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N. SONG
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Machine Struck
WELCOME!
I have been a dealer specializing in Asian coins since 1966, but have not offered any ancient China coins since 2012. Many of the coins below are from the collections and duplicates of Daniel Ching and Joe DeMarco. Both had thousands of low to medium-value coins purchased from US sources during the 1970s to early 1990s. This is only a part of my stock. High value coins I sell at auction. The coin you see in the scan / photo is the one you will get. If you got an email with link to this page, then you will get another when new items are added or discounts offered. Next offering will be less expensive varieties, especially Song. Sorry there are no Qing offerings yet, but they are coming. I am glad to deal with collectors from all countries, but I do not read or speak Chinese. I collect only calligraphy varieties of Song and Qing.

ORDER
Everything should be in stock but occasionally I forget to remove a sold coin. You pay only the true USPS postal rates, no extra handling charges. I take most forms of payment including Visa / MC and [Paypal add 1% USA, 2% non-USA]. To order, tell me H#, and PRICE, OR copy and paste the entire line for each item into an email. Please erase the unwanted part if more than one coin is offered in a line. I will send an invoice same or next business day. Or see ORDERING INFO for more details. Order by phone: 425-369-1725 8:00 AM to 7:00 PM USA Pacific. Most of the important coins offered have been seen by at least one knowledgeable authenticator. All coins are guaranteed genuine and can be returned at any time if proven otherwise. (details . . .). Please return unwanted coins in one week, or let me know if you need more time for study. No discount now, even for large orders, but later I will discount unsold items.

ABOUT THE OFFERS . . .
Click on the PHOTO thumbnail to see the coin. (more . . .). H# is from David Hartill's Cast Chinese Coins but I have used letter supplements for varieties he does not show. (more references). My DESCRIPTIONs may focus on different details than that work. (more on varieties . . .). GRADE shown is my own. Compare some photos to my assigned grades to see if you agree with my standards. (more . . .). I have not listed the provenance (former owner) for each coin, but I may be able to tell this from the envelope - please ask.

COWRIES AND I PI 400 - 220 BC & EARLIER
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DESCRIPTION
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PRICE
  1.4   Ghost face (Ant Nose)   (possibly) Bei for "shell". Small, light example: 1.65gm     F-VF   $ 22.50
  1.9   I-Pi (Ant Money)   Lo Yi Zhu (or Ge liu zhu), 19.76mm, 3.05gm     F-VF   $ 50.00
SPADE MONEY ca. 400 - 250 BC
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  3.182   Square Foot   An Yang, 51.83mm tall, 7.51gm     F   $ 85.00
  3.366   Square Foot: Small   Ping Yin, 39.45mm tall, 4.69gm     FD178 VF   $ 100.00
  3.401e   Square Foot: Small   Xiang Ping     Broken   $ 14.50
KNIFE MONEY ca. 400 - 250 BC
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  4.6n   Qi Heavy Knife   State of Qi, 400-220 BC, Qi Fa Hua, Rev: Char "n" from Hartill chart. 48.29gm     F-VF, small casting hole, reverse exceptionally sharp   $ 2,200.00
  4.23B   Broad Pointed   Gong, R: Blank. State of Yan, ca. 600-400 BC, 156mm, 14.70gm     VF, partially cleaned   $ 300.00
  4.40-4   Ming Knife: Curved Back, Rotated "Ming"   State of Yen, ca.350-250 BC, Rev: You & characters     VF   $ 125.00
  4.41-4   Ming Knife: Curved Back   State of Yen, ca.350-250 BC, Rev: You & characters     VF   $ 100.00
  4.42   Ming Knife: Angle Back   State of Yen, ca.250-200 BC, Rev: blank or unclear.     F+/blank   $ 65.00
  4.42-4   Ming Knife: Angle Back   State of Yen, ca.250-200 BC, Rev: You? & 2 chars.     partly cleaned F/G   $ 55.00
  4.42-5   Ming Knife: Angle Back   State of Yen, ca.250-200 BC, Rev: Zuo & 1 char.     F-VF   $ 85.00
  4.42-6   Ming Knife: Angle Back   State of Yen, ca.250-200 BC, Rev: Nei & character     VF   $ 110.00
  4.59   Straight Knife   State of Zhao, 300-250 BC Bai (barely visible teardrop shape)     FD346   $ 350.00
OTHER EARLY MONEY FORMS ca. 400 - 220 BC
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PRICE
The I pi, ant nose, or imitation cowrie monies of Chu State were used from the 8th-3rd c. BC, thus contemporary with the oldest knife and spade monies. Apparently they were controversial in Schjoth's day as he did not include them in his coinage section. Halberd money, also known as Ko money, Ge, or Je, is a small, fragile imitation of a weapon combining an ax with a spear, used in.Wu State during Spring & Autumn Annal (c.526-476 BC). Although only recently discovered, they are widely accepted by Chinese archaeologists as money due to an apparent size/denominational structure, and where they are placed in burials. Bridge Money have now been dated to c. 306-221BC and are accepted by many - but not all - Chinese numismatists as actual coins of Ba and Shu States.
  5.20b   Bridge: Loop-top, with design.   (Ch'ing or Tingle-tangle) Ba & Shu States, Szechuan, ca. 306-221BC     Design: Borders, 131mm 14.36gm     Crusty   $ 65.00
  5.20j   Bridge: Loop-top, with design.   (Ch'ing or Tingle-tangle) Ba & Shu States, Szechuan, ca. 306-221BC     Design: Border & internal lines, 131mm 15.31gm     Crusty, loop broken away   $ 50.00
  5.40b   Bridge: Pierced-top, with design   (Ch'ing or Tingle-tangle) Ba & Shu States, Szechuan, ca. 306-221BC    105mm, 5.05gm     Two small sand holes   $ 45.00
EARLY BURIAL MONIES, ETC.
