
1151 Amerind beadwork From a storage locker find in Indiana Amerind-style beadwork, some needing repair, all fragile. Scanned at 150%: 1151a); Four mini wampum belts or necklaces - one with large leather-backed pendant - and a bone amulet, lot: $40;   1151b Three necklaces, each 18" long, Lot: $30 $30.00+
727L Mardi Gras Beads From New Orleans Mardigras, big sack of used plastic beads, including a few Doubloons and other "throws." Not the new & all-the-same stuff sold on Ebay. Over 4 Lbs. Shipped to US address only. $15.00
280 Spindle Whorl Pendants Silver and Copper Medals based on Northwest American Indian spindle whorl designs (note circle at center). Three different designs, each available in .999 silver, and Alaskan copper, with Lodgepole Pine reverse. Size 1.75" (45m), 2 troy oz. weight - larger than a Silver Dollar. The silver come with silver bezel, the copper with loop, cord, and certificate of authenticity. Designed by Seattle artist Joseph Illg, a limited edition struck by Northwest Territorial Mint. Silver were $90 each, now $45 (bullion ±$37); Copper were $30 each, now $15 to CLEAR $15.00 - 45.00

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MIDEAST - ASIA - OCEANIA
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STOCK#
NAME
DESCRIPTION (click link numbers for images)
PRICE
MIDEAST THROUGH INDIA
For small "nila" or "Indo-Pacific" beads made in India c. 700-1200D and imported to Africa see MEDIEVAL BEADS; for Agate and large Carnelian beads made in Cambay, India at a later period and imported to Africa, see CARNELIAN BEADS
788"Roman" BeadsBlue cane-cut beads of obvious age, varying sizes and shapes. This is a trade term for pre-Venetian glass, likely from the middle east. 30" Strands: 788a) Dark: barrels $75 ;    788b) Dark: Mixed shapes $75 $75.00
750 Silk Road Glass About 2005-06 remnants of what was likely a 1st Century BC glass factory was discovered in Afghanistan (ancient Bactria) along the silk road trade route uniting Rome and China. The glass objects were made using known Roman techniques. Local families excavate the fragments and file it into rough bead shapes, preserving the unique sheen of ancient glass. Shown at 200%. 16020" Strands     Tubular beads: 16-18" strands with spacers, ±4.5-6.5mm widths Mixed colors: 750A1    750A2     750A3    750A4      750A5    Cobalt Blue: 750D1    750D2     750D3    Black: 750F1    750F2     750F3    Ridged: 750J1    750J2     750J4     Green & Clear: 750N1    750N2     750N3     750N7    750N8     750N13    750N14    750N15 $32.50 each, $26.50/3+;    Green / Clear with Pendants: 750q1    750q2     750q3 $31.50 each, $26.50/3+
Larger Beads / Pendants: Rougher pieces from an older purchase: 750V1) $42.50;    750V2) $42.50;     750V3) $30;    750V4) $20;     750V5) $40;    750V6) $45
$31.50+
1252 Roman / Islamic Eye Referred to in trade as "Roman" or "Islamic" eye beads, these from west Africa. Dubin's 2009 chart shows (#20, c. 200 BC) an exact match to the simplest variety as "Wound glass with four stratified eyes. England" and similar beads (#485, c. 1100BC) as dynastic Egypt. Translucent blue with white trailed designs, ±11-16mm wide. My string broke down mostly into four categories: 1) SIMPLE eye: 3-4 eyes spaced around diameter, 2) PAIRED eyes: same placement but pairs, usually gapped, sometimes offset, 3) BELTED: a belt separates each member of the pair, and 4) GREENS: as #1 but green glass with yellow trailing.        Width noted. Shown at 300% for detail. SIMPLE eye 1252A1 13mm, $35;    1252A2 12.2mm $37.50;     1252A3 23.7mm, $30;    1252A4 14mm, $23.50;       PAIRED eyes: 1252C2 13.3mm, $30;     1252C3 13.2mm, $30;    1252C4 12.6mm, $25;     1252C5 13.3mm, $25;    1252C6 15mm, $22.50;    BELTED: 1252E1 14mm, $40;    1252E2 12.2mm, $30;     1252E3 14.7mm, $45;    1252E4     1252E5 14.4mm, $22.50;    1252E6 15.7mm, $25;    1252E7 13.5mm, $25;    GREEN glass: 1252H1 12.4mm, $35;    1252H2 11.2mm, $30;     1252H3 11mm, $45;     Variant Patterns: 1252K1 $35;    1252K2 $25;     1252K3 $35;    1252K4 $40;     Lots of Five: Showing two sides 1252L1 $75;    1252L2 $75;          1252L5 $100
Strand: 1252a) Half of the super-long strand I broke up, 51 beads, mixed varieties, mixed condition, $765
$22.50 - 45.00
3385 Islamic Singles: 3385a Yellow feather, 14x19mm $150;     3385b Black & White veined, 13x16mm $30 $30.00 / 150.00
HEBRONS After the fall of the Roman Empire, bead-making survived in the Islamic world until the Mongols and the Crusaders disrupted the trade. On branch of the trade migrated to Hebron, near Jerusalem on the Mediterranean in the 12th century, where a simpler type of bead continued production. "They made beads there, using the salts of the Dead Sea as their alkali. Their glass was opaque yellow and green, sometimes blue and black. The beads were furnace-wound and were popular in Egypt and in sub-Saharan Africa." (Peter Francis, Beads of the World p.78). Today the traders get these beads from Sudan, roughened from centuries of use. They are often filed in Kano, Nigeria, center of the bead trade. Not pretty by today's standards, they represent a unique, though degenerated, survival of a long bead-making tradition. NEW STOCK has come on the market at lower prices. i've bought a large group and believe my prices are the best around.
533 Islamic Eye Bead From Hebron, Palestine, a late holdover from more complex earlier Islamic glass & perhaps before skills degenerated to the level of the crude plain yellow, green, etc. beads. Beads range 13-24mm wide. Sold at $300 but got a better deal. 22" Strands: 533c    533d    533e $175.00
536Y Hebron (Kano): Yellow Singles: Rough, as usual, but not damaged $3.25/1 large, 2.35/3+ mixed, 1.85/10+ mixed;   20-22" Strands, best: Graduated strand (20-22") of 48+ beads, few or none broken, 536Y1;    536Y2;    536Y3;    536Y4;     536Y5;    536Y6;    536Y7;    536Y8;     536Y9;    536Y10;    536Y11 $67.50 each; $60 / 3+;     Strands, lower quality: A couple broken beads, or shorter strands as these Samples $57.50 per-1, $50/3+ Dirtier beads may be in better condition, as the cleaning process is hard on these already fragile beads. $3.25 / 57.50
535 Hebron (Kano): Green Medieval Palestine, traded to the Sudan where they were often filed and shaped. After years off the market, they are showing up again. Beads range 13-24mm wide. Singles Lot: 535L1 Lot: $24.00;    Strands: 24" 535c    535d    535e    535f $85.00 each $85.00
535MHebron (Kano): Blue & GreenMixture of blues and greens. Beads range 13-24mm wide. Prices are down again so I have lowered mine. 24" Strands: 535Md    535Mf    535Mh     535Me85.00
537 Hebron (Kano): Blue Medieval Palestine, traded to the Sudan where they were often filed and shaped. Beads range 13-23mm wide. Prices have come down again. 22" Strands: 537m   537p;   537j   537k   537L $95.00
533 Hebron roughs Smaller, rougher, more weathered beads than found on the usual blue/green and rarer "Islamic eye" strands. These beads look their age, and then some! 22" Strands: 533y    533z $85.00
536B Hebron: Baby (Kano) Crude, variably-shaped chips from yellow Hebrons, re-drilled with small holes, probably in Nigeria. They show much subsequent wear. An interesting example of how the Hebron is a "source" bead. Mostly 6-8mm wide, but some strands are all small or larger pieces. Strands (24+"): 536Ba    536Bb    536Bc    536Bd     536Be $29.50
536N Hebron Buttons Yellow Hebron beads filed down to roughly 9-10mm widths and often with the ends flattened - same as the smallest beads on graduated strands. Probably done in Nigeria; the filed glass would have gone to make other beads. 20" Strands: 536Na    536Nb    536Nc    536Nd    536Ne $45.00
998 Yemen Silver Beads Hollow spheres, ±25x25mm with fancy designs and large string holes. Made by Jewish silversmiths prior to their expulsion in 1949. Average 8-9gm each. $23.50
INDIA - BURMA - THAILAND
AGATE, , JASPER, BLOODSTONE, ETC.    All are varieties of Chalcedony (combined quartz & moganite). As found in Africa and described by most Traders, Agate is various colors of banded stone, but not reds. Carnelian is various shades of pink, red, or brown, plain or with banding or mottling, but translucent. Bloodstone is used to describe what is otherwise carnelian, but cut into triangular or spade shapes (and sometimes available in green). Jasper is red-brown (in Africa) and opaque. In some cuts, duller and more granular Bauxite (pipestone) resembles Jasper, but is unrelated. Agate and Carnelian beads originate in India but have been traded to Africa since ancient times. Those I offer have age (string & surface wear, soil in holes). Lately, smaller eroded or age-smoothed Agate and Carnelian beads recovered in digs around Djenné (Mali) have been increasing rapidly in price, while larger types, perhaps from the early 1800s onward and sourced from Mali, are nearly as cheap as current unworn Indian products lacking the character of long use.