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DESCRIPTION
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PRICE
  5.206   Cowrie, bone   Two-holes, white. Holes likely for attachment to clothing or funeral bier, 20-24mm long. Greenish cast may be from storage in bronze vessel.     H1.2v, Coole 51-66 Selected with worn or polished look   $ 22.50
  5.260   Cowrie, gold-plated   Concave reverse filled with hard brown substance, adding solidity, 23x15.5mm, 2.13gm     Crusty   $ 275.00
  5.368   Cowrie, clay imitating bone   Back of piece is scooped, as found in bone pieces, rather than flat or two-holed as usual clay, 20.7mm tall       $ 25.00
  5.230S1   Cowrie, bone & clay   Set of 3 different: Bone with two-hole reverse, Bone with plain back& clay with plain back. 19-23mm tall. Exact pieces shown in photo.       $ 49.50
  5.386L   Clamshell & Bell   Lot of damaged clamshell burial cowries (three) and bell "money", broken.       $ 20.00
  5.601d   Bell "Money"   Wide with slit, loop top, no clapper. 26x37mm, 6.23gm     Coole6753v Heavy patina; Loop broken, crack above slit, foot point gone   $ 35.00
  5.629   Bell / Gong (functional)   Musical instrument, cow bell, etc. Loop is two posts with band of metal between, Warring States, ca. 480 BC., 72x48mm, 95gm.     Small casting holes, slight bend in loop   $ 85.00
  5.650a   Shield / Gold Cake   Rough terracotta piece with flat bottom and pattern on domed top, attributed to Western Han. A.k.a. Carapace Money. 45mm, 23.86gm.       $ 40.00
  5.731   Ax   Functional tool or weapon. Rectangular perforation for shaft locking. 83gm, 87mm       $ 110.00
  5.805   Arrows (crossbow)   Tri-blade, fluted at bottom, bits of iron shafts inserted. Warring States period. Mostly30-40mm point plus variable tang. Ramsden #41. Found on the “Cavalry plains” of Mongolia by sheep ranchers, dated to ca.378-221 BC, and exactly the type found in the famous tomb of Shih Huang-ti.     SAMPLES Shown. Available: 5.805a) Crusty, some minor chips 7.50; 5.805b) Good: Some crustiness $9.00; 5.805c) Best quality $12.50   $
  5.815   Arrows (crossbow)   Tri-blade, flat sides. Mongolia area(?), ca. 200BC-200AD. Most 22-29mm long plus rusted iron tang. Ramsden #38.     SAMPLES Shown. Crusty   $ 10.00
  5.840   Arrows with shafts   Available: 5.840a) Clumped pair of long 146mm arrows with shafts. Intact $75;   5.840b) Crossbow bolt 139mm. Chips & crusty $27.50;   5.840c) Crossbow bolt 142mm, Tip missing $20       $
ZHOU ROUND COINS ca. 350 - 220 BC
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  6.3   Yuan, round hole   City in State of Liang, 44.87mm, 11.51g     FD357, S73/74, HG128/1 VF-EF, crusty   $ 275.00
  6.17   Yi Hua   State of Yan, 300-220 BC. One hua SAMPLES shown:     G-Vg (ex-DK Ching coll.) $10.00; F   $ 15.00
  6.21   Ming Hua   State of Yan, 300-220 BC. Four hua 27.0mm, 3.044g Heavy, robust specimen.     VF-EF   $ 125.00
BAN LIANG ca. 350- - 119 BC
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PRICE
  7.1   Ban liang, early   Warrig States issue, 38.22mm with sprue, 14.03gm     FD-nl, S83, HG147/3 VF   $ 225.00
  7.6   Ban liang   Qin Dynasty, 346-220 BC 35mm, 6.98gm F-VF   $ 50.00
  7.6   Ban liang   Warring States, Emp. Shen Ching Wang, 336 BC, (variety attrib. by Roger Doo) 36.60mm, 7.91g     FD385, S79, HG148/1 F-VF, crusty   $ 65.00
  7.11a   Chicken Eye Banliang   Small piece with large hole (private issue). Western Han, 200-179BC Samples shown. 13-15.5mm     FD411, S86, HG160/2 SAMPLES shown. F   $ 15.00
  7.18   Liang Ban       F   $ 40.00
  7.31   Liang Ban   Reversed inscription, small thick characters. 23.8mm, 2.673g     F+   $ 30.00
  7.50   Ban Liang, small   Elm Seed, early: Private minting ca. 300 BC, from a known hoard (I do not have details). 18-20mm, about 1.1gm.   Specimens: 7.50a)   7.50b)   7.50d)       $ 10.00
WESTERN HAN 206 BC - 25 AD
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DESCRIPTION
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  8.1   San Zhu   Three zhu, unsuccessful predecessor to the wu-zhu. 23.2mm, 1.4gm.     VF   $ 265.00
  8.8F   Wu Zhu: Rim top   Emp. Wu-di, 140-86 BC, Variety: As 8.8C but thinner & minor callig. differences, San Guan Mint, 113BC - 5AD. The H example is a RARE Eastern Han issue.     SAMPLES shown: VF $15.00; EF $30.00   $
  8.10N   Wu Zhu: Rim bump below   Hsuan-di, BC147-168, with control mark half-dot below center hole. Mould defect produces cloud-like element above. Not significant, but interesting.     VF-EF   $ 30.00
WANG MANG 7 - 23 AD
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PRICE
  9.1   Da Quan Wu Shi   Full weight pieces, about 5.25-7.75gm, 26-28mm     SAMPLES shown: VF $6.00; EF, hoard examples selected for deep rims, bold characters & even patination   $ 9.50
  9.1q   Da Quan Wu Shi: Early?   Heavy piece with good calligraphy but crude rims, including unfiled sprue. Could be earliest issue, or provincial, or even contemporary fake. 29.28mm, 7.81gm.     VF   $ 20.00
  9.1&   Da Quan Wu Shi: MOULD   Metal "ashtray type" four-coin mould, two up and two down, 361gm, 84.9x82mm.     Crusty but clear   $ 2,250.00
  9.6N   Da Quan Wu Shi: Error?   Too-heavy piece, reverse shows diagonal lines, especially in SE corner. Mould cracking, or halves not bound tightly enough?? 28.13mm, 9.46gm     VF   $ 35.00
  9.9   Da Quan Shi Wu   "Value 15" Good calligraphy, small coin. 25.36mm, 3.51gm.     VF, cleaning scrapes rev.   $ 30.00
  9.12C   Gold inlay key   Yi Dao / Ping Wu Qian. 29.3gm, 75.1mm tall. Gold inlay removed in antiquity and replaced later. This is the case with nearly all specimens found, though rarely noted by sellers. A specimen nearly this nice with less patina brought $9000+18% on Album Sale #21 Jan. 2015.     FD457, S119 EF   $ 8,500.00
  9.14   Xiao Quan Zhi Yi   Value One, tiny coin, 14.5-15mm. Exceptional hoard specimen     S139-141 EF   $ 20.00
  9.14B   Xiao Quan Zhi Yi   Value One, Variety: Large Zhiand sharper rim, 15.29mm, 0.80gm.     VF   $ 40.00
  9.29D   Spade: Value 1000   Da Bu Heng Qian VARIETY: No line above hole, Da arms down; SMALL characters. About 55-57mm tall x 24mm wide; 12.02gm     VF   $ 95.00
  9.30A   Spade: Value 25   Huo Bu Variety: Smooth, squared edges. 57-58x22mm; 15.71gm.     EF-UC, pale patina   $ 75.00
  9.30A   Spade: Value 25   Huo Bu Variety: Smooth, squared edges. 57-58x22mm; 16.79gm.     EF-UC   $ 85.00
  9.30B   Spade: Value 25   Huo Bu Variety: Ridged edges, sometimes with flashing. 57-58x22mm; 18.41gm.     VF-EF, brown   $ 110.00
  9.30M   Spade, Charm use   Huo Bu (Value 25) These coins apparently did not circulate much, but have been popular as charms for wearing. Generally when they are found heavily worn, there is string or chain wear evident in the hole.     SAMPLES Shown: Pr-G $15.00; Vg-F   $ 25.00