691 Ancient Agate, etc. Excavated stone beads, mixed colors. From Djenné region, probably 7th c. AD or earlier. Strands: 691f) 36" $325;     691g) 23" $150 $150.00+
693 Ancient Carnelian Excavated stone beads: barrel, bicone & ellipsoid, from deep reds to pale pinks, mostly larger sizes. Much variation. From Djenné region. Polished strands:: 693a 30";    693b 28";    693c 24" $95.00 each;    693p Loose, partial strand $50;    Rough strands: 693m;     693n 26-28" $160 each $95.00 / 160.00
692 Ancient Carnelian, Large Excavated stone beads, from deep reds to pale pinks, some strands other shades. Super-long strands. From Djenné region, probably 7th c. AD or earlier. Barrels:: 692a) 38" $850;    Rounds: 692e) 40" $325;     692f) 44" $360;     Disks: 692h) 40" $325;     Teardrops, diamonds, etc.: 692m) 30" Premium quality beads, from Mauritania $375 $325.00+
895 "Smoky Agate" Grey & semi-translucent barrels with one end bevelled, ellipsoids & other shapes, variable lengths. Origin unknown, but traded into Nigeria c. 1600s-1800. Not all beads are agate apparently but strands are made up what remains when old necklaces with the more uniform "Red agate" beads are broken up. 20-23" Strands: 895a    895b     895c    895d     895e    895f     895g $37.50
890 Carnelian Rounds Small: Graduated 24" strands of red-brown semi-translucent rounds traded into Mali ca. early 20th c.; range ±6-9mm. Some strands are all darker beads. Inexpensive compared to the older, excavated Carnelian. Strands: 890a    890b     890c    890d     890e    890f     890g    890h 24" strands $19.50;    Medium: 890Ta;     890Tb 28" strands of 6-12mm beads $30;     Discount: Carnelian 890, 891, 892, 893, 783, 784 mix or match, any 3 strands 10%, 5+ strands 15%, 10+ strands 25% $19.50 / 30.00
891 Carnelian Rounds Large: Graduated 23-24" strands of red-brown semi-translucent rounds traded into Mali ca. early 20th c.; range ±10-22mm. Some strands are all darker beads. Inexpensive compared to the older, excavated Carnelian. Strands: 891a    891b     891c    891d     891e    891f     891g    891h 24" strands $35.00;     Discount: Carnelian 890, 891, 892, 893, 783, 784 mix or match, any 3 strands 10%, 5+ strands 15%, 10+ strands 25% $35.00
892 Carnelian Ellipsoids Strands of red-brown semi-translucent rough ellipsoids traded into Mali ca. early 20th c.; lengths range ±10-20mm. Some strands have interesting segmented shapes. Inexpensive compared to the older, excavated Carnelian. 22-24" Strands: 892a    892b     892c    892d     892e    892f     892g    892h;     Discount: Carnelian 890, 891, 892, 893, 783, 784 mix or match, any 3 strands 10%, 5+ strands 15%, 10+ strands 25% $22.50
893 Carnelian Tubes Strands of darker red-brown semi-translucent tubes with bevelled ends traded into Nigeria. Inexpensive compared to the older, excavated Carnelian. Strands: Larger 24" strands, widths range ±8-10mm 893a    893b    893c    893d    893e $40.00; Smaller 22" strands, widths range 7-9.5mm 893Ta    893Tb     893Tc    893Td     893Te    893Tf    893Tg     893Th $25.00;     Discount: Carnelian 890, 891, 892, 893, 783, 784 mix or match, any 3 strands 10%, 5+ strands 15%, 10+ strands 25% $40.00 / 25.00
888 Carnelian Rectangles Strands of HUGE red-brown semi-translucent rough rectangles with bevelled ends traded into Nigeria, probably from Cambay, India, ca. early 20th C. These are so big I have not enlarged the photos. 26" Strands: 888a    888b    888c $47.50
783 Carnelian Roughs Mixed strands with rectangles, bicones, and triangular pieces representing dates, many chipped or filed, usually well worn. Likely from Cambay, India, and c. 500-200 years old for date-shapes, but less than 100 y.o. for more finished rectangles. 26" Strands: 783a     783b    783c     783d    783e     783f    783g     783h    783j     Discount: Carnelian 890, 891, 892, 783, 784 mix or match, any 3 strands 10%, 5+ strands 15%, 10+ strands 25% $37.50
784 Carnelian "Hearts" Triangle / spade/ heart shapes, many chipped or broken, usually well worn. A knowledgeable trader says imported to Africa 1920s-50s. Graduated Strands: 784Ra     784Rb    784Rc     784Rd    784Re     784Rf 15-40mm stones in 22" strands $32.50;     Smaller stones: 784Aa    784Ab     784Ac    784Ad     784Ae     784Af    784Ag     784Ah 15-22mm stones in long 36" strands $38.50;    Large stones: 784Fa     784Fb    784Fc     784Fd     784Fe     784Ff 18-50+mm stones in long 38" strands $49.50;     Discount: Carnelian 890, 891, 892, 783, 784 mix or match, any 3 strands 10%, 5+ strands 15%, 10+ strands 25% $32.50+
730 Face Beads Colorful modern wound beads from India featuring small, goofy faces: 730a) String of 23 varied shapes $35;    730L1) 12 loose beads, conical shape $18.50;    730L2) Five beads, without face theme $8.50 $8.50 - 35.00
1254 Kond Brass Nicely worn-looking brass from the Kond Tribe, Orissa, India, possibly early 20th Century. Three types: Large Faceted Bicones: 1254Aa);   1254Ab) ±11x15mm, 24" strands, $55;    Small Faceted Bicones: 1254Ba) ±6.5x9mm, 24" strand, $40;    Split Bicones: 1254Ea) ±9x10mm, 24" strand, $50 $40.00 - 55.00
1040Tile BeadsSmall tubes with burnt-red exterior over darker core. Traded to the Naga and Chin peoples of NW Burma and NE India. Typical sizes are 3x8mm and 4x5mm for two sample strands shown. These are from an importer's stash from the 1990s or earlier; I can't find them offered online. They don't come up in the Africa trade. 34" strands: $6.00 each; 4.50/3, 3.75/10, 3.00/50;     Set of thick & thin strands, $10 $3.00 - 6.00
335 Big Disk Chevron Wide, thick cane-cut disks with multicolor stripes over black / white / black star interiors. Unusual bead, from Thailand, appears old. 16-18mm widths. 34" Strands: 335a) Blue, white, yellow & brick red ;    335b) Red, white & black. $62.50
728b Akha Necklace Thailand / Burma region. Modern "money" necklace using Cowries, white heart trade beads, and (worn) coins stitched on black fabric. Sample shown. $17.50
207a Cowrie Belt , where cowries are still used as currency. Large "broken back" cowries strung on leather strip. Length 24" excluding end ties. Scan shows one end. Age uncertain, but not new. $65.00
207 Cowrie Strip Karen & Chin tribes of Burma & Yunnan: "Broken back" cowries strung side by side on rattan strips forming belt: 207f) Incomplete belt of 154 brown toned pieces, 24" $45;     207g) Full belt of 240 cowries, length about 32", some breaks in rattan, so too fragile to wear $85 $45.00 - 85.00
NEPAL - TIBET
807 Sacred Chank The Chank or Sankh shell (a type of conch) is sacred in Buddhist and Hindu cultures and appears frequently as an art motif and in early coinge from India through S.E. Asia. Probbly made in Nepal, often associated as well with Tibet, the beads I offer are among the largest available, from the thickest portion of large shells, widths ±16-18mm. They show soiling and string wear so are not new. Singles: $2.25 each/3+, $1.75/10+;    Full Strands of 108 beads, ±60" long, as traditionally worn: 807a    807b    807c    807d $100 / strand. $2.25 / 100.00
1112 Conch Shell Polished white hand-made beads in a variety of shapes, some with intriguing vein patterns & natural folds, or inlays. Likely made in Nepal, though one Africa trader claims they are worn by the Hausa and I have seen one type that is obviously older & from a reliable trader who found them in Sudan. These appear to be new, though some show signs of soiling and cleaning. Often sold at around $90 as Naga, Buddhist, Malla, sacred Chank, etc. Variety of shapes, long 30" strands. Mix or match for discount. 30" Strands: Rounds Widths ±8-12mm 1112Aa    1112Ab    111A2c    1112Af    Inlaid Elipses: Lengths ±21mm, stone-chip(??) inlays 1112Ea    1112Eb    111.Ec    1112Ed    Disks: ±6-8mm widths 1112Da    1112Db    1112Dc    1112Dd     Discount: 2 strands $60 each; 4 strands $50 each $75.00
807 Sacred Chank The Chank or Sankh shell (a type of conch) is sacred in Buddhist and Hindu cultures and appears frequently as an art motif and in early coinge from India through S.E. Asia. Probbly made in Nepal, often associated as well with Tibet, the beads I offer are among the largest available, from the thickest portion of large shells, widths ±16-18mm. They show soiling and string wear so are not new. Singles: $2.25 each/3+, $1.75/10+;    Full Strands of 108 beads, ±60" long, as traditionally worn: 807a    807b    807c    807d $100 / strand. $2.25 / 100.00
688 Skull Beads In Tibet, rosary beads were made from Monks' knuckle bones carved into double-faced skulls, traditionally 108 pieces on a string. These modern replicas are made in Nepal of Yak bone.
688B) Small Beads 7mm wide x 10mm tall, Long 42" strand: $16.50/strand ($10/3, $8.50/10, Inquire/25)
688C) Medium Beads 9mm wide x 16mm tall, super-long 62" strand: : $21.00/strand ($13/3, $11/10, Inquire/25)
Large Singles 688L) Larger versions of Yak bone skulls, holed top & bottom for stringing, or will stand up, 30m tall x 24m. $2.50 each
$2.50 / 16.50+
1184 Sherpa Coral Oblate pink Molded glass dyed to resemble coral, from India, China, etc. traded to Sherpas and others in Nepal & Tibet. Most sellers say early 1900s or earlier. Mostly 11x18mm, wide holes, traded to Nigeria. Singles: $3.50 each, $3/3+, $2.25/10+;    Strands: 1184a 32" $125 $3.50 / 125.00
1185 Sherpa Coral Bright Red Molded glass dyed to resemble coral, from India, China, etc. traded to Sherpas and others in Nepal & Tibet. Most sellers say early 1900s or earlier. Ellipsoids & barrels, mostly 11-20mm widths. Scanned at 300%. Lots: 1185L3    1185L5     1185L6    1185L9 $18.50/Lot $18.50
FAR EAST & OCEANIA
1284 Chinese Fossilized Ivory These remain something of a mystery. I got them from a coin dealer whose inventory I purchased ca. 1988, and he called them "Chinese neolithic jade." They're clearly not jade, and while they have the sound of glass or stone when tapped, they show the sort of crazing and cracks I've seen on old ivory bracelets. The best comment I got from the Bead Collector Network Bulletin Board was having seen their like in a Thai market, being sold by a non-Thai, and others had ID'd as fossilized ivory. A Chinese coin expert who studies published excavation reports to help date early coins suggests Western Zhou period, ca. 800-500 BC. They weren't cheap even in the 1980s when Chinese antiquities were flooding out and fetching 1/10th of what they are today. Pricing cracked the same as whole ones, as I think these best demonstrate their ivory origins.     1284a    1284b    1284c    1284d     1284e $95.00
270 Melon Uniquely shaped bead made in China, or Chinese workers in Indonesia, likely 1800s. Found mainly in Irian Jaya. Singles: 270Aa;    270Ab $27.50
646 Peking Glass: Old The Chinese have been making crude, wound-type beads for trade for a long time. The rounded Padre beads are a well-known example. Colors: medium blue to purple-black; Shapes: Round & barrel; Width: 5-7m. I got them cheaply from an African Trader, but why there is no interest in a neat, crude old bead like this, at this price, is beyond me!      646) Regular 24" strands, $17.50 each;     646Za) Translucent-blue padre style beads & various European types from a 1980s collection, $100 $17.50 / 100.00
PADRES    Chinese bead which travelled all over the world as part of the Spanish silver trade. Best known in North America where they were popular with Southwest US Amerinds, especially the turquoise blue color. Made ca. late 18th-early 19th C. by the primitive winding process. Strands typically contain true wound beads as well as later, more regular "tire" beads, but only the occasional seamed or prosser bead made in Bohemia. 8-10mm widths, usually 98-104 beads in a 24" strand. As supplies in Africa dry up, the strand length decreases, then it jumps back up to 24" with a price rise.