  9.60B   Huo Quan: Biscuit   Early issue (large & thick, range 15-21gm). 16.22gm, 28mm     Poor (no characters) $3.00; 18.25gm, 29mm F   $ 35.00
  9.60C   Huo Quan: Biscuit   Early-Middle issue (large & thick, range 8-14gm). 10.0gm, 26.8mm.     AVF   $ 35.00
  9.32L   Huo Quan, Collection   From the New Jersey collection, 28 varieties including biscuits, no inscription, etc. Ask for XCH32Coll.doc for photos & detailed descriptions of all pieces BUT see actual contents here: #1-12 of 28   #13-24 of 28   #25-28 of 28     Most VF-EF   $ 175.00
  9.33B   Huo Quan   Regular coin with inner rims, heavy (22.5-23.6mm, 2.3-4.0gm.)     SAMPLES shown: Brown Vg .95; Brown F 1.75; Hoard EF-UC, some soil or uneven patination   $ 3.00
  9.34D   Huo Quan: Doubled inner rims obverse   23.32mm, 1.57gm.     AF   $ 12.50
  9.53   Huo Quan: Double obverse   Roverse rotated 180°, mint error. 23.18mm, 2.64gm.     VFEF   $ 50.00
  9.54B   Huo Quan: Corner lines reverse   Dashes from corners do not meet outer rim. 23.66mm, 3.65gm.     EF crusty   $ 75.00
  9.64a   Huo Quan: No rim: Chicken Eye   Similar in fabric to Eastern Wu and Western Jin issues (c. 222-317 AD) and probably belonging to this period according to R. Doo. 12.7mm, 0.447g     FD668-669v, S-nl, HG220/3   $ 40.00
  9.70B   Bu Quan   Dashes at lower corners inner rim obverse, and open "bubble" above center rim.     EF-UC, light soil   $ 40.00
  9.71   Bu Quan   Meaning "spade coin." Dashes at upper corners inner rim obverse.     Hoard SAMPLES shown. EF-UC, light soil   $ 17.50
  5002   Charm: Da Quan Wu Shi   Rev: ?, Turtle?, Constellation, Branch?, 24.95mm, 3.15gm. Ca. Yuan Dynasty. Actual charms of the Wang Mang era are extremely rare. A similar piece (also Yuan-era) recently brought $600+18% in Steve Album sale #21, Lot 753, while two similar pieces on Chinese auctions failed to reach estimates in the $1000-2000 range.     VF   $ 550.00
  5005   Charm: Da Quan Wu Shi   Rev: Turtle, Constellation, Snake, Sword, 17.4mm, 2.15gm. Ca. Yuan Dynasty. Actual charms of the Wang Mang era are extremely rare. A larger piece (also Yuan-era) recently brought $600+18% in Steve Album sale #21, Lot 753.     AEF   $ 250.00
WU ZHU - EASTERN HAN & LATER FROM AD 25
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H#
DESCRIPTION
DETAILS
PRICE
  10.3   Wu Zhu: Corner lines reverse   Emp. Ling, AD 186, "The four lines are said to represent wealth flowing from a ruined city . . ."     S179 FD512 SAMPLES shown: Vg-F brown $4.00; Crusty VF-EF $7.50; VF-EF   $ 10.00
  10.10   Wu Zhu: Full rims   Small coin with full inner and outer rims both sides. Kingdom of Shu, 221-263, Szechuan (not Gansu). 21.50mm, 2.14gm.     S224 F, very crusty   $ 30.00
  10.18   Wu Zhu, iron   Outer & inner rims both sides, long dashes at corners reverse. Avg. 19-21mm, 3gm. Liang Dynasty, 523 AD     S232 SAMPLES shown. Vg $19.50; Fine   $ 27.50
  10.24   Wu Zhu: Right Rim   Type: Zhu head leans right, slightly curved wu, weight about 3.3-4.0gms, size about 25.2mm. Western Wei Dynasty, early issues of Emp. Wen.     SAMPLES shown. VF-EF   $ 12.50
  10.25W   Wu Zhu: Right Rim, Bulk   Western Wei Dynasty, late issues of Emp. Wen, ca. 547 AD. Mixed sizes & weight from an uncirculated hoard, slightly crusty with red & green patina.     SAMPLE LOT shown. Per-10 pieces:   $ 30.00
  10.26   Wu Zhu: Right Rim   Type: Zhu head straightt, hour glass wu. Called the White Coin for the silvery quality of the metal. Sui Dynasty, late issues of Emp. Wen, ca. 547 AD. 23.5mm, 2.88gm.     EF   $ 50.00
  10.27   Wu Zhu: Outer ring   Thread ring, or Yan Huan. Late Eastern Han.     S304, 305 SAMPLES shown: Brown VF (cleaned & retoned) $12; Green VF (fairly even patina, sharp characters)   $ 12.00
  10.28   Wu Zhu: Inner core   Cut-out center, "Zao Bian". Variety: 15-19mm. Late Eastern Han.     S306, 307 SAMPLES shown: F-VF, brown   $ 7.50
  10.29   Wu Zhu: Tiny, sharp   Tiny, well-made with deep fields. Western Han Dynasty, Emp. Wu Di Distinctive type, a burial coin according to Roger Doo. 12mm, avg. 0.63gm. S208-210     FD597, S208-210 shown: F-VF, crusty $5.00; Hoard EF-UC chalky gray, or brown EF   $ 15.00
  10.32   Wu Zhu   Eastern Han, Dot above hole, note Zhu is slightly larger than the hole, distinguishing from W. Han issues.     S260 Hoard, probably as-made, but look Fine. Cleaned. Samples shown. ($4 each per 5+)   $ 6.50
  10.33   Wu Zhu: Corner lines   "Four horns," short strokes at obverse corners. S178a     SAMPLES shown: EF, crusty $19.50; VF, grn/brn $21.50; EF, brown   $ 26.50
  10.49   Qiuzi Wuzhu   Characters north and south reverse. Xinjiang, Kuche area. 20.53mm, 1.27gm.     FD-nl, S-nl, HG190/3, XN67a F+   $ 225.00
  10.72   Wu Zhu: control marks   Middle E. Han, dash below Zhu, "eleven" rev. L. Control marks for licensed feudal mint.     F   $ 40.00
  10.75B   Wu Zhu: control marks   Middle E. Han, two dots above hole, control devices of a licensed feudal mint.     F+, crusty   $ 25.00
  10.97M   Wuzhu String Tag   Eastern Han, wuzhu with "+" (ten) below. This would have been placed as the lead coin to identify a particular string in a multi-string transaction.     Vg+   $ 40.00
THREE KINGDOMS 221 - 280 AD
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H#
INSCRIPTION
DETAILS
PRICE
  11.1   Zhi Bai Wu Zhu   Kingdom of Shu, 221-265. Value one hundred Wu Zhu. 28.54mm, 7.37gm.     FD515, S181-82, HG226/1 F, crusty   $ 50.00
  11.15   Zhi Bai   Kingdom of Shu, 221-265, or Minor Han. Value one hundred. 18.52mm, 1.26gm.     FD522, S188 Vg   $ 75.00
  11.24   Tai Ping Bai Qian   Kingdom of Shu, 221-265. Taiping, one hundred cash. Small size, 17.44mm, 1.06gm.     FD546, S204, HG233/5 exceptional grade: VF-EF   $ 65.00
JIN DYNASTY AND SIXTEEN KINGDOMS 265 - 420 AD
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H#
INSCRIPTION
DETAILS
PRICE
  12.7   Han Xing   Top/Bottom Cheng Han Kingdom (303 - 347) Li Shou of Sichuan is credited as being the first to use a Reign Title on a coin. 17.16mm, 1.04gm.     AF   $ 125.00
NORTH AND SOUTH DYNASTIES 420 - 581 AD
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INSCRIPTION
DETAILS
PRICE
  13.1   Si Zhu   Southern Song Dynasty (420 - 479), Emp. Wen, 424-53, Four Zhu, issued 430/31 AD. Inner rim reverse only. 23.5mm, 1.46g     F, chip & partial crack 9:00   $ 35.00
  13.14   Xiao Jian / blank   Southern Song Dynasty (420 - 479), Emp. Xiao, 453-64, Xiaojian, No outer rims; appears as a cut-down piece, but apparently cast this way. 16.5mm, 0.734g     FD580, S221v, HG250/6 F+   $ 85.00