531T Padre: Turquoise The classic color. Demand from North America sent prices spiraling upward in 2014. Sample 22" strands shown. ($14/ 5+ strands; OK to mix all colors / lengths for quantity pricing) $16.00
531W Padre: White Commonest available color. Also used in North America?? 22" strands. Sample strands shown. (Quantity price: $11 each per 3; $9 each per 10+; OK to mix all colors / lengths for quantity pricing) $15.00
531WL Padre: White, Long strands Long strands, 148-150 beads per 36" strand. Sample strands shown. (Quantity price: $16.50 each per 3; $13.50 each per 10+; OK to mix all colors / lengths for quantity pricing.) $22.50
531Wc Padre: White, Clean More scrubbed beads, also seem to be more of the off-white more regularly shaped variety, 22"strand. Sample 22" strands shown. (Quantity price: $11 each per 3; $9 each per 10+; OK to mix all colors / lengths for quantity pricing.) $15.00
531R Padre: Red    Standard size. Sample 22" strands shown. ( $14 each per 3+; OK to mix all colors / lengths for quantity pricing.) $16.50
531Y Padre: Yellow     Standard size. Sample 22" strands shown. 20.00
531B Padre: Blue translucent     Standard size. Sample 22" strands shown. $20.00
531N Padre: Brownish Translucent     Standard size. Sample 22" strands shown. $27.50
531Q Padre: Red Translucent     Standard size. Sample 22" strands shown. ($26 each per 3+; OK to mix all colors / lengths for quantity pricing.) $32.50
531C Padre: Cobalt blue     Standard size. Sample 22" strands shown. Note variation within strands, translucent blue to solid blacks. ($26 each per 3+; OK to mix all colors / lengths for quantity pricing.) $32.50
531TU Padre: Turquoise, Unused     From the Africa trade as usual stock, but with no signs of wear. These have none of the regular, tire-like pieces found in most strands, so could be older than average. Slightly longer 26" strands. $30.00
531G Padre: Small Classic turquoise color padre, but all beads well under 5mm width. Only strand I've ever seen, 22" $35.00
559 "Pink Padres" Padre-style beads, Czech, probably fairly modern, found in the Africa trade, possibly for the Massai (Kenya) who favor pink. Also called "Cheyenne pinks."    559P) Wound, padre-sized (7-8mm widths) dark-pink, glossy beads, 22" strands, $11.00 each, $9/5+;    559M) Large-seed size, ±4mm width, paler pink, 20" strands $10 each, $7.50/5+ $9.00 - 10.00
605R Czech Padre: Red Bohemian molded beads imitating classic Chinese Padres. Most 8m wide. 26-28" strands. Lacking the charm of the crude, wound beads but with Padre prices on the rise again, a bargain. $ 9.50 each, 7.50 / 3+ $9.50
647 Peking Glass, 1990s Made for centuries, wound glass "Padre" in a variety of colors and sizes. Closing out last of a stock imported in 1980s-90s, when these simple beads still had the wound character.     Strands: 647T) Classic Turquoise, ±9mm, 26";    647U) Blue speckled, ±11mm, 36";    647B) Black, ±9mm, 24";    647G) Translucent green, ±9mm, 26";    647C) Clear, ±11mm, 26";    647P) Translucent purplish ±9.5mm, 22" $15 each";    Lot: 647L1) Broken strands, etc., at least 2 strands' worth $35 $15.00
726 Asian Mix Super long 56" strand of modern low-quality beads imported in 1993, much variety of types, each strand different. Five strands $23.50, single strand: $6.00
1327 Fossil Disk (Pi) "Heaven was represented by the ancients in the tangible form of a perforated disk of jade. It was believed that such a token embodied the qualities of solar effulgence, and was closely connected with the powers of Heaven by means of its maagical properties, and therefore the Emperor, being the Son of Heaven, was able to commune and consult with Heaven through the medium o the jade disc." (C.A.S. Williams Outlines of Chinese Symbolism and Art Motives p.235. Offered here are MODERN pieces in black agate, 45mm (1.75") wide, crowded with small marine(?) fossils. Called Gemstone Donuts in jewelry trade. No two are alike. ($39 for 10) $5.00
1068 Enamel Lot Chinese or Thai?, bright, fancy modern, lot of (9) each of 13 different types, plus 9 metal, total 126 beads. $82.00
450 Indo-Pacific Indonesia: Crude beads in bright colors. Graduated strands ±4-6mm widths. Not certain of age, but traded into Africa: 450R) Red, 450G) Green 28" Strands, $16.50 each;    450U) Translucent blue $35 $16.50 / 35.00
451 Tradewind The major trade bead of the Srivijaya and Majopahit Empires, it still serves as a store of wealth in Timor, Flores & Sumba, called Mutisalah ("False pearls"), or "Tradewind beads" by collectors. Strands: 451Ra) Brick red, 3-5.5mm widths, 24" strand $50;    451Ba) Black, 3-11mm widths, 22" strand $95;    451Bb) Black, uinform 5.5mm widths, 24" strand, possibly not very old?" $25 $25.00+
1234 Indonesian blues Roughly round, ±12-13.5mm widths, range from solid cobalt to pale, translucent blues. Well worn, but mostly undamaged. If you are familiar with Opate or "Dutch Dogon" beads, these may appeal.
Singles:     1234    1234U) Cobalt Blue $2.25 each, $1.65/3+, $1.25/10+;    1234G) Blue-Green $1.25 each, $1.00/3+, $.85/10+, OK to mix for quantity discount
Strands: 1234a    1234b    1234c    1234d    1234f 28", $35.00/strand
$2.50 / 35.00
1510 Kris Ring The ceremonial kris sword had a relatively plain iron blade, but a very fancy, bejeweled handle including one or more rings. These are modern versions with plastic jewels. They may fit an adult pinky, or child's finger. Samples shown. $4.00

SEED & SMALL
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STOCK#
NAME
DESCRIPTION (click link numbers for images)
PRICE
750S Silk Road Heishi From the same Afghan source as the 1st Century beads made from old glass fragments, small heishi or seed beads, ±4.3mm widths, clears, translucent greens, etc. Lots of hand labor cutting each bead from larger fragments. 16" Strands at 200%: 750S1    750S2 $32.50
940 Medieval: Small, Mixed Colors Glass & Stone, some weathering but mostly bright colors, strung in the 1990s. Mostly under 5mm widths. These days strands tend to be more sorted and uniform. Last of a large lot: 940A) Smallest, 22" strands; 940B) Small, 26" strands; 940C) Larger, mostly blue, 26+" strands. Sample strands shown.     OK to mix with other 940 colors for best discount: $19.00 each; $17/3+; $14.50/10+ $14.50 - 19.00
940W Medieval: Small White Medieval beads found in Mali & region. Mixed whites, clears, some chalky or colored, but fairly consistent from strand to strand. Widths ±3.5-5mm. Sample strands shown.     OK to mix with other 940 colors for best discount: $19.00 each; $17/3+; $14.50/10+ $19.00
940U Medieval: Small Blue Medieval beads found in Mali & region. Blue glass, mostly 3-4mm wide but variable shapes and sizes. Mostly well worn, some chalky. Sample 22-24" strands shown. $19.50 each; $14.50 /3+ $13.50 - 18.50
940EF Medieval: Weathered Gray Medieval beads found in Mali & region. Probably blue & green originally, but weatherized to gray.    940E Light to medium grays, mostly 3-5mm $17.00 each; $13.50/3+; $11.50/10+.    940F Mostly gray, but slightly larger, more varied shapes, and some colored mixed in. $18.00 each; $14.50/3+; $12.50/10+ Sample 23-24" strands shown. $11.50 - 18.00
200 Excavated Terracotta From the medieval site of Djenné in Niger on the Timbuctu trade route, excavated terracotta beads 500-800 years old. In various earth colors, tubes of varying lengths which appear to be individual "seed" sized beads. Cheap because there is little jewelry demand. Generally cleaned, but small soil traces remain. Bundle of 100 strands $250; $50/ 10 strands. Single 32" strand: $7.50
203 Excavated Terracotta Off-white, Large From Djenné region, roughly round or biconal beads, sometimes mixed with short tubes which appear to be 2-4 conjoined single beads. These are whiter, larger, and more separated (vs tubes) than the commoner "200" beads offered above.
Graduated Strands: 203) Widths 3-5mm, 26" strands, $10.00 each
Varied Strands: 203a    203e    203c    203d 26", $15.00 each
$10.00 - 15.00
678 Green Heart: Small Seed bead size, and larger. Strands: 678La Loose lot of over 400 beads 4-5mm width. $35;    678Sb) Strand ±4-6.5mm, from Africa. Unusual. $25 $25.00+
944 Small Seed Various shades and shapes of BLUE beads, mostly 2-2.5mm widths, from Ghana. Per 22+" Strand: $4.00; 3.00/5+; 2.50/20+; $2.00/50+. OK to mix Seeds & white hearts (944-945-946-947) for larger quantity discount. $2.00 - 4.00
945 Small Seed Seed beads from the Ghana trade, mostly 3-3.5mm widths, 22+" strands. Your choice 945A Tael blue, or 945B Striped blue & white. Per-1 $5.00; 4.00/5+; 3.00/20+; $3.00/50+. OK to mix Seeds & white hearts (944-945-946-947) for larger quantity discount.   945L1) Lot of 4 misc strands $15 $3.00 - 5.00
946 Large Seeds Bohemia/Venice, irregular, wound-looking, ±4.0-4.5mm widths, from the Africa trade (mainly Ghana). Easier to work with than smaller seeds & better character than new Czech or Indian beads. Samples SHOWN. Colors available, mix or match for discounts. Strands: 946W) Milk White; 946F) Polished/Dirty White; 946Y) Yellow; 946B) Sky Blue; 946T) Teal Blue; 946G) Green; 946H) Green (rounds); 946Q) Purple/Cobalt (rounds); 946P Pink (rounds); 946N) Brown; 946K) Black; The "rounds" are slightly smaller (3.8-4.2mm) & rather regular. Per 22+" Strand: $4.00; 3.25/5+; 2.50/20+; $1.75/50+. OK to mix Seeds & white hearts (944-945-946-947) for larger quantity discount. $1.75 - 4.50
947 White Heart Seeds Translucent colored shells over white cores create a glow that solid color beads lack. From the Africa trade (mainly Ghana), possibly Venice or China origin? Samples SHOWN. Colors available, mix or match for discounts. 947R Red ±4.6mm width; 947Y Yellow ±4.6mm width; 947X Yellow ±3.5mm width (21" strand); 947C Blue tiny 2x2.6mm (20" strand) Per 22+" Strand: $5.00; 4.25/5+; 3.75/20+; 3.25/50+ OK to mix Seeds & white hearts (944-945-946-947) for larger quantity discount. Others sell these at $8/strand. $3.25 - 5.00
1042 Large Yellow Seeds Crude wound Venetian beads of lemon yellow color, traded to the Dani of New Guinea. Mostly 4.5-5.5mm widths. Samples shown. $6.50/3+. Single 24-26" strand: $8.00
580 Small seed Lot From Ghana, called "Fulane" beads. Old stock of tiny seed beads, Widths 2.5-3mm. One 130" strand purple & 3 x 14" strands dark blue, lot for: $14.00
1155 Purple Seed Lot About 2mm width, 240" total on 12 loops. Origin unknown - from storage locker find. Entire lot: $30.00
566 Seed, Smaller Lowest value & commonest trade beads, made in Europe, China, India, etc. 566M) Mixed colors & sizes, mostly ±3mm width, includes white hearts, 26+" strands, probably from Thailand trade $4 each/5+;    566W) White, either ±2mm or ±3mm, 24+mm strands $4 each/5+, OK to mix 566M, 566W;    566L1) Lot of 5 strands, mixed red, yellow, blue, ±3-5mm widths, 22+mm strands, probably Chinese from Thai trade, Lot $25 $4.00+
257 White Heart Seeds, Old Older varieties from Africa and Thailand: Strands: 257C) Red, cane-cut, 3.5-4.5mm widths, 24" strands, from Thailand; 257P) Red, variable, 3-4mm widths, with a few plain pinks, 24" strands, from Africa.     Mix or match: $13.50 each; $11.00 / 5+ $11.00 - 13.50
947 White Heart Seeds Translucent colored shells over white cores create a glow that solid color beads lack. From the Africa trade (mainly Ghana), possibly Venice or China origin? Sample 22+" strands shown. Colors available, mix or match for discounts. 947R Red ±4.6mm width; 947Y Yellow ±4.6mm width; 947X Yellow ±3.5mm width (21" strand); 947C Blue tiny 2x2.6mm (20" strand) Per-1 strand: $5.00; 4.25/5+; 3.75/20+; 3.25/50+ OK to mix with 946 Large seed beads for maximum quantity discount. Others sell these at $8/strand. $3.25 - 5.00
257 White Heart: Tiny Seed Newly made, tiny Seed-bead sized, under 2m wide. 257Q) Darker red beads. Over 400 beads per 24" strand. Each $4.50, 3.50/3+, $2.50/10+;    257N) Bright red, Thread-strung hank of 200 grams, about 9000 beads! $42.50 $2.50 / 42.50
1208 Massai Blues & Blacks Plain, matte larger-than-seed reputedly traded to the Massai. Netherlands? Bohemia? Widths about 5-5.5mm, great variety of shapes (advise if you have a preference), 21-22mm strands. The blues are a particularly lovely shade. 1208B) Pale blue, 1208K) Black. Mix or match, $9 each, $8/3+, $6.50/10+ $9.00
1000Layered Roughs From Gambia, typical matte surfaces of "pop bottle" beads in dark colors with some translucency. Held to the light, there are irregular bands of translucent & dark within each bead; over-bright scan to show this. Widths ±5mm, 22" strands. Set of Red, Purple, Brown $22.50; Purple or Brown, each $13.50 $13.50
529 Fulane Small cane-cut barrels in dark blue / purple. Some color variation - lighter blues through black - in some strands. 529A) ±4x4mm 28" strands $5.00;      529B) ±3x3mm, 22-24" strands $3.00     529N) Barrels 3-4m wide. Dark to light purple variants as shown in scan. 22-24" strands $3.00 (or 2.50 each per 3 or more) $3.00 - 5.00
752 Lemon Drops Bright lemon-yellow bicones, ±7x5mm. 28" strands $11.00
790 Ellipsoids Bright colors in ellipsoid shape, usually about 7mm long, but lots of variety in size and even shape in this group. Samples shown. Advise color wanted, tho some colors are single strands only. 6.00
1061 Dogbone (Dumbell) Small molded, nesting, pinched-center lozenges, ±4x8.5mm. Scarce and distinctive type.
Red:   1061Ra    1061Rb    1061Rc    1061Rd ($45)     1061Re 22" strands, $35.00 unless noted
Yellow:   1061Ya    1061Yb    1061Yc    1061Yd     1061Ye Yellow, mixed opaque & translucents, $35.00 each
$35.00
603 Rat's Dung Small, crude, roughly ellipsoid Dutch beads called Gajahkuro (Rat's dung) in Ghana, Aramissi in Nigeria. Wound manufacture, likely pre-1900. Strands: 603Y) Yellow, ±6-8x3-4mm, 22" strands $14.50 Each;     603W) White, ±6-7x3-3.5mm $14.50 Each $14.50
604 Rat's Dung Red Small, crude, roughly ellipsoid Dutch beads called Gajahkuro (Rat's dung) in Ghana, Aramissi in Nigeria. Reds of unknown origin: 604R) Bright red opaques, widths ±5-6mm, shape somewhat variable, found in Ghana trade, $9.00 / 22" strand;    604C) Cranberry red, translucent, widths ±4.5mm, irregular shapes. First I've seen; from Indiana storage locker find, 3 strands. $13.50 / short 14" strand. $9.00 / 13.50
569 Awala Chevrons Small striped beads, some multi-layered, others not. Venetian bead called "Awala" or Awally in Ghana. Widths 3-4m, 24-26+" strands. Strand Lots: 569L1) Five strands, Oranges, 24-26", $20/Lot;   569L2) Three strands, Blues, Purples, etc, 24, 25, 28mm, $12/Lot $8.00
1073 Turkana Small, rounded-end barrels in blue or red 24" strands. 5-6mm size, dirty as worn. Traded to the Turkana of Kenya. Order 1073R = Red, 1073B = Blue. $10.00
559 "Pink Padres" Padre-style beads, Czech, probably fairly modern, found in the Africa trade, possibly for the Massai (Kenya) who favor pink. Also called "Cheyenne pinks."    559P) Wound, padre-sized (7-8mm widths) dark-pink, glossy beads, 22" strands, $11.00 each, $9/5+;    559M) Large-seed size, ±4mm width, paler pink, 20" strands $10 each, $7.50/5+ $9.00 - 10.00
846 Small Pink Molded round 5mm beads. This is the color favored by the Massai. $4.50 each per 3+; Single 21" Strand: $6.00
558 Massai Pinks Small pink beads favored by the Massai of Kenya. Cane-cut 4-5mm widths, mixed in with commoner Czech wound-looking type. Strands: 558a) 20", $22.50;    558b) 22", $17.50 $17.50+
1204 Little Clears Transparent drawn beads, 5-10mm, various shapes: ellipsoid, round, square, faceted. Called "Abyssinia" beads, but found in Burkina Faso. Samples shown, let me know your shape preference. 22-24" Strands: $10 each, $8.50/3+, $7/10+ $10.00
1208 Massai Blues & Blacks Plain, matte larger-than-seed reputedly traded to the Massai. Blues are Venetian, Blacks Bohemian. Widths about 5-5.5mm, great variety of shapes (advise if you have a preference), 21-22" strands. The blues are a particularly lovely shade. 1208B Pale blue, 1208K Black. Mix or match, $9 each, $8/3+, $6.50/10+ $9.00
588 Sokingkode Tubular translucent Red. Called Sokingkode in Ghana. Bright (24") or Dark (22") Red strands. Beads 4m wide, 7-8m long. $11.00
705 Sexual Readiness Belt Multiple strands of graduated length with tiny beads, worn about the waist as a seductive cache-sexˇ by women in the Ghana-Ivory Coast border regions as a hint to husbands that the time is right. Nceklaces: 705d) Green 37 strands 35+", 16.5 beads/inch, ±21K beads, 9.5Oz. $48.50; 705e) Orange 74 strands 29.5+", 16.5 beads/inch, ±35.5K beads, 15Oz. $90.00; 705g) Blue 115 strands 35+", 18.5 beads/inch, ±74K beads, 275Oz. $110.00 $40.00 - 110.00
1040Tile BeadsSmall tubes with burnt-red exterior over darker core. Traded to the Naga and Chin peoples of NW Burma and NE India. Typical sizes are 3x8mm and 4x5mm for two sample strands shown. These are from an importer's stash from the 1990s or earlier; I can't find them offered online. They don't come up in the Africa trade. 34" strands: $6.00 each; 4.50/3, 3.75/10, 3.00/50;     Set of thick & thin strands, $10 $3.00 - 6.00
576 Cheap Mixture Grand mixture of smaller trade beads, mostly Czech from the Africa trade, 24" strands. 576B) Mostly 5-6mm width. $5.50 / strand, $4.50/3+;    576CL) Mostly 5-7mm width, lot of 3 strands $20 5.50
726 Asian Mix Super long 56" strand of modern low-quality beads imported in 1993, much variety of types, each strand different. Five strands $23.50, single strand: $6.00
450 Indo-Pacific, Indonesia: Crude beads in bright colors. Graduated 28" strands ±4-6mm widths. Not certain of age, but traded into Africa: 450R) Red, 450G) Green $16.50/strand;    450U) Translucent b lue $35 $16.50 / 35.00
451 Tradewind The major trade bead of the Srivijaya and Majopahit Empires, it still serves as a store of wealth in Timor, Flores & Sumba, called Mutisalah ("False pearls"), or "Tradewind beads" by collectors. Strands: 451Ra) Brick red, 3-5.5mm widths, 24" strand $50;    451Ba) Black, 3-11mm widths, 22" strand $95;    451Bb) Black, uinform 5.5mm widths, 24" strand, possibly not very old?" $25 $25.00+
1150 Crafter Mixes From a storage locker find in Indiana that included many trade beads, these are the broken strands, or remainders that looked inexpensive or modern to me. 1150a) Glass, bone, turquoise. 1.5 Lb in plastic bags $75;    1150b Whites 6 oz $25;    1150c Modern? Grand mixture, 43oz $50;    1150d Modern? Grand mixture, 29oz $35;    1150e Seed & micro beads 5.5oz $20;    1150f Older beads, 6+oz. Lot: $55;    1150g Czech, Asian, etc., 12oz. Lot: $45;    1150h Czech, Asian, etc., strands & lots, finished earrings, etc. 11.5oz: $50;    1150j Sweepings: lots of broken & defective, others got loose while working up, or I just didn't bother to identify, $50 $25.00+

NECKLACES & BELTS<
Bead strands from Africa are made from broken-down necklaces processed into strands of all-alike or similar value beads. Below are authentic "natural" necklaces, old and new, reflecting traditional styles. Trade beads are used, but mostly later Czech types and seed beads. The typical 24" strand will fit over your head, and the stringing material is usually sturdy, if not elegant.
CLICK!
STOCK#
NAME
DESCRIPTION (click link numbers for images)
PRICE
860 Stone Necklace As-worn necklace with bone button & string clasp, various hard stones including agate, plain black bead spacers. Uncleaned, originally-strung necklaces are almost impossible to find, so I have left this dirty. $60.00
784N Bloodstone Necklaces Old Carnelian agate beads, translucent with red hues, traded from India to Nigeria. These look like natural necklaces, complete with fraying fabric & gold-thread stops and brass findings, restrung on fish line. 26" Strands: 784Na    784Nb $45.00
1190 Black Coral Necklaces Natural black coral in varous shapes with silver nails inlaid. Supplier says "1000 year old Islamic prayer beads" but other sellers follow Dubin's info: made in Istanbul 1800s, traded to Yemen. Quantities on the market now due to the war there. I picked some nice ones and got a good price.