  13.23A   Yong An Wu Zhu   Northern Wei, Xiao Zhuangdi, 529-531, Variety: Yong R radical's arch below center; Zhu bottom below hole; Wu is bent "X"; Characters thick. 22.5mm, 2.59gm.     FD608v, S239 hoard EF-UC   $ 55.00
  13.23G   Yong An Wu Zhu   Northern Wei, Xiao Wudi, 532- ca. 534, Variety: Yong R radical's arch below center; Zhu bottom even with hole; Wu is perfect "X"; Characters thin. 23.8mm, 1.93gm.     FD608v, S237v hoard EF-UC   $ 45.00
  13.23M   Yong An Wu Zhu   Eastern Wei, Xiao Jingdi, 534- ca. 543 (early issue), Variety: Yong right radical, arch nearly centered vertically; thick (avg. 3.2gm.)     FD608, S237v VF-EF   $ 55.00
  13.27   Chang Ping Wu Zhu   Northern Qi Dynasty (550 - 577), Emp. Wen Xuan, 550-59. Issued 553. About 25mm, 3.2-4.2gm.     FD613, S242, HG268/1 SAMPLES shown: VF $17.50; Hoard EF-UC   $ 25.00
  13.30   Wu Xing Da Bu   Northern Zhou Dynasty (557 - 581), Emp. Wu, 561-78. Issued 574. . 26.8mm,4.44gm.     FD640v, S246, HG270/1 Hoard EF-UC   $ 95.00
  13.30M   Wu Xing Da Bu, Charm   Northern Zhou Dynasty (557 - 581), Emp. Xuan, 579-81. Double sided. An old charm, possibly contemporary. 27.3mm, 6.38gm.     FD641, S248, HG271/1 EF   $ 200.00
TANG DYNASTY 618 - 907 AD
PHOTO
H#
INSCRIPTION
DETAILS
PRICE
  14.1   Kai Yuan, Earliest   Variety: Kai # element above center rim, Yuan subtle left shoulder & short top stroke, Tong head short, Bao bei (box) strokes short, open. Doo types 1-4, ca. 600's AD. SAMPLES shown.     VF-EF   $ 3.00
  14.4te   Kai Yuan: | ne   Variety: Kai # element nearly touches center rim, Yuan distinct left shoulder & medium top stroke, Tong head long & hooked, Bao bei (box) strokes long & open; Nailmark NE. Doo 6, #6, 666-713 AD.     EF   $ 15.00
  14.4a   Kai Yuan: ( n   Variety: Left hook Yuan, Open strokes in bei (box) of Bao. Doo Type 9-10, 713-844 AD.     S315 SAMPLES shown: F+-VF $1.50; Hoard EF-UC, some crustiness or soil   $ 4.50
  14.50E   Kai Yuan: Chang n   Variety: Large mm with rounded corners where elements join, creating a football-like single character. Doo-NL     VF, crusty   $ 25.00
  14.67   Kai Yuan: Jing n   (Jingzhao, Shaanxi)     S367 VF   $ 9.00
  14.71   Kai Yuan: Lan e   (Lantian, Shanxi) Variety: Large, raised mintmark.     S373 SAMPLES shown: Vg-F   $ 7.50
  14.83L   Kai Yuan: LEAD: Tan   (Changsha, Hunan). Mintless lead Kai-yuan are scarce, but mintmarked ones are Rare. 23.5 mm, 4.320 gm.     S390v F   $ 300.00
  14.87   Kai Yuan: Xing n   (Xiangyuan, Shaanxi)     S398 AF-F+   $ 3.00
  14.90   Kai Yuan: Yan n   (Yan, Shandong), Variety: Medium mintmark, Doo 14, #59 Highly raised mm & slipped mould rev.     S391-392 AVF   $ 20.00
  14.95   Kai Yuan: Yue s   (Yue, Zhejiang)     S383 SAMPLES shown. VF   $ 10.00
  14 105.105   Qian Yuan zhong bao   Value 50, inner ring rev. 34.5mm, 16.61gm.     S355 Hoard EF, dark blue patina   $ 75.00
  14.111A   Qian Yuan zhong bao   Illicit Value 50, Contemporary counterfeit of much larger Value 50 (H14.105) with inner circle reverse. Doo p. 103. Uncommon. 26.2mm, 4.60gm.     S359-360 Vg+   $ 20.00
  14.114   Qian Yuan zhong bao   Variety: Large inscription, rounded or slightly angled shoulder on Yuan, larger size. Likely regional mints of Su Zong's nominally value-10 coins. Doo p.95-97. 24.3-25.7mm.     SAMPLES shown. F $2.50; VF   $ 5.00
  14.114P   Qian Yuan zhong bao   Variety: Large inscription. Rosette hole.     S354 VF   $ 25.00
  14.116B   Qian Yuan zhong bao: ) s   Large inscription. Dai Zong Yr. 1 (762-3 AD). Doo p. 104-105.     S362 VF-EF   $ 15.00
  14.130   Da Li yuan bao   Emp. Dai Zong, 766-79 Cast in Kuche, Xinjiang. 24.5mm, 3.436gm.     VF+   $ 175.00
  14.150   Shun Tian yuan bao   Rev: crescent south (as H14.142). Tang Rebel Shi Siming, 758-61 36.83mm, 20.04gm     Daxi#1422-28 Doo p.111 #4. VF   $ 1,000.00
FIVE DYNASTIES / TEN KINGDOMS 907 - 960 AD
PHOTO
H#
REIGN TITLE
DESCRIPTION
PRICE
  15.5d   Han Yuan tong bao   Later Han Dynasty, Emp. Gao Zu, 947-48; Variety: Han wide, low on rim), 3 dots left; Tong flat head; bei open. Later Han Dynasty, Emp. Gao Zu, 947-48     AF   $ 40.00
  15.12   Zhou Yuan tong bao   Later Zhou Dynasty, Emp. Shi Zong, 955-60.     (S411) VF-EF   $ 20.00
  15.14   Zhou Yuan tong bao: ( ne   Later Zhou Dynasty, Emp. Shi Zong, 955-60. S419     SAMPLES shown. Vg $2.00; VF   $ 20.00
  15.16   Zhou Yuan tong bao: ( se   Later Zhou Dynasty, Emp. Shi Zong, 955-60.     S421 VF   $ 14.50
  15.17   Zhou Yuan tong bao: — s   Later Zhou Dynasty, Emp. Shi Zong, 955-60. Note: bar below may be thick in middle, resembling downward crescent.     S422 VF   $ 17.50
  15.17K   Zhou Yuan tong bao: | e   Later Zhou Dynasty, Emp. Shi Zong, 955-60.     S424 SAMPLES shown. VF   $ 17.50
  15.20   Zhou Yuan tong bao: ) nw   Later Zhou Dynasty, Emp. Shi Zong, 955-60.     SAMPLES shown. VF-EF, tiny pinhole   $ 20.00
  15.22   Zhou Yuan tong bao: • s, ( n   Later Zhou Dynasty, Emp. Shi Zong, 955-60. Variety: Sun & Moon control marks rev.; Rev rim broad. This and crudity of coin suggest a licensed private mint. 22.8mm, 2.12gm.     S427 AF/Vg   $ 25.00
  15.23   Zhou Yuan tong bao: • n   Later Zhou Dynasty, Emp. Shi Zong, 955-60.     SAMPLES shown VF/+, crusty   $ 17.50
  15.42   Qian De yuan bao   Former shu Kingdom: Wang Yan 919-25     S433 SAMPLES shown: Vg $8.50; AF-F   $ 12.50
  15.46   Xian Kang yuan bao   Former shu Kingdom: Wang Yan 919-25     S434 Vg+   $ 25.00
  15.51   Kai Yuan tong bao   Kingdom of Min: Wang Shenzhi, 909-942 LEAD Multiple-cash Rev: Min north, crescent south. Fujian area. 40.3+M679mm, 20.67gm.     FD739, S449v F-VF   $ 175.00
  15.80   Tang Guo tong bao   Southern Tang Kingdom: Emp. Yuan Zu, 943-61, AD 959 onward; Seal script.     S441 shown: Hoard EF-UC   $ 10.00
  15.83   Tang Guo tong bao   Seal script, Variety: Wide Tang and Guo. Southern Tang Kingdom: Emp. Yuan Zu, 943-61.     S442 VF, crusty   $ 30.00
  15.90   Tang Guo tong bao   Southern Tang Kingdom: Emp. Yuan Zu, 943-61; Li script, Variety: Small size 20-20.5mm.     S444 SAMPLES shown. Hoard EF-UC   $ 26.50
  15.99   Kai Yuan tong bao   Southern Tang Kingdom: Emp. Li Yu, 961-78; Seal script.     S446 SAMPLES shown. VF   $ 6.00
  15.109   Qian Heng tong bao: Lead   Southern Han Kingdom: Emp. Lie Zu, 917-42; Variety: Bao bei open, feet loose below.     Crude F-VF   $ 6.50
  15.129   Kai Yuan tong bao   "Great Yue / Han" Dynasty, Small lead coin, Rev: si (4) north & south 19 mm, 2.683 g     weak F   $ 60.00
  15.162   Yong An Yi Bai   Liu Dynasty of You Zhou (Hebei), IRON 100 Cash, 32.3 mm, 14.757 gm.     FD835, S-nl, HG396/4 Crude   $ 1,200.00
NORTHERN SONG DYNASTY 1127 - 1279 AD
PHOTO
H#
REIGN TITLE
DESCRIPTION
PRICE
References: "GKD" = Northern Song Dynaasty Cash Variety Guide (Kosen Daizen), v. 2-7, by Norman Gorny.