Singles: 1190) Round, mostly 6-7mm, average 1.2gm, showing wear, many with 1-3 pins missing, Samples shown, $10 each, $8/3+, $6.50/5+, $5/12+
Strands: Offered @ $4/gm, icluding string weight 1190a 50.85gm, $228;    1190b 54.9gm, $247;    1190c 47.5gm, $214;    1190d 30.5gm, $137;    1190e 38.5gm, $173
$10.00 / 137.00+
781 Ethiopia Necklace Long necklaces of traditional composition (restrung) including copper coils, hollow beads & tubes of 'German silver', pendants of bone or aluminum. some later Czech beads, and - most interesting - Dutch "Dogon" and an unusual variety of German "Donut" beads. I wish I knew the story behind these necklaces, the meaning behind the arrangement of elements. Necklaces available:     781b     781e     781f     781g $42.50
973Ethiopia Donut NecklaceNatural necklaces from Ethiopia, made of a variant of dark blue "Dutch donut" beads and cowries on long, thick multi-strand black cord. The donut beads are thinner and larger than the usual sort, often with multiple ridges. 40" Necklace strands: 973b    973c $80.00
1272 Ethiopia Silver Tube Necklace Seamed bicone tubes (±16x5mm) of "coin silver" strung as necklace with pendant bead (±42x5mm) & dyed cloth tassles. a.k.a. Mala. Fineness uncertain but better than most Ethiopian objects. Age unknown but not current. Hand made, but all very similar so showing two 36" Samples. $65.00
1274 Ethiopian Prayer Beads Made by Ethiopian silversmiths and called Musbaha. Hollow, silver-plated (or white metal) beads (66-68) with endpiece and colorful yarn tassels. Newly made versions of older silver beads. Wearable, but should be restrung on better cord. 42" Strands. ($9 ea. per 3+) $11.50
1189 Fancy Silvers Fancy, hollow, seamed white-metal (probably plated copper) necklaces, not very heavy. Supplier says found in Ethiopia but could be from Yemen. Probably new, but hand-made & antiqued. Strands: Melon shape: 1189M Beads ±7.5x12mm, wide holes;    Ellipsoids: 1189E) Beads ±15x11mm, detailed patterns, smaller holes $55.00
702 Brass Bicones, old Fulani, Nigeria: Quite variable crude beads, mostly 8-12mm wide & long, uncleaned. Perhaps as-worn necklaces, some with bells / pendants. Hard to find now. Strands: 702a) Beads, 26" strand $50 ;    702b) Beads, 26" strand $50;    702c) Beads, 26" strand $50     702d) Beads, large bells, 30" strand $70 ;    702e) Beads (some iron), bells, pendants 24" strand $60;    702f) Beads, hollow, 9mm wide, broken string $15 $50.00+
810 Natural Moulay Necklaces As-found(?) necklaces worn by Fulani and Kambari women in Niger State, Nigeria, ca early 1800s. African-made brass Moulay beads alternate with (usually) red European beads. Most beads out of Africa are "processed" from natural necklaces into all-alike strands, so finding necklaces as they were actually worn is unusual. Each is diferent. Necklaces: 810a 26", large Moulays, $67.50;    810b 22", large # of beads, $67.50;    810c 22", $59.50;    810d 20", flatter beads, $53.50 $53.50+
1108 Excavated Metal Necklace Metal beads, ±9mm wide, and bells, ±30mm long. Excavated in Mali, strung on fish line, 25" strands. Not pretty but quite unusual. I've seen hundreds of excavated bracelets, glass and stone beads from this region, but never excavated metal beads. $125.00
2188 Fulani Tcherot Impressive large metallic breastplate / pendant on black twine; square with concave sides & protruding pyramid. Complex design with copper, brass, and nickel-alloy inlays incorporates the three colors thought to have curative properties. About 4.75 x 4.5".     2188a     2188c $52.50
847W Baule Brass Textured Necklace of round, hollow brass beads with lovely basket-weave pattern, and huge 57mm pendant bead, 22" length. Baule people of eastern Nigeria. $65.00
858 Baule Brass Openwork Newly made with bead spacers, wearable as necklace, or use as pendants. 30" Strands: 858a) Round, 24mm, 20/strand, wheat-grain pattern;      858b) Ellipsoid, 30mm, 17/strand, wheat-grain pattern;     858c) Roundish, 30mm, 17/strand, rope design, two types. Each: $34.50
743 Cosmology Beads Baule. Ivory Coast: Modern necklaces with modern brass charms & bead spacers: 743a Round 20x11mm, 28" strand; 743d Round 36x24mm, 32" strand; 743r 3Cosmos 22x17mm, 23" strand no spacers; 743q 3Cosmos 15x11mm, 32" strand; 743p 3Cosmos 15x11mm, 26" strand.      Your choice or mix: $17.50 Each / 3+, or $20.00
743ZBaule Cosmology PendantsStrung necklaces, possibly as-worn, with 10 different brass charms spaced with beads, 30" strand. Each charm 65x50mm. Newly made. Sample shown.$36.50
1020 Tiv Necklace (Chevron & Millie) Natural necklace of mainly later mid-value beads, 4-6-layer Chevrons and millefiori, Tiv (Munshi), Nigeria Available: 1020m Double strand, 9" long $65.00
896 Yoruba Gilded Necklaces Complex multi-strand chains, clasps, and fancy pendants in bright brass, simulating gold. Much more crafted than most African metal-work, and no two alike. Hanging length given in each photo. Available:      896a    896b    896c    896d     896e $35.00
897 Yoruba Metal Necklaces Highly variable assemblies of tubes, rounds, beads, etc. No two similar. Much more crafted than most African metal-work. Hanging length given in each photo. Available:      897a $30.00;     897b $30.00;    897c $30.00;     897d $35.00;    897e $22.50;    897f $25.00 $20.00 - 30.00
708 Fulani Bell Necklace Sadly, the African buyers strip as-worn necklaces, clean, and restring, usually into all-alike strands. I think these are as-worns, but restrung. Necklaces: 30+ bells & good beads: 708a) Gooseberries, 26" $60;    708b) Floral white hearts, 26" $65;    90+ bells: 708p) 22" $95;    708q) 30" $95 $60.00+
786 Bell & Money Necklace The Fulani have a number of traditional necklace styles. I do not know the purpose of this one, but they feature cowries and British West Africa. 1/10 Pennies, both small monies, along with "cosmos bells" and small cane-cut beads. Long 20" Necklaces: 786a    786b    786c    786d $47.50
711Fulani Money Necklace Fulani have a number of traditional necklace styles. I do not know the purpose of this one, but they feature cowries and British West Africa 1/10 Pennies, both small monies, along with "cosmos bells" and small cane-cut beads. Necklaces, about 36", are new; their components older. Necklaces: 711a     711b    711c     711d    711e     711f    711g     711h $22.50 each     711z) Super-long 34" with many BWA coins $40
BULK: Same as photo'd examples but my choice $15 each /3+
$22.50
1034 Big Bells & Bones Necklace Large, old well-worn brass bells with dyed(?) brown reptile(?) bone spacers. About half have clappers, and bells clang together to produce a lovely sound. Necklaces: 1034a) "Liberty" bell shape, widths & lengths 34-45mm, high tinkling sound ;    1034b) Cosmos design, larger than usual, widths 24-32mm; midrange "cowbell" tone. $100.00
969 Fulani Pendant Beads Large hollow bronze beads with cosmos designs. Supplier says necklace of 24 was worn by village chiefs. Obvious age; item 854 below is a modern (inferior) copy. Scans at 300%.     Singles & Lots: 969S1, $20;   969S3, $17.50;   969S4, $13.50;    969L1 2 largest, $47.50;   969L3 2 pieces, $37.50;   969L4 2 matched, $27.50;   969L5 4 different, $65;   969L7 3 poorer, $29.50;    Strands: 969a $325 $13.50 - 325.00
854 Fulani Openwork Brass Larger Hollow, open-worked brass beads with Cosmos design, polished. Rounds are 32-35mm, triangles are 52mm tall. Large enough to use as pendants. Fulani ofIvory Coast Strands: 854c 28mm, 21 beads, $55;   854e 34mm, 20 beads, $655;   854p 55x40mm triangular, 15 beads, $65 $55.00+
1018 Bidda Wire Coils Nigeria. Iron wire wound in 18-20mm flexible coils, 3.3mm width, bright red bead spacers. Newly made, 23" strands. Samples shown. ($12/ 3+, $9/10+) $16.50
1030Big "Top" NecklaceHand-crafted large hollow bicones (37-41x29-32mm) with alternating rings of copper and brass, simple stippled decoration, much like an old fashioned "spinning top" toy. Shows wear. Green vaseline spacers. $125.00
660 Ghana Pop Necklaces Strings of modern Ghana types and older trade beads. Every one different. At this price, showing just a couple of samples. $12.50 each per 3+; Single 24" necklace: $15.00
705 Sexual Readiness Belt Multiple ±36" strands of graduated length with tiny beads, worn about the waist as a seductive cache-sexˇ by women in the Ghana-Ivory Coast border regions as a hint to husbands that the time is right. Necklaces: 705d) Green 37 strands 35+", 16.5 beads/inch, ±21K beads, 9.5Oz. $48.50; 705e) Orange 74 strands 29.5+", 16.5 beads/inch, ±35.5K beads, 15Oz. $90.00; 705g) Blue 115 strands 35+", 18.5 beads/inch, ±74K beads, 275Oz. $110.00 $40.00 -110.00
707 Mauritania Necklace Modern composition using old trade beads, some newer beads, shells, spindle-whorls, etc. Simple bead clasp. These weigh over 1 Lb. each! Scan shows both sides. Strands: 707c     707d    707e      707f     707g     707h $82.50
1118 Mali Stone Necklace Jasper, agate, etc. Appear to be as-worn necklace arrangements restrung. 24" Strands: 1118a    1118b    1118c $18.50
680 Faith Necklace Based on early carnelian necklaces worn by the first Muslim converts in Saharan Africa, these are now called "Hajj beads" showing that the wearer has made a pilgrimage to Mecca. Ruby red glass with about 42 flat coin-like beads and one or two heart-shaped pendants. c. 1800-1850? The smaller beads read Mohammed or Allahu / Akbar or pictorial stars & crescent; the pendants Allah Hasbi. Necklaces:
Two-pendants A: 42 beads, mixed inscriptional & pictorial: 680B1    680B2     680B3    680B4     680B5 $27 each
Two pendants B: 42 beads, all-inscriptional: 680CB1    680CB2     680CB3    680CB4 $29 each
Two-pendants, 42 beads, all pictorial: 680D1    680D2     680D3     680D4 $29 each
Single Pendant: but 44 beads 680H1    680H2     680H3    680H4     680H5 $27.00 each;     Unusuals: 680Z1 Odd pendant, chipped $27
Discount: Any 3 necklaces $24.50 each, 6+ / $20
$20.00 - 29.00
928 Wooden Prayer Beads Islamic prayer beads from Mali. Very hard, dark wood with inlaid aluminum bands. Newly made. Strands: 928a) 13-14mm widths, 28" strand;    928b) 10-114mm widths, with pendant & toggles, 28" strand $27.50
690 Mummy Bead Necklace Necklaces with new brass and imitation "mummy beads". Supposedly they contain "old" beads as well, but I do't know enough about faience to tell if these are genuine. Wearable. Necklaces: 690a) 15" long $17.50;    690d) 10" long, $17.50 $17.50
832 Ivory Necklace Necklace of 11 tubular beads (22mm long), 7 triangular ( look flat in this 2 dimensional scan) beads (25-30mm long), and 6 small spacer beads. Not sure what kind of ivory this is, or where made. From a 1970s-80s collection of worldwide "primitive" money $100.00
1151 Amerind beadwork From a storage locker find in Indiana Amerind-style beadwork, some needing repair, all fragile. Scanned at 150%: 1151a); Four mini wampum belts or necklaces - one with large leather-backed pendant - and a bone amulet, lot: $40;   1151b Three necklaces, each 18" long, Lot: $30 $30.00+
1639 Ostrich Eggshell Belt Massai, East Africa, Belt of thin, blonde leather with ostrich eggshell beads stitched in three rows, seed beads at ends. Length 34" + tie fringes. Pliable and wearable, but should be treated with preservative. $75.00
1638 Ostrich Eggshell Loincloth Turkana Tribe. Money-belt loincloth with thin leather panel, strung units of ostrich eggshell beads & leather ties. The beads are properly grungy, as they circulated as money, vs. the cleaned up ones sold in the bead trade. 123 units of about 24 beads, 28" long end to cup bottom, 28.5 oz. Probably for ceremonial wealth-display rather than everyday use. No evident damage, but should be treated as fragile. $250.00

PENDANTS   (& charms, amulets, rings, bells, etc.)
This section includes large beads which can be used as central elements in a necklace, as well as looped bells and charms. Additional CHARMS can be found on a special page.
CLICK!
STOCK#
NAME
DESCRIPTION (click link numbers for images)
PRICE
230 Talhakimt Pendants (Glass) Large, flat European-made glass pendant-beads copying metal & stone pieces used by the Tuaregs of the northern Sahara & often considered currency at that time. a.k.a. Niger glass, Zinder beads. About 55x35mm. A detergent soak will remove oils. Samples shown of colors available. Per bead: $10.00; Green only, $8.50/3+, $7.25/10+ $10.00
230Z Talhakmit Plastic Look just like the glass versions but these are plastic. Set of three colors. $17.50
233 Talhakimt Pendant, Agate European-made for export to Africa, lovely reddish translucent stone. I was able to pick fully intact (minor chips at most) pieces from a large lot at a great price. Lengths: B=62-67mm, D=80-87, F=90-98, H=99-110mm, K=Largest. Scans at 200%. Singles: $24.50 each, $20/3+, $16/6+     233B1    233B2    233B3     233B4    233B5     233B6    233B7    233B8     233B9     233B10    233D1    233D2     233D3    233D4    233D5    233D6     233D7    233D8    233D9    233D10    233F1     233F2    233F3     233F4    233H1     233H2    233H3     233H4    233H5    233H6     233H7    233H8    233H9     233H10    233H11    233H12    233K1     233K2     233K3    233K4     233K5     233K6    Lot:     233L1 7 with minor damage, $75 16.00 - 24.50
778 Agate, White Huge glass beads traded to the Yoruba, who call them Sakia. Milky white, semi-translucent with veins, they do look like stone. Good value in a large bead. Good central bead or pendant for a necklace. 28+" Strands:      778a;     778b;     778d;     778e;     778f;     778g;     778h $57.50 each, $40 /3+ (ask for more photos to choose from) $40.00 - 57.50
878 Huge Beads Simak, African Beads, p.135-138 says that Gige beads, molded from bottle glass, were first made in the 1990s, but my supplier dates these to c. 1900-1920, northern Nigeria. Slightly translucent, rough-surfaced, dark caramel color, almost look black. ±17x35mm, big enough for pendants. Singles: 878) $7.50 each, $6.00/3+;    Strands: 878a) 28 beads, 24" strand $60 $7.50 / 60.00
931 Huge Beads Matte-surface, semi-tanslucent beads given roundish shape by turning in moulds while cooling. Mostly 30-31mm wide, large holes. Called Gige beads, made since 1990s. See Simak African Beads, p.135-138. Appear black, but light blue when held to light. Green avbailable also. 28 beads per 28" strand. $28.50
1066a Yoruba Gorget Nigeria: Yoruba village chief's badge of office, according to supplier, tho another online listing says "Nupe." Huge brass gorget and brass beads, all well-made and showing age. I bought one of these in the early 90s with very plain brass beads and saw another two years ago, asking price $1200. Gorgets: 1066a) ±130mm (5") across plus 30 large, fancy brass beads; top portion, $500;    1066e) Gorget ±120mm (4.75") across plus 34 large, plain brass beads, all well-made and showing age. This was the first I bought, in the early 90s, $500 (See stock #969 for beads without gorget) $500.00
854 Fulani Hollow Brass Newly made, polished brass hollow beads with Cosmos design. Large enough to use as pendants. Strands: 854c 28mm, 21 beads, $55;   854e 34mm, 20 beads, $655;   854p 55x40mm triangular, 15 beads, $65 $55.00+
858 Baule Brass Openwork Newly made with bead spacers, wearable as necklace, or use as pendants. 30" Strands: 858a) Round, 24mm, 20/strand, wheat-grain pattern;      858b) Ellipsoid, 30mm, 17/strand, wheat-grain pattern;     858c) Roundish, 30mm, 17/strand, rope design, two types. Each: $34.50
1030Big "Top" NecklaceHand-crafted large hollow bicones (37-41x29-32mm) with alternating rings of copper and brass, simple stippled decoration, much like an old fashioned "spinning top" toy. Shows wear. Green vaseline spacers. $125.00
2174 Tuareg Pendant Graceful pendants, mostly 55-90mm (2.5-4") tall. Probably nickel, though some show testing for silver alloy and they have a very silver-like appearance. Show age & wear. Shown 150% for clarity of detail. Back designs are similar to front unless noted "blank." Available: 2174a   2174b    2174c   2174d    2174e   2174f   2174g $38.50 each;     Later pieces: 2174Ja) $30;    2174Jb) $22.50;   2174Jc) $25.00;    2174Jd) $30 $38.50
2173 Tuareg Pendant Choker Large white-metal pendants, 105-115mm (4.5") tall. Short, attractive bead & metal chokers with clasp. Hand-made with aged look, but probably new. Each only slightly different, so Samples shown of each style. $25 each, or $20/3+. 25.00
2176 Tuareg Pendant Long pendants, called Assrou n'swoul, used as veil weights, 220-250mm (8.5-10") tall. Complex pieces with brass base, copper and nickel elements added, with etching; back sides are plain. Show some age; white crud is polishing paste. Shown 100%.     2176a   2176b   2176c    2176d   2176e;    2176f   2176g    2176h   2176j    2176k   2176L    2176m   2176n    2176p   2176q    2176r Each: $45; $37.50 / 3+.      Very Long:   2176Za    2176Zb    2176Zc $50 each $45.00
2177 Tuareg Pendant Medium pendants, called Assrou n'swoul, used as veil weights, 120mm (5") tall. Complex pieces with brass base, copper and nickel elements added, with etching; back sides are plain. Show some age. Shown 150% for detail. Available: 2177a   2177b   2177c   2177d   2177e $37.50
2178 Tuareg Hairpiece Long, parachute-shaped brass with copper & white-metal overlays to create color contrast; etched designs. Probably contemporary, show wear and cleaning. Shown 150% for detail. $27.50 each; $22.50/3+ Available: 2178a    2178b     2178c    2178d     2178e    2178f     2178g    2178h $27.50
2171 Tuareg Hair Rings Red carnelian stone, or green glass set in etched ring base of white metal. Age unknown, but obviously well used. For gathering hair braids, or as pendant in hair or necklace; mostly too small for wearing on finger. Your choice: Row-A $22.50; Row-B $19.50; Row-C $16.50; Row-D $13.50 $13.50 - 22.50
2188 Fulani Tcherot Impressive large metallic breastplate / pendant on black twine; square with concave sides & protruding pyramid. Complex design with copper, brass, and nickel-alloy inlays incorporates the three colors thought to have curative properties. About 4.75 x 4.5".     2188a     2188c $52.50
2175 Tuareg Tcherot Box-like charm box containing Koranic verses, worn by both men and women. Modern version probably tin alloy. About 70mm (2.5-3") square. Backs are plain. Shown 150%. Available: 2175a    2175b    2175c    2175d $36.50
2172 Tuareg Earrings Large hoop earrings with complex decorated faceted ends, similar to the old money manillas. Mali & Niger, local name tsabit, probably in current use, show wear. I assume little or no silver, but they look like they are. Scans at 200% still do not show the nice detailing of the decorations, or the bottoms. Singles: 2172a; 2172b; 2172c; 2172d; 2172g $26.50 each;       Pairs: 2172Pa    2172Pb    2172Pc    2172Pd     2172Pf    2172Ph $47.50/pair $26.50 / 47.50
2166 Tuareg Zinder Cross Ring Distinctively shaped white metal ring-with cross, lost wax. Most 33-50mm (around 1.5") tall. The exact style identifies the wearer's region (Zinder, or other) and the earlier silver ones (from MT Thalers) were often bartered for cattle. Today they are worn as pendants by children. Most are too small to wear as finger rings. Shown at 200%, order by row / column. $23.50 each, $21 each/3+ $23.50
2165 Tuareg Silver Ring Rounded crown. Found only one like these with image search, so possibly an unusual style. These are fine silver, possibly from Maria Theresa Talers. Size shown with each, at 250%. Priced mainly by weight. Available: 2165a $45;    2165b $80;    2165c $47.50;    2165d $37.50;    2165e $52.50 $35.00 - 80.00
2169 Niger Ring Finger rings, white metal, geometrical etched designs on face & sides, mostly adjustable bands. Appear to be well-used. Shown at 250%. Available: Square faced: 2169a    2169b    2169c    2169d    2169e    2169f    2169g    2169h     2169j    2169k    2169L    2169m    2169n $17.50 each;     Non-square faces: 2169Aa    2169Ab    2169Ac    2169Ad    2169Ae $20 each $17.50 - 20.00
2168 Nose Rings Fulani and/or Tuareg, Niger/Mali. Can be worn as rings. Well-used white-metal or bronze, variety of styles and sizes. Shown at 200%. Available: 2168a; $40;    2168L $30;   2168b $22.50;   2168n $22.50;   2168m $22.50;    2168e     2168f    2168g    2168h   2168j    2168k $20.00 each;   2168TV) Spiral Style, $17.50 each;    2168WY Solid Style, $17.50 each;    2168Z Later? Lighter weight spiral style, $14.50 each $14.50 - 40.00
863 Fulani Hairpieces Braid-gather coils of aluminum and copper. Mostly well worn. Hausa and Fulani peoples of Nigeria. Strung on old cloth, apparently worn as a belt or sash. Combination of yellow and white metals was thought to ward off illness. 33" Strands: 863a) 31 wire coils, 30x22mm, aluminum & copper $75.00
852 Braid Gatherers Tubular brass with complex designs, almost no two alike, typically 36x15mm. Used for holding and decorating hair braids. Kambari people, Niger State of Nigeria. Strung on cloth. Singles/Lots: at 300%      852L1 $15;        852L3 $15;    852L4 $25;    852L5 $30;    852L6 $40;    852L7 $20;      Strung on cloth: 16 pieces 852a    852b $125/string $15.00 / 125.00
1189 Fancy Silvers Fancy, hollow, seamed white-metal (probably plated copper) necklaces, not very heavy. Supplier says found in Ethiopia but could be from Yemen. Probably new, but hand-made & antiqued. Strands: Melon shape: 1189M Beads ±7.5x12mm, wide holes;    Ellipsoids: 1189E) Beads ±15x11mm, detailed patterns, smaller holes $55.00
226 Dorome Rings Cast brass ring used as fare tokens for donkey carts, Dorome Tribe, Nigeria. According to Dillingham (D26#28) the drivers turned them in to the chiefs, who held the concession, and were paid in bracelets. Thus an ethnographic token rather than an ethnographic money, and possibly unique as such? Rings joined together by a leather strip forming a belt served as a badge of office for the cart drivers. From a large purchase I sorted out varieties. Singles
226a)   Stippled Cross-hatching produces tiny raised diamonds on top surface. Largest, heaviest, best made variety, usually unworn, so perhaps most modern. Avg. 16.5gm, most 28-31mm $5.50
226c)   Patterned Mixed stipples and oblique cuts, a pattern seen on some bracelets. Some casting roughness & wear. Avg. 12.75gm, most 25.5-30mm $5.00
226e)   Hatched Simple oblique cuts. Thinner, lighter & often well-worn, possibly oldest variety. Avg. 9.25gm, most 27-31mm $5.00
226ce)   Worn Well-worn examples of Patterned and Hatched varieties, y;our choice. $4.00
226h)   Plain Generally smaller than the patterned types & usually worn-looking. Some showing casting roughness. Possibly the oldest? $4.00
226n)   Ridged Undecorated with pointed top & wide sides. Never found on the belts, so possibly not Dorome, but similar casting technique. Avg. 13gm, most 29-33mm $ 6.50
226r)   Tiny Donuts Plain, thick ringlets, look well-worn. Possibly unrelated to Dorome. Avg. 4gm, most 13-16mm $2.50
226s)   Mini-collection One each of a, c, e, ce, n & r, and 2 different of h (8 pcs.) $34.50
Quantity: Types c, ce & h $3.00 ea./10, $2.50 ea./25+, others a bit more.