  16.16L   Tai Ping tong bao   Page of 24 pieces, from a Macao dealer. His other pages were mixed reigns but for some reason he sorted out these. Varieties are very hard to distiguish for this type, so I have left the page intact. Nice grade, generally. Lot of 24 pieces:       $ 30.00
  16.49C   Jing De yuan bao   Variety: Chars. do not touch outer rim. Smaller than usual (23.2mm, 3.249gm), wider crotch in Yuan, etc. Similar to Gorny KD431.17 and "bao ru" according to supplier, who says it is an uncatalaogued variety.     Vg   $ 50.00
  16.58   Xiang Fu yuan bao   IRON 10 Cash, 36.1 mm, 17.231 g     FD890, S478, HG432/2 Vg   $ 65.00
  16.99Y   Huang Song tong bao   Seal script, Variety as H16.99, but much larger and thicker with broad rims. Reverse slightly off center. 28.05mm, 5.83gm.     Hua Guangpu (Ed.), Zhongguo Guqian Daji, V.2 (Song Dynasties), p. 457 is the only listing I can find for this coin, with a value equivalent to US$3200. VF   $ 1,500.00
  16.122B   Kang Ding yuan bao   IRON, Variety: small characters. Rare reign title.     FD911, S503v, HG447/2, J226, GKD503.02 Good   $ 350.00
  16.126B   Qing Li zhhong bao   IRON 3 Cash, Variety: small characters 35.154 mm     HG450/1 F   $ 45.00
  16.A148   Jia You yuan bao   Regular scripts, Variety: Huge characters; Pao not tilted.     FS #225, GKD515.08 "R5" Vg   $ 200.00
  16.179   Xi Ning yuan bao   Seal script, Rev: Heng, mintmark for Henzhou, Hunan. Mintmark appears to have been covered (solder?) at one time, then scraped clean. Ex-Daniel Ching collection.     F/G   $ 65.00
  16.205   Xi Ning tong bao   IRON Large cash, Variety: Tong L radical skinny with dot pointing 10:00; wide rim. 34 mm, 12.687 gm.     S543v, HG470/3 Rough F+   $ 45.00
  16.233   Yuan Feng tong bao   Li script, Variety: Tong small head. Feng top three points (vs. 2) distinguishes from common Japanese issue. 3.76gm     (S546), GKD238 Vg+   $ 125.00
  16.272C   Yuan You tong bao   IRON 3 Cash Seal script, Variety: Very large chars., almost touch each other.     S580v VF+   $ 45.00
  16.304B   Shao Sheng yuan bao   IRON 3 Cash, Seal script, Variety: Bao wide, bei square, cap squared, cap & feet even with IRs; Sheng top & base even with IRs     S597v strong VF   $ 25.00
  16.304J   Shao Sheng yuan bao   IRON 3 Cash, Seal script, Variety: Bao wide, bei square, cap rounded with long sides, cap & feet slightly above IRs; Sheng even with IRs; broad rim.     S597v VF+, slightly spotty   $ 25.00
  16.320   Shao Sheng yuan bao   IRON 3 Cash, Running script, Variety: Sheng spaced away from IR, base even with IR.     S598v F   $ 17.50
  16.320G   Shao Sheng yuan bao   IRON 3 Cash, Running script, Variety: Sheng cap & base below IRs.     S598v F   $ 17.50
  16.400P   Chong Ning tong bao   10 Cash, Slender Gold script, Variety: Chong middle horizontal goes beyond IR (as #399-401); Ning middle horizontal L even with tail (see #399), tail points well below IR.     S621 AF $4.50; VF-VF+   $ 8.50
  16.418D   Da Guan tong bao   Slender gold script, Variety: Da R leg very high, extends well over Tong head; Tong large head (probably); Bao cap rounded on R, not touch IR; Kuan top horizontal R midway on box. Excepting the Bao cap, this is as H#418, which is a scarce variety. A Chinese dealer charged $370 in 2000 for this poorly cast specimen. but a recent Chinese valuation work shows 500RMB value.     S628v, 629v AVF but eroded-looking right side   $ 200.00
  16.426   Da Guan tong bao   10 Cash, Slender gold style, Variety: Bao evenly spaced between IR & OR; Tong left radical bows, base far above & far from IRs.     FD1062, (S630v), HG559/1 VF-EF, even green patina, some edge roughness   $ 100.00
  16.440M   Zheng He tong bao   IRON 2? Cash, Seal script, Variety: As H#440, but Tong sides highly curved. H does not show any iron coins of this denomination.     S643 F   $ 35.00
  16.453B   Zheng He tong bao   IRON 3 Cash, Li script, Variety: Tong base above IR, othwise as #453, 29.7 mm, 8.889 gm.     S640v F+   $ 30.00
  16.504   Xuan He tong bao   IRON Cash, Slender Gold script, Variety: Tong dot is wedge, head slants down to L, base touches IR; He large, offset slightly L (varies); Rev. Shan (sharp & clear).     S666 SAMPLES shown: F/VF $16.50; VF-VF+/VF   $ 22.50
  16.605L   Mixed Rulers   String of 200 Cash. I got these around 2007 from a coin shop dealer in San Francisco who definitely does not know the series, but the "F-VF" tag suggests they were intended for numismatic sales, although the main market for bulk cash is jewelry and other crafters. Having just processed thousands of pieces from collections and bulk purchases, I don't have the energy to sort and retail these! Several strings available. Each:     SAMPLES shown.   $ 200.00
SOUTHERN SONG DYNASTY 960 - 1127 AD
PHOTO
H#
REIGN TITLE
DESCRIPTION
PRICE
ORDERING TIP: For a specific year, order by the exact H number (example: 17.192). If year doesn't matter, order by range (example: H17.190-195) and you will get the best grade.
  17.3   Jian Yan tong bao   Seal script, Variety: large chars.     S677v AF   $ 20.00
  17.32C   Jian Yan tong bao   2-3 Cash, Regular script, Variety: Large chars.; Tong head indented at back; Bao cap wide, bei narrow square, feet splayed from corners, slightly below IR. 30.6-31mm     S676v Vg $5.00; VF   $ 12.50
  17.52   Shao Xing tong bao   (1127-62)     FD1164, S689A, HG640/2, KFD272/1 VF   $ 150.00
  17.61   Shao Xing tong bao   IRON 2 Cash Regular script, Rev: Li     S693 Vg/Pr   $ 35.00
  17.148   Qian Dao yuan bao   IRON 2 Cash, Rev. Tong above.     AVF/F   $ 25.00
  17.252   Chun Xi yuan bao   IRON 2 Cash, Rev. Chun above.     VF/F   $ 32.50
  17.272   Chun Xi yuan bao   IRON 2 Cash, Variety: (28.5mm); Rev. Shu Song, Crescent right.     VF/F   $ 125.00
  17.275   Chun Xi yuan bao   IRON 2 Cash, Variety: Large size (30.4mm); large characters; Rev. Tong above, blank below     VF/VF   $ 30.00
  17.282   Chun Xi yuan bao   IRON 2 Cash, Rev. Tong above, 11 below.     AF $16.50; AVF   $ 27.50
  17.300   Chun Xi tong bao   IRON 2 Cash, TBRL, Rev. Chun & 11 (note legend for this year is TBRL, not TRBL as Yrs. 12-16)     S755 AF/Vg+ $15.00; F+/F   $ 30.00
  17.312   Chun Xi tong bao   IRON 2 Cash, TBRL, Rev. Tong & 16 R & L     Vg+/AVg $12.50; VF/F   $ 30.00