$3.50 - $100
226 Dorome Belts Cast brass rings used as fare tokens for donkey carts, Dorome Tribe, Nigeria. According to Dillingham (D26#28) the drivers turned them in to the chiefs, who held the concession, and were paid in bracelets. Rings joined together by a leather strip forming a belt served as a badge of office for the cart drivers. Belts: About 40 pieces 226Aa    226Ab    226Ac    226Ad $80 each;    Long Belts: 80+ rings: 226Ra $165 $80.00+
837 Asanti Charm Beads Newly made brass charm beads of various designs. Fair casting quality. Measurements in scan are (approximate) length x width / # per 20-24" strand. All have good-sized holes. Quantities are limited of some types. ("M" is Sold out) OK to mix types for quantity discounts: $15.00 / strand, $12 / 3+, $10 / 10+ Per 10: $15.00
867 "Ring" Beads Modern, hand-made metal beads imitating a traditional finger ring often worn as a necklace pendant. Bicone shape, some size variation. Prices per-bead. b) Brass, range 17-22mm, $3 each, $2.50/3, $1.75/10+; n) Nickel, about 19-20mm $2 each, $1.50/3, $1.00/10+ $3.00
1510 Kris Ring The ceremonial kris sword had a relatively plain iron blade, but a very fancy, bejewelled handle including one or more rings. These are modern versions with plastic jewels. They may fit an adult pinky, or child's finger. Samples shown. $4.00
ETHIOPIAN COPTIC CROSS    The Coptic Christian Church, though centered in Egypt, has many adherents in Ethiopia, where the distinctive styles of crosses traditionally worn by the faithful identify their home region in the Highlands. Silver crosses, often made from Maria Theresa talers, were worn for life, and repaired as needed. These silver ones are rarely found for sale in Africa now, but turn up on sites like Etsy. Also obviously old and less frequently found are large (100+mm) white-metal crosses, also well worn and sometimes repaired. Most often found today are smaller crosses in brass with white-metal plating. These are imported to the west as charms or necklace pendants; according to Wikipedia, Stevie Ray Vaughan and Keith Richards wear Ethiopian Coptic crosses! A character on the Showtime drama Black Sails episode 209 wears one. Modern versions of the larger processional (standing base, not looped) crosses also exist.
2520 Coptic Cross, Older Silver Some age, and some (but probably not much) silver. I've handled the base-metal crosses for decades, but this is the first group of silvers I've been offered. There are two very different categories here, so check the R pieces as well as the A-K types. Scans are at 400%.
Complex Crosses: 2520A1 $60;    2520A2 $52.50;     2520A3 $60;    2520A4 $50
Simpler Crosses: 2520G1    2520G2     2520G3    2520G4    2520G5 $42.50 each;
Diamond (cross): 2520K1    2520K2     2520K3    2520K4    2520K5 $32.50 each;
Ornate Plaque Crosses, Larger: Reverse sides blank. (Images 300%) 2520R1    2520R2     2520R3    2520R4 $50.00 each;    2520R7    2520R8    2520R9 $42.50 each
$32.50+
2524 Coptic Cross, OLD White Metal Large crosses in cupro-nickel(?), possibly the poor man's version of the traditional, smaller silvers, or a different region, as there are far fewer varieties. These appear well worn, and sometimes repaired, suggesting lifetime wear. Usually one side is detailed, the reverse plainer or worn. I priced worn or repaired ones the same as sharply detailed because, after all, what you are buying here is something that was a treasured object of devotion for someone, for a long time, and if it doesn't show that, what's the point? Shown 150% for detail, both sides.
Heavier / Larger Thicker, ±105-120mm Tall 2524A1    2524A2      2524A3    2524A4      2524A5    2524A6     2524A7    2524A8     2524A9    2524A10 $28.50 Each
Lighter / Smaller ±90-105mm, thinner 2524C1    2524C2     2524C3    2524C4     2524C5    2524C6    2524C7    2524C8     2524C9 $22.50 Each
"Western" style Cross ±80-95mm tall 2524G1     2524G2    2524G3     2524G4     2524G5     2524G6    2524G7     2524G8 $30.00 each
Lots: 2524L1     3 different $67.50;    2524L2 3 different $67.50;    2524L3 2 matched $55;    2524L4 2 "matched" $55;    2524L6 5 pieces $97.50
22.50+
2501 Coptic Crosses, Plated Small: 35-50mm tall Looped, two-sided crosses in a wide variety of styles, worn by Coptic Christians in Ethiopia. Silver color & rough, hand-crafted look, tho modern made in brass coated with white metal.
Single Crosses Check photos Rows 1-4 and Rows 5-8 and let me know which you would like. If you want a pair (or more) of "matched" pieces I will look thru my big box of these & try to please, but they are hand made, so no two completely alike. Prices: $7.50 each, $6/3+
Bulk If you want to buy blind, simply as-they-come, Prices: $25 for five different; 4.25/10+ mixed, 3.25/50+
$3.25 - 7.50
2514 Coptic Crosses, Plated Medium: 50-70mm tall Looped, two-sided crosses in a wide variety of styles, worn by Coptic Christians in Ethiopia. Silver color & rough, hand-crafted look, tho modern made in brass coated with white metal.
Single Crosses Check photos Rows 1-3 and Rows 4-6 and Rows 7-9 and let me know which you would like. If you want a pair (or more) of "matched" pieces I will look thru my big box of these & try to please, but they are hand made, so no two completely alike. Prices: $8.50 each, $7/3+
Bulk If you want to buy blind, simply as-they-come, Prices: $30 for five different; 5.00/10+ mixed, 4.00/50+
$4.00 - 8.50
2516 Coptic Crosses, Plated Large: 70-100mm tall Looped, two-sided crosses in a wide variety of styles, worn by Coptic Christians in Ethiopia. Silver color & rough, hand-crafted look, tho modern made in brass coated with white metal. Single Crosses Check photos Rows 1-2 and Rows 3-4 and Rows 5-6 and Rows 7-8 and let me know which you would like. Prices: $14.50 each, $13/3+ $14.50
2192 Ethiopia Telsum Amulets Traditionally made by Oromo silversmiths of northern Ethiopia, prayer boxes (containing verses) warded against the evil eye (triangular) or the crescent moon (rounded). The squares (called Merugaf) and cylinders are of Coptic origin. Hand-crafted and toned but I would guess NO silver and only some of them show actual use. Often sold as "coin silver" or 19th century. Scans at 150% for detail.
Sets of four: $22.00/set: 2192Aa      2192Ab      2192Ac      2192Ad      2192Ae      2192Af      2192Ag      2192Ah      2192Aj      2192Ak      2192Am      2192An     
Sets of three: $16.50/set: 2192Ca      2192Cb      2192Cc      2192Cd      2192Ce      2192Cf      2192Cg      2192Ch      2192Cj      2192Ck
Singles: 2192T) Triangles (evil eye), your choice of TYPE but not particular specimen $6.50
2192M) Crescent (moon), your choice of TYPE but not particular specimen $6.50
2192U) Crescents: Fancy, your choice of TYPE but not particular specimen $8.50;    
2192G) Cylinders, your choice of TYPE but not particular specimen $8.50;    
2192Q) Rounds & Squares, your choice of TYPE but not particular specimen. Prices in photo.
Quantity: 2192Sa) Strand of 34 pieces, mixed types $95;    2192L1) Lot of 25 pieces $75;    2192L2) Lot of 25 pieces, some slightly crushed, or need loops straightened $50
$6.50 - 22.00
2193 Ethiopia Telsum Amulets Large or Unusual specimens: 200% Enlarged Triangles: 2193Ta) $12.50;    2193Tb) $10.00;    2193Tc) $10.00;    2193Td) $10.00
Squares: 2193Qa) $10.00;    2193Qb) $8.50;    2193Qc) $15.00;    2193Qd) $10.00;    2193Qe) $8.50 ;    2193Qf) $10.00;    2193Qg) $7.50;    2193Qh) $10.00
Cylinders: 2193Ga) $10.00;    2193Gb) $12.00;    2193Gc) $10.00;    2193Gd) $8.50;2193Ge) $12.50;    2193Gf) $12.00;    2193Gg) $15.00
Rounds, etc. 2193Ma) $10.00;    2193Qt) $12.50;    2193Qu) flat $8.50
$8.50+
2210 Ethiopia SILVER Ear Picks Looped pendant ear spoons with variably shaped bodies. Older pieces with some silver content, mostly well worn. Mostly 60-90mm long, shown at 400%. I suppose wearing an ear pick around your neck is no stranger than having a handkerchief visible in your chest pocket? Lots of variety here.
Round body: 2210A1     2210A2      2210A3     2210A4    2210A5     2210A6    2210A7     2210A8    2210A9     2210A10 $29.50 each
Rectangular body: 2210C1    2210C2      2210C3    2210C4     2210C5    2210C6     2210C7    2210C8     2210C9    2210C10 $29.50 each
Conical body: 2210E1     2210E2     2210E3     2210E4 $29.50 each
Flat triangle body:2210G1     2210G2     2210G3     2210G4     2210G5 $29.50 each
Nicer quality: 2210N1    2210N2      2210N3    2210N4     2210N5     2210N6    2210N7     2210N8    2210N9     2210N10 $39.50 each
Lots: Poorer quality: 2210L1     2210L2     2210L3     2210L4 $50/Lot
DISCOUNT 15% off when taking 3+ single pieces.
$29.50+
998 Yemen Silver Beads Hollow spheres, ±25x25mm with fancy designs and large string holes. Made by Jewish silversmiths prior to their expulsion in 1949. Average 8-9gm each. $23.50
2190 Ethiopia Finger Rings Traditional nickel-brass rings in a variety of sizes, some with a bit of punched decoration. One seller calls similar items Wollo, northern Ethiopia. To order:
2190A My choice No photos, but you may specify ring size for singles. Each: $13.50; $12 / 3; $9 / 10; ASK / more;
2190Y Your choice Let me know your ring size, maximum / minimum size for inner hole, or outer dimensions, brassy or silvery, well-worn or sharp, or let me know which ones you like and why and I will send a scan of several to choose from. $17.50
$13.50 /17.50
2195Ethiopia "Fan" PendantToned brass Pendants, mostly 50-60mm tall, found on natural necklaces from Ethiopia and sold separately by the Traders. Samples shown, $14.50 each;    Or: Unusual Pieces Priced as shown.$14.50+
2200 Oramo "shield" pendants Brass circular (or 4-lobe) medallions with holes, used as ear dangles, clothing or belt adornments by the Oromo people of Ethiopia; usable as pendants. Scanner images at 250%; apologies for the focus which leaves the surface designs blurry.
Large "Sombrero" Shape: Mostly 50-65mm 2200A1    2200A2     2200A3     2200A4    2200A5     2200A16    2200A17     2200A18    2200A19     2200A20 $15 each
Small "Sombrero" Shape: Mostly 40-50mm 2200C1     2200C2     2200C3     2200C4     2200C5    2200C6     2200C7    2200C8     2200C9     2200C10 $12 each
Crenelated "Sombrero" shape: 2200E1     2200E2     2200E3     2200E4 $12 each
Flat "Sombrero" shape: 2200G1    2200G2      2200G3    2200G4     2200G5 $12.00 each
Huge "Sombrero" shape: 2200H1     2200H2; $16.00 each
Four-Lobe Shape: About 40mm. 2200K1     2200K2     2200K3     2200K4    2200K5     2200K6    2200K7     2200K8 $12 each
DISCOUNT 15% when taking 3 or more.
$12.50+
742 Baule Charms Long necklace of old brass charms & unusual beads. Some of these charms are still made, but not in this quality. Showing lots of wear; cleaned. Super long 44" strand $275.00
2175 Double Spiral Amulet Protective charm, brass, with cosmic spirals, ropelike stem & loop. Among Lobi & Bobo worn by children; among Kirdi worn on hip by women. Often strung with beads. a) 52m tall, look new; Shorter, worn, look old. (Pair: $4.50: $2.50
2179 Cosmos Bells, Larger Single: Larger bells, often strung with beads. Fulani (Yoruba?), West Africa. Cosmos design with loop & stone clapper. Crudely made, but lumps & holes don't seem to affect the jingle. Most 15-20mm wide. Samples shown 150%. Your choice of: 2179A) Little or no wear, some light verdigris; 2179B) Moderate wear, or 2179C) Heavy wear or smooth (still good tone)   $4.50 each, $3.50 each /3+ any mix.    Lots Damaged or worn 2179L1) $17.50;    2179L2) $12 $3.50 / 4.50
2180 Igbo Bells Bells of conventional shape, with loop, brass. Supplier calls them Igbo (Nigeria) dancing bells. Singles 2180A1) $10;    Bulk Igbo Bells 2180b) Large hank of about 120 Igbo dancing bells, brass, mid 20th c.?, mostly 24-30mm high x 25-30mm wide, some with clappers, side view, $300 $10 / 300
2181 West African Bells Miscellaneous types Larger Brass bells, often worn with beads. With clappers unless noted. Shown at 200%. Singles: 2181b $10;    2181c $12.50;    2181d $10;    2181g $8;    2181h $6;    2181k $12/Lot $6.00+
2184 Excavated Bells From Jenné in Mali, large copper or bronze bells, most with crusty green patina. Clappers missing or frozen. Shown at 200%.
Largest:     2184Ba    2184Bb    2184Bc    2184Bd    2184Be; 65-80mm tall, $30.00 each
Medium:     2184Ca    2184Cb    2184Cc    2184Cd    2184Ce    2184Cf 50-60mm tall, $25.00 each
Smallest:     2184Da    2184Db    2184Dc    2184Dd    2184De    2184Df 40-58mm tall, $22.50 each
Odd shapes:     2184Ga    2184Gc    2184Gd    2184Gf $27.50 each
Discount for single bells: 10%/3+, 20%/6+
BELL LOTS: 2184L1) Not-so-crusty set $85;    2184L4) Three different $75;    2184L7) Six bells $112.50;    2184L9) Five with damage or crusty $60
22.50+
2240 Ivory Coast Bell Large, oldish bronze "beehive" shaped bell with stone clapper & loop. Possibly Dan, Lobi, Senufo. 69mm, 125gm. "Cowbell" sound. $22.50
2242 Baule Bells Strand of well-worn brass bells, no clappers, about 19-20mm widths 55.00
2246 Bambara Bells Simple fold-over iron shell rattles, stone clappers, about 40x40mm. Bambara of Mali. Rusty but largely intact. Samples shown. $5.50
743ZBaule Cosmology PendantsStrung necklaces, possibly as-worn, with 10 different brass charms spaced with beads. Each charm 65x50mm. 30" strings. Newly made. Sample shown.$36.50
2260 Gan Animal Pendants Dark bronze, great detail, modern but treated to look old; looped. Gan people of Burkina Faso. Others sell at $100++. Longest dimension noted in scan. Back sides plain or with loop. Scans at 200%.    Snake: 2260S1 $55;    2260S2 $35;    2260S3 $40;    2260S4 $45;    2260S5 $35;    2260S6 $25;    2260S7 $25;    2260S8 $40;     Crocodile: 2260C1 $35;    Warthog: 2260W1 $35;    Felines: 2260F1 $45;    2260F2 $35;    2260F3 $35;     Horned Animals: 2260H1 $45;    2260H2 $40;    2260H3 $40;    2260H4 ring $30;    Humans: 2260P1 $50;    2260S3 $40.00 $25.00+
2255 Gan Animal Rings Gan people of Burkina Faso. Dark bronze, great detail, modern but treated to look old. Longest dimension & ring size noted in photo. Scans at 200%.     2255a) Bull, 45mm, 9.5, $35    2255d) Bird - peacock?, 60mm, 10.5, $40; $35.00+
2264 Asante Animals (Ashanti, Akan: Ghana) Nicely cast modern bronze animal figures. Animals figure in many Akan folk tales and children's lessons; Peggy Appiah has written children's books featuring such tales, illustrated by goldweights and these larger "teaching figures." These are not goldweights, and not worth $199 on Etsy! Although a limited number were made from each mould, they are similar enough that I use sample photos to keep prices down, except for group lots. There may be minor casting flaws.
2264C,F) Crocodile;    2264K,L,N) Crane;    2264R,S) Rooster;    2264D,E) Deer-like;     2264T) Turtle;    2264H,J) Ram, Antelope;    2264M) Monkey;    2264A) Price: $22.50 each, $18.50/3+, $15.00/6+;
Set of 5 animals, exact pieces shown: 2264S1    2264S2    xf23b 2264S3 $85/set;    Flawed lot 2264 $30/lot
$22.50
1327 Fossil Disk (Pi) "Heaven was represented by the ancients in the tangible form of a perforated disk of jade. It was believed that such a token embodied the qualities of solar effulgence, and was closely connected with the powers of Heaven by means of its maagical properties, and therefore the Emperor, being the Son of Heaven, was able to commune and consult with Heaven through the medium o the jade disc." (C.A.S. Williams Outlines of Chinese Symbolism and Art Motives p.235. Offered here are MODERN pieces in black agate, 45mm (1.75") wide, crowded with small marine(?) fossils. Called Gemstone Donuts in jewelry trade. No two are alike. ($39 for 10) $5.00
2500 Spindle Whorls, Nigeria Strung as beads, these are terracotta weights used to spin fabric strands into thread. They are one of the commonest and most universal of artifacts. Age unknown, but not recent. Size 40-50m across. Incised designs are much more visible than in the flat scanner images. Singles: in Row A Small, plain, or rough $9 each, in Rows B-C Nicer $15 each, in Rows D-E $20 each, and in Rows F-G Largest & most detailed $25 each.
Discount: 2+ pieces: 15%, 5+ take 25%.
$ 9.00+
2502 Spindle Whorls Mali Decorated terracotta weights used with wooden spindles to create thread from fibers; they resemble large earth-color beads. These range from sharp and detailed to worn and plain; each strand is different. Widths & lenghts typically 22-27mm, 26-28" strands unless noted. Shown at 150%. Strands: 2502a) $55 ;    2502b) $55;    2502c) $55;    2502d) $55;    2502e) Long 32" $70;    2502f) Long 37" $85;     Lots: 2502L1,   2502L2 $12.50/ Lot of 4 $12.50 / $55.00+
2508 Spindle Whorls Mali Terracotta beads, or actual spindle whorls, made by the Dogon. Nice quality pieces, individually cut, apparently with some age. Bead width ±28-33mm;    26-28" Strands: 2508a) ;    2508b);    2508c) $55.00
2504 Spindle Whorls Guinea Strung as beads, these are terracotta weights used to spin fabric strands into thread. They are one of the commonest and most universal of artifacts. Strands of 29 beads, mixed sizes and quality. Strands: 2504b;     2504c;     2504d Each: $79.50
2507 Spindle Whorls Mali Terracotta beads made by the Dogon, based on weights used to spin fabric strands into thread. Presumably modern. Black with white patterns. Bead width 25-30mm;   Singles: 2507 $2.00 each/3+;    Strands: 2507a    2507b 26", $30 each $2.00 / 30.00
23b Spindle Whorls Lot of five terracotta Mexican spinning whorls, most with design. Imported 1970s or 80s and almost certainly authentic. $30.00
280 Metal Spindle Whorl Pendants Silver and Copper Medals based on Northwest American Indian spindle whorl designs (note circle at center). Three different designs, each available in .999 silver, and Alaskan copper, with Lodgepole Pine reverse. Size 1.75" (45m), 2 troy oz. weight - larger than a Silver Dollar. The silver come with silver bezel, the copper with loop, cord, and certificate of authenticity. Designed by Seattle artist Joseph Illg, a limited edition struck by Northwest Territorial Mint. Silver were $90 each, now $45 (bullion ±$37); Copper were $30 each, now $15 to CLEAR $15.00 - 45.00
2490 Terracotta Fishnet Weights Mali, age unknown, VERY large pinkish-brown earth color ellipsoids. Lengths 75-103mm, weights 64-181gm (3.3-6.4 oz.) Could be central pendant on a very clunky necklace! Shown at 200%. Singles: 2490a    2490b    2490c    2490d    2490e    2490f $17.50 each $17.50
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