  17.332   Shao Xi yuan bao   IRON, Rev. Tong & 4. Commonest year.     F 16.50; F+ $20.00; VF/AVF   $ 27.50
  17.342   Shao Xi yuan bao   IRON 2 Cash, Rev. Wide Chun & 2.     F $20.00; F+   $ 25.00
  17.345   Shao Xi yuan bao   IRON 2 Cash, Rev. Narrow Chun & 5.     VF-EF   $ 35.00
  17.350   Shao Xi yuan bao   IRON 2 Cash, Rev. Han & 4. Commonest year. Note: Hanyang 2 Cash are larger and heavier than Quichun or Tongan.     S779 VF+/F+   $ 40.00
  17.351   Shao Xi yuan bao   IRON 2 Cash, Rev. Han & 5. Note: Hanyang 2 Cash are larger and heavier than Quichun or Tongan.     S780 AF/Vg $15.00; VF/VF+   $ 30.00
  17.356   Shao Xi yuan bao   IRON 2 Cash, Rev. Tong & 4. Commonest year.     SAMPLES shown: VF+   $ 35.00
  17.359   Shao Xi yuan bao   IRON 3 Cash, Rev. Crescent & 2 dots (unclear)     S783 VF/Pr   $ 35.00
  17.371   Shao Xi tong bao   IRON 2 Cash, Seal script, Rev: Tong & 3.     Vg+/F   $ 60.00
  17.376   Shao Xi tong bao   IRON ARBL, Rev. Tong & 3.     AVF/VF   $ 40.00
  17.380   Shao Xi tong bao   IRON 2 Cash, ABRL, Rev. Tong & 2.     AVF/F+   $ 35.00
  17.422N   Qing Yuan tong bao   IRON 2 Cash ARBL, Variety: Small characters (as #399); Rev. Chun & 1. Looks as though the mould was scratched to produce a rightward flourish on Qing, though there is also a thinner trail across the bottom of Yuan which doesn't make sense aesthetically. A lovely specimen in any case.     AEF   $ 45.00
  17.425B   Qing Yuan tong bao   IRON 2 Cash ARBL, Variety: Small characters (as #399); Rev. Chun & 4.     S815 F+/F+   $ 22.50
  17.434   Qing Yuan tong bao   IRON 2 Cash ARBL, Rev. Han & 5. (Calligraphy varies by year.)     VF+/VF   $ 40.00
  17.438B   Qing Yuan tong bao   IRON 2 Cash ARBL, Rev. Tong & 2. Variety: Obverse Yuan with slanted head (Yrs. 1 & 2).     S810 F+/F   $ 25.00
  17.440   Qing Yuan tong bao   IRON 2 Cash ARBL, Rev. Tong & 4.     S811 AVF/AVF   $ 25.00
  17.490   Jia Tai tong bao   IRON, Rev. Tong & 2.     F/Vg+   $ 20.00
  17.501   Jia Tai tong bao   IRON 2 Cash, Rev. Han & 2.     S850 EF/VF   $ 40.00
  17.505   Jia Tai tong bao   IRON 2 Cash, Rev. Tong & 3.     S846 VF/AF, or F+/VF $17.50; VF/VF   $ 27.50
  17.522   Kai Xi tong bao   IRON 2 Cash, Rev. Chun & 3.     S871 VF+/VF, small crack   $ 20.00
  17.526   Kai Xi tong bao   IRON 2 Cash, Rev. Han & 3.     S868 F+/F   $ 22.50
  17.569   Jia Ding tong bao   IRON 2 Cash, ABRL, Variety: Fou bao; Rev. Chun & 1.     VF+/VF   $ 35.00
  17.573   Jia Ding tong bao   IRON 2 Cash, ABRL, Variety: Er bao; Tong head closed (H rubbing #570); Rev. Chun & 4.     S909 Vg+/Vg+ $12.00; F+/VF   $ 20.00
  17.576   Jia Ding tong bao   IRON 2 Cash, ARBL, Variety: Er bao; Tong small; Rev. Chun & 7.     S913 AVF/AF $15.00; AVF/AVF   $ 20.00
  17.617   Jia Ding yuan bao   IRON 2 Cash, ARBL, Rev. Han above, crescent below.     VF/AF   $ 22.50
  17.679B   Da Song yuan bao   1225; Variety: Pao short & broad, long right leg; Rev. Yuan (Yr. 1) small. Scarce date, rare variety. A realistic Chinese reference prices at RMB2,000.     S959 F+/AF   $ 200.00
  17.688   Da Song yuan bao   2 Cash, Yr. 2     S961 VF   $ 35.00
  17.721   Duan Ping yuan bao   1234; Rev: Yuan (Yr. 1)     S981 Vg+   $ 25.00
  17.741   Duan Ping tong bao   5 Cash, Variety: Bao tall, bei open; Tong head nearly closed, 36mm, 12.63gm.     S983v VF   $ 85.00
  17.742   Duan Ping tong bao   5 Cash, Variety: Bao wide bei open; Tong head open, 37.5mm, 13.73gm. Rosette hole.     S983 VF-EF, crusty   $ 85.00
  17.777B   Jia Xi zhong bao   5 Cash, Variety: Large characters (Bao touches IR & OR). 36.6mm, 13.81gm. Jiangnan Mint.     S999v AF   $ 65.00
  17.827   Kai Qing tong bao   1259; Yr. 1     S1036 F+ crack $7.50; F+   $ 17.50
TARTAR DYNASTIES 1115 - 1280 AD
PHOTO
H#
REIGN TITLE
DESCRIPTION
PRICE
  18.11b   LIAO: Zhong Xi tong bao   1032-55; Variety: Tong one dot, small. 23.5mm, 3.491gm     FD1621, S1065, HG817/3 VF   $ 250.00
  18.14   LIAO: Xian Yong tong bao   1065-74;     FD1623, S1067, HG820/1 Vg, clip   $ 15.00
  18.15   LIAO: Da Kang yuan bao   1075-84; 23.3mm, 2.976gm     S1068 VF, uneven patina   $ 95.00
  18.19   LIAO: Shou Chang yuan bao   1095-1101; Variety: Yuan L hook ; Shou top horizontals straight. 23.2mm, 3.05gm.     FD1628, S1072, HG825/1 Vg+   $ 50.00
  18.21   LIAO: Qian Tong yuan bao   1101-25; 24mm, 2.68gm.     S1073 Vg, mould break   $ 17.50
  18.40   JIN: Zheng Long yuan bao   1158-61; Variety: Zheng bottom horizontal does not protrude L; Yuan cap wavy; Bao wide     S1083 FD1637 SAMPLES shown: brown VF $4.50; Hoard EF   $ 6.50
  18.43   JIN: Da Ding tong bao   1188; Variety: Tong head triangle; Rev. Shen above.     FD1641, S1087 G+ $2.00; F+   $ 15.00
  18.97   W. XIA: Tian Sheng yuan bao   Cash Commonest of dynasty. None of this dynasty are as well cast as contemporary Song coins. Your choice of green (hoard) or cleaned/retoned (bottom left):     FD1683, S1078, HG866/1 SAMPLES shown.   $ 20.00
  18.104   W. XIA: Qian You yuan bao   1170-93; IRON, Variety: Large size (avg. 4.6gm, 26mm); Large characters (Bao feet below iR).     FD1689v, S1080v SAMPLES shown: rough F   $ 17.50
  18.108   W. XIA: Huang Jian yuan bao   1210-11;     FD1693, S1081, HG871/1 EF   $ 145.00
YUAN DYNASTY 1280 - 1368 AD
PHOTO
H#
REIGN TITLE
DESCRIPTION
PRICE
  19.20D   Tai Ping tong bao   Kublai Khan, Yuan satrapy in Dali district of Yunnan, 25.00mm, 5.17gm (Attribution not from published sources; opinions vary; See Hartill p.247).     See set of five.   $ 200.00
  19.39E   Zhi Da tong bao   1310-11; Variety: Small size (avg. 23.9mm); Tong normal.     S1098, FD1722 SAMPLES shown: G $1.50; AVg $3.00; AF-F   $ 6.00
  19.46   Da Yuan tong bao   10 Cash, Mongol Script, 41.5mm, 19.88gm.     FD1733, S1099 VF-EF, light multicolor patina   $ 125.00
  19.46   Da Yuan tong bao   10 Cash, Mongol Script, 41.9mm, 20.77gm.     FD1733, S1099 F   $ 60.00
  19.115   Zhi Zheng tong bao   10 Cash, Rev: Shih above, 45.5mm, 21.23gm.     FD1808, S1111 VF, slightly crusty   $ 225.00
  19.142   Tian Ding tong bao   (Rebel) 1359-60; 24.7mm, 4.1gm.     FD1833, S1122, HG928/1 EF   $ 300.00
  19.147   Da Yi tong bao   (Rebel) 3 Cash 31.0 mm, 11.088 g     FD1836, S1121, HG929/3 VF   $ 450.00
MING DYNASTY 1368 - 1644 AD
PHOTO
H#
REIGN TITLE
DESCRIPTION
PRICE
References: "M" = Da Ming Quan Pu by Liu Zheng-Zhu, 2009; "KM" = Standard Catalog of World Coins 1601-1700, 5th Ed.
  .Z9   Ming Rulers Set   Twelve Emperors, Ming & Rebels: Da Zhong 1361-68 H21.1/2; Hong Wu 1368-98 H20.57/58; Yong Le 1403-24 H20.121; Xuan Zong 1426-35; Xiao Zong 1488-1505 H124; Shi Zong 1522-67 H20.128; Shen Zong 1573-1620 H20.140; Xi Zong 1621-27 H20.180; Chong Zhen 1628-44 H20.248+; Rebels: Li Yong 1674-78 H21.85+; Zhao Wu 1678 21.105+; Hong Hua 1679-81 H21.112+.     Mostly Vg-F+   $ 17.50
  20.2   Da Zhong tong bao   1361-68; Variety: Bao Regular scrip; Da horizontal straight; Tong two dots .     S1127v, M30-31 SAMPLES shown: Vg-Vg+ $3.00; AF-F $5.50; AF-F   $ 6.00
  20.33   Da Zhong tong bao   5 Cash, blank reverse, 39.5mm, 14.5gm.     FD1874, S1132, HG944/2 F+, sm all sand hole   $ 45.00
  20.45   Da Zhong tong bao   10 Cash, Rev. 10 above, 45.4mm, 18.10gm.     FD1884, S1134, HG949/2 rough G+/AF   $ 25.00
  20.57N   Hong Wu tong bao   1368-96; Variety: Tong 1 dot, head open at L, short jaw; Pao cap & legs slightly below IRs, R leg touches L (as #71); characters small; deep fields.     S1137v VF-VF+   $ 2.00
  20.71C   Hong Wu tong bao   Rev. Zhe above, Variety: Tong two dots, head flat.     S1145v AF-F $3.00; VF   $ 4.50
  20.99   Hong Wu tong bao   5 Cash, Rev. Wu qian right. 41.15mm, 17.8gm.     S1157, FD1934 EF/VF but seriously cracked, fragile   $ 29.50
  20.111E   Hong Wu tong bao   10 Cash Rev: Shi / Yi Liang, Variety: Tong head open; Shi short arms, left higher; Yi very low vs IR; Liang L leg even with IR.     S1158v, FD1946v, M169? Vg   $ 100.00
  20.121   Yong Le tong bao   1403-24; Variety: R side of Bei protrudes downward forming rectangular gap with R leg.     S1166v, FD1958 F+ $1.75; VF-VF+   $ 3.00
  20.124   Hong Zhi tong bao   1488-1505; Variety: Bei bottom stroke protrudes L. (Minor variations in Tong head.) Avg. 3.45gm.     S1176v, FD1960v Vg-AF   $ 3.00
  20.126-27   "Guizhou Local"   SEE H19.20 for listings.       $
  20.140   Wan Li tong bao   1573-1620; Variety: Bei closed; Li central "v" does not touch horizontal below; Tong head "P" with beak & small eye.     S1185v, FD1970, K1.1v F-F+   $ 2.50
  20.143   Wan Li tong bao   Rev. Tiny dot on top IR, Variety: Tong 2-dot; small characters.     S1186v, K1.2v, M1005 VF+   $ 20.00
  20.147   Wan Li tong bao   Rev. Small open circle on top IR, Variety: Bei closed.     S1187, FD1972, K1.3 M994 AF   $ 20.00
  20.170   Tai Chang tong bao   1620; Variety: Tong 1-dot; Bei open; Chang sides straight.     S1199v, FD1984?, K20.1v AVF, cleaned, small chip   $ 20.00
  20.180B   Tian Qi tong bao   1621-27; Variety: Tong 1-dot, head hook points up; Bao Bei open; Tian R leg barely beyond IR.     S1202v, FD1988v, K25.1v hoard EF, heavy mint filing still shows   $ 6.00
  20.180   Tian Qi tong bao   1621-27; Variety: Tong 1-dot, head hook points up; Bao Bei open; Tian R leg extends fully over Tong dot.     S1202v, FD1988v, K25.1v VF $3.50; hoard EF, traces of mint-applied fire laquer   $ 6.00
  20.180Y   Tian Qi tong bao   1621-27; Variety: Tong 2-dot; Bao Bei closed; Qi L "P" short of Bao leg.     S1202v, FD1988v, K25.1v VF $3.50; hoard EF, traces of mint-applied fire laquer   $ 6.00
  20.182Z   Tian Qi tong bao   1621-27; Variety: Small size (22.2-23.5mm); Characters thick; Tong 1-dot, head open.     M1620+ Vg $3.00; F   $ 6.00
  20.185M   Tian Qi tong bao   Rev. normal-sized dot well below bottom IR, Variety: similar #180     S1205v, K25.5v, M1523,1526 AF   $ 35.00
  20.193   Tian Qi tong bao   Rev. Hu (BoR), Variety: similar #180; Hu normal size.     S1207v, 1208v, FD1990, K26v SAMPLES shown: hoard EF-UC, slight crustiness   $ 20.00
  20.195   Tian Qi tong bao   Rev. Gong (BoW) above, Variety: similar #180.     S1209, FD1991, K27 G $2.00; Vg $3.00; F-VF ex-Daniel Ching $5.00; SAMPLES shown: hoard EF-UC   $ 20.00
  20.213   Tian Qi tong bao   Rev: Yi qian R, Yi Fen L, Variety: Tong head small eye, large snout (as #201), 24.6mm, 2.89gm.     FD1994, K31.10v, M1385 Vg   $ 950.00
  20.228   Tian Qi tong bao   10 Cash, Rev. Shih above, dot below, Variety: Tong head snout angled upward; Bao cap & f eet even with IRs; Shih thin, 45.6mm, 16.2gm. Scarcer variety.     S1222v, FD2018, M1371 F+, small drill holes in rim   $ 95.00
  20.229   Tian Qi tong bao   10 Cash Rev. Shih above, Yi liang R, Variety: Tong head nearly flat; Bao cap tassle slanted moderately, 47.2mm, 34.9gm.     S1223, FD2020, K49.1 AF   $ 100.00
  20.235   Chong Zhen tong bao   1628-44; Variety: Large (±26.0-26.8mm); Zhen angled; Tong 1-dot.     FD2025 SAMPLES shown: AF $3.00; F $4.50; VF   $ 6.00
  20.237   Chong Zhen tong bao   Rev. Guan above, Large: ( ±26.7mm)     S1255, FD2061, K75.1 AF/G, crack $5.00; F   $ 17.50
  20.241   Chong Zhen tong bao   Rev. Zhi & Feng, above & R, Large: 26.85mm, 4.51gm.     FD2077 F-VF, mint file marks   $ 55.00
  20.248E   Chong Zhen tong bao   1628-44; Variety: Zhen angled; Tong 1-dot; Bao bei closed; Zhen L short angled dot above, bei open.     VF $4.50; SAMPLES shown: Hoard EF-UC   $ 9.50
  20.248Q   Chong Zhen tong bao   1628-44; Variety: Zhen angled; Tong 1-dot; Bao bei open; Zhen L slanted dot above, top horizontal far from Bao R leg; Tong head points N.     SAMPLES shown: hoard EF-UC   $ 9.50
  20.255   Chong Zhen tong bao   Rev. Wu above, Variety: Zhen angled; Tong 1-dot; Bao bei open.     S1239, FD2042, K62 VF+   $ 30.00
  20.261   Chong Zhen tong bao   Rev: Yi above, Qian below, Variety: Zhen angled; Tong 1-dot; Bao bei open, 25mm, 3.287gm.     FD2031, S1241, HG1042/5, K64 AF, cleaned   $ 20.00
  20.267   Chong Zhen tong bao   Rev: Xin above, Variety: Zhen angled; Tong 1-dot; Bao bei open, 25.1mm.     S1257, FD2053, K76 Vg   $ 7.50
  20.276   Chong Zhen tong bao   Rev: Chong above, dot below, Variety: Zhen angled; Tong 1-dot; Bao bei closed, 24.1mm.     FD2056, K79.3 VF   $ 20.00
  20.283   Chong Zhen tong bao   Rev: Jia above, Variety: Zhen angled; Tong 1-dot; Bao bei closed, very wide riim rev.     FD2059, S1262, K80.1v Rough F+, or F   $ 16.50
  20.295   Chong Zhen tong bao   Rev. Gong above, Variety: Zhen angled; Tong 2-dot; Bao bei open; Zhen bei open; Gong small.     S1251v, FD2048v, K72v VF-EF   $ 17.50
  20.296F   Chong Zhen tong bao   Rev. Gui above, Variety: Zhen angled; Tong 2-dot; Bao bei closed; Zhen bei closed.     S1269, FD2070, K87.1v F-F+ $4.50; EF but rough, mint filing scratches   $ 8.50
  20.301   Chong Zhen tong bao   Rev. Ying above, Variety: Zhen angled; Tong 1-dot, head open rectangle; Bao bei open; Zhen bei open.     FD2071, S1267, K84 AVF, pimpling   $ 20.00
  20.302   Chong Zhen tong bao   1628-44; Variety: Zhen straight; Tong 1-dot, head flat with hook L.     S1227, K54 AF-F $5.00; F+   $ 6.50
  20.306M   Chong Zhen tong bao   Rev. Open circle above, Zhen straight; Tong 1-dot, 25.2mm, 3.62gm.     S1234v, FD2029v, K58.3v, M2279 VF   $ 20.00
  20.310   Chong Zhen tong bao   Rev. Hu below, Variety: Zhen straight; Tong 1-dot.     FD2046, S1249, K70 Vg, ssand hole $2.00; VF-EF   $ 20.00
  20.311M   Chong Zhen tong bao   Rev: Hu Jiu above & below, Sun & Moon R & L. Probably a secret society coin, privately made during or shortly after this reign.     VF+, slightly crusty   $ 750.00
  20.313   Chong Zhen tong bao   2 Cash, Rev. Jiang above, 2 R, Zhen straight; Tong 1-dot, 26.1mm, 3.40gm.     S1279, K101, M1956 F, sand holes   $ 85.00
  20.318N   Chong Zhen tong bao   Rev. Jiu(?) above, Zhen straight; Tong 1-dot. Different base radical than character found on #268, Daxi 2918-20, M1833, etc. The usual varieties with either angle- or straight-arm Zhen are scarce, but this variety seems to be unrecorded. 24.13mm, 2.84gm.     VF   $ 450.00
  20.322M   Chong Zhen tong bao   Rev. official 8 fen (#308) below, Zhen straight; Tong 3-dot. 24.64mm, 2.70gm.     FD2037v, S1245v, K68.1v Vg+   $ 17.50
  20.325M   Chong Zhen tong bao   Rev. large Dot above, Zhen straight; Tong 2-dot, closed head with beak (as #325). Avg 25.3mm, 3.8gm.     M2179 SAMPLES shown: F $4.50; SAMPLES shown: VF   $ 7.50
  20.334   Chong Zhen tong bao   Rev. Ji above, Variety: as #332 but Bao legs from center of bei base.     FD2069, S1274, K92, M1856 F   $ 17.50
  20.355   Chong Zhen tong bao   Rev: Horse above, Variety: Zhen straight; Tong 2-dot, head flat with hook pointing N. Likely an official charm, 3.77gm, 24.6mm, Robust, exceptional example.     S1277v, 78v, FD2079v, K95.1, M2303 VF-EF   $ 185.00
  20.356   Chong Zhen tong bao   Rev: Horses L above & R below, 5.07gm, 27.36mm, "2 Cash" size. Contemporary, but likely private charm.     M2313 GVg   $ 75.00
SOUTHERN MING & QING REBELS 1644 - 1681 AD
PHOTO
H#
REIGN TITLE
DESCRIPTION
PRICE
  21.8   Da Shun tong bao   Rev. Gong below; Variety: as 21.5, Bao bei open; Tong head blunt beak.     S1328v, FD2138v, K170v VF+   $ 20.00
  21.11   Xing Chao tong bao   5 Cash Rev. Wu Li, Variety: Bao narrow, cap below IR; Tong head triangle, beak points SW; Wu & Li tall. 35.77mm     S1332v, FD2141v, K177v, M2716v hoard EF   $ 20.00
  21.13   Xing Chao tong bao   1 Fen, Rev. Yi fen, Variety: Yi feet horizontal; exceptionally wide rims, 49.7mm, 14.7gm. Unusually thin specimen.     S1333v, K181? VF   $ 125.00
  21.14   Xing Chao tong bao   1 Fen, Rev. Yi fen, Variety: Yi feet verical; Bao bei closed, 48.7mm, 18.92gm.     S1333v,, FD2143v, K181?, M2732 hoard EF-UC, patchy color rev.   $ 175.00
  21.17   Hong Guang tong bao   Rev. Dot above; Variety: Tong head A) Blunt face (as H#21); B) Short hook (KM118.2); C) Long hook; D) Broken jaw; E Long head. Samples show range of patinas from a near mint-state hoard.     S1288v Your choice, or $6.50 each for 2 or more. hoard EF-UC   $ 8.00
  21.31   Long Wu tong bao   1645-46; Variety: Large size, Tong 2-dot, head hooked, 26.5-27mm     FD2108, S1291, K122.1 SAMPLES shown: EF-UC   $ 20.00
  21.45   Yong Li tong bao   1646-59; Variety: Large characters; Tong 1-dot; Yong R leg kicks out, 25.2-26mm, avg. 4.0gm.     S1296v, FD2113, K128.1 AF-F $3.50; VF (file marks) $5.50; VF+   $ 8.50
  21.69   Yong Li tong bao   Rev. Ming above, obv. As 21.45, Variety: Ming NW corner closed.     S1308, FD2122, K138v, M2601 hoard EF-UC, mint filing scratches   $ 20.00
  21.77   Yong Li tong bao   1 Fen, Rev. Yi fen, Variety: Broad characters; Bei closed, cap straight; Li R leg close to IR, Yi Fen large, 47.1mm, 25.48gm.     S11322v, FD2133v, K159v, M2615-16 F+   $ 55.00
  21.78   Yong Li tong bao   1 Fen, Rev. Yi fen, Variety: Narrow characters; Bei oprn, cap tilted; Li R leg well above IR, Yi fen small, 47mm, 24.72gm.     S11322v, FD2133, K159, M2617-21 EF-UC, crusty rev.   $ 65.00
  21.80C   Yong Li tong bao   10 Cash, Rev. Yi fen, Variety: Li 1 top horizontal; Bei closed; Tong head pointed, 36.28mm, 9.96gm.     FD2132, S1321, K157v VF   $ 16.50
  21.85C   Li Yong tong bao   1674-78; Variety: Tong 2-dot, head diamond with short beak; Yong horizontals even on L.     S1335, FD2147v, K185v hoard VF-EF slightly crusty   $ 2.75
  21.86J   Li Yong tong bao   1674-78; Variety: Tong 2-dot, head triangle with short beak.     S1335v, FD2147v, K185v F $2.00; hoard VF-EF crusty   $ 3.50
  21.88   Li Yong tong bao   Rev. Li L, Normal-size coin, small characters, wide rims.     K186.2 F, file marks $15.00; F+   $ 25.00
  21.102   Li Yong tong bao   1 Fen, Rev. Yi fen above & below, Variety: Small size, small characters; Tong 1-dot, open triangle; Bao legs from center, 40.5mm, 15.38gm.     S1343v, FD2153, K200 AF   $ 28.50
  21.105E   Zhao Wu tong bao   1678; Variety: Tong 2-dot, head diamond exterior but more triangular interior, with beak; Bao legs from corners.     S1345v, FD2159, K204v AF-F   $ 1.75
  21.111   Zhao Wu tong bao   10 Cash, Seal script, Rev. Yi fen R & L, 35.3mm, 9.17gm.     S1347, FD2161, K208 Vg   $ 45.00
  21.116   Hong Hua tong bao   Rev. Hua, Variety: Bao bei narrow; tassle line broken below cap; Hu top stroke horizontal.     S1349, FD2164v, K212 F $5.00; VF+   $ 8.50
  21.124   Yu Min tong bao   1 Fen, Rev. Yi qian, 35.8mm, 17.2gm.     VF-EF, shallow casting   $ 75.00
QING & TAIPING REBELS 1616 - 1912
PHOTO
H#
REIGN TITLE
DESCRIPTION
PRICE
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  Hartill, David   Cast Chinese Coins   The now standard reference from 650 BC to 1912, over 5000 listings with rubbings, X-refs to S and FD, and rarity guide, informed by latest Chinese research and archaeological finds. Historical background and contemporary accounts of coinage use. Numerous maps, charts & finding list. A "type" catalog, with some varieties, though more specialized works are needed for varieties of Banliang, Wuzhu, Song, etc..   474p, sc, 8x11", 2005, List price $49.95     Shipping charge outside USA is $25   $ 39.00
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